The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Volume - III

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Part - I

Inscription at Ukkal

Melpadi

Karuvur

Manimangalam

Tiruvallam

Part - II

Kulottunga-Chola I

Vikrama Chola

Virarajendra I

Kulottunga-Chola III

Part - III

Aditya I

Parantaka I

Gandaraditya

Parantaka II

Uttama-Chola

Parthivendravarman

Aditya II Karikala

Part - IV

copper-plate Tirukkalar

Tiruchchengodu

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

XV.- Inscriptions of Parthivendravarman or Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of Vira-Pandya

No. 171 to 176 Subrahmanya, Vaikuntha-Perumal, Masilamanisvara temples

No. 152 to 155 Vaikuntha-Perumal, Madariamman temples

No. 156 to 157 Kharapurisvara, Vaikuntha-Perumal temples

No. 158 to 161 On the east and north wall of the Vaikuntha-Perumal temple

No. 162 to 165 Vaikuntha-Perumal, Vishnu temples at Tirumalpuram

No. 166 to 170 Jalanathesvara temple at Takkolam

No. 177 to 180 Siva, Varaha-Perumal temples

No. 181 to 184 Tiruvalisvara,  Vaikuntha-Perumal, Jalanathesvara temples

No. 185 to 189 Varaha-Perumal, Tiruvalisvara, Ullagaikulunda temples

No. 190 to 194 Jalanathesvara, Selliyamman, Vishnu temples

No. 195 to 198 Masilamanisvara, Manikanthesvara, Vishnu temples

No. 171.— ON THE SOUTH WALL OF THE SUBRAHMANYA TEMPLE AT UTTARAMALLUR[1]

This record is dated in the 4th year of Parthivedradhipativarman who took the head of Vira-Pandya and registers a gift of land to the temple of Subrahmanya-bhattara at Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam by Sandiran Elunurruvan alias Nulamba Mayilatti, a merchant of Ranavirappadi in Kanchipura.  Ranavirappadi is already known from the Madras Museum plates of Uttama-Chola to have been a hamlet of Kanchipura (Conjeeveram).  The donor is mentioned in other inscriptions of Uttaramallur in connexion with several other charities in that place.

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 4th year of (the reign of) Parthivendradhipativarman who took the head of Vira-Pandya, (this is) the writing of us (the members) of the great assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam, (a village) in its own subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam : — The land which Sandiran Elunurruvan alias Nulamba Mayilatti, a merchant of Ranavirappadi in Kanchipura, purchased from us and granted as sribalibhoga for sounding sribali (in the temple of) Subrahmanya-bhattara of our village (is what follows) : — 240 kuli of third rate (land) in the first sadukkam, east of (the path called) Marapidugu-vadi of the thirteenth kannaru, north of (the channel called) Sridevi-vaykkal; in the same place 540 (kuli) of fourth rate (land) and in the same place 180 (kuli) of sixth rate (land)

(L. 3.) We shall not enter against these lands (in our books) any kind of assessment echchoru, amanji, vetti, etc.  We (the members of) the big assembly unanimously give our consent to collect a fine of twenty kalanju of gold in the court of justice from those who obstruct this (charity) and declare that (those who deviate from this) shall incur the sins committed by sinners (in the land) between Ganga and Kumari.

(L. 5.) The land given by this (same) person for (the ceremony connected with) waking up the image from bed (palli-eluchchi) (is) : — Seven hundred and twenty kuli (comprised) of three padagam in the first and sixth squares north of (the channel) Sarasvativaykkal of the second kannaru, west of (the path called) Paramesvara-vadi.  We (the members) of the assembly exempted (this land) from taxes and had the (gift deed) written on stone.

No. 172.— ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE VAIKUNTHA-PERUMAL TEMPLE AT UTTARAMALLUR[2]

This inscription records that in the 4th year of king Parthivedradhipativarman who took the head of the Pandya (king), a gift of land was made by a merchant for offerings to the image of Ganapati, in the temple of (the goddess) Konerinangai at Kumanpadi, a hamlet of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam.

Hail! Prosperity! In the 4th year of (the reign of) Parthivendradhipativarman who took the head of the Pandya (king), (this is) [the wiring] of us (the members) of the great assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam, (a village) in its own subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam.  (the following is) the land given by a merchant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of the south bazaar for [sacred] offerings to (the god) Ganapati in the temple of (the goddess) Konerinangai at Kumanpadi of our village :— 180 kuli of first rate (land) in the fourth sadukkam to the east of (the path called) Paramesvara-vadi of the fourth kannaru, south of the village.

No. 173.— ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE JALANATHESVARA TEMPLE AT TAKKOLAM[3]

This record registers a gift of 96 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp near the goddess Durga-Bhatari in the temple of Tiruvural-Alvar at Takkolam in the 4th year of Parthivendravarman, by a native of Marayapadi.  The latter territorial division also called Maharajappadi or Marjavadi comprised the eastern portion of the Kolar district and parts of the Cuddapah and Chittoor districts.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 4th year of (the reign of) king Parthivendravarman, Kesuvaiyan alias Pallavan Brahmadarayan, son of Talakottigamundasvami of Marayapadi, gave 96 sheep for one perpetual lamp to (the goddess) Durga-Bhatari who is pleased to stand in the temple of Tiruvural-Alvar at Takkolam.  I, Kumaran alias Vironukka Manradi, son of Madhurantaka Kaduttalai Manradi, shall measure out the ghee of these (sheep).

No. 174.— ON THE SLAB BUILT INTO THE FLOOR OF THE MANDAPA IN FRONT OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE OF THE MASILA-MANISVARA TEMPLE AT TIRUMULLAIVAYIL[4]

This fragmentary record is of special interest as it is written in archaic Tamil characters.  It refers to Kalikesari-chaturvedimangalam, a devadana village in Pulalkottam, which may probably be the surname of Tirumullaivayil where the inscription is found.  The king Parthivendravarman mentioned here is also perhaps different from and earlier than the Parthivendradhipativarman to whom the records of this group belong.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 5th year of (the reign of) king Parthivendravarman, (the following) is the sale deed (vilai kaieluzhuthu) of us (the members) of the assembly of Kalikesari-chaturvedimangalam, a devadana in its (own) subdivision (kuru) in Pular-kottam. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No. 175.— ON A ROCK IN THE BACKYARD OF A PRIVATE HOUSE AT TAYANUR[5]

This record supplies interesting information about a bond dealing with money transactions.  It states that two brothers having lent money to the villagers of Myvali Tayanur, in the fifth year of Parthivendravarman, received their dues back with interest but could not so endorse on the original document which was now lost.  Hence they declared that the document, if it should ever come out, must be considered ‘a dead document,’ i.e., become null and void.

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 5th year (of the reign) of king Parthivendravarman, the following was put into writing and given with consent to the  residents (urar) of Miyvali Tayanur in Singapura-nadu by the two individuals Tiran Mudayyan, the chief of Merkudi in Umbala-nadu and his younger brother Tiran Ulagadigal : -

(L. 3.) Having deposited thirty kalanju of gold with these (and) being entitled to receive forty-five kalanju of gold, we received this gold completely . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .  . The (original) document being lost, we two Tiran Mudayyan and Tiran Ulagadigal together declare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . that document, if it is discovered at any future time, shall become a dead document.

No. 176.— ON A ROCK NEAR THE SIVA TEMPLE AT TAYANUR

This inscription registers a gift of 96 sheep by Kali Nangai, a native of Miyvali-Tayanur, for burning a lamp in the temple of Mahadeva of Tanakkamalai, in the 5th year of Parthivendravarman.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 5th year (of the reign) of Parthivendravarman, I, Kali Nangai, the wife of Amarakon Kilavan Karaikkandan of Miyvali Tayanur in Singapura-nadu, gave 96 big sheep which neither die nor grow old for (supplying) daily one ulakku of ghee to burn a perpetual lamp (in the temple of)  Mahadeva (Siva) of Tanakkamalai in this village.  I, Kali Nangai, left these in charge of the residents of Tayanur to last as long as the moon and sun.  This shall be under the protection of all Mahesvaras.


[1]  No. 55 of 1898.

[2]  No. 27 of 1898.

[3]  No. 14 of 1897.

[4]  No. 676 of 1904.

[5]  No. 364 of 1909.

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