The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Volume - III

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Part - I

Inscription at Ukkal

Melpadi

Karuvur

Manimangalam

Tiruvallam

Part - II

Kulottunga-Chola I

Vikrama Chola

Virarajendra I

Kulottunga-Chola III

Part - III

Aditya I

Parantaka I

Gandaraditya

Parantaka II

Uttama-Chola

Parthivendravarman

Aditya II Karikala

Part - IV

copper-plate Tirukkalar

Tiruchchengodu

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

XV.- Inscriptions of Parthivendravarman or Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of Vira-Pandya

No. 181 to 184 Tiruvalisvara,  Vaikuntha-Perumal, Jalanathesvara temples

No. 152 to 155 Vaikuntha-Perumal, Madariamman temples

No. 156 to 157 Kharapurisvara, Vaikuntha-Perumal temples

No. 158 to 161 On the east and north wall of the Vaikuntha-Perumal temple

No. 162 to 165 Vaikuntha-Perumal, Vishnu temples at Tirumalpuram

No. 166 to 170 Jalanathesvara temple at Takkolam

No. 171 to 176 Subrahmanya, Vaikuntha-Perumal, Masilamanisvara temples

No. 177 to 180 Siva, Varaha-Perumal temples

No. 185 to 189 Varaha-Perumal, Tiruvalisvara, Ullagaikulunda temples

No. 190 to 194 Jalanathesvara, Selliyamman, Vishnu temples

No. 195 to 198 Masilamanisvara, Manikanthesvara, Vishnu temples

No. 181.— ON A SLAB LYING IN THE COURTYARD OF THE TIRUVALISVARA TEMPLE AT PADI (TIRUVALIDAYAM)[1]

This record registers that in the 6th year of king Parthivendravarman the assembly of Kurattur alias Parantaka-chaturvedimangalam sold 1,350 kuli of manjikkam land to the temple of Tiruvalidayil and made it tax-free.

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 6th year (of the reign) of king Parthivendravarman, we (the members) of the assembly of Kurattur alias the prosperous Parantaka-chaturvedimangalam, (a village) in Ambatturerikilnadu, (a subdivision) of Pulal-kottam, being (engaged in) selling the land, the manjikkam of the assembly in the southern fields of our village, sold tax-free to the (god) Mahadeva (Siva) of Tiruvalidayil, (a village) in Tudamuninadu, (a subdivision) of Puliyur-kottam 1,350 kuli of land (measured) by the rod of sixteen spans and comprised within the following four boundaries, viz., : — east side : west of the channel through which the water of the Abattur tank flows to Konrur ; south side : north of the channel through which the water of the Ambattur tank flows to Villipakkam and Konrur ; west side : the manjikkam (land) belonging to the sabha ; Having fully received the due sale amount on this (land), we (the members) of the assembly sold (it) tax-free to the (god) Mahadeva (Siva) at Tiruvalidayil.  The Mahadeva of Tiruvalidayil also received by purchase after paying up fully the due amount of sale, the land comprised within these four boundaries not excluding (any portion of) the land contained therein.  The right for the water of the tank and that for the channel through which the water flows shall belong to this land in the same way (after sale) as (it did) when we possessed it.  We have received fully the sale money agreed upon, removed the tax and sold (it) tax-free.

(L. 19.) If this be violated, we agree to pay when demanded[2] a penalty of one kalanju of gold daily to the king to be credited as a fund to the court of justice.  We (the members) of the assembly (further agree) that even after paying this penalty (manrupadu), we shall obviate any hindrance that might be caused to this land from the king ruling our village.  I, the elderly headman of this village Ninrai Nurrenma-bhattan (myself) being a member of the assembly, wrote (this) by order of the sabha. I, Narasingabhattan, a member of the Tiruvalidayil assembly (kuttam), bear witness to this, I, Damodara-bhattan of the Nulappiyarrur assembly, bear witness to this.  I, Divakara-bhattan of the Konrur assembly, bear witness to this.  Tongalankilan Tiruvorriyuran gave a lamp-stand for burning (the lamp), from (the produce of) this land.  Having received (the produce from) this land, we the great men of the interior (of the temple) agreed to burn one perpetual lamp as long as the moon and the sun (last).  This (charity) is (placed) under the protection of all Mahesvaras.

No. 182.— ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE VAIKUNTHA —  PERUMAL TEMPLE AT UTTARAMALLUR[3]

This inscription records a gift of land by Sandran Elunurruvan alias Nulamba Mayilatti, a resident of the hamlet of Ranavirappadi in Kanchipuram, to the temple of Tiruvunnaur (i.e., Tiruvunniyur of No. 179 above) at Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam, in the 6th year of Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of the Pandya (king).

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 6th year of (the reign of) Parthivendradhipativarman who took the head of the Pandya (king), (this is) the writing of us (the members) of the assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam, (a village) in its (own) subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam.  The following are the lands which Sandran Elunurruvan alias Nulamba Mayilatti of Ranavirappadi, (a hamlet) of Kanchipuram acquired for sribalibhoga out of the lands lying waste (Vizhuviyai kidantha nilam) in our village and gave as sribalibhoga to the god (perumanadigal) of Tiruvunnaur : -

(L. 3.) 240 kuli of second rate (land) of the first sadukkam (situated) to the west of (the path called) Paramesvara-vadi in the fourteenth kannaru, north of (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam ; 240 kuli of second rate (land) of the eighth sadukkam, west of the path which went stright to the (tank) Kavanur-eri in the eighteenth kannaru, north of (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam[4] ; 300 kuli of fourth rate (land) of the sixth sadukkam east of (the path called) Pallavanarana-vadi in the sixteenth kannaru, south of the channel Sridevi-vaykkal; and 240 kuli of second rate (land) of the ninth and tenth sadukkam, east of (the path called) Marapidugu-vadi) in the seventeenth kannaru, north of (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam.

(L1. 1 and 2 of note.) 480 kuli  of second rate (land) in the sixth square (situated) in the east of (the path called) Pallavanaranavadi in thetwenty-second kannaru, west of (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam.  In all, these (are) seven padagam (of land).  We (the members) of the assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam have received purvacharam from this person declared that no tax, echchoru, vetti and amanji shall be shown (in the account books) by us against these lands as long as the moon and the sun (exist) and had (this) engraved on stone.  I, the arbitrator, Sivadasan Brahmapriyan, wrote (this) under orders of the great men, being myself in the assembly.

No. 183.— ON THE SOUTH WALL OF THE SAME TEMPLE[5]

In the 7th year of (the reign of) king Parthive[ndradhipativarman] who took the head of the Pandya (king), the assembly of [Uttarameru-cha]turvedmangalam declared some lands of the temple of Kurukshetra at that village tax-free, on receiving purvacharam from a certain Ammatti Sirrambalavan of Perumpattanam in Pattana-nadu.  The temple of Kurukshetra has been already referred to in No. 160 above.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 7th year of (the reign of) king Parthive[ndradhipativarman], who took the head of the Pandya (king), (this is) [the writing] of us (the members) of the great assembly of [Uttarameru-cha]turvedimangalam in its own subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam.  The following is the land which we (the members) of the assembly gave tax-free to the lord of (the temple of) Kurukshetra of our village after
receiving purvacharam from Ammatti Sirrambalavan . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . of Perumpattanam in Pattana-nadu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . west of (the path called) Uttarameru-vadi in the twelfth kannaru, north of (the path called) Vayiramega-vadi .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No. 184.— ON THE WEST WALL FO THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE JALANATHESVARA TEMPLE AT TAKKOLAM[6]

This record registers a gift of sheep for a lamp to the temple of Tiruvural-Alvar by a certain Kumaradi-nangai in the 7th year of king Parthivendradhipativarman.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 7th year (of the reign) of king Parthivendradhipativarman, Kumaradi-nangai, daughter of Nandiri-nanagai, daughter of Devanar of Tiruvural, (a suburb) of Takkola, gave ninety-six sheep which would neither die nor grow old, to the god (alvar) of Tiruvural for a perpetual lamp.  Paiyan Tiruvural was the shepherd who took charge (of these ninety-six sheep) and agreed to supply daily one ulakku of liquid ghee (neiyannai).  The sacred feet of those who protect this charity shall be on (my) head.


[1]  No. 225 of 1910.

[2]  “thaamvendu” which qualifies the word king does not give a proper sense inasmuch as there can be no choice in the matter.  In several other inscriptions the corresponding phras “thaanvendumidathu” occurs.  Perhaps we have to translate both these phrases into “when demanded” until a more satisfactory explanation could be offered.

[3]  No. 20 of 1898.

[4]   This item of 240 kuli  with the description of its situation is again repeated.  The purpose of the repetition is not apparent.

[5]  No. 79 of 1898.

[6]  No. 4 of 1897.

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