95 to 97 Abhiramesvara shrine, Chandra sekhara temple, cave at
98 to 100 Ujjivanathasvamin, Kharapurisvara, Madhuvanesvara temples
101 to 105 Melaikkoyil, Madhuvanesvara, Adhipurisvara temples
106 to 108 Narasingapperumal, Sivayoganathasvamin temples
109 to 110 Lakshminarayana-Perumal, Madhuvanesvara temples
95.— ON THE SOUTH
WALL OF THE MANDAPA IN FRONT OF THE ABHIRAMESVARA SHRINE AT
inscription is dated in the 3rd year of Parakesarivarman
and registers a gift of gold by a certain Gandaraitta Pallavaraiyan
to the temple at Tiruvamattur, which was a devadana in
Mivali-Vavalur-nadu, a subdivision of Aruvanadu Gandaraditta
Pallavaraiyan was evidently an officer of Gandaraditya who is known
from copper-plate records to have been the second son of king
Parantaka I. Parakesarivarman
of this record may have, therefore, to be identified with Parantaka
! Prosperity ! In the 3rd year of (the reign of)
king Parakesarivarman, Parabumigan Mallan alias Gandaraditta
Pallavaraiayn, the chief of Karpundinadu in Mutta-nadu deposited ten
gold (pon) (coins) for burning as long as the moon and the
sun (endure) one perpetual lamp which (he) had placed
in (the temple of) the lord of Tiruvamattur (which was)
a devadana in Mivali-Vavalur-nadu (a subdivision) of
Aruva-nadu. The (members
of the) assembly, the villagers (ur) and the temple
servants (devarkanmi) shall protect this gold paid (by the
donor). (The assembly of) all Mahesvaras shall protect (this
96. – ON THE SOUTH WALL OF THE MANDAPA IN FRONT OF THE CENTRAL
SHRINE IN THE CHANDRASEKHARA TEMPLE AT TIRUCHCHENDRUAI.
this inscription which is dated in the 3rd year of
Paakesarivarman, we have a reference to the construction of the Siva
temple at Tiruchchendurai which was a brahmadeya suburb of
Isanamagala, by Pudi Adichchapidariyar (Adityapidari).
This lady is here distinctly called the daughter of Tennavan
Ilangovelar (another name of MaravanPudiyar)
and the queen of Arikulakesariyar, the son of Sola-Perumanadigal (i.e.,
Parantaka I.). Consequently,
Parakesarivarman to whose reign the record belongs is Parantaka I. It
may be noted that the 60 kalanju of gold granted by Pudi
Adichchapidari for sacred offerings to the god, was weighed by a
stone called after Vedelvidugu which was the surname of the Pallava
king Tellarrerinda Nandippottaraiyar.
1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 3rd year of (the reign
of) king Parakesarivarman, Pudi Adichchapidariyar, daughter of
Tennavan Ilangovelar (and) queen of Arikulakesariyar (who
was) the son of Sola-Perumanadigal (i.e., Parantaka I.),
gave, in this year, sixty kalanju of (pure gold called)
(weighed) by the (standard) stone Vedelvidugu, as capital (from which)
sacred offerings at the holy shrine (sennadai) (have to be
provided) to the lord of the stone temple constructed by her at
Tiruchchendurai, (a hamlet) of Isanamangala which was a brahmadeya.
7.) And we, (the members of) the assembly (parudai) of
Isanamangala, having received this sixty kalanju
of gold, we (the members of) the assembly agreed to measure
out as long as the moon and the sun (endure), sixty kalam
of paddy per year (measured) by the sulakkal, viz.,
thirty kalam at the end of Karttigai and
thirty kalam in the harvest (pisanam) at the end of
Panguni – in all sixty kalam of paddy – as interest of
this gold (calculated) at (the rate of) (one) tuni
and (one) padukku of paddy on (one) kalanju for
(each) pu (crop).
12.) One kuruni of old rice pounded ten or eight times shall
be (used each day) for (providing) sacred offerings at
the dawn (nal) and in the mid-day (uchcham).
(The assembly of) all Mahesvaras shall protect
97. – ON A ROCK TO THE LEFT OF THE PAINTED CAVE AT TIRUMALAI NEAR
inscription records that in the 4th year of
Parakesarivarman, two residents of Kaduttalai in the country called
Irumadichcholar Kannadaga (Karnataka), gave four kalanju of
gold for feeding a devotee in the Jain temple on the
hill at Vaigavur in Pangala-nadu which was a subdivision of
name Irumadichcholar Kannadaga indicates that the country in which
Vaigavur was situated, was so called after Irumadichchola who is
perhaps to be identified with parakesarivarman in whose reign the
record is dated. Irumadichchola means ‘the twice (powerful) Chola’.
Parakesarivarman Parantaka I.
was actually the second powerful king in the Vijayalaya line.
! Prosperity ! In the 4th year of (the reign of)
king Parakesarivarman, we the two following persons (viz.)
Eran Puttugan, a temple servant (devakanmi) of the village of
Kaduttalai in Irumadichcholar – Kannadaga (country) and
Madurantaka Karambular alias Somanayagan Sandaiyan Ayiravan
of Kaduttalai, provided to give food regularly
to one devotee (adigal) in the Jaina temple (palli) on
the sacred hill (tirumalai) at Vaigavur (a village) in
Pangala-nadu (which was a district) of Palakunra-kottam.
We deposited for this (purpose) four kalanju of
gold to last as long as the moon and the sun endure, so that, with
the interest accruing (from this gold), the managers of this palli
shall themselves feed (thedevotee).