126 to 127 Chandrasekhara & Ghritasthanesvara temples
123 to 125 Madhuvanesvara, Mahalingasvamin, Varaha-Perumal temples
128 Madras Museum plates of Uttama-Chola
129 to 133 Nagesvarasvamin, Umambesvara, Adimulesvara temples
134 to 137 Virattanesvara, Ujjivanathasvamin, Nagesvarasvamin
138 to 141 Mahalingasvamin, Vatatirthanatha, Nedungalanatha temples
142 Manikanthesvara temples at Tirumullaivayil
143 to 147 Adhipurisvara, Apatsahayesvara, Umamahesvara temples
148 to 150 Sivayoganathasvamin, Siddhanathasvamin temples
151 Umamahesvarasvamin temple at Konerirajapuram
151-A On the east and north walls of the same shrine
126.— ON THE
SOUTH WALL OF THE MANDAPA IN FRONT OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE
CHANDRASEKARA TEMPLE AT TIRUCHCHENDURAI
inscription, dated in the 2nd year of Parakesarivarman,
registers a grant of land by Pudi Adittapidari to the stone temple
built by her at Tiruchchendurai, to meet the cost of the expenses of
a festival in connection with the solar eclipse.
Pudi Adittapidari may have been a daughter of Pudi or Maravan
Pudiyar referred to in another inscription of king Parakesarivarman
The king Parakesarivarman himself has to be identified with
either Madhu rantaka Uttama-Chola or Aditya Karikala II. both of
whom held the title Parakesarivarman.
The provision made for festivals on the day of the solar
eclipse might suggest that in this second year of king
Parakesarivarman there should have been at least one such eclipse.
Parakesarivarman is identified with Madhurantaka uttama-Chola who
succeeded to the throne in A.D. 971, we find that according to Dr.
Schram’s “Eclipses of the Sun in India,” there were two
solar eclipses in the year 972 which was the second year of
it is not unlikely that the king referred to in this inscription
Uttama – Chola.
! Prosperity ! In the 2nd year of (the reign of)
Parakesarivarman I, Pudi Adittapidari, gave with libation of water
these two garden (lands)
as per the same terms under which I purchased (them) (viz.,)
the garden (land) which I purchased for 35 kalanju of
gold in the second year (of the king’s reign) from
Kachchuvan (Kasyapa) Tattanarayanan and thegarden (land)
purchased from Paradayan (Bharadvaja ?) Isana Maran, to the
lord of the stone temple at Tiruchchendurai for maintaining
festivals (tiruvilappuram) of the lord of Tiruchchendurai for
maintaining festivals (tiruvilappuram) of the lord of
Tiruchchendurai on (the day of) the solar eclipse, (stipulating
that) the maintenance of the (said) festivals of the lord
of (this) stone temple constructed by me Pudi Adittapidari (should
be met only) from the produce of the (said) gardens.
(The assembly of) all Mahesvaras shall protect
127.- ON THE WEST WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE
GHRITASTHANESVARA TEMPLE AT TILLASTHANAM
inscription is dated in the 3rd year of Parakesarivarman
and registers a gift of gold for a lamp by a certain Korran Arunmoli
alias Vanavan Peraraiyan of Arrur in Mangadu-nadu.
The money presented was apparently utilized in purchasing a
land which adjoined another granted by Nangai Varaguna-Perumanar.
This lady had been already referred to as the wife of
Parantaka Ilangovelar and to have made a grant of land to the same
temple in the 13th year of Rajakesarivarman (Gandaraditya).
It is now difficult to determine who this king
Parakesarivarman is in whose reign the gift of Varaguna-Perumanar
could be referred to. Subsequent to Gandaraditya who ruled for about 18 years there
must have ruled at least four kings before rajaraja I. succeeded to
the throne in A.D. 985. viz., - Arimjaya, Sundara Chola Parantaka
II., Aditya Karikala and Uttama-Chola of whom the first probably and
the two last bore the surnames Parakesarivarman.
Consequently Parakesarivarman of our inscription must be
identified with either Arimajaya whose records have not been found
hitherto or with Uttama-Chola.
In all probability the reference appears to be the latter.
! Prosperity ! In the 3rd year of (the reign of)
king Parakesarivarman, Korran Arunmoli alias Vanavan
Peraraiyan a native of Arrur (a village) in [Ma]ngadu-nadu,
gave [25 kalanju] of gold for burning one perpetual lamp day
and night . . . . . . . . . . . at Tiruneyttanam.
Having received this twenty-five kalanju of gold . . .
. . .. . . . . . .. quarter
sey (of land) given for a lamp by Nangai
Varaguna-Perumanar; the northern boundary (is) to the south
of (the channel called) Andanurvaykkal and the western
boundary (is) to
the east of the mound which has never been leveled (for
the assembly, the villagers (urom) and the temple servants (devakanmi)
of Tiruneyttanam sold to Koran Arunmoli alias Vanavan
Peraraiyan (the land) situated within the four great
boundaries thus described without excluding any (portion) of
the land within (unnilam) and executed a sale-deed (vilai-avanam).
(The assembly of) all Mahesvaras shall protect