52. The year’s records of the Hoysaḷa kings come mainly from Jambu-
kēśvaram in the Trichinopoly district, and only two kings, viz,; Sōmēśvara and
Rāmanātha are represented in them. In a fragmentary inscription (No.439)
dated in the 23rd year of Rājarāja III corresponding to A. D. 1239, reference is
made to the killing of a Ballāḷadeva by a chieftain named Gaṇḍagōpāla. This
inscription is historically interesting and in para. 42 above, the victim of Gaṇḍagōpāla has been identified with Narasimha II.
No. 5 belonging to Vīra-Sōmēśvara refers to the temple of god Saṅga-
mallīśvaramuḍaiya-Nāyanār, while No. 12 of the 6th year of Rāmanātha men-
tions Saṅgamīsvaram-Udaiyār, at Vīranārasiṁha-chaturvēdimaṅgalam near
Tiruvānaikkā The latter and not Saṅga-.
mallīśvaram appears to be the correct name
of the god, and it may have owed its origin to some Hoysaḷa general named
Saṅgamadēva, as suggested by the name Saṅgamadēvar-maṭha occurring in the
former inscription. As this shrine is specifically stated to have been located at
Tiruvānaikkā, the word ‘Saṅgama’ need not refer to the confluence of the
Kāvērī and the Koḷḷiḍam which is about 4 miles distant from Jambukēśvaram.
Sōmala-Mahādēviyār is referred to as an avvai (aunt) of the king in No. 5 and in
the other record (No. 6 ) as the kumāri of Ballāḷadēva, evidently Ballāḷa II.
53. It is stated in the record of king Rāmanātha mentioned above that
another deity named Viśvēśvaradēva had been installed on the eastern side of
the Saṅgamīśvaram-Uḍaiyār temple by a certain Śaṅkara-Bhaṭṭan of Puḷḷalūr.
No. 4 dated in the 14th year of Rāmanāthadēva mentions that the gōśālai in front
of the Akhilāṇḍanāyakiyār shrine in the
fourth prākāra was built by Pālapaḷḷi
Nilakaṇṭha-Nāyakkar and that the god Paśupatīśvaram-Uḍaiyār was also con-
secrated therein. In this inscription the mention of the name of a garden called
‘Śilandiyai-Śōlanākkinān –tiruttōppu’ is reminiscent of the Periyapurāṇam story, that a spider which had woven its web over the liṅga at this place to
protect it from the sun’s rays. was, as a reward for this meritorious deed, born
in its next birth as the powerful Chōḷa king named Kōchcheṅgaṇṇān. Another
shrine of god Eḍuttaruḷiyapādīśvaram-Uḍaiyār which was newly conse-crated on the eastern side of the first prākāra at the instance of a certain
Tirujñānasambandar of Karuppūr is referred to in Nos. 25 and 26, dated in the
6th year of Rāmanāthadēva. The building activities of the Hoysaḷa kings
at Jambukēśvaram have already been noticed in the Epigraphical Report for
1936-37, Part II, para. 48.