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Sunday, February 25, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Part - III

Miscellaneous Inscriptions From the Tamil Country

XV.- Inscriptions of Parthivendravarman or Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of Vira-Pandya


No. 152 to 155 Vaikuntha-Perumal, Madariamman temples

No. 156 to 157 Kharapurisvara, Vaikuntha-Perumal temples

No. 158 to 161 On the east and north wall of the Vaikuntha-Perumal temple

No. 162 to 165 Vaikuntha-Perumal, Vishnu temples at Tirumalpuram

No. 166 to 170 Jalanathesvara temple at Takkolam

No. 171 to 176 Subrahmanya, Vaikuntha-Perumal, Masilamanisvara temples

No. 177 to 180 Siva, Varaha-Perumal temples

No. 181 to 184 Tiruvalisvara,  Vaikuntha-Perumal, Jalanathesvara temples

No. 185 to 189 Varaha-Perumal, Tiruvalisvara, Ullagaikulunda temples

No. 190 to 194 Jalanathesvara, Selliyamman, Vishnu temples

No. 195 to 198 Masilamanisvara, Manikanthesvara, Vishnu temples

No. 152.— ON THE SOUTH-EAST WALL OF THE VAIKUNTHA-PERUMAL TEMPLE AT UTTARAMALLUR[1]

The subjoined record informs us that certain lands were made tax-free by the great assembly of Utttarameru-chaturvedimangalam in the 2nd year of king Partma (i.e., Parthivendra)-Maharaja, ‘who took the head of Vira-Pandya’.

The virama or pulli is marked almost throughout and where the double consonants are combined with the e and o signs, this pulli is omitted.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 2nd year of (the reign of) king Partma (i.e., Parthivendra) – Maharaja who took the head of Vira-Pandya . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Uttarameruchaturv[dimangalam*] (situated) in its (own) subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam.  Two hundred and forty kuli of second rate (land) in the first sadukkam (situated) to the west of (the path called) [Utta]rameru-vadi . . . . . . . . . . .  .; five hundred and sixty kuli of first rate (land) in this same place . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . ; in this same place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of first rate areca (land) in the fifth sadukkam (situated) to the west of (the path called) Amaninarana-vadi of the fifteenth kannaru  . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . We (the members) of the big assembly ordered (to be) [tax-free] . . . . . . . . . . . . Those who obstruct this (charity) (shall be liable to pay) a fine of 25 kalanju of gold to the seat of justice . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . I, Sivadasan Brahmapriyan, an arbitrator (madhyastha) of this village, being in the assembly wrote (this) at the command of the members of the assembly.  The sacred watch of the image of this god and . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .we (the residents) of the village (urom) agreed that we shall not receive any kind of taxes . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .shall themselves pay to this god every kind (of tax).  Those who act against this . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Ganga (the Ganges) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

No. 153.— ON THE SOUTH WALL OF THE SAME TEMPLE

This record registers another transaction of the assembly with regard to certain lands of the Lord of Vrindavana (i.e., Krishna) in Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam in the 3rd year of Parthivendradhipativarman, ‘who took the head of Pandya’.

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 3rd year of Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of the Pandya (king), (this is) the writing of us (the members) of the great assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam in its own subdivision in Kaliyurkottam.  The following are the lands given to the lord of (the temple of) the glorious Vrindavana of our village for sribali, sacred current expenses, perpetual lamp and archchanabhoga : -

(L. 5.) 480 kuli of first rate (land) in the eleventh and twelfth squares (sadukkam) (situated) to the eat of (the path called) Pallavanarana-vadi in the fourth kannaru to the south of (the channel called) Sridevi-vaykkal; 456 kuli of first rate (land) in the ninth square (situated) to the east of (the path called) Pallavanarana-vadi in the fourth kannaru to the south of (the channel called) Sridevi-vaykkal ; . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

No. 154.— ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE SAME TEMPLE[2]

This is also a land-transaction made by the assembly of Uttaramelur-chaturvedimangalam on behalf of the temple of Tiruppulivalam in the 3rd year of Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of Vira-Pandya.  Tirupplivalam herein mentioned must be the same as Tiruppulivanam, a village situated about three miles from Uttaramallur.

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 3rd year of (the reign of) Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of Vira-Pandya, (this is) the writing of us (the members) of the great assembly of Uttaramelur-chaturvedimangalam, (a village) in its own subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam.  (the following are) the lands which were given to the god (perumanadigal) of Tiruppulivalam of our village for archchanabhoga and the sacred current expenses : -

(L. 2.) two hundred and ten kuli in the first sadukkam (situated) west of (the path called) Paramesvara-vadi of the tenth kannaru  north of the village ; 380 kuli of first rate (land) in the fourth sadukkam (situated) east of (the channel) Vilakku-vaykkal of the third mannaru north of (the channel) Sridevi-vayakkal; in the same place, 480 kuli of first rate (land) in the second sadukkam (situated) east of Vilakku-vaykkal of the third kannaru ; 720 kuli of first rate (land) in the fifth sadukkam (situated) east of (the path called) Malpidugu-vadi of the fifteenth kannaru north of (the lane called) Subrahmanyanarasam; 370 kuli of third rate (land) in the fifth sadukkam (situated) west of (the path called) Tirunarana-vadi in the seventh kannaru  south of (the channel ?) Pulivalamvay ; in the same place, 450 kuli of third rate (land) in the second sadukkam of the eighth kannaru ; 1,070 (kuli) of second rate (land) (situated) in the eighth sadukkam west of (the path called) Tirunarana-vadi in the sixth kannaru south of Pulivalavay .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No. 155.— ON THE WEST WALL OF THE MADARI-AMMAN TEMPLE IN THE SAME VILLAGE[3]

This record is dated in the 3rd year and 173rd day of Parthivendradhipativarman who took the head of the Pandya (king).  Here again the assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam declared certain lands tax-free in favour of a temple after receiving purvacharam from Sandiran Elunurruvan alias Nulamba-Mayilattiyar, a resident of Kandapurattupettai.

(Line 1.) . . . . . . . . . . . . In the 3rd year and 173rd day of (the reign of) Parthivendradhipativarman, who took the head of the Pandya (king), (this is) the writing of us (the members) of the great assembly of Uttarameru-chaturvedimangalam, (a village) in its own subdivision in Kaliyur-kottam.  (The following are) the lands given . . . . . . . naya-bhattarigal of our village for sacred offerings and worship : -

(L. 2.) 201. kuli of fourth rate (land) in the third sadukkam  (situated) to the east of (the path called) Marapidugu-vadi in the [twenty]-third kannaru north of (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam; four hundred and eighty kuli of first rate (land) in the eleventh sadukkam (situated) to the east of (the path called) Marapidugu-vadi in the eleventh kannaru north of (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam; in this (same) place, 240 kuli of first rate (land) of the tenth sadukkam.  540 kuli of first rate (land) in the fourth sadukkam east of (the path called) Marapidugu-vadi of the fifteenth kannaru north o (the lane called) Subrahmanya-narasam : in all, this sey-land of 4,080 . . . . . . . . .. . (measuring) three-twentieths, (one) eightieth, half (?) and one by one hundred and sixtieth Sandiran Elunrruvan alias Nulamba Mayilatti in Kandapurattupettai . . . . . . .. . . . . . . purvacharam of vetti etc., of the great (tank) Vayiramegatataka of our village . . . . . . . . . . . .  every kind of irai, echchoru, vetti and amanji, we declared nurruvan alias Nulamba Mayilattiyar (residing) in Kandapurattupettai.  Those who act or speak against this shall incur the sins committed by those (sinners) between Ganga and Kumari.  We of the great assembly (also) gave an agreement that those who deviate from this shall pay a fine of 25 kalanju  of gold to the council of justice.  Under orders of the assembly, I madhyasthan . . . . . . . . [Sa]rkuri Tiruvadigal wrote (this).


[1]  No. 73 of 1898.

[2]  No. 19 of 1898.

[3]  No. 60 of 1898.

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