64 to 65 Inscriptions at Tiruvorriyur & Tiruvalangadu
66 to 68 Inscriptions at Kolar, Somangalam & Conjeeveram
69 to 70 Inscriptions at Tirukkalukkunram & Srirangam
71 to 72 Inscriptions at Kilappaluvur & Tiruvidaimarudur
73 to 74 Inscriptions at Cholapuram & Conjeeveram
75 to 76 Inscriptions at Tirukkalukkunram & Jambukesvara temple
77 to 78 Inscriptions at Kavantandalam & Perumber
64.- Inscription at Tiruvorriyur
inscription (No. 106 of 1892) is engraved on the west and south
walls of the first prakara of the Adhipurisvara temple at
Tiruvorriyur in the Saidapet taluka of the Chingleput district.
The name of the temple is derived from Adhipura,
i.e., ‘the mortgage-village,’ which is the
Sanskrit equivalent of Orriy-ur.
That this Siva temple is a very ancient one, follows from the
fact that Orriyur is mentioned by each of the three authors of the Devaram.
the two next following inscriptions (Nos. 65 and 66), this one is
dated in the 2nd year of the reign of Rajakesarivarman, alias
Rajendra-Choladeva (II.). From
the Chellur plates of Vira-Choda
we know that Rajendra-Choda was the original name of Kulottunga I.,
who is distinguished from his maternal grandfather Parakesarivarman,
alias Rajendra-Chola I., by the surname Rajakesarivarman. That the Rajendra-Chola of this inscription is identical with
Kulottunga-Chola I. follows from its historical introduction, which
mentions the capture of elephants at Vayiragaram and the conquest of
the king of Dhara at Sakkarakottam.
The first of these two deeds is also referred to in the later
inscriptions of Kulottunga I.
And both these and the Kaligattu-Parani report that he
conquered Sakkarakottam when still a Yuvaraja.
Further the subjoined inscription says that he took
possession of the eastern country, by which his original dominion,
the country of Vengi, may be meant.
Perhaps he took Vengi from his uncle Vijayaditya VII., who
appears to have received it from the Chola king Virarajendra I.
The southern limit of the dominions of Rajendra-Chola II. in
the second year of his reign is perhaps roughly indicated by a line
connecting Tiruvorriyur, Tiruvalangadu and Kolar, the localities of
the inscriptions Nos. 64 and 66.
The subjoined inscription implies that he felt himself
already at that time as a member of the Chola family to which his
mother and grandmother belonged,
and not as an Eastern Chalukya, because it mentions as his crest the
tiger, and not the boar. But
he cannot yet have taken possession of the Chola country on the
banks of the Kaveri. For,
his victory over the Kuntala king (Vikramaditya VI.) and his
accession to the Chola throne are referred to only in later
inscriptions of his, and in these he bears the new name Kulottunga,
which, to judge from verse 11 of the Chellur plates,
he assumed on the very occasion of his coronation as Chola king and
after his victory over Vikramaditya VI.
purpose of this inscription is to record that a general, whose name
we know already from an inscription of Adhirajendra,
granted 240 kasu, which the temple authorities employed for
purchasing certain land from five villages.
Three of these belonged, like Tiruvorriyur itself, to
Pulal-nadu, a subdivision of Pularkottam; one to a sub-division of
Puliyur-kottam; and the last to Elumur-nadu.
and Puliyur now belong to the
Saidapet taluka. Pulal-nadu
must have comprised the north-eastern portion of that taluka, where
we find Tiruvorriyur and two of the three other villages which the
inscription locates in Pulal-nadu, viz., Manali
Elumur-nadu owes its name to Elumbur (Egmore), now a
portion of the city of Madras.
! Prosperity ! With his arms which resembled two mountains, (and
between) which the goddess of prosperity permanently rested and
shone, and with (his) sword as (only) helps, (the
king) overcame the treachery of (his) enemies ; carried off
many herds of elephants at Vayiragaram (Vajrakara) ; and was
pleased to levy tribute (which) illuminated (all)
directions from the king of Dhara at the rich
(He) gently raised, without wearying (her) in
the least, the lotus-like goddess of the earth residing in the
region of the rising of the sun,
- just as (the god) Tirumal (Vishnu), having assumed
the form of the primeval boar, had raised (the earth) on the
day when (she) was submerged in the ocean (by the demon
Hiranyaksha), - and seated (her) under the shade of his
parasol, (where she) experienced delight.
(He) made the wheel (of his authority) and the tiger (-banner)
go in every direction and established (his) fame and justice
in every country. While
valour, liberality, pride and compassion, as (his) intimate
relatives, were resplendent on the undivided
earth, he took his seat (on the throne) with (the goddess
of) victory and put on by right the jeweled crown of (his)
family. While the
rulers of the earth bore his feet (on their heads), (he)
wielded the sceptre in every (quarter of the) beautiful
continent of the naval (tree).
the second year (of the reign) of this king Rajakesarivarman,
alias the lord Sri-Rajendra-Soladeva, - the general (senapati)
Rajarajan-Paranriparakshasanar, alias Vira-Sola-Ilangovelar,
the headman of [Nad]ar in Tiraimur-nadu, (a subdivision) of
Uyyakkondar-valanadu, (a district) of Sola-mandalam,
deposited – for the expenses required for anointing (the idol
of) Karanai-Vidangadevar in the temple of the god of
Tiruvorriyur in Pulal-nadu, (a subdivision) of Pularkottam, (a
district) of Jayangonda-Sola-mandalam, - in the treasury of this
god two hundred and forty good
kasu current at the time.
After these two hundred and forty kasu had been
deposited in the treasury of this god, (the following) deed
of sale of land was drawn up in writing against (the receipt of)
these kasu by us, the assembly of Manali, alias
a devadana of this (temple) in Pulal-nadu, (a
subdivision) of Pularkottam, and by us, the villagers of
Ambilavayil and Iganaiyur in the same nadu, of Velasarru in
Tudarmunni-nadu, (a subdivision) of Puliyur-kottam, and of
Pirayapakkam in [E]lumur-nadu . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65.- Inscription at Tiruvalangadu
inscription (No. 14 of 1896) is engraved on the east wall of the
second prakara of
the Vataranyesvara temple at Tiruvalangadu, a village in the
Karvetnagar Zamindari, 3 miles north-north-east of the Chinnamapet
Railway Station. The
present name of the temple is derived from Vat-aranya, ‘the
banyan forest,’ which is the Sanskrit equivalent of Alan-gadu.
In Tirunanasambandar’s Devaram the place is
mentioned by the name Palaiyanur-Alangadu, i.e., ‘Alangadu
(near) Palaiyanur.’ And
the subjoined inscription speaks of it as “Tiruvalangadu (near)
Palaiyanur in Palaiyanur-nadu, (a subdivision) of Menmalai.”
Palaiyanur is found on the Madras Survey Map of the
Karvetnagar Zamindari ; it is close to Tiruvalangadu and 3 miles
north-east of the Chinamapet Railway Station. According to another inscription at Tiruvalangadu (No. 16 of
1896), Melmalai, the district to which Palaiyanur-nadu belonged, was
included in Jayangonda Solamandalam.
historical introduction and the date of this inscription are
identical with those of No. 64.
The inscription records that Rajendra-Chola II. issued an
order to the effect that twenty-five families of Sankarappadi should
be settled on the land of Tiruvalangadu, that the new settlement
should be called Rajendra-Solappadi (after the name of the king),
and that the settlers should have the duty of looking after fifteen
lamps of the temple.
3.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the second year (of the reign) of
king Rajakesarivarman, alias the lord Sri-Rajendra-Soladeva,
who & c.
– the following royal order was received with the signature of the
royal secretary (tiru-mandirav-olai) Arumoli-Vilupparayar : -
“While (we) were dining in the day-residence (pagal-irukkai)
at Sivapuram in Purisai-nadu, (a subdivision) of
(a district) of Jayangonda-Sola-mandalam, (and)
when Vira-Sola-Pallavaraiyan, (one) among our officials (kanmi),
submitted to us that twenty-five families of Sankarappadi should be
settled on the land of this village, (that this settlement should
be called) by the name of Rajendra-Solappadi, and that (they)
should supply the oil required for, and keep burning, fifteen
perpetual lamps (in the temple) of Mahadeva at Tiruvalangadu
(near) Palaiyanur in Palaiyanur-nadu, (a subdivision)
of Menmalai, - we granted that the twenty-five families of
sankarappadi should supply lamp-oil to this god.”
6.) Accordingly, the magistrate (adhikarin) Nangorra-Kadamban
ordered : - “Let it be engraved on stone that those who shall
cause injury to this charity will have disobeyed the royal order.”
. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .