27 to 28 Rajgopala-Perumal temple
29 outside of the east wall of the inner prakara
30 north wall of the mandapa
31 to 33 south, west wall of the mandapa
34 to 35 outside of the east wall of the inner prakara
36 to 39 south, east wall of the mandapa in the perumal temple
40 to 41 east wall of the Dharmesvara temple
which I visited in 1892, is a village at the eastern extremity of
the Conjeeveram taluka of the Chingleput district, about 6 miles
west of Vandalur, a station on the South-Indian Railway.
It is mentioned already in the Kuram plates and in the
Udayendiram plates of Pallavamalla as the site of one of the battles
in which the Pallava king Narasimhavarman
I. defeated the Western Chalukya king Pulikesain II.
contains three temples of Vishnu and two temples of Siva.
The three former now bear the names Rajagopala-Perumal,
and Krishnasvamin, and the two latter are now called Dharmesvara and
am publishing below fourteen inscriptions of the Rajagopala-Perumal
temple (Nos. 27 to 40) and one of the Dharmesvara temple (No. 41).
These records belong to the time of the Chola kings
Rajakesarivarman (No. 27), Rajadhiraja (No. 28), Rajendra (No. 29),
Virarajendra I. (No. 30), Kulottunga-Chola I. (Nos. 31 and 32),
Vikrama-Chola (No. 33), Kulottunga-Chola II. (No. 34), Rajaraja II.
(No. 35), Kulottunga-Chola III. (Nos. 36 and 37) and Rajaraja III.
(Nos. 38 to 41).
the Chola inscriptions the name of the village is Manimangalam (Nos.
27, 28, 30 to 41) and, in Sanskrit verses, Ratnagrahara
(Nos. 27 and 40) or Ratnagrama (No. 27).
In the time of rajakesarivarman it was surnamed
Lokamahadevi-chaturvedimangalam (No. 27), n that of Rajadhiraja,
Rajendra and Virarajendra I. Rajachulamani-chaturvedimangalam
(Nos. 28 to 30), and in that of the remaining kings
(Nos. 31 to 36 and 38). In
three inscriptions of the 18th year of Rajaraja III.
We find the fresh surname Gramasikhamani-chaturvedimangalam
(Nos. 39 to 41). The village was included in Jayankonda-Chola-mandalam
(Nos. 28 to 30, 32 to 39, and 41).
Down to the time of Virarajendra I.
it belonged to Maganur-nadu
(Nos. 28 to 30), a subdivision of the district of Sengattukottam
(Nos. 27 to 30). The
later Chola inscriptions assign it to Kunrattur-nadu
(Nos. 31 to 39 and 41), a subdivision of the district of
(Nos. 39 and 41), which was surnamed Kulottunga-Chola-valanadu (Nos.
31 to 36, 38, 39 and 41) after Kulottunga-Chola I.
ancient name of the Rajagopala-Perumal temple was Srimad-Dvarapati
(Nos. 28 to 30) or Srimad-Dvarapurideva (No. 27), i.e.,
‘the lord of the prosperous city of Dvara,’ the residence of
Krishna in Gujarat. The
Tamil equivalent of Srimad-Dvarapati is Vanduvarapati (Nos. 31 and
33 to 39). Other names
of the temple were Sri-Kamakkodi-Vinnagar
(No. 32) and Tiruvaykkulam (Nos. 33 and 36).