52 to 54 wall shrine, & maha mandapa & nakulesvara shrine
42 - On a boulder near Tiruvallam & No. 43 - Bilvanathesvara
44 to 47 Bilvanathesvara shrine
48 to 51 west, north, south wall of the shrine
55 to 57 Bilvanathesvara shrine, south wall of the maha mandapa
58 to 60 verandah round the Bilvan, maha mandapa, north of the tank
61 to 63 north wall of the maha mandapa & west wall of the
52.- On the west and south walls of the Bilvanathesvara shrine
inscription is dated in the 20th year of the reign of the
Chola king Rajaraja I. and records the gift of a lamp by
Nannamaraiyar or Nannaman,
the son of Tukkarai. The
donor belonged to the Vaidumba family and ruled over Ingallur-nadu,
a district of Maharajapadi.
seven thousand (villages) of Marajavadi, the chief town of which
seems to have been Valluru, are mentioned in an inscription of
Rajadhiraja at Mindigal in the Kolar district (No. 279 of 1895) ;
Marayapadi occurs in an inscription of Parthivendravarman at
Takkolam in the North Arcot district (No. 14 of 1897) ; and a
copper-plate inscription of Krishnaraya of Vijayanagara mentions
some villages of the Marjavada-rajya, which are in the modern
Consequently, Valluru has to be identified with the present
village of Valluru in the same district.
The Vaidumba king was defeated by the Chola kings Parantaka
I. and Virarajendra I. ; and Vinayamahadevi, the
mother of the Eastern Ganga king Vajrahasta III., belonged to the
! Prosperity ! In the 20th year (of the reign) of
the glorious king Rajaraja Rajakesarivarman, alias Sri-Rajarajadeva,
who, in his life of growing strength, during which, - (in)
the belief that, as well as the goddess of fortune, the goddess of
the great earth had become his wife, - (he) was pleased to
destroy the ships (at) Kandalur-Salai and conquered by (his)
army, which was victorious in great battles, Vengai-nadu, Ganga-padi,
Nulamba-padi, Tadigai-padi, Kudamalai-nadu, Kollam, Kalingam, and
Ila-mandalam, (the conquest of which) made (him)
famous (in) the eight directions, - deprived the Selinas of (their)
splendour at the very moment when [Udagai], which is worshipped
everywhere, was (most) resplendent ; - Nannamaraiyar, the son
of Tukkarai, the Vaidumba, who possessed Ingallur-nadu, (a
district) of Maharajapadi, gave one perpetual lamp, (which)
was to burn as long as the moon and the sun exist, to (the temple
of) Tirutikkali-alvar at Tiruvallam in Miyarai-nadu, (a
subdivision) of Paduvur-kottam.
For (maintaining this lamp he) gave 90 full-grown
ewes, which must neither die nor grow old.
These ninety ewes
. . . . . .. .
53.- On the north wall of the Mahamandapa in the Bilvanathesvara
inscription consists of 21 lines and is dated in the 3rd
year of the reign of Parakesarivarman, alias
Rajendra-Choladeva (I.). It
records that the inhabitants of Vanapuram (11. 9, 16 and 18), i.e.
sold 1,000 kuli of land to Somanatha (11. 6, 16, 18 and 20),
(the son of ) Samkaradeva (1. 5 f.), whose name has been already met
with in an inscription of Rajaraja I. (No. 51).
The same epithets, which precede the name of Samkaradevaâs
father Tiruvaiyan in No. 51, are here prefixed to the name of
Samkaradeva (11. 2 to 5), with nearly the same mistakes in spelling.
A further allusion of Somanathaâs descent from the Western
Ganagas is contained in Gangadevimanali (1. 11), the name which he
bestowed on the land purchased by him. Besides, Samkaradeva and Somanatha claim to be connected with
the Vaidumba family (1. 5).
do not consider it worth while to publish the text of the second
half of line 17 and of lines 18 to 21, which record that Somanatha
assigned the land âto the Mahadeva temple of Tiru[vai]ya-Isvara,
which the members of our family have caused to be built on the
southern side of the temple of Tiruvallam-Udaiyarâ (1. 18 f.), i.e.,
of the Bilvanathesvara temple, and that he granted 96 sheep for the
maintenance of a lamp in the same temple (1. 20 f.).
The temple of Tiruvaiya-Isvara has been already mentioned in
1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 3rd year (of the reign)
of king Parakesarivarman, alias Sri-Rajendra-Soladeva, - I,
Somanatha, (the son of) Ko[ng]uni[varman], the very righteous
Maharaja, the supreme lord of Nipunilapura,
Srinatha, the glorious Sivamaharaja, the Vaidumba Samkaradeva,
purchased from the citizens of Vanapuram in Karaivali, (a
subdivision) of Perumbanappadi,
(a division) of Paduvur-kottam, (a district) of
Jayankonda-Sola-mandalam, the cultivated land (called)
Gangadevimanali, which I possess free of taxes.
11.) The eastern boundary of (this land is) to the west of
the Manalikkal (channel), which flows to the south ; the
southern boundary (is) to the north of the Kannakkal (channel),
which flows to the piece (of land) of the carpenter ; the
western boundary (is) to the east of the Kolukkuttu (?)
in the piece (of land) of the carpenters ; and the northern
boundary (is) to the south of a channel which flows to the Sribalipatti
(the god) Tiruvallam-udaiyar.
16.) We, the citizens of vanapuram, sold and gave by a deed of sale,
with all exemptions, the land enclosed within these four boundaries,
(which measures), not excluding the cultivated land,
one thousand kuli by the rod of sixteen spans, having
received from Somanatha the whole of the purchase-money and the
tax-money, (due) for these one thousand kuli, at the
very place of the sale . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
54.- On the North wall of the Nakulesvara shrine in the
inscription is dated in the 4th year of the reign of
Rajendra-Chola I. Irayiravan
Pallavayan (1. 4 f.), an officer of his who is known from several
other inscriptions, had built a shrine which
he called Rajarajesvara
(1. 11 f. and 1. 16 f.), and which is apparently identical with the
shrine on which the inscription is engraved.
For maintaining two lamps in this shrine, he purchased for 50
kasu from the inhabitants of Tiruvallam a piece of land which
measured 2, 000 kuli, and which received the name
Araisur-Vadagai (1. 15 f.) with an allusion to his native village of
Araisur (1. 3 f.).
1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 4th year (of the reign)
of king Parakesarivarman, alias Sri-Rajendra-Soladeva.
The hand-writing of us, the assembly of Tikkali-Vallam in
Miyaru-nadu, (a subdivision) of Paduvur-kottam, (a
district) of Jayankonda-Sola-mandalam.
2.) We have received 50 kasu, (which were) good (i.e.,
of full weight) (and) current at the time, from the hand of
Irayiravan Pallavayan, alias Uttama-Sola-Pallavar[ai]yan,
a Perundaram of the lord Sri-Rajendra-Choladeva
(and) the lord of Ar[ai]sur in Pambuni-kurram, (a district)
9.) For these fifty kasu we sold the following land by the
deed of sale to (the god) Chandesvaradeva (of the shrine)
of Rajarajesvaram-Udaiyar, which he had caused to be built in the
temple of Tiruvallam-udaiyar in our city.
14.) The eastern boundary of the land, which we assigned for two
sacred perpetual lamps to (the shrine of)
Rajarajesvaram-udaiyar in Araisur-vadagai, a hamlet (belonging)
to us in the west of this city, (is) to the west of the
high-road of Jananatha ; the southern boundary (is) to the
north of the land to Kuttera-Bhatta-Somayajiyar of Angarai ; the
western boundary (is) to the east of the land of
Kuttera-Bhatta-Somayajiyar of Angarai and of Samkara-Kramavittan of
Kundur, including a cocoanut garden ; and the northern boundary (is)
to the south of the land of Aditta-Peruman Somasi (i.e.,
Somayajin) of Alikkonrai and of (the channel called) Kayakkal,
37.) We sold and gave by a deed of sale â including (eventual)
excess or deficiency in measurement â the whole land within these
four boundaries, (which measures), together with the cocoanut
garden, two thousand kuli by the rod of Sirrambalam.
45.) This very (sum)
being the purchase-money and the tax-money (due) for this (land),
we thus sold (it) and gave (it) free of taxes.
48.) We shall not be entitled to claim the high-level water, the
wells, the price paid for water, the gold of ugappar,
and any other tax paid by the city (and) previously (due)
from this land.
50.) Thus, we, the assembly of Tikkali-Vallam, sold (it) free
of taxes and gave (it) by a deed of sale. Those who obstruct this charity, shall incur (all) the
sins committed between the Ganga and Kanya.
This (charity is placed under) the protection of all Mahesvaras.