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Tuesday, March 06, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVI

TELUGU INSCRIPTIONS OF THE VIJAYANAGARA DYNASTY

No. 51.

(A. R. No. 569 of 1919.)

Little Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the second prakara  in the Arulala-perumal temple.

Krishnaraya, 1514 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1436, Bhava, Jyeshtha su. 10, Wednesday, corresponding to 1514 A.D., June 2, which was, however, Friday.

The genealogy of the king is described at length in Sanskrit verse.  It registers the gift of gold, copper, mercury and money to the temple treasury for gilding the Punyakoti-vimana of the temple of Perarulala-Perumal by the king for the merit of his parents Narasa-nayankodeyalu and Nagaji-amma and himself.

The Tamil version of this inscription is engraved on the north wall of the rock in this temple (No. 478 of 1919).

No. 52.

(A. R. No. 18 of 1915.)

Srisailam, Nandikotkur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On stones built into the floor of the platform in the eastern porch of the Mallikarjuna temple. Krishnaraya, 1515 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1438 (current), Yuva, Sravana su. 15, Wednesday, lunar eclipse, corresponding regularly to 1515 A.D., July 25.

The record is important for the historical information contained in it.  The king, it is stated, started out from Vijayanagara on a campaign of conquest towards the east, conquered at a stretch Udayagiri, Addanki, Vinukonda, Bellamkonda, Nagarjunikonda, Tangedu, Ketavaram and other hill-forts and land-forts and captured Tirumala Kataraya-mahapatra.  Having taken Kondavidu, he captured alive Virabhadraraya, Naraharideva, Rachuri Mallu-khanu, Uddanda-khanu, Jannala-Kasavapatra, Pusapati Rachiraju, Srinatharaju, Lakshmipatiraju, Paschima-Balachandra-Mahapatra and others.  Later he reinstated the captives in their places, visited Amaresvara at Dharanikota and performed the Tulapurusha ceremony in the presence of the god on the banks of the river Krishnaveni.  He had the Ratnadhenu and Sapta-sagara mahadanas  performed by his queens Chinnadevi and Tirumaladevi respectively.  Finally he visited Sriparvata, where he had the mandapa built in the car-street of the temple.  The epigraph refers to the gift of the villages Paramanchala and Atukuru formerly made to the god of the place in the year Srimukha.  It also mentions the remission of levies on loads (Kanchi-kavadi), pack-horses, bullocks, asses and head-loads.

The details of the date given for the said Srimukha viz., Vaisakha su. 11 and Thursday do not agree for the year.  But they work-out correctly for the previous year Bhava.  Hence assuming the cyclic year to be a mistake for Bhava, the date would correspond to 1514 A.D., May 4.

No. 53.

(A. R. No. 64 of 1915.)

Chinna Ahobalam, Sirvel Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up at the entrance into the Narasimhasvamin shrine in the Narasimhasvamin temple.

Krishnadevaraya, 1515 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1438 (current), Yuva, Pushya su. 15, Friday, corresponding to 1515 A.D., December 21.

It records the conquests of the king as in No. 52 above.  In addition, it states that the king having started out on a campaign of conquest to Kalinga visited Ahobala enroute and made gifts of the thousand varahas, a necklace, a ruby and diamond pendant inset with an emerald, a pair of bracelets set with rubies and a gold plate to the deity there.  His queen also made a gift of a pendant.  Further, the village Maduru in Changalamari-sima was granted for worship and offerings to the god.

No. 54.

(A. R. No. 325 of 1919.)

Bezvada, Bezvada Taluk, Krishna District.

On a pillar near the northern entrance into the Mallesvara temple.

Krishnaraya, 1516 A.D.

This is dated yuva, Phalguna su. 5, corresponding to 1516 A.D. February 8, (Friday).

It seems to record a sarvamanya gitt made by Rayasam Kondamarusu in the village Kondapalli Kondaviti-rajya at the instance of the king.

No. 55.

(A. R. No. 342 of 1905.)

Devigudi, Jammalamadugu Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up on the north side of the central shrine of the Talakantamma temple.

Krishnaraya, 1516 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1437, Dhata, Kartika su. 15, corresponding to 1516 A.D., November 9, (Sunday).  The Saka year quoted is wrong for 1438.

It records a dasavanda  gift of land to the west of the boundary of Sukamanchipalli, by the sthanamvaru of Devigudi to Obili-reddi, son of Pulitalipa-redi, Tati-redi and Bhairapa-redi, sons of Chela-redi, for their having executed the construction of the prakara, for the merit of the king and Saluva Govindaraja Vodeyalu.

No. 56.

(A. R. No. 712 of 1922.)

Hampi, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On the north wall of the hundred-pillared mandapa of the Vithalasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1615 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1438 1438, Dhatu, corresponding to 1615 A.D.

It records that the hundred-pillared mandapa to god Vitthala was caused to be built by the king.

No. 57.

(A. R. No. 474 of 1919.)

Little Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the rock in the Arulala-perumal temple.

Krishnaraya, 1517 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1438, Dhatri, Pushya ba. 7, Wednesday, corresponding to 1517 A.D., January 14.

States that the king, having conquered Udayagiri, captured Ravutaraya-mahapatra, and having taken the hill fortresses of Addanki, Vinikonda, Bellamkonda, Tangeda, Ketavaram, etc., captured alive Virabhadraraya, son of Prataparudra-Gajapatiraya.  Naraharideva, son of Kumara Hamvira and others, performed tulapurusha at Amaresvara in Dharanikota, retured to Vijayanagara and started out again on a campaign of conquest towards Kalinga, reached Bejavada, conquered Kondapalli, captured Praharaju Siraschandra-mahapatra, Bodajana-Mahapatra, Bujili-khanu and others, took at a stretch all the fortresses of Telanganya such as Anantagiri, Udrakonda, Urlugonda, Aruvapalli, Jallipalli, Kandikonda, Kappaluvayi, Nallagondla, Kambhammettu, Kanakagiri, Samkkaragiri, etc., installed the jayastambha at Simhadri-Potnuru and performed the mahadana there, retured to Rajamahendra and desiring to have the mahadanas  performed by his queens Chinnadevi and Tirumaladevi, retured to Vijayanagara and having visited, on the above date, with his queens, god Varadaraju at Vishnu Kanchi, and paid one thousand varahas as kanika, had the punyakoti-vimana of the god gilded with gold and granted the villages Vershara, Tiruppalukadalu, Govindacheri, Nurappandangal and Peluru yielding altogether annually 1,500 varahas, to meet the expenses for the fortinightly pulukkappu service and daily offerings to the god.

No. 58.

(A. R. No. 533 of 1919.)

Little Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the second prakara, Arulala-perumal temple.

Krishnaraya, 1517 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1438, Dhatri, Pushya ba. 7, Wednesday, corresponding to 1517 A.D., January 14.

This is a copy of No. 57 above with slight variations.

No. 59.

(A. R. No. 824 of 1922.)

Kommuru, Bapatla Taluk, Guntur District.

On a pillar in the mandapa of the Agastyesvarasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1517 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1438, Dhatri, Phalguna ba. 5 Thursday, regularly corresponding to 1517 A.D., March 12.

It records the construction of the temple of Prasanna-Kesava Perumal by Lakshmikantarsu for the merit of his parents Tipparsayya and Ramayamma and that of the king.

No. 60.

(A. R. No. 335 of 1915.)

Chejerla, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On a slab set up near the mandapa in the Kapotesvara temple.

Krishnaraya, 1517 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1440 (current), Isvara, Jyestha ba. [30], Friday, solar eclipse corresponding to 1517 A.D., June 19.

Registers a gift of 12 puttis measured by the peddapatinagari-ambaram and 12 varahas, to Namassivaya, the Srikarana of god Kapotesvara by Saluva Timmarasa at the command of the king for the merit of his family.  The Sanskrit verse with which the record begins, refers to Chemjerla as the sarvamanya-agrahara.  Also records the remission of certain levies and specifies the quantities of rice, dhall, ghee, etc., for the daily use in the temple as well as the shares of the offerings to the various officials and temple servants including the Srikarana.

No. 61.

(A. R. No. 355 of 1920.)

Miduturu, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up in the Virabhadra temple.

Krishnaraya, 1517 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1439, Isvara, Ashadha su. 11, corresponding to 1517 A.D., June 29,  (Monday).

It records a gift of the village Miduturu to God Burudala Vighnesvara by Saluva Govindayya, son of Rachiraju.  The gift village was situated in Puleti-mamgani in Gutti-sima which is said to have been held by the donor as a nayankara from the king.

No. 62.

(A. R. No. 478 of 1906.)

Korrapadu, Proddatur Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On two faces of a slab lying in the courtyard of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1517 A.D.

This is badly damaged.  Mentions Saluva Tipi and Saluva Komara Timmarasayya in whose presence Timmapa seems to have demarcated some forest land obviously granted for some purpose.  The cyclic year Isvara which seems to be quoted in the record corresponds to 1517 A.D.

No. 63.

(A. R. No. 336 of 1915.)

Chejerla, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On a Nandi-pillar set up near the dhvaja-stambha  of the Kapotesvara temple.

Krishnaraya, 1518 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1440 (current), Isvara, Magha ba. 14, Monday, corresponding to 1518 A.D., February 9, which was Tuesday.

The record is damaged and seems to register a gift of the various levies such as sunkam, talarikam etc., of Bittalapuram alias  Kapotapuram in Chemjerla to god Kapotesvara-mahadeva who favoured king Sibi, for worship of the deity and records the construction of the tanks Timmasamudram and Kondasamudram by Rayasam Kondamarusayya, son of Saluva Timmarasayya and Srimgayamma.  Mentions Saluva Timmarusayya as the Sirah-pradhani of the king.

No. 64.

(A. R. No. 343 of 1905.)

Devigudi, Jammalamadugu Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up on the northern side of the central shrine of the Talakantamma temple.

Krishnaraya, 1518 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1440, Bahudhanya, Vaisakha su. 5, corresponding to 1518 A.D., April 15, (Thursday.)

It records a dasavanda gift of land by the sthanamvaru of Devigudi to Basavana, Matsanagana and Mudukana, sons of Nagajiyya of Devigudi, for the merit of king Krishnaraya and Saluva Govindaraju Vodayalu.

No. 65.

(A. R. No. 716 of 1926.)

Kokatam, Kamalapuram Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up in front of the Kotisvarasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1518 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1440, Bahudhany, Vaisakha su. 15, corresponding to 1518 A.D., April 25, (Sunday).

States that Pedayyamgaru, son of Alasani Chokkarajungaru, granted some land in the village Kokatam which was conferred on the donor as umbali by the king and which was situated in Ghandikota-sima, to the temple of Sakalanatha-linga at Kokatam on the occasion of a lunar eclipse and in the presence of god Mallikarjuna at Bejavada on the bank of the river Krishna.

This is followed by a post script which states that Mummadraju, son of Katta Mumadraju Tippana, the sthala-karanam of the village Kokatam, reconsecrated the temple of god Sakalesvara-deva in the year Bahudhanya.  Also records a grant of two Tums of land by Bayiroju of Sammaturu, son of Agasala Malloju.

No. 66.

(A. R. No. 715 of 1926.)

Kokatam, Kamalapuram Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab unearthed in the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1518 A.D.

This inscription is dated Saka 1440, Bahudhany, Kartika su. 12, Utthana-dvadasi corresponding to 1518 A.D., October 15, (Friday), ’84.

It registers the grant of gocharma i.e., 4 ˝ puttis of land in the village Kokatam, for offerings and services to gods Chennakesava and Hanuman by the son (name lost) of Alasani Chokkayamgaru and records a gift of 2 Tums of land by Bairoju, son of Agasala Malloju to the same temple.

No. 67.

(A. R. No. 569 of 1909.)

Durgi, Palnad Taluk, Guntur District.

On a slab near the platform of the Venkatesvarasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1518 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1440, Bahudhany, Margasira ba. 5, Monday, corresponding to 1518 A.D., November 22.

The inscription records a gift of the village Gundala in Duggi-polamu of Nagarjunikonda-sima, to the gods Viresvara and Vamkesvara of Duggi by Pedasingama-nayaka.  The donor, son of Rama-nayaka and Challamamba, grandson of Singama-nayaka and great-grandson of vanjapalli Rama-nayaka, is said to have obtained Nagarjunikondasima as nayankara from Vakiti Timmapa-nayaka.

No. 68.

(A. R. No. 623 of 1915.)

Anniyur, Villupuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On a slab set up in the prakara of the Varadarajaperumal temple.

Krishnaraya, 1519 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1442 (current), Pramadi, Kartika su. 15, Sunday, lunar eclipse, corresponding to 15119 A.D., November 6.

Records that Andhrakavitapitamaha Peddiraju, son of Allasani-Chokkaraju, having built a temple near the niluva formerly built by Nagaraju at Annuru installed god varadarajaperumal and Nachiyar therein and endowed for worship and offerings to the deities, the village Varadarajapuram and some lands in Annuru in Karvachi-sima held by him as nayankara from the king.  Among the boundaries of the gift land are mentioned Periyantangal, Miluvaditangal and Kalingarayancheri.

No. 69.

(A. R. No. 444 of 1911.)

Rayachoti, Rayachoti Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On the wall of the east gopura of the Virabhadrasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1520 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1442, Vikrama, Jyeshtha su. 11, Sunday,  corresponding to 1520 A.D., May 27, Sunday, f.d.t. ’10.

The inscription is damaged and seems to record a gift by Kami-nayaningaru.  It mentions Penugonda-Marjavadi and Udayagiri-Marjavadi as being in Singgagiri-sima.

No. 70.

(A. R. No. 353 of 1905.)

Dommara-Nandyala, Jammalamadugu Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab built into the east wall of the central shrine of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1521 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1443, Vrisha, Jyeshtha ba. 3, Thursday, corresponding to 1521 A.D., May 23, f.d.t. ’61.

It records the gift of sthalasunkam of Nandela in Renadu, in Ghandikota-sima, to god Chennakesvara by Katti Yarama-nayudu, son of Papa-nayudu in grand-son of Tippi-nayudu on the occasion of the consecration of the deity, for maintaining a perpetual lamp.  The gift village is stated to be situated in Ghandikota-sima obtained as nayankara by the chief from the king.

No. 71.

(A. R. No. 412 of 1919.)

Little Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south side of the rock in the Arulalaperumal temple.

Krishnaraya, 1521 A.D.

This record in a single line, is dated Saka 1443, Vrisha, Bhadrapada su. 13, Friday, Sravana, corresponding to 1521 A.D., August 16.

It registers the gift of five silver vessels at a cost of 300 madas and an endowment of 300madas for certain offerings to god Varadaraju by Rayasam Sripataya.  Narayya, the adhikari of Sripataya had the provisions of the endowment executed.

No. 72.

(A. R. No. 433 of 1915.)

Eluru, Eluru Taluk, Krishna District.

On the Naga pillar set up in front of the Virabhadra temple in the village.

Krishnaraya, 1521 A.D.

This is dated Saka 14[43] Vrisha, Kartika (nija) su. 15, Monday, corresponding to 1521 A.D., November 14 (Thursday).

The record is badly damaged.  It registers a grant of land in the village of Veruru in Kondaviti-sima to god Somesvara of the place by Nandindla Gopaya, the nephew of Saluva Timmaya, the chief minister of the king.  Kondaviti-sima is said to have been the nayankara of the donor.

No. 73.

(A. R. No. 353 of 1915.)

Kundurru, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On a Naga pillar lying in front of a deserted temple.

Krishnaraya, 1522 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1445 (current) Chitrabhanu, Vaisakha ba. 3.  Monday, corresponding to 1522 A.D., May 13 (Tuesday).

The record is incomplete.  It registers the grant of a piece of land in the village of Konudortta in Vinukonda-sima for offerings to god Purushottama of the village by Mahamandalesvara Sarvayya Devachodamaharaju, son of Alamandala Yarayya Devacholdamaharaju of Kasyapa-gotra.  Vinikonda-sima is said to have been given to the donor as nayankara by Mahapradhana Saluva Timmarasayya.

No. 74.

(A. R. No. 13 of 1928.)

Bhairasamudram, Kalyanadrug Taluk, Anatapur District.

On a slab set up in front of the temple.

Krishnaraya, 1522 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1444, Chitrabhanu, Pushya su. 10, Sunday, Makara-samkranti, corresponding to A.D. 1522, December 28.

It registers the grant of the village Bhairasamudram in Kugari-nadu, a subdivision of Kumdurupi-sima in Rayadurgam as sarvamanya to the god Tiruvengalanatha of Vempalapariti, by Mahanayankacharya Narasa-nayaka, son of Kundurpi Timminayaka.  States that Kumdurupi-sima was granted as nayankara  to the donor by the king at the request of Kondamarasayya.

No. 75.

(A. R. No. 297 of 1905.)

Kammapalle, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a slab in a field to the north of the village.

Krishnaraya, 1523 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1446 (current), Svabhanu, Bhadrapada su. 2, Wednesday, corresponding to 1523 A.D., August 12, ’94.

This damaged inscription records a gift of land in Madanapalli as rayasam in Bemired Tippana by Mahanayankacharya Komara Vobilnayini-Tippinayaka in Basavanikonda-sima which he held as nayankara from the king.

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