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Tuesday, March 06, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVI

TELUGU INSCRIPTIONS OF THE VIJAYANAGARA DYNASTY

No. 1

(A. R. No. 503 of 1906.)

Mopur, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On the left side of the wall at the entrance into the mandapa of the shrine, Bhairavesvara temple.

Savanna Odeya, 1351 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1273, Nandana, Chaitra su. 15, corresponding to 1351 A.D. March 13.  The year quoted falls in the reign of Harihara I.

It records a gift of the village Naguru in Pulivindala region and some land in Chadupurevula in Mulki-nadu to God Bhairava by Savemna-Odaya who was ruling in Udayagiripatna, for the merit of his father Kamparaju and mother Mengadevi.

No. 2

(A. R. No. 500 of 1906.)

Mopur, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab lying near the Vibhuti-mandapa of the Bhairavesvara temple.

Savanna Odeya, 1354 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1275, Vijaya, Phalguna ba. 5, Monday, corresponding to 1354 March 14.  The weekday, however, was Friday.  The date falls in the reign of Harihara I.

It records a gift of the village Aluvala as Srotriya-sarvamanya to Sahajadambu Ayyagaru by Savamnna Odeya for the merit of his father Kamppanna Odeya and his mother Mengadevi.

No. 3

(A. R. No. 504 of 1906.)

Mopur, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On the left side of the wall at the entrance into the mandapa of the

 Bhairavesvara temple.

Savanna Odeya, 1362 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1283, (wrong for 1284), Subhakrit, Jyeshtha su. 15, Tuesday.  The details correspond to 1362 A.D. June 7, f.d.t. 28.

This damaged record mentions Mahamandalesvara Savamna-Odeya.

No. 4

(A. R. No. 522 of 1906.)

Kadiri, Kadiri Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up near the south wall of the mandapa  in front of the central shrine of the

 Lakshminarasimhasvamin temple.

Bukka I, 1352 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1274 Nandana Kartika su. 11, Saturday, corresponding to 1352 A.D., October 20, 13.

It records that Pandimasannayini Cheli-nayaka completed the construction of mandapa of Aubhaladeva temple in Kadiri when Vira Bukkana Odeya was ruling at Dorasamudram and Penugonda.

No. 5

(A. R. No. 671 of 1922.)

Patnam, Kadiri Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up in a field to the north of the village.

Bukka I, 1867 A.D.

This inscription is dated Saka 1289, Plavanga, Asvija su. 1, Saturday corresponding to 1367 A.D., September 25.

The inscription records a grant of one putti of land irrigated by the tank at Pantarlapalle by Bammi-nayudu, son of Papi-nayudu, for food offerings of God Ahobaladeva of Kadiri.

No. 6

(A. R. No. 404 of 19046.)

Chilamakuru, Kamalapuram Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a pillar lying in the courtyard of the Agastyesvara temple.

Harihara II, 1382 A.D.

This inscription is dated Saka 1304, Dundubhi, Kartika su. 5, Sunday, corresponding to 1382 A.D. October 12, Sunday, ’39.

I records that Madajiya, the sthanapati of Agastyesvara temple of Chirumakuru in Mulikinadu sold his half share of lands to Peda Tippajiyya and Pina Tippajiyya, on the refusal of the other sthanapatis who shared the other half.  States that Mahamandalesvara Vira Devaraya Odeya, son of Harihara, was ruling over udayagiri.

No. 7

(A. R. No. 270 of 1906.)

Tripurantakam, Markapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up to the north of Chikatimidde  of the Tripurantakesvara temple.

Harihara II, 1385 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1307, expressed by the chronogram Saila-viyad-guna-indu, Krodhana, Kartika Su. 1, Sunday.   If su. 1 is a mistake for su. 11, the details regularly correspond to 1385 A.D., October 14, Sunday, 12.

It records the formation of Devaraya-nadi by connecting the streams Gandhavati and Pulleru alias Vyaghrapaga by Bhikshavritti Siddayadevayyangaru for the merit of Vira Devaraya, son of Vira Harihararaya.

No. 8

(A. R. No. 257 of 1905.)

Tripurantakam, Markapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up to the east of the Chikatimidde of the Tripurantakesvara temple.

Harihara II, 1386 A.D.

The details of the date, viz., Saka 1308, Kshaya, Kartika su. 15, Monday, (Mahakartika), regularly correspond to 1386 A.D. November 5, f.d.t. ’83.

It records that Bhavadura Odeya, the Mahapradhana of Vira Harihararaya bought land of the extent of four tumus, two for the flower garden and two for paddy cultivation, for a sum of 200  Singaya-madas from Bhikshavritti Siddayadevayyangaru and made it over as a gift to God Tripurantaka.

No. 9

(A. R. No. 312 of 1922.)

Mudivedu, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a rock near a tank.

Harihara II, 1397 A.D.

This is dated in the cyclic year, Isvara, Ashadha, su. 13, Sunday, the saka year being indifferently written.  The details may be equated to 1397 A.D., July 8, Sunday.

It records gift of lands made to the Gods Tiruvengalanatha, Mallikarjuna, Bhairava and to the Brahmanas Ramganatha and [Ra]mavojhalu by Tippi-setti and Timaya, son and daughter respectively to Tippi-setti to whom the Mahanayankacharya Motta Dorapa-nayaka had given certain lands under the tank at Balleganacheruvu in Mangumali-sthala, in Penugonda-Marjavada which was under the administration of Mahapradhana Irugappa-dandanayaka.

No. 10

(A. R. No. 417 of 1915.)

Enamadala, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On the door-post of the entrance into the Mallsvara temple.

Harihara II, 1400 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1322, Vikrama, Magha su. 10 Monday,  corresponding to 1401 A.D., January 24 f.d.t. ’28.

No. 11

(A. R. No. 315 of 1922.)

Sivapuram, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a slab set up in a field towards the south of the village.

Harihara II, 1401 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1325, Vrisha, Pushya ba. 6, Monday, Samkramana.  The Saka and the cyclic years do not agree.  If Saka 1325 is a mistake for 1323 which corresponds with Vrisha, the details regularly correspond to 1401 A.D. December 26, Monday, .82.  The date falls in the reign of Harihara II.

It records the gift of some vrittis in the village Sivapuram by a nayaka (name not clear) son of Pemmi-nayaka, to Mallu-bhatta for worship and offerings to god Mallinatha for the merit of his parents when Komara Harihararaya, son of Vira Viruparaya was ruling in Rayavaram.

No. 12

(A. R. No. 11 of 1915.)

Srisailam, Nandikotkur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On two pillars in the southern porch of the mukhamandapa, Mallikarjuna temple.

Harihara II, 1405 A.D.

This is dated Kali 4505, Saka 1326, Tarana, Magha ba. 14, Monday, Sivaratri.  It corresponds to 1405 A.D. January 29, the weekday, however, was Thursday.

It records the construction and gift of the mukhamandapa to god Mallikarjuna by the king.  This is followed by a lengthy prasasti of the king in Sanskrit verse and prose which is faulty in many places.

No. 13

(A. R. No. 109 of 1927.)

Manirevu, Kalyandurg Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab lying behind the temple of Hanuman.

Harihara

This damaged record is in Kannada and not Telugu as noticed in the Annual Report.  It registers a gift of land in Revanauru and mentions the name of the king and a certain Bomma-nayaka.

No. 14

(A. R. No. 819 of 1917.)

Medireddipalli, Hamlet of Mandalapalle, Hindupur Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up by the road-side to the north of the village.

Bukka II, 1388 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1309, Prabhava, Magha su. 15, Thursday, corresponding to 1388 A.D., January 23.

It states that Poli-nayaka, son of Mahanayankacharya Harigila Kiti-nayaka ruling at Medireddipalli caused a feeder-channel to the tank in that village to be dug from the river Chireru by Peda-Bayirapoju and China-Bayirapoju and granted them some land as desavandam.

No. 15

(A. R. No. 399 of 1926.)

Paturu, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab built into the basement of the dhvajastambha in front of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Vira Devaraya (Prince), 1378 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1299, Pingala, Chaitra su. 1, [Sunday] corresponding to 1378 A.D., February 28, Sunday, ’84.

The inscription is damaged and refers to a gift of a palm grove in Paturu in Pottapi-nadu by Bhandaram Chaundaya who was ruling over the territory.

No. 16

(A. R. No. 408 of 1926.)

Palagurallapalle, Badvel Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab lying near the ruined temple of Bhairave on a hillock, two miles to the east of the village.

Vira Devaraya-Odeya, 1396 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1318, Dhatu, Vaisakha su. 10, Wednesday, corresponding to 1396 A.D., April 18.  The weekday was, however, Tuesday.

The record states that on the representation of Goli Avubhalanatha who repaired the temple of Bhairavadeva on the hill and built a circumambulatory passage and a wall around it, Birudaraju Lakkayadeva Maharaju and Allaladeva Maharaju who ruled over Sakali-Pedakoduru, granted certain lands near the hill as vritti for raising a grove to the temple.

No. 17

(A. R. No. 320 of 1922.)

Tamballapalle, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a slab set up in front of the Mallikarjuna temple on the Mallayyakonda to the east of the village.

Devaaya I, 1405 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1327, Parthiva, Ashadha su. 1 Sunday, corresponding to 1405 A.D. June 27.  The weekday, however, was Saturday.

It records that on the representation and production of documentary evidence of the temple priests, the king confirmed the grant of the village Tammadiyahali and the income of 25 honnu from the kanika derived from the Sivaratri festivals and was being paid till then to the palace, for the amritapadi service of the god as in vogue in the days of Kampamnodeya, Bukamnodeya and Chikodeya, by order to Mayilappa.  Also records the apportioning of the shares among the priests of the temple from the commencement of Sivaratri.  The order seems to be issued to take effect from Kartika su. 1 in Tarana  corresponding to 1404 A.D. October 5, as in No. 18 below.

In this record the former portion of the grant is in Kannada and the latter detailing the apportionment of the shares among the priests, in telugu as in No. 18 below.

No. 18

(A. R. No. 313 of 1922.)

Tamballapalle, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a slab set up by the roadside in a field to the east of the village.

Devaraya I, 1405 A.D.

This is dated Saka, Parthiva, Sravana su. 10, Friday, corresponding to 1405 A.D., August 5.  The week-day, however, was Wednesday.

The records that on the representation of the temple priests, king Vira Devaraya I ruling from Penugondapatna, confirmed the gift of the village Tammadiyarahali and the income of 25 honnu derived from the kanike  realized from the Sivaratri festivals formerly made by Kampannodeya and Chikkodeya to god Mallikarjuna at Chandragiri and ordered that the 25  honnu that was being paid to the palace till then he remitted to the temple from Tarana, Kartika su. 1 corresponding to 1404 A.D., October 5.  Also records the apportioning of the shares between the priests of the temple.

The record is written partly in Kannada and partly in Telugu as in No. 17 above.

No. 19

(A. R. No. 319 of 1922.)

Tamballapalle, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a slab set up in front of the Mallikarjuna temple on Mallayyakonda to the east of the village.

Devaraya I, 1406 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1328, Vyaya, Vaisakha su. 1, Monday, corresponding to 1406 A.D., April 19, ’57.

It records the gift of cows, land by purchase for three flower-gardens, a lamp a disk bell etc., to God Mallikarjuna of Chandragiri by Peda Laki-nayidu, Pina Avubalinayidu and Balagopi-nayidu, sons of Mahanayankacharya Kamu Dorapanayidu, the servant of Mahamandalesvara Devaraya.

No. 20

(A. R. No. 321 of 1922.)

Tamballapalle, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the black of the slab, containing No. 17 above, in front of the Mallikarjuna temple on the

 Mallayyakonda to the east of the village.

Devaraya I, 1406 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1328, Vyaya, Vaisakha su. 1, Monday, corresponding to 1406 A.D., April 19, ’57.

It registers that Singari-nayaka, son of Mahanayankacharya Kamu Dorappanayaka and Bujjava had the shrine of Virabhadra constructed and a rangamandapa built for it in the temple of Mallikarjuna of Chandragiri and granted lands for a flower-garden, cows and cash endowment for offerings to the deities for the merit of the Raya and the members of his own family.  The donor is said to have been subordinate of Antappa-dannayaka and Narasimhadeva Vodeya, the ministers of Devaraya.

No. 21

(A. R. No. 345 of 1905.)

Devigudi, Jammalamadugu Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a pillar set up in the courtyard of the Talakantamma temple.

Devaraya I, 1406 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1328, Vyaya, Margasira su. 15, Thursday, lunar eclipse.  The date corresponds to 1406 A.D., November 25.

It records a grant of half the extent of fields of the village Danavulapadu to the temple of Talakantidevi by the king, on the representation made by the secular priests (tamballu) of the temple on the occasion of the king’s coronation at Vijayanagara, when the king, having given his assent to the grant, ordered Nagappa-dandanayaka to execute it.

No. 22

(A. R. No. 467 of 1906.)

Proddaturu, Proddaturu Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab built into the wall of a house.

Devaraya I, 1409 A.D.

This fragmentary record is dated Saka 1331, Virodhin, corresponding to 1409 A.D., the other details being lost.

The record mentions an Odeya as ruling in Vijayanagara.  The date falls in the reign of devaraya I.

No. 23

(A. R. No. 798 of 1922.)

Inkollu, Bapatla Taluk, Guntur District.

On a pillar in the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Devaraya I, 1412 A.D.

The record is damaged and is dated Saka 133[4], Nandana, Chaitra su. 5, Monday.  The date is irregular.  However, if su. 5 is a mistake for su. 15,  the details correspond to 1412 A.D., March 28, Monday.

Seems to refer to the construction of the temple, the mandapa etc., for god Kesavaperumal by some individuals of Inkollu.  Mentions Rachemma-reddi Anavotanaya-reddi as holding the nayankara of Inkollu.

No. 24

(A. R. No. 526 of 1906.)

Kadiri, Kadiri Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up below a peepul tree in the court-yard of the Lakshminarasimhasvamin temple.

Devaraya I, 1418 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1389, Hemalamba, Phalguna su. 15, Thursday corresponding to 1418 A.D., February 20.  The weekday, however, was Sunday.

This damaged inscription seems to record the decision (details lost), of the merchant community in a dispute between the Malas, Madigas and the rytus.  The king is called Chikkaraya Vira Kumara Devaraya, (son) of Vira Harihararaya.

No. 25

(A. R. No. 431 of 1911.)

Tangaturu, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddappah District.

On a slab set up in front of the Adikesavasvamin temple.

Devaraya I.

This much-damaged record in which the date is lost, mentions a pradhani of the king.

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