209 Tirukkalar Plate of Kulottungs-Chola I
206 Two Pandya copper-plate grants from Sinnamanur
207 Tirukkalar Plate of Rajendra Chola I
211 Tirukkalar Plate of Kulottunga-Chola III & Rajakesarivarman
plate of KulotTunga-Chola
inscription in 19 lines is engraved on the third plate of the
It is dated in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of
Tribhuvanachakravartin Kulottunga-Choladeva without any
distinguishing epithet or historical introduction.
In the absence of these, through it is not generally possible
to say to which of the three kings who bore that name this record
must be attributed, yet it appears to be a record of
Kulottunga-Chola I, since it is stated in the fourth inscription in
this set in referring to this record that the king abolished tolls
which is generally a feat attributed to Kulottunga I.
It registers a gift of paddy made by a certain Sivan
Tillainayakan alias Siruttondanambi of Tannirkunram in
Nenmali-nadu to the temple of Mahadeva at Tirukkalar in
Purangarambai-nadu which was a sub-division of Rajendrasola-valanadu
for the purpose of taking in procession Aravabharanadeva, for
offerings to Pillaiyar and the god in the Mulattanam and for feeding
devotees on the days of the new-moon.
to which the donor belonged, is a village 7 miles to the east of
Mannargudi in the Tanjore District.
The modern village of Nemmeli in the same Taluk, must have
been the principal place in the division Nenmali-nadu in which
Tannirkunram is said to have been situated.
! Prosperity ! In the twenty-eight year of (the reign of) the
empoeror of the three worlds, the glorious Kulottunga-Choladeva,
Sivan Tillainayagan alias Siruttondanambi of Tannirkunram in
Nenmali-nadu made the following gift to (the temple of)
Mahadeva of Tirukkalar in Purangarambai-nadu (a subdivision)
of rajendrasola-valanadu, for the purpose of conducting thefestival
of Aravabharanadeva on the day of the new-moon, the grand offerings
of the god to be made on that day, offerings to Pillaiyar (i.e.,
Ganapati), offerings to the god in the central shrine (Mulasthana)
and for the feeding of the devotees (devaradiyar) (to be
made) o the (same) day.
the interest in paddy of fifteen kalam which accrues at the
rate of three kuruni per kalam on the sixty kalam
of paddy which, we the Siva —
Brahmanas, (viz.,) Kausikan Venkadabhattan, Kasyapan
Karayil Mulaichchan, Kausikan Adittan Adavallan and other Siva-Brahmanas
of this temple had received as principal for (bearing)
interest from this person (i.e., Sivan Tillainayakan) in the
month of Vaigasi of this year, we the five viz.,
Aravabharanan Eduttapadam alias Tiruchchirrambalakkalan,
Aravabharanan Iyabaradanadan, Adavallan alias Purvasivan alias
Pattarganayaka-Pichchan, Aravindan Kuran alias
Narpattennayira-Pichchan, Kuttan Gangai-kondan alias
Sivasaranasegara-Muvendavelan of this village, who came forward (for
this purpose) shall conduct the (specified)
expenses on each new-moon day, at the rate of (one) kalam
and three kuruni as long as the Moon and the Sun (endure).
the (one) hundred and twenty kalam of paddy which we
had received on interest by agreement from Sivan Tillainayagan of
this village, the interest in paddy for a period of one year
calculated at the rate of three kuruni per kalam, is
these thirty kalam, through those who stand for us we shall
feed the devotees at the rate of two kalam, (one) tuni
and (one) kpadakku of paddy for one new-moon day.
long as the sun and the moon (endure), the Sri-Mahesvaras
shall be surety (for this) Kanperran shall be in charge of
This is my writing.
plate of Tirubhuvanachakravartin Rajarajadeva
is the fourth inscription in the
It is engraved on the second side of the third plate and
belongs to the 18th year of the reign of
It records that some of the families of the donees, who
received the gift made by Sivan Tillainayagan of Tannirkunram in the
twenty-eighth year of the reign of Kulottunga-Chola, the abolisher
of tolls, ceased to have male members and that in consequence a
question arising as to how the feeding pertaining to these families
should be conducted in future, the Mahesvaras settled that the
feeding stipulated in the grant to be done by the donees devolved on
the female descendants as well and that arrangements were made in
accordance with that order.
The inscription may probably belong to the reign of Rajaraja
II, though the distinguishing epithet of the king is missing and the
characters appear to belong to a later period.
! Prosperity ! In the eighteenth year and one hundred and eightieth
day of (the reign of) the emperor of the three worlds the
glorious Rajarajadeva, when male descendants ceased to exist in some
of the families of the andar who had been living in the tirumadai-vilagam
of the god and who had obtained a paddy-gift for conducting the
feeding specified in a copper-plate grant engraved formerly (i.e.,)
in the twenty-eighth year of (the reign of)
Kulottunga-Choladeva, the abolisher of tolls, from Sivan
Tillainayagan of Tannirkunram, who made provision for the new-moon
festival and for feeding the devotees (devaradiyar) of the
god Mahadeva who had sprung at Tirukkalar in Purangarambai-nadu, (a
subdivision) of Rajendrasola-valanadu and who (i.e., the andar)
had been conducting the feeding with the gifts and when Kanakarayar
and the Mahesvaras wished to decide how the feeding pertaining to
the families having only female descendants should be conducted, the
Mahesvaras came to the settlement that the feeding from the interest
(of a gift) devolved also on the female descendants.
It was so agreed and that in accordance with the agreement
made by the female descendants, (it was decided that) three
persons had to be fed by Kanperran Manruniraindan alias
Anbarkadiyan who had taken (to wife) the daughter of
Adavallan Purvasivan alias Pattarganayaga-Pichchan, that
three persons had to be fed by Devan Divakaran, the son of her kolundi
(husband’s younger sister) and others and that twelve persons
pertaining to two shares out of the (whole) five, — which (number)
was fed by Tiruchchirrambalakkalan, — shall now be fed by the male
descendants (of his).