93 to 94 natural cave at Vedal & Silaiyamman, Airavatesvara
89 to 92 Ghritasthanesvara temple & Jnanaparamesvara temple
93.— ON A SLAB SET UP
IN FRONT OF THE SILAIYAMMAN TEMPLE AT NERKUNAM.
inscription, dated in the 24th year of Rajakesarivarman,
registers a grant of land for the upkeep of a tank at Nerukunram on
the eastern side of Singapura-nadu by the Nambiyamallanar, son of
name Nripatungamangalapperaraiyan and the achaic characters of the
inscription make it very probable that the record is one of
Rajakesarivarman Aditya I.
1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 24th year of (the reign
of) king Rajakesarivarman, the (following gift of)
erippatti (viz., the fields), Marudancheruvu, Kodumadi and
Kaluval was made by Nambiyamallan, son of
Nripatungamangalapperaraiyar, declaring these to be tank-land (erippatti)
for (the maintenance of) the tank at Nerkunram on the eastern
of Singapura-nadu. If we, the villager, assert our occupancy rights
(kudimai-sey) (in such a way) as to reduce this (charity),
we shall enter the hell lower than the seventh hell.
He who reduces the erippatti
shall also enter the hell lower than the seventh hell. The feet of the person who protects and perpetuates this
shall be on my head.
27.) Nambiyamallan, gave, solely for (the benefit of) the
tank, every kind of duty levied by the assembly (manrupadu)
Whose reduces this shall also enter the hell lower than the
seventh hell. We, the
villagers, also shall enter the hell lower than the seventh hell, if
we assert our occupancy rights so as to reduce this (charity).
The feet of him who protects and perpetuates this shall be on
94.— ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE
AIRAVATESVARA TEMPLE AT NIYAMAM.
record belongs to the 24th year of the early Chola king
Rajakesarivarman and has to be assigned to Aditya I on
palaeographical grounds. It
registers a gift of gold by Adigal Gandan Marambavai,
queen of Nandippottaraiyar of the Pallavatilaka race. The fact that this Pallava queen made a grant in the reign of
the Chola king suggests that the Pallavas had been completely
subdued by this time, as stated in the Tiruvalangadu grant and that
Nandippottaraiyar, the husband of Marambavai, was also dead.
1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! . . . . . . . . king Rajakesari[varman]. . .
. . . . . .. I, Adigal
Gandan Marambavaiyar, the great queen of Nandippottaraiyar of the
five kalanju of pure gold (urkarchemmai-pon)
. . . . . . . . . assigning five nali of ghee, milk and
curd for sacred offerings . . . . . . . to (the god)Mahadeva
(Siva) on the equinoxial days (Vishu) in (the
months) Aippigai (Aippasi) and Sittirai . . . . . . . . .
. . [a]lakku . . . . . . . . . for sacred offerings
and sacred . . . . . . . . one padakku and four nali
of rice for sacred offerings to (other gods) including the
subsidiary (deities) ; again for sacred offerings . . . . . .
. and other required food of the gods (avisu), so that on
those days twenty Brahmanas may take food and boys (manigal)4
[and the devotees] (devaradiyar) who do service in this temple may
7.) And I, Isvarakkarani Vamadevan Tiruvenkanda, the priest (pattudaiyan)
of this temple, received the gold (assuring the donor) that
from the gold, (viz.,) half kalanju and one-eighths at
each pu (crop) accruing as interest at (the rate of)
one-eighth every pu (crop) on each kalanju, I shall maintain (the
charity) thus (described) on these days (This gift is
placed under) the protection of (the assembly of) All Mahesvaras.