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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 85

(A.R. No. 672 of 1905)

Tirthamalai, Uttangarai Taluk, Salem District

On the rock to the west of the central shrine, Tirthagarisvara temple on the hill

This is much damaged.  It records a gift of gold for burning a perpetual land in the temple of Kudal-Alvar by a queen of Mummudichchola-Perumal, whose name cannot be properly made out.  This is evidently as inscription of Rajendra Chola I.

No. 86

(A.R. No. 673 of 1905)

On the same rock

This records a similar gift of gold for burning a lamp in the Kudal-Alvar temple by Aiyyan viramadeviyar of Pungunram (another) queen of Mummudichchols-Perumal.  It is quite likely that this donor was the same as Viramadeviyar a queen of Rajendra-Chola.

No. 87

(A.R. No. 689 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvami temple

The inscription is built in at the right end.  It records a gift of 180 sheep by a private person (name lost) for burning two perpetual lamps in the temple of [Tiruvisa]lur-Perumanadigal at Avaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam a devadana and abrahmadeya village.

No. 88

(A.R. No. 18 of 1907)

On the same wall

This records a similar gift of 100 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the same temple by Nakkan Arinjigal alias Pirantaka-Pallavaraiyan,  a chief evidently called after Parantaka I (Vide. No. 70 above).  The assembly of the village (perunguri-perumakkal) agreed to maintain this gift.

No. 89

(A.R. No. 66 of 1907)

Tirumalai, Pollur Taluk, North Arcot District

On a rock to the left of the painted cave

This had been published in S.I.I. Vol III, as No. 97.  But the reading of lines 4-6 which has now been slightly altered by a re-examination of the record, seems to indicate that the two donors virchevagan Pidaran Buttugan and Virchamanayakan Sandayan Ayiravan were members of two different regiments of the king, called respectively Irumadisola Kannadiga-Kaduttalai and Madhurantaka-Karunadaga-Kaduttalai and recruited from the Karunataka country, rather than that they were natives of place called Kaduttalia.  These two persons made a gift of gold for the daily offerings to Palliyalvar (Jaina Tirthankara) and for feeding therewith a devotee in the palla at Tirumalai near Vaigavur in Pangala-nadu a sub division of Palkunra-Kottam.

No. 90

(A.R. No. 198 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

This records the gift of a golden hand-plate weighing 3 ½  kalanju and set with precious stones worth 2 kasu and 2 akkam, for being worn (on the palm) by the image of Adalvidangadevar (Nataraja) in the temple at Tiruvidaimarudil, made by a merchant of the place by name Kalari Tolri.

No. 91

(A.R. No. 199 of 1907)

On the same wall

This inscription has been published in S.I.I Vol. III.  This is stated to be a record of all the gifts of gold made in earlier times for lamps to the temple, which were now re-engraved on renovation from stones kept underground.  The inscription is however left incomplete after the 4th line.  Only one such item finds mention here viz., a gift made by Kadupattigal Nandippottaraiyar, obviously (after his surname) Kumaramarttanda.  The authorities responsible for this re-engraving viz. the assembly of Tiraimur, the nagarattar of Tiruvidaimarudil, the temple executives in the theatre Wall of the temple.  This early reference to the theater in temples in noteworthy.

No. 92

(A.R. No. 213 of 1907)

The inscription is damaged and incomplete.  It gives a list of the presents of gold made to the temple of Mulasthanattu-Perumanadigal at [Tiruvi]daimarudil in Tiraimur-nadu on the south bank of the river by several individual donors, each specifying the purpose of the gift, thus; a gift of 22 kalanju and odd of god made in company with others by Madhurantaka-Muvendavelan the adhikari administering the srikaryam of the temple, which was utilised for (the purchase of) some vessels for the sacred bath of the daity: a gift of 20 kalanju by a lady named Gunavadigal for burning two perpetual lamps; a gift of 10 kalanju by one Tiruvidaippichchi for two day lamps; a gift of 25 kalanju by Viramadeviyar (mentioned in No. 86 above?) for a persetual lamp: and 20 kalanju by another lady named Orriyur . . . . . . . . for a perpetual lamp.  Items 2 to 4 were entrusted to the owners of an oil-mill of the place, the sabha of Tiraimur and the nagarattar of Tiruvidaimarudil.

No. 93

(A.R. No. 237 of 1907)

On the south wall of the same shrine

This is damaged.  It seems to state that the temple authorities received only 10 kasu out of 50 promised by Sclakonar for the improvement of a temple land (?) called Irumudisola-poumasakkal for the maintenance of a lamp, and this amount was found insufficient for the purpose.  Further details are lost.  IrumudiChola was a probable surname of Parantaka I.  It was also a title conferred by Rajendradeva on his uncle Gangaikonda.

No. 94

(A.R. No. 374 of 1909)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine Vyaghrapadesvara temple

This records an endowment of land for mantra-ponagam offerings to god Tiruppulippagavar-Devar in the temple at Sirringur by the Maladu chief Rajamahendran Rajendra-Solan.  Kulottunga I  in whose reign this temple is said to have been renovated of stone was also called Rajendra-chola and the donor might have been known after the surname of his over-lord.

No. 95

(A.R. No. 245 of 1911)

Kumbhakonam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west and south walls of the central shrine, Nagesvara temple

The details of the date given correspond to Thursday, 22nd April, A.D. 975.  the first four lines of this inscription have been assigned to Uttama-Chola.  The continuation has now been traced in situ and the full text is given below.  It registers a sale of land by the mulaparadai-perumakkal of Tirukkudamukkil in Pambur-nadu to the temple of Tirukkakottattu-Paramasvami, for 25 kalanju which was the amount endowed to the people for a perpetual lamp by Arivalan Amittiravalli of Tanjavur, on behalf of the son Kari Kokmban of the Gandaraditta terinja-Kaikola (regiment).  The land sold which was a quarter (veh) extent, is said to have been the abhisheka-dakshinai received by the assembly evidently on the occasion of the king’s coronation.

No. 96

(A.R. No. 247 of 1911)

On the south wall of the same shrine

The alphabet seems to be early, but the inscription is carelessly engraved.  It records an endowment of 6 ½  ma of land after purchase by Eluvan Madevan a merchant of Nandipuram, for feeding a Brahmana in the temple of Tirukkikottam at Tirukkudamukkil after the daily mid-day service to the god.

No. 97

(A.R. No. 317 of 1911)

Velachcheri, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District

On the south wall of the Selliyamman Temple

This records a gift of land as manjikkam by the sabha of Velichcheri in Puliyur-kottam for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp and for offerings during the two services in the temple of Kaa-Bhatari.  This is left incomplete.

No. 98

(A.R. No. 11 of 1914)

Tirumananjeri, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Udvahanathasavami temple

This records a gift of 96 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Paramasvami at Tirumananjeri by a kitchen-maid (of the palace) at Tanjavur by name Baladevan Kidasanai.

No. 99

(A.R. No. 14 of 1914)

On the same wall

This records the gift of plate, a trumpet, a hanging lamp and a bell and also an image of worship used during the sribali, offering, to the temple of Pramasvami at Tirumananjeri by a Soliya-vaniyan (merchant) name Mundan Arnagan alias Narpattennayira-Mayilatti. This might be an inscription of Parantaka I, the writing being early.

No. 100

(A.R. No. 231 of 1915)

Brahmadesam, Cheyyar Taluk, North Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Chandramaulisvara temple

This is damaged.  It seems to record a gift of 15 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp, and 75 kalanju for some purpose the nature of which is not known, in the temple at Rajamalla-Chaturvedimangalam.

No. 101

(A.R. No. 232 of 1915)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 15  kalanju of tested gold (urkar-chemmai) for a perpetual lamp in the temple by Ninrayil Irushikesuvan of Kundina-gotra a resident of Vayinanallu in Puliyur-Kottam.

No. 102

(A.R. No. 495 of 1918)

Tiruvenkadu, Sirgali Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west inner gopura, Svetaranyesvara temple

This is damaged.  It seems to record a gift of some gold ornaments for the image of -Nataraja (Adi-aruluginra-devar) in the temple at Tiruvenkadu, by a kaikkola.  Below this is the latter portion of another inscription, which seems to register the leasing out of a temple land of a resident of Nallavur, who was to reclaim the land for cultivation and supply paddy to the temple every year at the rate of a kurun per day for offerings.

No. 103

(A.R. No. 9 of 1920)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple

This records a gift of 45 sheep and one ram for burning a lamp throughout the day-time in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumalavadi, by one Kandan kalanadi of Pu[du*]kkudi in the Kilesngili-nadu.

No. 104

(A.R. No. 250 of 1921)

Takkolam, Arkonam Taluk, North Arcot District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Jalanathesvara temple

This records a gift of sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple of tiruvural-Mahadeva, by one Karan Tungapperaraiyan of Puliyur in Vandalai Velur-kunram a subdivision of Sola-nadu.  This is probably a record of Parantaka I.

No. 105

(A.R. No. 373 of 1924)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the east wall of the mandapa in front of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple

This is much damaged.  It seems to record a gift of 10 kalnaju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva of Avanigandarva-Isvara-griham in Kunrak-kurram by one Atisuran . . . . . . . of Malapadi in [Va]nagappadi, who had deposited the amount with two nagarattar.  The inscription also refers to a later order (the nature of which is not known) of Adigal Palavettaraiyar Kandan [Amuda]nar, made in the 16th year of Uttamasoladevar Parakesarivarman, evidently about the utilization of this amount.

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