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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 22

(A.R. No. 594 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 42 ˝  kalanju of gold (tulaippon) deposited with the ganapperumakkal of the year, for burning lamp in the temple and for the daily mid-day offering to the god, with which a Bhatta well-versed in the Vedawas to be fed able.  The offering comprised rice, kummayam and three other dishes, ghee, curd, sugar, plantains and betel-nut and leaves.  The donor’s name is given as Koyil-Perral alias Gunavan-Madeviyar daughter of Bhupalasekhariyar, on whose behalf the king (devar ?) is said to have paid the it is perhaps to be inferred that she was his concubine

No. 23

(A.R. No. 609 of 1920)

On the wall of the south verandah in the parakara, behind the image of Gaja-Lakshmi in the same temple

This registers a gift of 12 ˝ kalanju for burning a lamp inside the tiruvunnaligai of the temple by Palavettaraiyan Kodandan Tappildarman.  The identity of this chief with Tappildarma-pallavaraiyan figuring in two records of Gandaraditya has been surmised already.  The inscription may be one of Arinjaya.

No. 24

(A.R. No. 274 of 1923)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai near Pandaravadai, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple

This records a gift of 30 kasu for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of tiruchchelur-Madevar at Rajakesari-Chaturvedimangalam a bradmadeya on the southern bank of the river, by Nedun[dug]gai Daisam wife of Tattan Silan a merchant of Tribhuvanamadevi-Perangadi at Tanjavur.  Tribhuvana-mahadevi was a queen of Rajaraj I and the mother of Rajendra-Chola I.  This inscription may be attributed to the latter.

No. 25

(A.R. No. 135 of 1925)

Tiruvaduturai, Mayuram Taluk, Tajavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Gomuktisvara temple

This records the sale of 4 ma of tax-free land by the sabha  of Sattanur a brahmadeya of Tiraimur-nadu on the southern bank, to Sankayan Orri a member of the regiment Adityapanma-terinda-Kaikkolar for maintaining a coconut garden (of 1000 trees) belonging to the temple of Tiruvavaduturai-Mahadeva and for growink a flower garden.  The yield of 100 palms is said to have been his share for the former work.  This might be assinged to Parantaka I.

No. 26

(A.R. No. 136 of 1925)

On the same wall

This is built in at the ends of lines.  It records a similar sale of 3 ma of land at Kil-Kumaramangalam by the same assembly, probably to a different person (name lost) for maintaining a flower-garden out of the yield of another coconut garden, and for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple for each of the ma of land.

No. 27

(A.R. No. 136 of 1926)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central  shrine Manavalesvara, temple

The details of date correspond to A.D. 969, April 12 in the reign of Uttama-Chola.  The inscription is built in at the right end.  It records the remission of taxes on some plots of land belonging to the temple at Tiruvelvikkudi by purchase, by the assembly of Vedelvidugudevi-Chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Kurukkai-nadu on the northern bank of the river, for a lump-sum of 50 ilakkasu  received by them from a member of the Karikala-Chola-terinja-Kaikkolar regiment. This body was evidently named after Aditya II.

No. 28

(A.R. No. 192 of 1927)

Kaveripuram, Bhavani Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the south wall of the Jalakanthesvara temple

This records an endowment in gold of 4 kalanju per year, a piece of wet land, a house and a garden, made by the Valanjiyar (community) of Tuvalai, as jivita for Araiyan Araiyan and his heirs, for playing on the drum during the sribali service in the temple of Nattisvara built by Sattan Karuvur alias Kannaradeva-Mayilatti resident of the same place.  This might be an inscription of the Kongu king Parakesari Vikrama-Chola whose inscription is also found in the same temple.

No. 29

(A.R. No. 144 of 1928)

Tiruppalanam, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Apatsahyayewvara temple

This is very probably an inscription of Rajendra-Chola I.  It is damaged in places.  It records an endowment of 5 pieces of land at Perangalakkudi after purchase (from the temple) and reclamation for feeding 4 Brahmanas in the temple of Tiruppalanam in Mirai-Kurram, (after the daily midday offerings), by Karrali-battalakan a member of the regiment Arumolideva-terinja Kaikkolar.

No. 30

(A.R. No. 162 of 1928)

On the same wall

This records a endowment of land (?) for the maintenance of five temple drummers with 30 kalam of paddy each (per annum) by Adittan Viman of Kumarapadi in Ma[y*]yur-nadu of Kalattur-kottam.  This has been assigned to Arinjaya.

No. 31

(A.R. No. 172 of 1928)

On the same wall

This records a gift of land for offerings, with 4 nali of rice daily during the ardhayama service in the temple of Mahadeva, nd for burning a perpetual lamp before the god, by Adittan Viman of Kumarapadi (mentioned above in No. 30) the chief of Andurai. The donor is surmised to have been the father of Viman Kundavaiyar the queen of Arinjaya.

No. 32

(A.R. No. 145 of 1931)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple

This registers a gift of 300 sheep left with a local shepherd for the daily supply of three ulakku of ghee, for burning three (perpetual) lamps in the temple of Agastisvarattu-Madevar at Tiruchchorrutturai, by one Iramisvara-Bhatarar.

No. 33

(A.R. No. 146 of 1931)

On the same wall

This is engraved in continuation of the above inscription.  It records a gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the same temple by a certain . . . . . Rudrasingan, who left them in charge of a local shepherd for the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee.

No. 34

(A.R. No. 147 of 1931)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 10 kalanju of gold deposited with the temple servants by one Praman Adichchapidari of Ayirattali, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruchchorrutturai with the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee as interest thereon.

No. 35

(A.R. No. 152 of 1931)

On the west wall of the same shrine

This registers a gift of 20 kalanju of gold mae by (the chief) Tennavan Malanattuvelan alias Korran Maran, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple with an 2nd regnal ulakku of ghee daily, and 20 cows (for ghee) for performing the sacred bath of the god Malanattuvelan mentioned in an inscription attributable to Aditya I.  This may be assigned to Paranataka I.

No. 36

(A.R. No. 159 of 1931)

On the same wall

This is damaged from line 7 to 13.  It records some endowment for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple with the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee, by Tiruvadi Pudi the headman of Kadalvayil of Miypilaru in Poygai-nadu.

No. 37

(A.R. No. 304 of 1904)

Tirugokarnam, Pudukkottai state

On the south face of the first pillar (from the right) in front of the rock-cut central shrine in the Gokarnesvara temple

This records the gift of a kalnaju of gold for burning a lamp during the early morning service, in the temple of Tirugokarnattu-Mahadeva in Kaviram(?) a division of Valla-nadu by Sama-Nayakan Kudaiyambataran of Virasolapuram.

No. 38

(A.R. No. 346 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai state

On the east wall of the rock-cut central shrine, left of entrance, Melaikkoyil temple

A gift of 7 ˝  kalanju (tulaippon) of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram by one Arangan Kalvan of Pulivalam in Uraiyur-Kurram.

No. 39

(A.R. No. 687 of 1904)

Tirupparkadal, Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Kharapurisvara temple

This consists of two portions, one a prose passage and the other a verse, both recording the renovation (probably) of the tiers of the central shrine of the temple of Tirukkarapuram at Kavidippakkam alias Amaninarana-Chaturvedimangalam in Paduvur-Kottam, by Sennipperaraiyan Kadaman Diran of Arasur in Pambuni-kurram.  This might be a record of Uttama-Chola.

No. 40

(A.R. No. 202 of 1906)

Perangiyur, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, ruined Siva temple

This is much damaged and the sense is obscure in places.  The date looks like 13 also.  This seems to record an endowment of two plots of land, after their purchase of tax-free from the sabha of the village [Peringur] by Rudra-Divakaran a resident of Ettukkur, for the daily feeding of seven Brahmanas in the temple of Mulasthanattu-Perumanadigal.  The management of this gift was vested with the sabha itself by the donor.  This is possibly an inscription of the reign of Uttama-Chola.

No. 41

(A.R. No. 207 of 1906)

On the same wall

This is damaged.  It records a gift of three pieces of land made tax-free by the urar at Palur, for offerings in the temple of Sri-Mula[sthanam udai]yar-Perumanadigal by one AppiMadevan of Parakkovur in Peringur-nadu.

No. 42

(A.R. No. 6 of 1907)

Tiruvusialur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvami temple

This is engraved in continuation of No. 5 of 1097.  Which is assignable to Aditya I and is in the same script.  Probably it is a record of Parantaka’s reign, and it registers an endowment of a quarter sey of land at Tiruvisalur, by peruman Somasiyar a Setti of allur, to provide for the sacred bath of the god Tiruvisalur Perumanadigal.

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