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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 1

(A.R. No. 215 of 1904)

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south base of the central shrine, Vrishabhapurisvara temple

This is an incomplete piece recording a gift of gold for burning a perpetual 2nd regnal lamp in the temple, by Pirantaka Pallavaraiyan Arinjigal.  The name of the donor suggests that he was probably an officer under Arinjaya son of Parantaka I.

No. 2

(A.R. No. 4 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of he central shrine, Sivayoganathasvami temple

This records a gift of 96 sheep left in charge of one Brahmadirayar of Peruvengur, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvisalur-Perumanandigal at Amaninaryana-chaturvedimangalam a devadana and brahmadeya on the northern bank of the river.   The donor’s name is lost. Amaninarayana-chaturvedi-mangalam, which must have been named after a title of Parantaka I (or Pallava Nandivarman III) included in itself besides Tiruvisalur, the village Tirukkalittattai also.  This might be an inscription of Aditya II Karikala.

No. 3

(A.R. No. 244 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the cental shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

This record a gift of a sword with its hilt made of sandal-wood (srikhandam) evidently as on offering to the god, by Mutti Tiruna[ranan] of the Singalantaka-terinda-Kaikkolar (a regiment named after Singalantaka i.e. Parntaka I)  This may be an inscription of Arinjaya.

No. 4

(A.R. No. 253 of 1907)

On the same wall

This records the contruction of a window, a door, the doorpost and steps in front of the mandapa of the temple of Mulasthanattu-Perumanadigal at Tiruvidaimarudil, by th regiment called the Kaikkola-perumbadai.  This gift was named fter, and hence placed under the protection of, Tigai (Disai) Ayirattainnurruvar, who are stated to be their

Achchamar (spiritual head?). The writing resembles that of No. 254 of 1907 which belongs to Rajaraja I, and consequently the Parakesari of this record may be equate with his son Rajendra-Chola I.

No. 5

(A.R. No. 296 of 1908)

Tirukkalittattai, Kubhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vedapurisvar temple

This records an endowment of one eighth (of a veli?) of land to the west of the sacred tank, for burning a lamp in the temple of Tirukkudittittai-Perumal at Amaninarayana-chaturedimangalam on the northern bank of the river, by PerumanPorri wife of a certain Nerukuppai-udaiyan.  This is possibly an inscription of Aditya II Krikala son of Sundara-Chola Parantaka II.

No. 6

(A.R. No. 224 of 1911)

Kumbhakonam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Nagesvara temple

This registers a sale of a quarter (veli) of land by the mulaparishat of Tirukkudamukkil a devadana in Pambur-nadu on the northern bank of the river, to behalf of the temple of Tirukkilkottattu-Perumal) for 25 kalanju of gold which had been endowed for a perpetual lamp in the temple by a certain Padaivalluvan Kadan Achchan.  This land is said to have been presented to the assembly as Abhisheka-dakshinai (evidently by the king) on the occasion of his coronation.  As the land endowed by this Kadan Achchan is referred to in a record of Aditya II from the same place (A.R. No. 225 of 1911, S.I.I. Vol III, No. 204), the present inscription may be assigned to the same king.

No. 7

(A.R. No. 537 of 1920)

Udaiyarkudi Near Kattumannarkoyil, Chidambaram Taluk South Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Anantesvarasvami temple

This might be an inscription of either Arinjaya or Aditya II, as the date of the gift is given as year 2, Simha, uva (amavasya), Monday, Magha, wich gives the equivalent A.D. 958, August 16, f.d.t., 65, f.d.n. .07.  Another but less probable equivalent (for Uttama-Chola) is A.D. 968, July 27.  this records a gift of 121/2 kalanju of gold for (the purchase of) 96 sheep and a ram towards the maintenance of a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantesvarattalvar at Sri-Viranarayana chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya on the northern bank (of the river), by Nakkan Battalaki a songstress attached to the periya-velam (royal palace)

No. 8

(A.R. No. 251 of 1911)

On the south wall of the same shrine

This records a gift of 90 sheep by one Kadikavan Kallan of the Virasola-terinja-Kaikkolar (regiment) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukklkottattu-Paramasvami at Tirukkudamukkil.  ‘Virasola’ was a title of Parantaka I.  This may be a record of Arinjaya.

No. 9

(A.R. No. 277 of 1911)

Tillaisthanam, Tanjavur Taluk, Tajavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Ghritasthanesvara temple

This inscription has been surmised to belong to Uttama-Chola.  It registers a gift of land for burning a lamp in the temple at Tiruneyttanam by one Korran Arumoli alias Vanavan Peraraiyan of Arrur in mangadu-nadu after purchasing the same for 25 kalanju of gold.  Mention is also made of a land which had been presented to the same temple by Nangal Varaguna-Perumanar, wife of the Kodumbalur chief Parantaka Ilangovelar.

No. 10

(A.R. No. 537 of 1920)

Udaiyarkudi Near Kattumannarkoyil, Chidambaram Taluk South Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Anantesvarasvami temple

This might be an inscription of either Arinjayaof Aditya II, as the date of the gift is given as year 2, Simha, uva (amavasya), Monday, Magha, which gives the equivalent A.D. 958, August 16, f.d.t. 65, f.d.n. .07.  Another but less probable equivalent (for Uttama-Chola) is A.D. 968, July 27.  This records a gift of 12 Kalanju of gold for (the purchase of) 96 sheep and a ram towards the maintenance of a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantesvarattalvar at Sri-Viranarayana Chatuvedimangalam, a brahmadeya  on the northern bank (of the river), by Nakkan Battalaki a songsters attached to the periya-velam (royal palace)

No. 11

(A.R. No. 540 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 96 sheep and a ram for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantesvarattalvar at Viranrayana-chaturvedimangalam, by Parantakan-Madevadigal alias Sembiyan-Madeviyar the daughter of Malavaraiyar and queen of Gandaradityadevar ‘who was pleased to go west’, i.e., was deceased.  This is evidently an inscription of Arinjaya since Gandaraditya’s demise seems to be implied as a recent event.

No. 12

(A.R. No. 541 of 1920)

On the same wall

This is also probably an inscription of Arinjaya.  It records a gift of 12½ kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple, by a servantwoman (of the royal palace) named Diran Tir[ra]li.

No. 13

(A.R. No. 545 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 12½ kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp with an ulakku of ghee every day in the temple, by Desavalavan Suryyan of Vanavamangalam in Sindhavay-nadu, a member of the Kodandarama-terinja-Kaikkolar regiment, which was named probably after a surname of Rajaditya.  Like No. 10 above this may also be assigned either to Arinjaya or Aditya II.

No. 14

(A.R. No. 552 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a similar gift of 12½ kalanju of gold deposited with some shepherds, a lamp in the same temple, by Aiyyaran Sendan alias Nikalanga-Muvendavelan of Sattappadi in Vesalippadi[nadu*]. 96 sheep and a ram are said to hae been purchased by the former with this amount off the daily supply of ghee.

No. 15

(A.R. No. 555 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a gift of ten kasu to provide for (an annual) supply of a pair of cloths 2nd regnal with the interest thereon, to the image of Kuttapperumal (Nataraja) ‘who is pleased to dance on the south side of the stone temple’, by Araiyan Geyavidangan of the Danatonga-terinja-Kaikkolar (regiment).  The donor is stated to have also built shrines to gods Kuttar, Ganapatiyar and Pichchadevar (Bhikshatana) in the temple.  Danatunga was a title of Paranataka I (of. No. 7 above).

No. 16

(A.R. No. 558 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 12½  kalanju of gold for a lamp in the temple, left in charge of the maha-sabha  of the village, by Echchil Sadurakaran alias Tennavan Mirainattu-Muvendavelan of Devangudi in Miraikkurram.  The details of the date given viz., Tula, Sunday, Jyeshtha, which would correspond to A.D. 969, October 17, makes the inscription assignable to Uttama-Chola.

No. 17

(A.R. No. 574 of 1920)

On the same wall

This is probably an inscription of Arijnaya like Nos. 11 and 12 above.  This records a gift of 12½  kalanju  of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple on behalf of Achchan Baladevan (perhaps deceased) by members of the regiment Parantaka-terinia-Kaikkolar.

No. 18

(A.R. No. 581 of 1920)

On the same wall

This records a similar gift of 12 ½  kalanju  of gold with which to buy 96 sheep and a ram for burning a lamp in the temple, by Araiyan Vengadevan of the Muttavalperra-Kaikkolar (regiment).  The significance of this term is not clear.  Probably the regiment was so named for the experience in swordsmanship of its members.

No. 19

(A.R. No. 584 of 1920)

On the north, west and south walls of the same shrine

This records a similar gift of 12 ½ kalanju of gold for burning a lamp before the image of Chandrasekhara, by another member of the same regiment by name Devadi Vidyaparan.

No. 20

(A.R. No. 586 of 1920)

On the west and south walls of the same shrine

This is another gift of 12 ½  kalanju of gold for a lamp by Dvedaigomapurattu Vamana-Kramavittan alias Tennavan-Brahmamaharajan of Rajamalla-chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Vela-nadu.  This village is different from Brahmadesam in the North Arcot district which was also known by the same name, as the latter was situated in Damar-Kottam.  Rajamalla must have been a possible of Aditya I or Pranataka I.

No. 21

(A.R. No. 590 of 1920)

On the same wall

A similar gift of 12 ½ kalanju for a lamp by Baladevan Panaiyan a member of the Singalantaka-terinja-Kaikkolar regiment on behalf of the Baladevan (mentioned in No. 17 above ?) This is incised in ornate script.

 

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