The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Dynastic Index

Text of the Inscriptions 

Cholas

Pandyas

Hoysalas

Kakatiya

Gajapati  

Vijayanagara

Nayakas

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

Inscriptions of the Ranganathasvamy Temple, Srirangam

Cholas

Rajaraja III

No. 151 (Page No. 184)

(A. R. No.71 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Damaged and incomplete.  Seems to record a gift of money to provide for an endowment in land to the temple by a person (named Nakhilandai) for the merit of her son  . . . . . . Polalvan-Dandanayakkan.  The details of the date are incomplete. 

No. 152 (Page No. 184)

(A. R. No. 128 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, north wall.

Registers gift of land by purchase by Araiyan Viradamudittan alias Kurukullarayar of  Sevvirukkai Chakrapani-nallur in Pandi-mandalam, for rearing a flower garden.  The details of the date viz., 9th (8+1st) year, Simha, ta, 6, Wednesday, Bharani regularly correspond to A.D. 1224, August 7, Wednesday, 21. 62.   

No. 153 (Page No. 185)

(A. R. No. 72 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara , south wall.

Records an endowment of 100,000 kasu to the temple by Deviyar Somala-deviyar for a lamp and a flower-garden.  50,000 kasu out of the endowment is said to have been contributed from the treasury (bhandaram) of the queen Somaladeviyar and the balance by Padinenvishaya-Brahmachakravarttigal of Vangippuram and Tannantulaydasar, a dasa-nambi, in equal shares of 25,000 kasu.  The former amount was set apart for the supply of ghee for the lamps (karpura-manivilakku) and out of the latter, two plots o fland 8 ma in extent for a flower garden for 20,000 kasu and 3 veli for 30,000 kasu for maintaining four gardeners for the upkeep of the garden were purchased.  Dated in the 21st year of the king’s reign.    

No. 154 (Page No. 186)

(A. R. No. 52 of 1948-49)

IV Prakara, north wall

Records the gift of 1½ ma of land in Tirukkuraipparru as Jivanasesham to Eduttakai-Alagiyan alias Tirukkurungaudi-nambi  by  Marattamman, in the service of Bogaya Dandanayaka (vide No. 157 below), for supplying a flower garland every day for the merit of the latter.  The record is dated in the 21st year of the king.   

No. 155 (Page No. 187)

(A. R No. 363 of 1953-54)

Kottaram ; wall inside the granary for storing rice.

Records the gift of a thousand two-hundred and two kuli of land in the brahmadeya village Pudanur by its owner Ilai-Alvan-Bhattan, son of [Mattangi] Vasudeva-Bhattar of Tribhuvanavirach-chaturvedimangalam to the shrine of Senapati Alvar for a lamp.  The record is dated in the 22nd year of reign of the king and the details of the date viz., Rishabha, ba. 5, Wednesday, Uttiradam correspond regularly to A.D. 1238, May 5, Wednesday, on which day both the tithi and the nakshatra were current throughout the day. 

No. 156 (Page No. 187)

(A. R. No. 156 of 1951-52)

III Prakara, Aryabhattal-Vasal, Niches of the inner wall, proper left of entrance.

Records grant of 2 ma of land by purchase by Goppanan, a senaiboga  of  Valaya-Dandinayakar for providing flower garlands to the deity for his own merit.  The land was made over to Periyakoyil-Nambi.  The details of the date viz., 23rd year, Mina, ba. 11, Pusam, Sunday, are irregular.   

No. 157 (Page No. 188)

(A. R. No. 158 of 1951-52)

III Prakara, Aryabhattal-Vasal, Niches in the inner wall,  proper left of entrance, first Niche.

Gift of land to Si(Sri)ramapiran Bhattan alias Periyakoyil Nambi by Chattayan, a senaiboga of Bogaya-Dandanayakar-Vallaiya Dandanayaka (vide No. 154 above) for his well-being .  The details of the date viz., 23rd (22+1) year, Karkataka, su. 14, Mula, Sunday regularly correspond to A.D. 1238, June 27, Sunday .91 ; 48. 

No. 158 (Page No. 189)

(A. R. No. 157 of 1951-52)

III Prakara, Aryabhattal-Vasal; Niches in the inner wall, proper left of entrance, second Niche.

Records  a gift of land by purchase from Senavaruchchani by Iramayan for the daily offerings of a garland to the deity of his (donor’s) own well-being.  The date of the record viz., 23rd year of reign, Kumbha, su. 3. Sunday, Pusam is irregular.  

No. 159 (Page No. 190)

(A. R. No. 30 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, north wall.

Registers a gift of land by purchase, by Vittaya, a Senaibogya of Mahapradhani Sandhivigrahi Bhimanna-Dandanayaka, a member of Srikaranam of Somesvaradeva, for the supply of garlands to the god Alagiyamanavala Perumal.  The record is dated in the 24th year of the king’s reign.

No. 160 (Page No. 190)

(A. R. No. 35 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, north wall.

Registers a gift of land by purchase by Alagiyamanavala-Perumal, son of Irayan Kondanambi-setti of Kulamukku in Malaimandalam, to Tiruvaranga-mali-Nambi of Nalur, a Srivaishnava of Tiruvarangam, for a flower-garden to god Sriranganatha.  The record is dated in the 26th regnal year of the king and the details viz., Dhanus, su. 3, Saturday, Tiruvonam regularly correspond to A.D. 1241, December 7, Saturday; .28; .76.

No. 161 (Page No. 191)

(A. R. No. 133 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, north wall. 

Registers the gift of a garden by purchase for 20 pon  (araimanai-mariyadi ) as per the Prevailing rates to Idavai Tiruvarangadasar by Somakkan, son of Machchavai, an attendant (tadi) of somaladeviyar in order to serve the lord with garlands for his own merit and for the merit of his parents. The record is dated in the 29th (28+1)  year of the king’s reign.

No. 162 (Page No. 191)

(A. R. No. 102 of 1938-39)

II Prakara, west wall.of the pagalpattu-mandapa.

Registers the gift of 840,000 kasu equivalent to 1200 Varaha-gajjanam by Changadevannangal, a Mahapradhani of Somesvara for offerings during service (sandhi) instituted in the name of his son, Singanna-Dandanayakkar. The record is dated in the 31st year  of the king’s reign and the details of the date viz., Makara, su.13, Sunday, Punarpusam correspond regularly to A.D. 1247, 20th January, Sunday. 76;. 83.

No. 163 (Page No. 193)

(A. R. No. 30 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Records an endowment of money , by Periyapiratti, the wife  of Rayapalli Kandan-Govinda-chettiyar the olaikkarar of the Srivaishnavas of the Periyakoyil in return for her maintenance out of offerings tom god. The endowed amount is stated to be her share of gold left by her husband as her jivanasesha, his own share of the amount of gold having already been endowed by Govinda-chettiyar himself to the deity for an ornament. The record is dated in the 31st year of the king’s reign.

No. 164 (Page No. 193)

(A. R. No. 134 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, slab in the vedaparayana-mandapa.

Damaged and ends of lines lost. Seems to registers a gift (details lost) by Chinga-Dandesa (Singanna Dandanayaka ),  minister of Hoysala Somesvara, in the 32nd regnal year of the king. The details of the date viz., . . . ., su . . . si, Sunday and Uttirattadi probably corresponds to A.D. 1247, October 13, Sunday, (Trayodasi). 98; 63. The month was Tula.

No. 165 (Page No. 195)

(A. R. No. 147 of 1938-39)

V Prakara, south wall right of entrance

Registers the gift of kalanju of gold also referred to as Varaha-gajjanam to Varamtarumpemaldasr towards a garland to be offered daily to god for the merit of Kamadeva, son of Tikkanai Nachchiyar, a queen of Vira somesvara. The details of the date viz., the 32nd regnal year, Tula, ba. 7, Mondya, Pusam correspond to A.D. 1247 October 22, Tuesday (not Monday ); 20, 1.

Rajendra III

 No. 166 (Page No. 195)

(A. R. No. 148 of 1938-39)

V Prakara, south wall, right of entrance.

Registers the gift of a garden by purchase towards the daily offering of a big garland to Alagiyamanavala-pperumal for the merit of Ilaiya-Perumal son of Sirusingandai of  Alvarkanmattam, who was the son of Tirupparkadaldasar, a Srivaishnava. Dated in the 4th regnal year of the king. The details of the date viz., Karkataka, su. 5, Friday, Hasta, correspond regularly to A.D.1249, July 16, Friday, .24, 61.

No. 167 (Page No. 196)

(A. R. No. 64 of 1892)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Registers a gift of two veli of land lying uncultivated  on the banks of the river (Kaveri) by the Srivaishnavas of Periyakoyil to Olaimangalamudaiyan Ponnambalakkuttan Tiruvenkadudaiyar and  Arulalan Alagiya Manavalapperumal, merchants of Kulottunga-cholapattnam, for supply of aval-amudu to the god while seated on Chera-Pandiyan tambiran-tiruppallik-kattil under the Pugalabharanan canopy in the Vikramacholan-periyatirumandapam on the occasion of Uttarayana. The inscription commences with the prasati Samastajagadekavira, ets. The details of the date viz.., 7th year, Makara, ba. 8, Wednesday, Chittirai correspond to A.D. 1253, January 22, Wednesday, Shashthi, 65 (not Ashtami), 34.

Published in the S.I.I., Vol. IV, No. 511. 

No. 168 (Page No. 197)

(A. R. No. 65 of 1892)

IV  Prakara, south wall.

Registers the gift of two pieces of land one of 6 ½  kol and the other of 3 ½ kol  to Tirupparkadaldasr alias Tirunadudaiyalvar for maintaining a garden in the former piece and using the latter for his own livelihood and to offer nine garlands for the merit of Narasimha-Nayaka, son of Ladadevaya-Nayaka, a Mahavadda-vyapari (merchant) and other members of the family including his parents. The record is dated in the year opposite the 7th of Rajendra Chola who is given the epithet Mama-Somisvarapratikula-kaladanda. The details of the date viz., Vrischika, su. 5, Monday correspond to A.D. 1254, November 16, Monday, 0.85, the nakshatra was Uttiradam. 11 and not Asvati. 

Published in the S.I.I., Vol. IV, No. 512.

No. 169 (Page No. 198)

(A. R. No. 317 of 1952-53 )

Tirukkuralappan (vamana) shrine near the Vitthalarayan Gopuram, north wall.

Damaged and peeled off. Records an assignment of fallow land to the Srivaishnavas  for being re-claimed and cultivated for offering to god on certain specified occasions. The record quotes the 12th regnal year of Virarajendradeva. 

No. 170 (Page No. 199)

(A. R. No. 368 of 1953-54 )

Kottaram, wall of the paddy storage room.

Damaged and partly built in. Refers to the redemption of some mortgage by payment of 52 achchu and seems to record a gift of paddy by Tiran Paramesvaran  of . . . . . .  puram in Malaimandalam probably for supply of sengalunir  garlands, Also mentions the brahmadeya  village Tiruttangaval and refers to a transaction made during the reign of Maravarman Sundarapandya (I).  Rajendra of the record is evidently Rajendra III. 

Miscellaneous

No. 171 (Page No. 200)

(A. R. No. 317 of 1936-37 )

Stone built into the Kurattalvar shrine

Fragmentary.  Mentions the temple of Purushottamattu-Emberuman at Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam. In characters of the 11th century A.D.  See No. 185 below. 

No. 172 (Page No. 200)

(A. R. No. 111 of 1937-38 )

Rim of the slab called Malaikattikkal in the tayar shine.

States that slab for flowers (puppalagai) was the gift of Solakulatunga Muvendavelar.

In characters of the 12th century A.D. 

No. 173 (Page No. 200)

(A. R. No. 113 of 1947-48 )

III Prakara, north wall, tiers of the base, east end.

Fragmentary and damaged. Seems to refer to a grant of land by purchase. In characters of the 11th century A.D. 

No. 174 (Page No. 201)

(A. R. No. 134 of 1947-48 )

III Prakara, north wall, tiers of the base, east side.

Damaged. Seems to refer to a sale of land by the temple executives towards certain provisions to the god. In characters of the 11th century A.D. 

No. 175 (Page No. 202)

(A. R. No. 135 of 1947-48 )

III Prakara, north wall, tiers of the base, east side.

Fragmentary. Seems to refer to some grant of land for raising a flower garden. In characters of the 11th century A.D. 

No. 176 (Page No. 202)

(A. R. No. 29 of 1948-49 )

III Prakara, south wall the  Nalikettanvasal.

Fragmentary. Mentions Rajakesarivarman. Seems to record a provision made for payment of a specified quantity of paddy as jivitam for certain Persons (name lost ). In characters of about the 12th century A.D. 

No. 177 (Page No. 203)

(A. R. No. 33 of 1948-49 )

III Prakara, south wall.

Damaged. Refers to a restoration of land to the legitimate (?) lessees who were directed to remit the specified amount of taxes. Gives the 14th regnal year of the king. In characters of the 12th century A.D. 

No. 178 (Page No. 203)

(A. R. No. 53 of 1948-49 )

IV Prakara, north wall, west of the svargavasal

Seems to eulogise in verse Pon-Irasadevan Anaikattan Alias . . . . .  Nambi. In characters of about the 13th century. The writing is erased in several places. 

No. 179 (Page No. 204)

(A. R. No. 166  of 1951 -52 )

III Prakara, Nalikettan Vasal, proper right of entrance , wall facing west.

Date lost

Fragmentary. Forms the concluding Portions of the record. Seems to refer to the sale of a piece of land for a flower garden to the deity. States that the record was ordered to be engraved on the wall called the Rajamahondran-tiruchchurrumaligai. 

No. 180 (Page No. 204)

(A. R. No. 172  of 1951 -52 )

III Prakara, Nalikettan Vasal, south and west walls of the proper right niche in the passage, earlier writing of the palimpsest.

Fragmentary. Seems to refer to some gift of land. Mentions Pallikondamarakkal and manjadi. In characters of the 10th –11th century A.D. 

No. 181 (Page No. 205)

(A. R. No. 174  of 1951 -52 )

III Prakara, Nalikettan vasal, east wall of the niche to the proper left in the passage.

Date lost

Fragmentary. Mentions a number of temple official such as Ali-Nambi, Tiruvayikkulamudaiya-Nabbi, etc. In characters of about the 11th century A.D. 

No. 182 (Page No. 205)

(A. R. No. 178  of 1951 -52 )

III Prakara, Nalikettan vasal, wall north of the stone jamb bearing the Gandabherunda crest.

Date lost

Fragmentary. Gives a list of provision made for the worship of the deity, among which is one for the reading of the Sripuranam. The date of the record is lost. In characters of about the 11th century A.D.  

No. 183 (Page No. 206)

(A. R. No. 180  of 1951 -52 )

Nalikettan vasal, inner passage, proper right.

Fragmentary. One of the fragment assignable paleographical to about the 10th century records the 5th year of a king and mentions Parantakap-Pallavaraiya. . . . Another fragment mentions Rajendracholadeva and Rajadhirajadeva, and a third Seems to record some Provisions made for Playing music on the lute (panniyal) and for Jalapavitram. 

No. 184 (Page No. 207)

(A. R. No. 329 of 1952 -53 )

Kurattalvar shrine, fragments on the south wall

Fragments. Seem to refer to a gift by purchase, of land by Mutta Govindakramavittan and his brothers to the god. One of the fragments refers to endowments to Purushottamattu-Emberuman by the Perunguri- sabha of Uttamasili-chatuevedimangalam and another mentions Srikantha-chaturvedimangaam. 

No. 185 (Page No. 208)

(A. R. No. 330  of 1952 -53 )

Same place.

Fragments. One of the fragments belonging to a Parakesarivarman and mentions [Uttamasil]i-chaturvedi- mangalam; another cites the 31st regnal year of a king and a third refers to a Vaijya (vaidya) bhoga. 

No. 186 (Page No. 209)

(A. R. No. 342  of 1952 -53 )

Tiers of the Ottaikkal-Mandapam.

Fragmentary. The first fragment cites the 16th regnal year of Rajaraja I and the second [6]th regnal year of a Rajakesarivarman ; the third fragment mentions Senapati Kuravan Ulagalandan. 

No. 187 (Page No. 210)

(A. R. No. 365  of 1953 -54 )

Kottaram, wall near the grinding mill stone.

Partly built in. Seems to record a provision made for supply of ghee for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple. Mentions Karunakarakkon.  The details of the date viz. Saka . . . . ., [Dha]nus, ba. 14, Wednesday, [Anu]sham are insufficient for calculation . In characters  of about the 13th century A.D. 

No. 188 (Page No. 211)

(A. R. No. 441  of 1954 -55 )

Kottaram, wall of the paddy-storage room ; on five stray stones fixed into the wall. 

One of the fragmentary refers to an endowment of a hundred and odd (..ttara-sata) nishkas, another to a gift of sheep, the third to a gift of buffaloes and the fourth to a gift of land. The fragments are in characters of about the 13th century A.D. 

No. 189 (Page No. 212)

(A. R. No. 442  of 1954 -55 )

Kottaram, lion pillar lying in the courtyard. 

Damaged. Records provision made for the offerings (peruntiruvamudu), [bhima]seni-karpuram, etc. In characters of the 11th century. 

Telugu Choda

No. 190 (Page No. 212)

(A.R.No.367 of 1953-54)

Kottaram, inner wall of the store-room.

 The inscription is in Sanskrit verse written in Grantha and Tamil. Registers a gift of the village Munombutti alias  Sriranganallur in Pattaiya-nadu (mentioned as Mnomani in Pantarashtra in the Sanskrit verse ) to god Ranganatha by Nallasidharasa alias Madhurantaka Pottappich –Chola  as tiruvidaiyattam  in saka 1126 (rasa-kara- sasi-bhu 1204-05 A.D.). The genealogy of the donor is delineated as follows in the Sanskrit verse : Srikanta  (i.e. Vishnu), (form him ) Kamalasana (i.e Brahma), (from him ) the Sun, (then) Manu, (then ) Raghava, (in their lineage ) Kalikala-Chola, and in his lineage Daya-Bhima, his son Petta : to him Era-Siddhi, and then Tammu-Siddhi (the donor) the younger brother of Manma-Siddhi,

born of Sridevi to Era-Siddhi. At the end of the record it is stated  that ( a copy of ) the record is to be engraved at the entrance into the courtyard (tirumurram) of Tirupparkadal (i.e the temple of Vishnu) at Nellur[1]


[1] There is an exact copy to this inscription in the Ranganayakula Temple at Nellore  (N.D.I. Nellore: No. 75) at Nellur.

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