The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Topographical Index

Dynastic Index

Text of the Inscriptions 

Chola

Pandya

Vijayanagara

Nayakas of Madurai

Nayakas of Tanjavur

Pallava

Rashtrakuta

Kakatiya and Feudatory

Pottapi-Chodas

Chera

Setupati

Kongu

Kodumbalur

Unidentified Pandya or Chola

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1906-07

RAJENDRA-CHOLA I

Rajendra-Chola I

No.1 (Page No 1)

(A. R. No. 1of. 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam  Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple--- on the south wall of the central shrine

Rajendra-chola I : year 4 :1016-17 A.D. 

This records the gift of a gold fillet for ornament and three silver vessels for holding the offering to god Mahadeva (in the temple) at Tiruvisalur in Solamarttanda-chaturvedimangalam a brahamadeya village to the east of Vembarrur in Manni-nadu a subdivision of Rajendrasinga-valandu on the north bank (of the Kaveri). The donor was a senapati (military officer ) by name Solaimanikkam also called solai Naralokasundaran alias  Uttamachola-Muvendavelan. Rajendra-simha and  solamarttanda were surname borne by the King’s father Rajaraja I and Uttama-chola was a title of Rajendra himself. Two different weight are mentioned in the inscription, are called the kudanaikkal and the other the bandarakkal. 

No.15 (Page No 8)

(A. R. No.15 of. 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam  Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple--- on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I : year 3 : 1015-16  A.D.  

This records a gift of 2 Kalunju and 2 ma of gold made by Battan Arangan alias Sivacharana-tondan ‘a devotee of Tiruvisalur ‘ to provide for sidari incense being waved before (the image of) Pichchadevar (Bhikshatana) during the three services in the temple.

No.45  (Page No 24)

(A. R. No. 45 of. 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam  Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple--- on the north wall of the same mandapa

Rajendra-Chola  I : year 3 : 1014-15 A.D. 

This records a gift of 53  kasu  by a woman servant of the royal household by name Ayiravan Karrali, for burning a perpetual lamp and a twilight lamp in the temple respectively for the merit of her brother Vichchadiran Kunjirramallan and mother Karoji. Out of this amount 3 ma and 3 kani of land was purchased for 45 kasu, the balance of 8 kasu being deposited (for interest) with the devakanmis. Tiruvisalur is here referred to as situated in Vembarrur alias solamarttanda-chaturvedimangalam.

No.46 (Page No 24)

(A. R. No. 46 of. 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam  Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple--- on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola  I : year 3 : 1014-15 A.D.

This is a damaged and incomplete record. It registers the gift of a gold necklace containing the tali (auspicious ornament) set with precious stones and others parts (for the image of the goddess), to the temple of god Tiruvisalur-Mahadeva, by Atiyiraman Kundappavaiyar the queen of pandya Srivalluvar (Srivallabha) and daughter of a chief of Pangala-nadu (name not given). Mention is also made of a certain Sundarasolan (as donor) along with the queen. The gift by a pandya queen to a temple in the chola territory at this period is noteworthy, as indicating friendly relations between the two kings. Srivallabha must have been occupying quite a subordinate position under the Chola since the latter’s father Rajaraja I is known (from the Tiruvalangadu Plates)to have seized the pandya king Amarabhujanga, and Rajendra himself set up his son under the title Chola-Pandya as his viceroy in the Pandya country. 

No.48 (Page No 28)

(A. R. No. 48 of. 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam  Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple--- on the same wall

Konerinmaikondan 

This registers a royal order issued in the 30th year and 110th day of the king’s reign from his palace at Kanchipuram, to the nattar (assembly) of Manni-nadu a division of Rajendrasinga-valanadu, the elders of the Brahmadeya and the several residents of the village who had the right of the velanvagai, devadana, Pallichchanda and kanimurruttu. Being incomplete the object of the inscription is not clear. It mentions the purchase from the sabha of Tiruvisalur of a block of wet land measuring 24 ¾ and odd veli by the chief Araiyan Rajarajan alias Madhurantaka-I langovelan. Its produce as estimated and settled by the assembly is given as a 1181 kalam and odd of paddy. Reference is made to a revenue survey of the lands, as a result of which this land is said to have accrued to the assembly and was probably endowment to the temple by the chief, after its purchase. The title of the chief who was evidently of the Kondumbalur family seems to indicate that the king was Rajendra-Choal I.

No. 71 (Page No 45)

(A. R. No. 71 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same wall 

This is a mutilated and unfinished inscription of Parakesarivarman  Rajendra-Choladeva (I) giving only his prasati-historical introduction-and stopping with the mention of his 8th regnal  year. 

No. 73 (Page No 46)

(A. R. No. 73 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I : year 8 : 1019-20 A.D. 

This is built in the middle and is incomplete towards the end. It record a gift of sheep for burning a lamp (in the temple) by a lady Devan Solai residing at Rayasikhamani a quarter of Rajendra- Chaturvedimangalam (Ambasamudrm) a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu a division of Rajaraja-mandalam.

No. 74 (Page No 46)

(A. R. No. 74 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the west wall of the central shrine

Rajendra-Chola I: Year 8 : 1019- 20 A.D. 

This records a gift of 50 sheep by one Kannan Rajarajan a merchant of [A]lattur in Sonadu (chola-nadu) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruchchalatturai-Alvar at Ilangokkudi a quarter of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam in Mulli-nadu.

No. 78 (Page No 49)

(A. R. No. 78 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the north wall of the central shrine

Rajendra-Chola I: Year 9 : 1020-21 A.D. 

This records gifts of 25 sheep each by a merchant by name vayiri Ayyaran Alias  Poyyamalichchetti of Rajendrasolapuram and a Vellala named KurundanPonnadai of Magilkkurichchi a quarter of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam for burning 2 lamps in the temple of Tiruchchalatturai Sri-Mulasthanamudaiyar, and another gift of cows for a lamp by a merchant of Rajendrasolapuram named Nilan Pandari. Mulli-nadu is here stated to be a division of Rajendrasola-valanadu in Rajaraja-mandalam while in No.75 which is later the valanadu is known by the name Mudigondasola-valanadu.

No. 130 (Page No 103)

(A. R. No. 130 of 1907)

Kodumbalur, kulattur Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Muvarkovil-on the north wall of the central shrine 

This is a mutilated inscription of Rajendra-Chola I with only a part of his historical introduction in good preservation, the rest being lost. 

No. 166 (Page No 135)

(A. R. No. 166 of 1907)

Peraiyur, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Naganathasvami temple – on the rock in front

Rajendra-Chola I : Date lost 

This inscription is badly damaged. It seems to register a grant of land tax-free to the temple by the Maha-sabha of the place.

No. 200 (Page No 46)

(A. R. No. 200 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I : year 3 : 1015-16 A.D. 

This records a gift of 45 sheep for burning a lamp every night in the gate known as Ekanayakan-tiruvasal built in the temple by Kuravan Rajarajan  alias Vikramasola-Soliyaraiyar an officer of the king. This gift is witnessed by the manager of the temple, the Nagarattar of Tiruvidaimarudil and the Urar of Tiraimur.

No. 220 (Page No 151)

(A. R. No. 220 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same walls

Reajendra-Chola I : year 30 : 1042-43 A.D. 

This is mutilated and also built in at both its ends. It seems to registers a tax-free sale of 5 veli and odd of land made by the Mulaparishat of Seynalur in Milailai-nadu to the temple of Tribhuvanapati-Mahesvara at Tiruvidaimarudur after receiving 500 kasu. With this land the Management proposed to provide for worship and offerings to the image of Umapati Ekanayaka set up in the temple by a certain venkadan Sankaran alias Rajaraja-Vilupparaiyan. 

No. 277 (Page No 191)

(A. R. No. 277 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on a stone built

Into the floor of the same mandapa 

This is a fragment forming the beginning of an inscription of Rajendra-Chola I with only a part of the prasasti preserved, and that too much damaged and worn out.

No. 338 (Page No 231)

(A. R. No. 338 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the south wall of the mandapa In front of the central shrine

Parak: Rajendra-Chola I :   year  2  :  1014-15 A.D. 

The inscription is peeled off here and there. It records a gift (of money?) for a perpetual lamp by a person (name lost) of the king’s retinue.

No. 339 (Page No 232)

(A. R. No. 339 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Parak :  Rajendra-Chola I :  year 3 :  1015-16 A.D. 

This is also damaged.  It records a gift of 5 kasu probably by the same donor mentioned above, who is called Ponnudaiyan Ilangondi and is stated to have been a Velaikkara (body-guard) of the king. This amount is said to represent one fourth of the cost of burning a gull lamp and to supplement his previous gift, to make it a full one.

No. 340  (Page No 232)

(A. R. No. 340 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 3 : 1015-16 A.D

This registers the gift of a silver pot weighing 294 kalanju for the abhisheka (bath) of the god by a queen (Nambirattiyar) whose name is not clear. It might perhaps be Nak[kan Aru]modi Prati[madeviyar]  (See No. 349 below). Tiruvisalur is here stated to have formed part of Vembarrur  alias Solamarttanda – chaturvedi mangalam, a devadana – brahmadeya situated in Manni-nadu a sub-division of Rajendrasimha – valanadu to the north of the river.

No. 341 (Page No 233)

(A. R. No. 341 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 3: 1015-16 A.D. 

This is built in at the end. It records the construction of the prakara (tiruch-churralayam) and the gopura (in front) by the members of the Valangai-Velaikkara body-guard regiment of the king; and also consecration of some deity in a shrine.

No. 344 (Page No 234)

(A. R. No. 344 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I :   year  lost 

This begins with the introduction Tirumanni valara etc. It records the gift of 28 kasu for burning a lamp in the temple by one Sriramabhatta-Somayajiyar a member of a committee (of the assembly) of Solamattanda-chaturvedimangalam of which Tiruvisalur was a part. 

No. 346 (Page No 236)

(A. R. No. 346 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the west wall of the same mandapa

Rajendra-Chola I :   year 9  :  1021-22 A.D. 

This begins with the introduction Tirumanni valara etc. This registers a gift of 25 kasu of the purchase of a land, to burn a perpetual lamp in front of the image of Andanayaka with his consort Uma, by Kilvan Vijayam the wife of Adumbur-udaiyan Kirttikantan. The image is said to have been consecrated by Sembinadu Kilavan Saduran alias Vanavan-Muvendavelar of Sembil-nadu in Rajaraja-mandalam the brother of this lady. 

No. 347 (Page No 237)

(A. R. No. 347 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 29 :  1041-42 A.D. 

This also begins with the same introduction. It records a gift of land, half veli and odd in extent, for a perpetual lamp in the temple by queen Vanavanma-deviyar the mother of Rajendra-Chola (No. 448 of 1918). The details of her relationship as also of the land are lost in the damaged portion. A reference is made to the land-survey evidently of the time of Rajaraja I. 

No. 348 (Page No 239)

(A. R. No. 348 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the north wall of the same mandapa

Rajendra-Chola I :   year 3  :  1015-16 A.D. 

This records a gift of 40 kasu, which was invested on the purchase of a land, by Nakkan Sembiya-Madeviyar, a queen of Rajendra-Chola, 30 kasu being meant for maintaining a perpetual lamp in front of the couch already presented by the queen for the deity and the balance for the renewal of the couch – spread periodically. 

No. 349 (Page No 240)

(A. R. No. 349 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I  :   year 5 :  1017-18 A.D. 

This is built in at the top and in the middle. It registers a gift of 200 kasu to the temple by Rudran Arumoli alias Prithumahadeviyar queen of Rajarajadeva for the daily feeding of five Brahmanas therein. With this money the temple purchased some lands from two or three private individuals as investment towards this provision. 

No. 350 (Page No 241)

(A. R. No. 350 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajendra-Chola I  :  year 4 : 1016-17 A.D.

This is built in at the end of the lines. It seems to register a grant of one veli and 4 ma of  land at Rajakesari – chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Nallur-nadu a division of Nittavinoda-valanadu, and a house (or site) at Vembarrur alias Solamarttanda-chaturvedimangalam to an Ambatta resident of the latter place by name Araiyan Uttamasolan alias Rajendrasola-Prayogadaraiyan as Salyakriya-bhoga (surgery-grant?), by Alvar Sri Parantakan Kundavaippirattiyar (the paternal aunt of the king and elder sister of Rajaraja I), while she was staying in the palace at Palaiyaru. 

No. 351(Page No 242)

(A. R. No. 336 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the north wall of the same mandapa

Rajendra-Chola I : (?) year 4 :  1016-17 A.D. 

This is built in at the beginning of each line and is also incomplete. It seems to register another and similar grant of land by the same donor at Sri Pirantaka-chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Arkkattuk-kurram a division of Pandikulasani-valanadu after purchasing the plots from the sabha of the place. The beneficiary also is probably the same individual (mentioned in No. 350 above).

No. 439 (Page No 333)

(A. R. No. 439 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the west wall

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 5 :  1016-17 A.D. 

This begins with the introduction Tirumannivalara etc., which stops with the mention of Mannaikkadakkam.  This registers the sale of some land by the sabha of three places viz. Arikesarinallur.  Arapadasekaramangalam and Mandaragaura-vamangalam to Solai Appi of Perumangalam for 15 kasu, (for his donating the same) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Durga-Paramesvari. The land is said to have belonged to them in common. Alanadu is said to be a division of Rajarajamandalam.

No. 452 (Page No 339)

(A. R. No. 452 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on a stone built

into the wall of the kitchen

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 4 

This is damaged and incomplete.  It mentions the sabhas of Arikesarinallur, a brahmadeya in Ala-nadu for Rajaraja-mandalam, Mandaragaurava-mangalam and Arapadasekaramangalam, who are stated to have met in the mukha-mandapa of Naduvar-Devar (temple) probably in connection with some gift made to the temple by Attiraiyan Sankaran Tirumalirunjolai-Narayana and Narayana Sankaran-Bhattan, both sons of (?) Mangalankilan of Tirupputtur, residing at this place (Arikesarinallur). 

No. 485  (Page No 361)

(A. R. No. 485 of 1907)  

Kuttalam, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

Omkaresvara temple – on the north wall of the central shrine

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 9 :  1021-22 A.D. 

This begins with the introduction Tirunamannivalara etc. It records the sale of land and house site by the sabha of Kanakkaiyur alias Kamakkamangalam in Peravur-nadu a division of Uyyakkondar-valanadu to the temple of Mahadeva of Vingunir-Tirutturutti in Tiruvalundur-nadu for 75 kasu inclusive of the capital for payment of taxes by the Sabha on behalf of the temple.  

No. 487 (Page No 365)

(A. R. No. 487 of 1907)  

Kuttalam, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

Uttaravedisvara temple – on the east wall of the central shrine

Rajendra-Chola I :  year 8 :  1020-21 A.D. 

The inscription begins with introduction Tirumanni valara etc. This registers of sale of half veli of land (made tax-free) by the sabha of Villavanmahadevi-chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Tiruvalundur-nadu to the temple of Tirukkarrali-Mahadeva at Vingunir-Tirutturutti for 45 kasu.

Rajadhiraja I

No. 143 (Page No 113)

(A. R. No. 143 of 1907)

Puvalaikkudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Rock-cut cave—At the same entrance, left side

Rajadhiraja I : year 27 : 1044-45 A.D. 

This inscription begins with introduction Tingalertaru etc. The king is also known from several inscriptions as Vijaya-Rajendradeva and claims to have destroyed the city of Kalyanapura and performed the anointment of heroes under that name. An image of Dvarapalaka found set up in the Airavatesvara temple at Darasuram (Tanjore district) bears an inscription to the effect that it was brought by Vijayarajendra after the conquest of Kalyanapuram (An. Rept. 1908, Part II, para 56. 

The present record registers a gift of 25 cows for burning a perpetual lamp with ghee in the temple of Mahadeva at Puvalaikkudio in Kudalur-nadu a division of Kana-nadu in Keralantaka-valanadu, by a resident of the place by name IIamagan Attani Navarkudaiyan alias Jayankondasolap-peraiyan for the merit of his younger sister Ariyanangai. The donor seems to have been a member of a merchant guild known as Disai-Ayirattu-Nanadesi. 

No. 264 (Page No 180)

(A. R. No. 264 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same wall

Rajadhirajadeva  I  : year 32  : 1050 A.D. 

The inscription begins with the prasasti of the Tingaler pera valar etc. It records a royal order issued to the devakarmis and other members of the establishment of Tiruvidaimarududaiyar temple, the Sabha and the Nagarattar of Tiruvidaimarudil, the Urar of Tiraimur and lastly the agent of the king, Vikramakesari-Vilupparaiyan, who had all assembled in the temple, and conveyed through (the donee’s brother) Ariyan Tiruvennaval alias Solakulatilaka-Nrittapperaiyan to the effect that land 7 veli in extent had been set apart as devadana at Vilangudi in Vennadu. Out of this 2 veli yielding 240 kalam of paddy per year and two house sites were to be granted in perpetuity to Araiyan Tiruvidaimarududaiyan alias Mummudisola-Nrittapperaiyan styled the Perundanattu-Gandharvar (Court-musician ?) and his heirs, to recite the Patavyam in the temple. Further details regarding the disposal of the remaining portion of the devadana land are not available as the inscription stops incomplete.

No. 332 (Page No 229)

(A. R. No. 332 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the same wall

Rajak :  Rajadhiraja I 

This is only a portion of the historical introduction of Rajadhiraja I commencing with the words Tingaler taru tanrongal.

No. 345 (Page No 235)

(A. R. No. 345 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the west and south

Walls of the same mandapa

Rajak : Rajadhiraja I :   year 33 :  1050-51 A.D. 

This begins with the historical introduction tingalertaru tanrongal etc. and stops with the mention of the territorial division Manni-nadu in Rajendrasimha-valanadu.

Rajendradeva II

No. 145 (Page No 115)

(A. R. No. 145 of 1907)

Puvalaikkudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Rock-cut cave—on the same wall

Par. Rajendradeva : year 5 : 1055-56 A.D. 

This beings with the introduction Tirumagal maruviya etc. It is a mutilated record registering a gift of cows for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Puvalaikkudi by Ilamagan Attani Navarku[daiyan] . . . . . Sola-Tennavadiyaraiyan of Korramangalam for the merit of his elder brother. The donor is evidently the same as the one mentioned in No. 143 above.

No. 185 (Page No 361)

(A. R. No.185 of 1907)

Uraiyur, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Panchavarnesvara temple –on the west wall of the central shrine 

This consists of a number of disconnected pieces of an inscription. A few words of the historical introduction of the Chola king Rajendradeva are traceable in one of them which is dated in the 3+1st year of the king, expressed definitely as the 319th day of the year. The inscription registers the grant of a tax-free land measuring 29 veli and odd in extent, in two villages under the name Atigunakarpakanallur, for the expenses of worship in the temple of Mahadeva at Uraiyar in Uraiyur-kurram a subdivision of Keralantaka-valanadu. The pieces give elaborate details of the requirements of daily worship and of those on special festival days of the year like the UIttarama-ayana-Sankranti, Karttigai lights etc. Mention is made of a certain Anukkiyar Appi Madurantakiyar under whose instruction the inscription is said to have been engraved. References is made to a temple of Villisvara among the boundaries of the land granted. 

Subsidiary deities to whom separate offerings were made daily were Chandrasekhara, Ganapati, Lokavitanka and Urandai-Nayaka. 

No.  188 (Page No 146)

(A. R. No. 188 of 1907)

Uraiyur, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Panchavarnesvara temple –on the south wall of the central shrine 

This is a damaged and incomplete record stopping with the mention of the 7th year of king Parakesarivarman Rajendradeva after giving his historical introduction. 

No. 226 (Page No 161)

(A. R. No. 226 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same wall 

This is only a fragment forming part of the historical introduction of king Rajendradeva.

No. 486 (Page No 364)

(A. R. No. 486 of 1907)  

Kuttalam, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

Uttaravedisvara temple – on the same wall

Par. Rajendradeva year 5 :  1055-56 A.D. 

The inscription begins with the short introduction mentioning the king’s conquest of Irattapadi, planting of his pillar of victory at Kollapuram and his anointment of victors having captured the elephants, horses, harem and treasury of terrified Ahavamalla at Koppam. Portion at the end of the inscription is lost. It registers an endowment of 25 kasu by a merchant of Gangaikondasolapuram by name Venkadan Adavallan, for feeding with the interest thereon some itinerant Sivayogins after the daily midday service in the temple of Sonnavararivar at Vinguni Tirutturutti in Tiruvalundur-nadu, a division of Jayagondasola-valanadu. The amount was deposited with the sivabrahmanas of the temple. The gift is said to have been made to bring strength of arms to the king.

Kulottunga I 

No. 155 (Page No 124)

(A. R. No.155 of 1907)

Kottur near Malaikkoyil, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On a stone set up on the bund of the tank

Kulottunga I : year 47 : 1116-17 A.D. 

This records the repair to the tank-bund which is said to have been built by one Mummudisola-Singalantaka-Muttaraiyan and destroyed by breach some time afterwards. The repair was effected by Periyan Kulottungasola-Kanakarajan, the headman of Kottiyur in Kana-nadu. 

No. 279 (Page No 192)

(A. R. No. 279 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – in the east wall

Of the first prakara, right  of entrance

Kulottunga-Chola I  :  year 41  :  1111-12 A.D. 

This records a gift of one kasu to the temple by Siralan Narayanan, a Kaikkola resident of Vikramasolan-Velam at Gangaikondasolapuram, for the daily supply of a (mud) pot for carrying water from the river for the sacred bath of the deity, at mid-day with the interest on the amount. 

No. 281 (Page No 193)

(A. R. No. 281 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same wall

Kulottunga-Chola I  : year 41  :   1111-12 A.D.


This records a gift of one kasu for a twilight lamp in the temple, by one Arayan Sorudaiyan a Kaikkola resident of Mudigondasolan-velam at Gangaikondasolapuram.

No. 300 (Page No 206)

(A. R. No. 300 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same wall

Rajakesari Kulottunga-Chola I  :   year 27  :  1197-98 A. D. 

The inscription begins with the prasasti pugal sulnda etc. It records a gift of 60 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple, by one Gangaikondasola-Munaiyada-raiyar on behalf of Kotturudaiyar Araiya  . . . . of Nenmali-nadu a district in Arumoli-deva-valanadu. A lamp-stand weighing 118-1/2 palm is said to have been presented for his purpose, by the shepherd who received the sheep and agreed to measure out an ulakku of ghee every day by the liquid measure known as Ekanayakan evidently after the king’s surname. 

No. 304 (Page No 213)

(A. R. No. 304 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the same wall

Kulottunga –Chola I :   year  26 :  1096-97 A.D. 

The inscription commences with the introduction pugal sulnda punari etc. It is dated in the 172nd day of the regnal year quoted, and records the gift of 180 sheep for burning three perpetual lamps in the temple, by queen Siraman Arumol inangaiyar alias Elulagumudaiyar. The shepherds who received them were to measure out 3 ulakku of ghee by the liquid measure Ekanayakan, every day.

No. 361 (Page No 250)

(A. R. No. 361 of 1907)

Aduturai, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Apatsahayesvara temple – on the west wall of the central shrine

Rajak :  Kulottunga-Chola I :  year 28 :   1097-98 A.D. 

This is damaged. The introduction begins with the words Pugal madu vilanga. The inscription records a gift of 3¼  kalanju of gold to the temple for burning a perpetual lamp, by one I[rugan]di-Udaiyan of Ambar in Ambar-nadu. Tiraimur-nadu in which Tirukkurangaduturai was situated is said to have formed a division of Ulaguyyakkondasola-valanadu.

No. 401 (Page No 303)

(A. R. No. 401 of 1907)  

Perungarunai, Mudukulattur Taluk, Ramnad District

Isvara temple – on the two door posts of  the entrance

Kulottunga-Chola I :  year 44 : 1113-14 A.D. 

This begins with the introduction Pugalmadu vilanga etc. It registers a gift of some pieces of land to provide for worship and offerings daily and for special observance of important days like the Amavasya every month and the four ayanas of the year in the temple of Tiruvelaikkara-munrukai-Isvaramudaiya Mahadevar at Tadangali in Punaivayil of Madurantaka-valanadu, a division of Rajaraja-Pandinadu, by Velan Kalaiyaviyan alias Kulottungasola-[Allu]-nadalvan. The inscription is left incomplete. 

No. 600 (Page No 420)

(A. R. No. 600 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on the base of the same gopura, left of entrance 

Kulottunga I.  Year 27 :  1096-97 A.D. 

The inscription has the introduction Pugalmadu vilanga etc. It is incomplete. It seems to record the grant of some land as tattarkani at Nirandalur to a goldsmith whose name is not clear.

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