The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Volume - III

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Part - I

Inscription at Ukkal

Melpadi

Karuvur

Manimangalam

Tiruvallam

Part - II

Kulottunga-Chola I

Vikrama Chola

Virarajendra I

Kulottunga-Chola III

Part - III

Aditya I

Parantaka I

Gandaraditya

Parantaka II

Uttama-Chola

Parthivendravarman

Aditya II Karikala

Part - IV

copper-plate Tirukkalar

Tiruchchengodu

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

Part - I

Miscellaneous Inscriptions From the Tamil Country

II.- Inscriptions at Melpadi


No. 15 to 16 on the Cholesvara shrine

No. 17 to 19 Cholesvara & Somananathesvara shrine

Melpadi,[1] which I visited in 1889, is a village six miles north of Tiruvallam in the North Arcot district.  The antiquity of the place is established by the Karhad plates of the Rashtrakuta king Krishna III., who in A.D. 959 was encamped at Melpati.[2]  About a mile west of Melpadi is the hill of Vallimalai, an ancient site of Jaiana worship.[3]

Melpadi contains two temples of Siva, the larger of which, Somanathesvara, is still used, while the other, Cholesvara, is deserted.  I publish below four inscriptions of the Cholesvara temple (Nos. 15 to 18) and one of the Somanathesvara temple (No. 19).  Of these, four belong to the reign of the Chola king Rajaraja I.  (Nos. 15, 16, 17 and 19).  Of these, four belong to the reign of the Chola king Rajaraja I.  (Nos. 15, 16, 17 and 19).  Of these, four belong to the reign of the Chola king Rajaraja I. (No. 18).  From three of them (nos. 15, 16 and 17) we learn that the Cholesvara temple was built by Rajaraja I. himself.  Hence it is contemporaneous with the great temple at Tanjavur.[4]  The ancient name of the Cholesvara temple was Arinjigai-Isvara (Nos. 15 and 16) or Arinjisvara (Nos. 17 and 18).  The first part of this compound is probably a corruption of Arimjaya,[5] the name of Rajaraja’s grandfather.[6]  Rajaraja is said to have built the temple “as a resting-place (?) for the king who fell asleep (i.e., died) at Arrur” (Nos. 15, 16 and 17).  If I am correct in deriving the name of the temple from Arimjaya, it would follow that the same king is meant by the expression “the king who died at Arrur.”   According to No. 19, the ancient name of the Somanathesvara temple wasCholendrasimhesvara.[7]

Melpadi bore the two names Melpadi (Nos. 15 to 18) and Rajasrayapuram (Nos. 15  to 19).  The second designation has to be derived from one of the surnames of Rajaraja I.[8]  The same applies to the names of two street of Melpadi, viz., “the high-street of Mummadi-Chola”[9] (No. 15) and “the high-street of Arumolideva”[10] (No. 19).  Melpadi belonged to Tuy-nadu (nos. 18 and 19) or Tunadu (Nos. 15, 16 and 17) a subdivision of Perumbana-padi[11] (Nos. 15 to 18), a district of Jayankonda-Cholamandalam.[12]  Three of the inscriptions were put in writing by the accountant (karanattan) of the city (Nos. 15, 16 and 18).


[1]  No. 119 on the Madras Survey Map of the Chittur taluka.

[2]  Ep. Ind. Vol. IV. P. 281.

[3]  Ibid. p. 140.

[4]  See above, Vol. II. p. 1.

[5]  Compare Vol. II. p. 259 f.

[6]  See Vol. I. p. 112.

[7]  The same temple is incidentally referred to in No. 15.

[8]  See Vol. II. p. 260, note 5.

[9]  See ibid. note 3, and below, p. 29.

[10]  See Vol. II. p. 259, note 5.

[11]  The names Perumbana-padi and Vanasamudram (No. 19 below) bear testimony to the rule of the Bane dynasty over this part of the country.  See also Ep. Ind.  Vol. IV. P. 221, note 3.

[12]  See above, p. 2, note 3.

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