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Tuesday, September 26, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Inscriptions of the Ranganathasvamy Temple, Srirangam

Cholas

Vikrama Chola

 No. 109 (Page No. 133)

(A. R. No. 27 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Damaged. Commence with the prasati Pumalai midaindu etc. of the king. All other details are lost.

 No. 110 (Page No. 134)

(A. R. No. 37 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Record a gift of 100 sheep for supply of ghee to the temple. 

No. 111 (Page No. 135)

(A. R. No. 127 of 1947-48)

III Prakara, south wall.

Registers an assignment of tax-free land to Ramadevan Srirama Bhattan, the tarkkani of Ilavelur for providing offerings on specified occasions ; the land endowment was to be called Sriramavilagam. The record is dated in the 3rd year of the king’s reign.

 No. 112 (Page No. 137)

(A. R. No. 128 of 1947-48)

III Prakara, south wall.

Records another assignment of tax-free land by sale to Tirumalapadi Durga  . . . . . . Bhattan alias Sri Sadagopanambi Alagiya-manavalap-perumal, a tarkkani of Ilavelur, in Kavijanakarpagachcheri in Gandaraditta-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Poygai-nadu in Tyagavalli-valanadu, for supply of garlands to the temple.  The endowment land was to be named Sadagopavilagam, after the assignee.  Mentions Srikaridevavilagam endowed by Nilagangaraiyar, probably as one of the boundaries of the gift land. The record is dated in the 3rd year of the king’s reign.

 No. 113 (Page No. 139)

(A. R. No. 38 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Records a sale of land at the instance of Valavanarayana Muvendavelar, the Srikaryam officer of the temple to Puravangudaiyan Araiyan Adittadevan alias  Enadi Araiyan of Puliyangudi in Kiliyur-nadu for a flower garden to be named Nidiyabharanan-tirunandavanam. The record is dated in the 8th year of the king’s reign and the details of the date viz., Makara 25, ba. 8, Monday, Visakham regularly correspond to A.D. 1126, January 18, Monday, 30; 46. 

No. 114 (Page No. 141)

(A. R. No. 39 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Records the sale of  3½  ma of land to Enadi Araiyan (vide No.106 above ) for 8 kasu, by Sandur Magila-ankaradasan and his younger brother who obtained this from Periyakoyilpriyar in exchange for the garden land called Kodal tirunandavanam. The record is dated in the 8th year of the king’s reign.

No. 115 (Page No. 142)

(A. R. No. 40 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Records the sale deed of the transaction referred to in No.144 above. The inscription is dated in the 8th year of the king’s reign. 

No. 116 (Page No. 143)

(A. R. No. 28 of 1948-49)

III Prakara, south wall.

Registers a sale land (tirumadaippallipuram) to a certain Bramamarajar The record is dated  Kataka, Su. 3, Wednesday, Magha in the10th  year  of the king’s reign, corresponding to A.D. 1127, July 13, Wednesday, f.d.t. 20; 51. 

No. 117 (Page No. 143)

(A. R. No. 437 of 1954-55)

III Prakara, inner wall of the sandal-paste room.

Commence with the prasasti Pumadu punara,  etc. Registers a gift of 3 ma of land bounded by the Jayangondasola-tirunandavanam on the west, Rajadhirajan-tirunandavanam on the north, Alappirandan-tirunandavanam on the east and Kaverion the south by Tillaiyalagiyar the mother of queen Araiyanula-gudaiyar alias Ologa (Loka) mahadeviyar to Kandadai Tiruvarana-narayanan Sri Sadagopan for a flowers garden in her name and for her own welfare, at the instance of Kalivalam-udaiyan Tiruvayikkulam-udaiyan alias  Valavanarayana-muvendavelan, the Srikaryam of the temple. The record is dated in the 10th year of the king’s reign. 

No. 118 (Page No. 144)

(A. R. No. 438 of 1954-55)

II Prakara, inner wall of the silver palanquin room.

Damaged.  Commences with the Prasasti Pumalai midaindu etc.  Records the sale of one veli of land by the Srivaishnavas of  the temple to Nambi Nilaiyan Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan alias Mudikondachola-muvenda- velar of Porkala-kkudi in Murugal-nadu in Geyamanikka-valanadu, who probably donated the same to the temple at the instance of Rajavichchadira Brahmamarayar, the Srikaryam, of the temple, for a flower garden.  

The record is dated in the 12th year of the king’s reign, Simha, ba. 8, Thursday, Karttikai (Krittika), which corresponds to 1129 A.D., August, 8f.d.t. 33. f.d.n. 69 

No. 119 (Page No. 146)

(A. R. No. 340 of 1952-53)

III Prakara , Pavitra-mandapa, inner wall, right of the Aryabhattail Vasal

Commences with the same prasasti as No. 114 above.  Registers a sale of one veli of 2,000 kuli of 28-2-340 kol of sand-silted fallow land in Tenkarai-Valattur-nadu for 2 kasu for a stipulated quantity of paddy to be given into the temple granary by the temple officials at the instance of Raja Vijjiadira Birumma-marayar (Vidyadhara Brahma-maharayar).  The Srikaryam of the temple, to Vijayarayar alias Tiruvengadavan-Devan of Panrimangalam in Nallur-nadu in Nittavinoda-valanadu, for being reclaimed and made into a flower garden under the name Kesavanvilagam by Perumbuliyur Svamibhaktan.  The record is dated in the 13th year of reign of the king, the details of the date being Vrischika, su. 13 (wrong for 3) Wednesday , Mula, corresponding regularly to A.D. 1130, November 5, Wednesday ; 98: 78. 

No. 120 (Page No. 149)

(A. R. No. 339 of 1952-53)

III Prakara, same place.

Commences with the introduction pumalai midaindu etc.  Registers a gift of land by sale, by the Srivaishnava-kanmis of the temple headed by Aniyarangadasar and inclusive of the temple accountant Tiruvarangappiriyan for a flower garden called Avirodisilan for the god to Kangaiyan alias Pattamudaiyan Muvayirattoruvan of Pattam in Avurkurram in Nittavinoda-valanadu, at the instance of Srinara-vichchadira Brahma-marayar, the Srikaryam of the temple.  The record is dated in the 15th regnal year of the king and furnished details viz., Mina, ba Wednesday.  Uttiradam, which correspond to A.D. 1113 March 3, Friday (not Wednesday) 49 : 53  

No. 121 (Page No. 151)

(A. R. No. 31 of 1948-49)

Registers a sale of land for a flower garden under orders of the Srikaryam officer Tiruvalanattu-Manadu-daiyar to Kottur-Udaiyan Tiruvikraman.  Mentions the land endowed by Udaiyan Velan karunakaran alias Tondaimanar.  The inscription is dated in the 15th year of the king’s reign.

No. 122 (Page No. 153)

(A. R. No. 33 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara , north wall.

Registers gift of land by purchase, by Sir-I lankon Tirunadudaiyan for feeding Srivaishnava piligrims on new moon days and ten Malayana(la) Brahmanas during the Panguni festival.  This gift is placed under the protection of the Abhimanabhushanar of the three mandalas.  The record is dated in the 16th regnal year of of king. 

Kulottunga II

No. 123 (Page No. 155)

(A. R. No. 56 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall

Commences with the introduction  Pumannupadumam.  Purports to be an order issued by the deity leasing the temple lands to the kovanavar who were to plant coconut and areca palms thereon and to pay a specified portion of the yield to the temple year after year.  The inscription is dated Kumbha, ba 5, Saturday, Svati, in the 7th year of the king’s reign and the details work out regularly to A.D. 1140, February 10, Saturday; 14; 35.    

No. 124 (Page No. 156)

(A. R. No. 55 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Registers an endowment of land after purchase, for a flower garden to the temple by three private individuals who also made additional gifts of money for the maintenance of the gardeners.  The land is said to have been purchased by the donors from the temple itself.  The details of the date viz.  11th year, Simha, ba 14 Wednesday, Ayilyan correspond to A.D. 1143, August 11, Wednesday: 57:45.  

Rajaraja II

No. 125 (Page No. 158)

(A. R. No. 68 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Records the gift of a golden lamp-stand set with one ruby and an endowment of money for maintaining the lamp and for the supply of camphor, by Kodai Ravivarman of Venadu in Malai-nadu.  The details of date, viz., 11th year, Vrischika, su. 5, Monday, Tiruvonam regularly correspond to A.D. 1156, November 19, Monday 63; 58. 

No. 126 (Page No. 159)

(A. R. No. 122 of 1947-48)

III Prakara, north wall

Records an agreement given by Kasyapan Tiru. . . . . ttavan perumal alias Alagiyamanavala Brahmarayar, his brother . . . . . . perumal alias Virachola Brahmarayar and Singapiran Chakrapani to Pon-parappinar alias Vangara Muttaraiyar to cultivate the 2 ma of garden land purchased from Sri Govinda-Perumal alias Pagaivali Anuka Brahmarayar and Tiruvaykkulam Udaiyan Uttamanambi for 17,0000 kasu.  The inscription is dated in the 11th regnal year of  Tribhuvanachakravartigal Rajaraja who may be identified with Rajaraja II on Palaeographical considerations. 

The portion containing the details of the date is partly damaged on the stone the last letter of the tithi mi along with the other details viz., the weekday (Saturday) and the nakshatra (svati) being clear.  If the intended tithi is ba ashtami, then the details given viz., 11th year, Saturday and Svati regularly correspond to A.D. 1157, January 5, Saturday, f.d.t. 13; f.d.n. 24.  The month was Makara. 

Rajadhiraja II

No. 127 (Page No. 160)

(A. R. No. 63 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Records an endowment in money for a lamp in the temple by Periya Tirusutti-sattina Perumal alias Rajaraja Uttama-setti of  Kurattippattanam situated in Kaivara-nadu, a sub-division of Poysala-nadu.  The record is dated in the 9th regnal year of the king Tribhuvanachchakravartigal Rajadhirajadeva who may be identified with Rajadhirajadeva II on Palaeographical considerations.  

No. 128 (Page No. 161)

(A. R. No. 73 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Commences with the prasasti kadal-sulnda parmadarum, etc.  Records an endowment of 1000 kasu by Virrirundan Seman alias Tirukkuraivala[r*]tta Akalanka-Nadalvan of Tiruttavatturai for conducting certain special festivals in the temple.  (vide Nos. 129-131 below).  The record is dated in the 9th year of the king’s reign.  

No. 129 (Page No. 162)

(A. R. No. 267 of 1930)

IV Prakara, opposite the udaiyavar-sannidhi.

Records an oath of fealty taken by Nayan alias Alagiya Manavala Maryan, a Kaikkola-Mudali of Tiruvarangam, to serve unto death, as a velaikkaran of  Virrirundan Seman alias Akalanka Nadalvan.  The record is in characters of the 12th century A.D. (vide No. 128 above.) 

No. 130 (Page No. 162)

(A. R. No. 268 of 1930)

IV Prakara wall, opposite the udaiyavar-sannidhi,

Records an oath of fealty as in No. 129 above, by Ariyan alias Kidarattaraiyan.   

No. 131 (Page No. 162)

(A. R. No. 269 of 1930)

IV Prakara wall, opposite the udaiyavar-sannidhi.

Records an oath of fealty taken as in No. 129 above, by Ulagan alias Alaganaichchola-Marayan. 

Kulottunga III

No. 132 (Page No. 162)

(A. R. No. 50 of 1948-49)

IV Prakara, west wall.

Damaged.  Records a gift of 4,000 kasu probably for purchase of some lands, by Kesuvan Sundarattolu-daiyan alias Singapperumal-dasan of Vembarrur in Pandi-mandalam for conducting a service on the day of Uttiram, the natal star of the donor.  The record is dated in the reign (year lost) of Tribhuvanachchakra-vartigal Kulottungacholadeva ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, IIam and the crowned head of the Pandya’ i.e., Kulottunga III.

No. 133 (Page No. 163)

(A. R. No. 89 of 1936-37)

Vellaigopuram, inner wall.

State that the worship of the god who was the tutelary deity of the king,  and the repairs to the prakara wall called Madadesan alias Adaiyavalaindan –tirumaligai were left in charge of Tayilumnallan alias Kulottungasola-Vanakovaraiyar

No. 134  (Page No. 163)

(A. R. No.89 of 1936-37)

III Prakara, east wall.

Registers a gift of land by Kodaikano Settiyar of Kulamukki for rearing a flower garden called Perundevi for the god.  Vengar Sriramabhatta-Vajape [ya*]-yajiyar was the Srikaryam of the temple.  (See No. 138 below).  The date is lost.   

No. 135 (Page No. 164)

(A. R. No. 75 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall

Begins with the Prasasti Puyal vayittu.  The record is incomplete.  Seems to record an endowment by . . .  kan Senapati Alvan Alagiya-manadvalapperumal for the sacred bath and offerings to the deity in the name of Si(Sri) Pundarikan on special festival days in the months of Aippasi and Panguni.  The record is dated in the third regnal year of the king.   

No. 136 (Page No. 165)

(A. R. No. 61 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Registers a gift of the village Tiruvayppadinallur, made tax free, for special worship and offerings to the god on the day of the Daivattarayan festival by the gopalas who had proprietary rights over Valluvappadinadu in Karikalakanna-valanadu.  Mentions the Srikaryam officer Kavaittalai-udaiyar.  The record is dated in the 6th year of Sri Virarajendra which is a surname of Kulottunga III with whose prasasti the record begins.  The details of date viz.  6th year, Mina, ba. 6, Monday, Kettai, regularly correspond to A.D. 1184, March 5, Monday; 58; f.d.n. 10.  

No. 137 (Page No. 167)

(A. R. No.76 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Records an endowment of money for the merit of a person by name Vagalarkodali alias . . . . natha-Pallavaraiyan, by his wife and daughter for conducting a special festival to god Alagiyamanavala-perumal in the temple on the day of Rohini which was his natal star.  Mentions the Srikaryam officer Kavattalaiyudaiyan Vilumiyadevan Peruman (see No. 136 above).  The details of date viz., 7th year, Mithuna, ba. 12, Tuesday, Karttigai, regularly correspond to A.D. 1185, May 28, Tuesday; 10; f.d.n. 08.

No. 138 (Page No. 168)

(A. R. No.119 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, east wall.

Registers a gift of land by a resident of Malainadu (name lost) for rearing a flower-garden called Sudikkoduttal for the god, when Vengur Sriramabhatta-Vajapeya[ya]jiyar was the Srikaryam of the temple.    (Vide No. 134 above).   

No. 139 (Page No. 169)

(A. R. No. 63 of 1892)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Registers the gift of a bronze lamp and 9000 kasu towards supply of ghee for the same at the rate of  1 nali per day to Alagiyamanavalapperumal by Madhavan Ayirkkadan of Murunottamangalam in Malaimandalam.  The record is dated in the 18th regnal year of the king.

Published in the S.I.I., Vol. IV, No. 510. 

No. 140 (Page No. 169)

(A. R. No. 66 of 1892)

IV Prakara, north wall, left of the entrance.

Fragmentary.  Gives the prasasti of the king and records an order issued to the revenue officers, the contents of which are lost. 

The record is dated in the 19th year, Vrischika, ba. 5 Tuesday, pusam corresponding to A.D. 1196, November 12, Tuesday, 56, 57.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. III, No. 88  

No. 141 (Page No. 170)

(A. R. No. 67 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, south wall.

Records the gift of 12 Bhujabala-madai for a brass lamp with triped stand in the temple by Nunkama-Mahadevi, wife of Madhurantakap-Pottappichcholan alias Siddharasan.  The inscription is dated in the 19th year of the king’s reign.   

No. 142 (Page No. 171)

(A. R. No. 113 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, east wall.

Refers to the erosion of the river into the lands belonging to the temples at Srirangam and Tiruvanaikka and the resettlement of the proper boundaries under arbitration by Annavayiludaiyar Gangeyrayar in the 20th year and 213th day of the King, evidently Kulottunga Chola III.  After the necessary adjustments, the ali (disc) and the sula (trident) stones were planted demarcating the boundaries.  

No. 143 (Page No. 174)

(A. R. No. 364 of 1953-54)

Kottaram, wall inside the rice storage room.

Beginning built in and damaged and intercepted by walls.  Records a gift of buffaloes by a number of Kons (members of the shepherd community) such as Srirangakkon, Senapati (Sri Kulasekar-kkon, Alagiyamana-vala-kon, etc., for supply of ghee towards some service introduced by Kasyapan . . . . . . Perumal alias Akalanka Brahmarayar, one of the Sripadam-tangum nambimar.   The inscription is dated in the reign of Tribhuvanachakravarti Kulottunga-chola who was pleased to conquer Madurai, IIam, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya (i.e. Kulottunga III).  The regnal year quoted in the record is damaged, only the digit I in the unit’s place being visible.  It may be assigned either to the 21st or the 31st year of reign as the wording of the record indicates. 

No. 144 (Page No. 175)

                   (A. R. N. 146 of 1938-39)                    

V Prakara, south wall, to the right of Chokkappanai gopuram.

Registers gift of lands in Nagaikku-Mangudi alias Rajendrasolapuram and three other neighboring villages clubbing them together under the name Ayandambakkilan-brahmadeyam by Tiruvanantamutti(murti) Arulalan alias Virarajendra-Pallavaraiyan, the Kilan of Ayandambakkam in Agudi-nadu, a subdivision of Pularkottam alias Vikramasolavlanadu, a district of Jayagondasolamandalam, to some Brahmanas settled by him in the Rajamahendran-tiruvidi at Tiruvarangam.  Tribhuvanachakravartin Konerinmaikondan in whose 24th year and the 225th day the record is dated, may be identical with Kulottunga Chola III whose surname Virarajendra was adopted by the donor.  Mention is made of the Pidari Aiyapolil MakaIi.  

No. 145 (Page No. 176)

(A. R. No. 335 of 1952-53)

V Prakara, outer wall, to the right of the path leading to the chakrattalvar shrine.

Damaged.  Refers to the same transaction as in the previous record (No. 144) and mentions among the signatories Kalingarayar and Vanadhirajar. 

No. 146 (Page No. 178)

(A. R. No. 18 of 1938-39)

II Prakara, east wall.

Registers  gift of lands after purchase from the temple authorities by Olai-mangalam-udaiyan Tiruvenkadu-daiyan Siriyandan, a merchant of Kulottungacholapattanam in Sellur-nadu in Rajaraja-valanadu for offerings to god during the sandhi instituted in the temple in the name of the donor.  The record is dated in the 32nd regnal year of the king.  The agreement was engraved north of Sripadu which is to the east of Tiruvanukkan Tirumaligai (central shrine) as stated in the inscription.  The details of the date viz., 32nd year, Dhanus, su. 1. Sunday and Mula regularly correspond to A.D. 1209, November 29,  Sunday 96.  76.    

No. 147 (Page No. 179)

(A. R. No. 32 of 1936-37)

II Prakara, north wall.

Registers an order of Gangeyarayar fixing the apportionment of the produce from several classes of temple lands, between the temple and its tenants.  The record is dated in the 34th regnal year of the king.

No. 148 (Page No. 180)

(A. R. No. 17 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara , west wall.

The inscription dated in the 35th year of the king seems to be incomplete.  Records that certain lands were purchased and given as tirunamattukkani for worship and offerings to god Alagiyamandavala-Perumal by Ambalavan-Koyilalvar, a lady who was under the support (mudugan) of Ambalavan Periya-Peruman alias Jagadekavira-Acharya of Rajarajapuram.  The details of the date viz., Tula, su. 13, Wednesday, Revati, correspond to A.D. 1212, October 10, Wednesday, 25; f.d.n. 10. 

 No. 149 (Page No. 183)

(A. R. No.51 of 1948-49)

IV Prakara, west wall.

Records gift of money and I veli of land in the village Peyatti in Kulasekhara-saruppedimangalam by Kesuvan Sundarattoludaiyan alias Pillai Singapperumal Kuttan for offerings to the goddess in his name on his birthday every year.  The record is dated in the 36th year of the king’s reign.

No. 150 (Page No. 183)

(A. R. No. 34 of 1936-37)

IV Prakara, north wall.

Registers a gift of land by Uyyakkondalasani, wife of Kunikkumpiran-bhattan of Rajakesari-chaturvedi- mangalam, a brahmadeya in  Nallur-nadu, a subdivision of Nittavinoda –valanadu, as triuvidaiyattam to god Alagiyamanavala-Perumal.  The gift was made in the 37th regnal year of the king. 

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