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South Indian Inscriptions


 

Pallva Inscriptions

APPENDIX D

Some events prior to and during the rule of the two Kopperunjingas

(Arranged Chronologically.)

A. D

 

1186

Capture of Kudal by the Kadava chief Virasekhara.

1191

Kadava chief mentioned in a record of the 13th year of Kulottunga-Chola III may be identified with Manavalapperumal (S.I.I., Vol. VIII, NO. 329).

1192

Nallasiddha-Chola-Maharaja, ‘ruling from Vallurapura’, claims to have levied tribute from the Chola king  at Kanchi (A.R.No. 483 of 1906).

1195 

Kadava chief Manavalapperumal mentioned in a record of the 17th year of Kulottunga-Chola III (A.R. No. 313 of 1902).

1196

Kulottunga-Chola III occupies Kanchi (S.I.I., Vol. III, NO. 88).

1199

Accession of the Kakatiya king Ganapati.

1205

The Telugu-Choda chief Tammusiddhi mentions his crowning at Nellur (A.R. No. 35 of 1893 ; Ep. Ind., Vol. VII, P. 152 ff.)

1206-07

Manavalapperumal figures in the 28th and 29th years of Kulottunga-Chola III.

1213

Alagiyapallavan Kopperunjingadeva mentioned by name in the 35th year of Kulotltunga-Chola III (No. 170).

1216

Accession of the Chola king Rajaraja III and of the Pandya king Maravarman Sundara-Pandya I.  Hoysala Ballala II styled ‘the establisher of the Chola king’ about this time, probably on account of his help to the Chola king. (Ep. Car.,  Vol. IV, Ng. 29 ; J.I.H.,  Vol. VI.  P. 201).

1218-19

Maravarman Sundara-Pandya’s coronation at Ayirattali.  He restored the Chola kingdom to Kulottunga-Chola III and crowned the Chola king Rajaraja III ; Hoysala Vira-Narasimha entitled ‘Kadavaraya-disapatta’ (Ep. Car.,  Vol. IX, KN. 87).

1220

Fight between the Kadava and the Pandya ; accession of Hoysala Vira Narasimha II.

1221-22

Hoysala Narasimha II assumes the title ‘establisher of the Chola kingdom.’

1222-23

Battle of Uratti between Vira-Narasingadeva Yadavaraya and Kadavaraya ; Chola Rajaraja III refuses to pay tribute to the Pandya ; second invasion of Maravarman Sundara-Pandya against the Chola ; Narasimha’s intervention.

1224

Hoysala Naasimha II defeated the Kadava chief and the Pandya ruler (Ep. Car.,  Vol. XI, Dg. 25).

1225

Maravarman Sundara-Pandya claims to have burnt Tanjore and Uraiyur in his 9th year.  His inscription at Srirangam in the Chola country (A.R. No. 53 of 1892).

1230

Vira-Narasimha camping at Kanchi (Ep. Car.,  Vol. XII, Tp. 42).

1231-32

Chola Rajaraja III confined at Sendamangalam after the battle at Tellaru ; Kopperunjinga I probably began to issue records in his own name.

1233-34

Hoysala Somesvara succeeded Narasimha.  Tikka’s capture of Kanchi ; his inscription dated in S. 1156 at this place.

1238

Accession of Maravarman Sundara-Pandya II.

1239

Gandagopala claims to have killed a Hoysala king in the 23rd year of Rajaraja III (A.R. No. 439 of 1937 – 38).

1240

Somesvara’s expedition against Gandagopala (Ep. Car.,  Vol. VI, KD. 100).

1241-42

Battle of Perabalur in the 10th year of Kopperunjinga I ; Alagiya-Pallavar alias  Virapratapar kept the Hoysalas in confinement and levied tribute from the Pandyas.

1243

Accession of Kopperunjinga II.

1246

Accession of the Chola king Rajendra-Chola III ; Singana-Dandanayaka invaded the region round the present Vedaranyam in the tAnjore district (No. 501 of 1904) ; Allum-Tirukkalattideva-Maharaja ruling at Kanchi in Saka 1168 (Nellore Inss. Vol. I, p. 206).  Inscriptions of both Rajaraja  III  and Kopperunjinga are found at Tiruvannamalai in this and succeeding two years.

1249

Conjeeveram under ganapati in Saka 1172 (A.R. Nos. 26 of 1890 and 2 of 1893 ; S.I.I. Vol. IV, No. 814).

1250

Accession of Vijaya-Gandagopala.

1251

Accession of Jatavarman Sundara-Pandya I.

1253

Accession of Jatavarman Vira-Pandya.

1254

Central shrine of the Siva temple at Tirupurantakam built by order of Ganapati (No. 169 of 1905) ; Kopperunjinga’s and Vijaya-Gandagopala’s inscriptions at Conjeeveram (Nos. 450 and 535 of 1919).

1254-55

Accession of Ramanatha and Narasimha III to the two portions of the Hoysala dominion

1257

Vijaya-Gandagopala and Kopperunjinga II ruling at Conjeeveram (Nos. 343, 350, 393 and 571 of 1919).

1258

Sendamangalam besieged by the Pandya king who defeated the Pallava chieftain and arestored him his territory (S.I.I.  Vol. V, No. 459).  Jatavarman Sundara-Pandya opposed to Gandagopala, Ganapati and Kopperunjinga.

1259

Jatavarman Vira-Pandya’s inscription in the South Arcot district (No. 406 of 1921).

1260-61

Accession of Rudramba to the Kakatiya throne ; Hoysala Ramanatha in power at Srirangam.

1262

Inscription of Kopperunjinga II at Draksharama.

1267

Vira-Pandya in a record of his 14th year claims to have received tribute from the Kadava chief (name not specified, probably Kopperunjinga II) while camping at Chidambaram (Pud. Inss. No. 370 ; No. 192 of 1914).

1268

Accession of Maravarman Kulasekhara I to the Pandya throne.

1271

Last year of Jatavarman Sundara-Pandya I.

1279

Last year of Kopperunjinga II corresponding to his 36th regnal year and of Rajendra-Chola III corresponding to his 33rd regnal year.

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