Indian Inscriptions, Volume 2
INSCRIPTIONS OF THE RAJARAJESVARA TEMPLE AT TANJAVUR
96. IN THE SECOND GOPURA
OF THE TEMPLE, RIGHT OF ENTRANCE
The subjoined inscription is dated in the 3rd
year of the reign of Tribhuvanachakravartin Rajarajadeva, i.e., Rajaraja
III. It does not record any gift, but registers a political compact entered
into by three chiefs of the Chola country to be faithful to the king and to
sand by each other. The compact shows that the Chola country was disturbed;
perhaps by internal dissensions and the Chola capital Tanjore was not free from
them. As this is dated in the 3rd year of Rajaraja III., it may be
presumed that the Chola country became disturbed already towards the end of the
reign of Kulottunga III. Two such compacts belonging to about the same period
are registered at Sengama in the South Arcot District.
By Ulagudaiya-Nayanar Sripadam ( I â 13 f. and 17 f.)
Rajaraja III. is probably meant.
Hail! Prosperity! In the 3rd year
(of the reign) of the emperor of the three world, the [glorious Ra]jarajadeva,
we two,â (viz.) Kallikkudaiyan
Va . . . . . . . . . Periyan alias Kulottunga-So[ra-Mara]yan of
Kallikkudi in Purakkiliyur-nadu, (a subdivision) of
Pan[dyakula[sani-valanadu and [Kiliman]galamudaiyan Karunakaran . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . alias Kulottunga-Sora . . . . . . . . nma-marayan of
Kilimangalam in [Ki]rar-kurram, (a subdivision) of
Nittavinoda-valanadu,â engraved the following (agreement) on stone in the
temple of the lord Rajaraja-I[svaramu]daiyar :â [We] of both parties and
Sirumangala[mandai]yn Vanni-Kolari alias Kulottun[ga-So]ra-Perayan of
Sirumangalam in Ven[ni-ku]rram, (a subdivision) of Suttamali-valanadu â
these three of us will not disobey His Majesty Ulagudaiya-Na[yanar]
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
(LI. 19 â 23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . our enemies
. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . one who becomes an enemy of (any) one of us
shall be the enemy of (all) three of us; and one who becomes a friend of
(any) one (of us) shall be the friend of (all) three (of
[The rest of the inscription is to fragmentary to be
No. 97. In the second
gopura of the temple, right of entrance.
The subjoined inscription records that the goldsmiths of
Tanjore were exempted from taxes by the Nayaka chief Achyutappa-Nayaka, son of
Sevvappa-Nayaka of Tanjore. It is dated in Saka-Samvat 1499 expired, the cyclic
year Bahudhanya, corresponding apparently to A.D. 1578-79. Achyutappa-Nayaka
was a feudatory of the Vijayanagara king Venkata I. The influence of the
Tanjore Nayakas extended at one time as far as Tiruvannamalai in the South
Let there be prosperity! Hail! Prosperity!
On the auspicious occasion of the prathamadvadasi,
a Monday (corresponding to) the 1th solar day of the month of Ani in
the year Bahudhanya, which was current after (the expiry of) the Saka year 1499
â (the following is) the charter (conveying) a lawful edict given
by Achyutappa-Nayakkar Ayyan, (son of) Sevvappa-Nayakkar Ayyan to the
goldsmiths of Tanjavur. At the request of KandanoluNarayaKurunadan (and)
SingappalliNagabatta Seshastiri (i.e. perhaps Seshadri), your taxes (irai)
have been caused to be remitted, and (this) shall continue as long as
the moon and the sun (endure) as a remission of all taxes (sarvamanya).
One who obstructs this charity shall incur the sin of having killed tawny cows
on the bank of the Ganges. One who obstructs this charity shall incur the sin
of having pulled out a thousand lingas.