Pandya chiefs of Nurumbada | The
Guttas of Guttavolal | The
Kadambas of Hangal | The
Khacharas of Basavur | Geographical
Pandya chiefs of Nurumbada
facts relating to a few local chiefs who called themselves Pandyas and
who were subordinates of the Kalachuryas and Hoysalas may be put down
introduced in a Kalachurya record of A.D. 1168 (No. 180) as
administering the sub-division of Nurumbada situated in the
province of Banavasi.
Another prince of this family Garunda-Pandya who is stated
in two records (Nos.188 and 366) to be wielding authority over the same
sub-division (Nurumbada) from Rattapalli.
In one of them he appears as a subordinate of the Kalachurya king
Both the records in which the figures have no date but since the
date of his predecessor Vijaya-Pandya is A.D. 1168 and since one of the
records of Garuda-Pandya belongs to the reign of Sovideva, the period of
Garuda-Pandya would be between A.D. 1168 and 1177 the latest known date
is chronological order comes Bhujabala-Pandya for whom we have
From one of them (No. 193) dated in the cyclic year Plavanga
cited as the 16th year of the reign of the Hoysala king
Vira-Ballala II (A.D 1187-88), we learn that he was administering the
division of Nurumbada. The
second one (No. 368) tells us that he made a gift in the cyclic year
Visvavasu which may be taken to correspond to A.D. 1185-86.
This record gives us to understand that a gift was bestowed upon
the family of a hero named Dasiga who died
while pursuing the army of a certain Vikaya-Pandya which crossed
the river (Thungabhadra?) and raided the territory, apparently of
Obviously this Vijaya-Pandya cannot be the same as the one
referred to above and who was a predecessor of Bhujabala-Pandya.
But we know of a Vijaya-Pandya of Nolambavadi for whom we have
dates ranging from A.D. 1178 to 1184.
There are reasons to believe that he might have been the opponent
Bhujabala-Pandy, as already stated, was a subordinate of
theHoysala king Vira-Ballala II.
And in an inscription of A.D. 1186 (No. 163), Vikramaditya II of
the Gutta family is reported to have routed the armies of Hoysanesa and
Pandya who were apparently allies.
Since the inscription of Bhujabala-Pandya, it is very likely that
the conflict between Bhujabala-Pandya, (who was on the side of the
Hoysala rulers) and Vijaya-Pandya, is not different from the encounter
which the Gutta Vikramaditya had with Hoysanesa and Pandya.
Evidently Vikaya-Pandya sided with Vikramaditya.
This surmise receives support from the fact that Vikramadityaâs
wife, Sovaladevi, belonged to the family of Vijaya-Pandya (No. 163).
certain Vira-Pandya figures in an inscription of the same Gutta
chief Vikramaditya II
(No. 296) which tells us that he (Vira-Pandya) had made a gift
during the time of Hiriya Vikramaditya (i.e., Vikramaditya I).
This would show that Vira-Pandya flourished some time before A.D.
1188, the date of the record mentioned above; and as he had made a gift
to Vikramaditya I for whom the only known date is A.D. 1162-63, they
would be contemporaries.
We know that Vijay-Pandya with a date in A.D. 1148.
Though it is highly probable that the two Vira-Pandya are
identical, it is not possible, with the evidence at our disposal, to be
certain about this identity.
more Pandya chiefs appearing in this volume may be noticed in passing.
They are Jagadeva-Pandya and Vijaya-Pandya, son of Odeyarasa.
The pattabandha festivals of these two are referred to in
a record of A..D. 1188 (No. 295).
From the context it would appear that Jagadeva-Pandya was earlier
in point of time than Vijaya-Pandya.