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Thursday, November 16, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

RULERS OF KONGU 

vikramacholadeva

No. 116 (Page No 72)

(A. R. No. 112 of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north wall of the Venkatesa-perumal temple.

Vikramacholadeva : Year 2=1256 A.D.

This fragmentary record mentions Eripadainallur in Pandi-mandalam.

No. 139 (Page No 85)

(A. R. No 131 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the south wall of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Vikramacholadeva: Year 22+1=1277-78 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of 10 achchu for food offerings to the god kariyapiran at Sri Kumarangabhima chchaturvedimangalm, a brahmadeya, in Karaivali-nadu, by Devan, Silamban alias Tribhuvanagangadeva a feudatory (Samanta) of the king.

No. 142 (Page No 89)

(A. R. No. 134 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore Distrit

On the north wall of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Vikrama-choladeva:Year 27=e. 1281 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of paddy for food offerings to the kariyapiran of Kumarangaviyamach-charuppedimangalam in Karivali-nadu by Virandaliyan alias Udaiyadichchadevan who is also stated to have purchased from Alagapperuman of Solamadevi of Karavali-nadu some land described as Kariyapiran kudininigat-tiruvidaiyattam.

No. 153 (Page No 99)

(A. R. No. 145 of 1909.)

Sangramallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

North wall of the same sheine.

Tribh Konerinmaikondan (Vikramachola): No date: e. 13th century

This inscription is much damaged and its lower part is not available. It appears to records a gift made by the king of land in Kallapuram alias Vikra[ma*]-cholanallur in Karaivali-nadu, to a certain Kandan Kavan alias Sivapattan (Sivabhaktan).

No. 154 (Page No 99)

(A. R. No. 146 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vikrama-choladeva : Year 3=1257-58 A. D.

This is built in at the beginning and seems to be incomplete. It appears to record a gift of land made by a certain Alvi alias Vikkiramachola-bhuvanachchak[kiravartti] in favour of the trumadaivilagam of the temple of Viracholisuramudaiyar in Kolumam in Karavali-nadu. Also mentions the village of Odatturai.

No. 155 (Page No 100)

(A. R. No. 147 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

In the same place as above.

Tribh Vikramacholadeva : Year 22 + 1st  = 1277-78 A.D.

This inscription records a gift of land made by a certain Iyalvallan Pandiyan alias Vikkiramachola Irungolan, a mudali of the king. The lands gifted are stated to be situated in Kiranur in Pongalurkka-nadu. The gift was made to the god of the temple of Viracholisvaramudaiyar in Kolumam, and it was to the merit of the donor and for celebrating the Karttigai festival for food offerings to the god and for the taking out in Procession of the deity.

No. 225 (Page No 147)

(A. R. No. 213 of 1909.)

Kannadiputtur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vikrama-[cho] ladeva: Date lost. E. 13th century.

This inscription is damaged and the date portion is lost. It seems to record a gift of 7 achchu of [Sri]yakki-palanjalagai with which to feed some people (details lost), by a certain person. It also mentions a Sivabrahmanawho had the right of worship in the temple of the god Tiruv-Anantisvaram-udaiyar.

No. 231 (Page No 150)

(A. R. No. 219 of 1909.)

Kannadiputtur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Door-post of the entrance into the Tirumandikesvara temple in the village

Vikramacholadeva: Year 20=1274-75 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of 3 achchu of money for hot food-offerings to the god Tiru-Anantisuramudaiyar in Kannadipputtur in Karaivali-nadu, by a certain Muttaval Kaikkila Kalkovan-Viran. The money is stated to have been entrusted to Karikalasola-bhattan, a Sivabrahmana having right in the temple. It is stated that the investment of the money would yield two kalam of paddy at every crop-season.

No. 236 (Page No 153)

(A. R. No. 224 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vikramacholadeva: Year 8=1262-63 A. D. (?)

This inscription records the gift of the eastern portion of the patti (enclosure?) of the temple by Periyadevan, an ascetic of the Melaimatham (waetern matha), of Solamadevinallur.

No. 247 (Page No 159)

(A. R. No. 235 of 1909.)

Salamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Tribh Vikrama-choadeva : Year 20+1st +1st[1] =1276-77 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete. It states that a certain Vellatti named Urankovi alias Kalabhamanachchay donated 5 Palanjalagai achchu to provide for the services on Sivarattiri days to the god Kulaisekhara-Isvaramudaiyar of Solamadevinallur. This money was utilised for doing repairs to the mandapa, in the temple. In lieu thereof the king made a gift of paddy at rate of 6 kalam per year. 

No. 249 (Page No 160)

(A. R. No. 237 of 1909.)

Salamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

A pillar within the same temple.

Vikrama-choladeva: Year 22=1276-77 A. D. (?)

This inscription records that the pillar, on which the epigraph is inscribed, was the gift of a certain Modan Tirunattapperumal, a Saliya of the village of Solamadevi.

No. 250  (Page No 160)

(A. R. No. 238 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Another pillar in the same place.

Tribh Vikrama-choladeva: Year 21=1275-76 A. D.

This inscription records that the pillar was the gift by a Vellatti (name not clear) of Solamadevinallur, to the temple of Alu[daiya]-nayanar.

No. 251 (Page No 161)

(A. R. No. 239 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Third pillar in the same place.

Vikrama-choladeva: Year 20=1274-75 A. D.

This inscription records that this pillar was the gift of a certain Sivirikuttan, a Kaikkolar  of Solamadevinallur.

No. 254 (Page No 162)

(A. R. No. 242 of 1909.)

Solamadevi. Idimalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Door-post of the entrance into the Tambirattiyamman temple in the village.

Parakesarivarman alias Vikrama-choladeva : Year 22+1+1st =1278-79 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of two Sriyakki-Palanjalakai-achchu, for conducting the Sivarattiri festival to the god Irajaraja-Isvaramudaiyar of Kadappadi alias Virasolapuram, by a certain Kurunjeriyandar, alias Siruttondan, an ascetic (tapasvin) of the same place. The money was entrusted to the Sivabrahmana Devan Sivadavanapperumal alias Narpattennayirabhattan who had the right (of worship) in the temple and who had agreed to see the festival conducted perpetually in the temple.

No. 255 (Page No 163)

(A. R. No. 243 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Stone built into the wall of the same temple.

Vikramacholadeva: Year 3=1257-58 A. D.

The beginning of this inscription is built in. It records a gift of two Iyakki-Palanjalagai for burning a sandhya lamp in the temple of the god . . . . . . .tavanamudaiyar of Kannadipudur in Karaivali-nadu, by a certain [ . . . . ] alias Konganadu-kilavan of the same place. The money is stated to have been entrusted to the Sivabrahmana Karikalasola-bhattan who had right (of worship) in the temple.

Raja Virapandyadeva

No. 148 (Page No 94)

(A. R. No. 140 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimvatore District

West wall of the same shrine.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Virapandyadeva; Year 15=1280 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete. It records some grant to the servants of the temple of Viracholisvaram-udaiyar in Kolumam, by the citizens (Nagarattar) of Eripadanallur in Tuvarapati-nadu of Orrimmal in Uraiyurkkurram in Irasagambhira-valanadu in Chola-mandalam.

No. 195 (Page No 127)

(A. R. No. 183 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District

North wall of the same shrine.

Vira-pandyadeva : Year 7=1272 A. D.

This inscription is very much damaged and is incomplete. It appears to records a gift of land as  Kudiniga-devadana and a gift of paddy to provide for food offerings and to do some services probably to the deity Avinasiyaludaiya-nayanar. Mention is made of the premises of the temple of this deity and of a street called Vikkiramacholan-tiruvidi. 

No. 196  (Page No 127)
(A. R. No. 184 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimvatore District

South wall of the mandapa in front of the same shrine.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Vira-pandyadeva : Year 8+1st, Masi=1274 A. D.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Vira-pandyadeva : Year 8+1st, Masi=1274 A. D.

This inscription records a settlement concluded by the members of the Vellala community and the members of the Puluva community belonging to Vadaparisanakanadut, with the members of the two communites belonging to Sevur alias Sembiyan-kilanadillur in the same Vadaparisanaka-nadu[2], a devadana  of the god Avinasiyaludaiyar but with the proprietory right over it resting with these people. The settlement related to the removal of two Vellala  and two Puluva families from this village, without, however, stating the reason of this action. Several signatories, each hailing from a different village, figure in this record.

No. 197  (Page No 129)

(A. R. No. 185 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vira-pandyadeva : Year 8, Panguni=1273 A. D.

This inscription records an order of the deity Adi-Chandesure. It pertains to the matter of colonising from the 8th year in the reign of the king of the village of Sevur alias Sembiyan-kilanadinallur in Vadaparisara-nadu, a devadana of the deity Avinasiyaludaiyar, but owned by the ur  and the uralis  of the village. It also records that in the next year (i.e., the 9th year in the reign of the king) the village people themselves would enjoy the lands; but from the year after that (i. e., from the 10th year), the villagers should pay paddy and several other taxes (specified), besides 10 achchu of money annually.

No. 199 (Page No 130)

(A. R. No. 187 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vira-pandyadeva : Year 14=June 19, (Monday), 1279 A. D.

This inscription is slightly damaged and is incomplete at the end. It records a gift of 12 kalam of paddy from the14th day of the month of Ani in the year quoted above, to provide for food offerings to the deity Sundaranayanar at Tenpalli, by the ur and the uralis of the village of Papparapundi alias Virarajendranallur a devadana of the deity Avinasiyaludaiyar. It is stated that these people would deliver the paddy to the sri-bhandara of the temple of Avinasiyaludaiya-nayanar, annually.

No. 214 (Page No 141)

(A. R. No. 202 of 1909)

Nambiyur, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Coimbatore District

South wall of the Tantonrisvara temple.

Vira-Pandyadeva : Year 11=1276 A.D.

This incomplete inscription records a gift of a sandhya lamp to the god Tantonrisvaramudaiyar by a certain person (name lost), a Vellalan Menmani of Nambiperur in [......].nadu.

No. 216 (Page No 142)

(A. R. No. 204 of 1909)

Nambiyur, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Coimbatore District

In the same place as above

Vira-Pandyadeva : Year 11=1276 A.D.

This incomplete inscription records a gift of two sandhya lamps and probably money to provide oil for them, to the god Tantonrisvaramudaiyar by a certain Mukkan Andan, a Vellala of Nambiperur in Vedaparisara-nadu.  A Sivabrahmana and another (name lost) who had rights (of worship) in the temple seem to have accepted the gift.

No. 217 (Page No 142)

(A. R. No. 205 of 1909)

Nambiyur, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Coimbatore Distirct

East wall of the same temple, left of entrance.

Vira-Pandyadeva: Year 11, Aippasi=1276 A.D.

This inscription is damaged and incomplete.  It records a gift of a sandhya lamp to the god Tantonrisvaramudiayar by a certain Devan Irajarajan a Vellan Sola of Nambiperur in Vedaparisara-nadu.  The Sivabrahmanas figuring in No. 216 above, figure here also.

No. 218 (Page No 143)

(A. R. No. 206 of 1909.)

Nambiyur, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Coimbatore District

North wall of the same temple.

Vira-Pandyadeva : Year 14=1279 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of a sandhya lamp and a sum of 10 panam to provide oil for it, to the deity Tantonrisvaramudaiyar of Nambiperur by the wife of the Brahmana Puman Soman of Kasuva (Kasyapa)-gotra belonging to Pattali in Kangaiya-nadu. The temple-right-owning Brahmanas Andan Sella-bhattan alias Tiruchchirrambala-nambi of Bharadvaja-gotra and Alvan Vanjagarkayan alias Vanjanayaka-bhattan received the gift and agreed to do the service.

No. 219 (Page No 143)

(A. R. No. 207 of 1909.)

Nambiyur, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

 . . . .  . . [Pa]ndyadeva : Year 11=1276 A. D. (Virapandya)

This inscription is damaged in some places. It records a gift of a sandhya lamp and a sum of 10 panam for (providing oil for) it, to the same deity by a certain Singakaramindan Devan ) second name lost), a Vellalan Kalanjaya of Nambiperur in Vadaparisara-nadu. The gift was received by the same Sivabrahmanas who figure in No. 218 above, etc.

Vikramachola

No. 232 (Page No 151)

(A. R. No. 220 of 1909.)

Kannadiputtur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

West wall of the Kaliyaga-Varadaraja-Perumal temple in the village.

Tribh Konerinmaikondan : Vikramacholadeva (?) Year 3, 257th day=1276 A. D.

This inscription records an order of the king confirming as iraiyili, a piece of land which was situated at Solamadevinallur in Karaivali-nadu and was originally granted as iraiyiliby Sundarapandya to the temple of the god Sokkanarayanapperumal at Kannadipputtur alias Virapandyachchuturvedimangalam in Karaivali-nadu. The order is addressed to the Nambiyar and the Sri-Vaittinavar of the temple. 

No. 234 (Page No 152 )

(A. R. No. 222 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

South wall of the Kulasekharasvamin temple.

Vikramacholadeva : Year 27=1299-1300 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of land by a certain Kali Araiyan Irunedik. Kilavan, a manradi of Solanmadevinallur in Karaivali-nadu, for offerings to the god Kulaisekhara-Isvaramudaiyar of the same village, at the service of tiruttanakkutti. Mention is made of a piece of land among those forming the boundaries of the gift-land stated to be the sridhana land of the donor’s elder sister (tamakkai). 

No. 248 (Page No 159)

(A. R. No. 236 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

East wall of the same temple, right of entrance.

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Vikrama-choladeva : Year 12-1284-85 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of a garden as madappuram made by the residents of Solamadevinallur in Karaivali-nadu, to the Kilaimatham (the monastery on the eastern side) for burning lamps in the matham. 

No. 252 (Page No 161)

(A. R. No. 240 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Dorr-post of the eastern entrance into the same temple.

Tribh Vikrama-choladeva : Year 20=1292-93 A. D

This inscription records the gift of two door-posts and a couple of steps to the mandapa (of the temple) by a certain women (Vellatti) named Adiyasolan Araisan alias Manikaiyarayan, a Tulaiyar, of Solamadevinallur, for her own merit. 

No. 253 (Page No 161)

(A. R. No. 241 of 1909.)

Solamadevi, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore Districy

Door-post of the southern entrance into the same temple.

Tribh Vikrama-choladeva: Year 20=1292-93 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of two door-posts and two steps to the mandapa (of the temple) caused to be made and erected, by two women of Solamadevinallur, one named Paraiyan Aludainachchi, a Pusakar and her younger mother.

Sundarapandya

 

No. 172 (Page No 113)

(A. R. No. 161 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Second slab in the same place.

Sundara-pandyadeva (Ruler of Kongu?) year 37=e. 1302 A. D.

(contemporary of Vira-pandya and Vikrama-chola)

This is also a fragmentary record. It appears to record a gift of paddy and mentions Karaivali-nadu.

No. 192 (Page No 124)

(A. R. No.180 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District

South wall of the Brihatkarunambika shrine in the same temple.

[Sundara-pandyadeva] : Year 32, [3] Chittiarl=1297-98 A. D.

This inscription is damaged. It records an endowment of 45 panam, of which 35 panam was for providing food offerings and 10 panam was for the procession of the image of the deity (name lost), probably of the temple of Avinasi Aludaiyar. The name of the donor is lost but it seems that he hailed from Madakkulakkil-Madurai (i. e., Madurai) in [Pandi]-mandalam.

No. 193 (Page No 125)

(A. R. No. 181 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District

West wall of the same shrine.

Sundara-pandyadeva : Year 3[1], Panguni=1296 A. D.

This inscription is also damaged. It records a gift of money made by Perumal Alagiyanayan alias Alagiya Pandiyadevar, a merchant of Aranaiyua alias Sivallapuram in Karaivali-nadu in [ . . . . . . . .] mandalam, to provide for food offerings to the deity Sundaranayanar to whom a temple was caused to be constructed on the bank of the tank at Pikkoliyur, by the same merchant. It is stated that the gift was found necessary because the sabhaiyar and the urar of kanjappalli alias Kulottungacholach-chaturvedimangalam in Vi . . . . . . . chola-valanadu, were not able to pay something the details of which are lost. It is further stated that the above-mentioned sabhaiyar and urar had undertaken to carry out the object of the endowment.

 

Rajaraja Karikalacholadeva

No. 112 (Page No 70)

(A. R. No. 109 of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north wall of the Venkatesa-perumal temple.

Rajaraja-Karikalacholadeva : Year 12 (Ruler of Kongu) 

This fragmentary inscription mentions Kulumam in Karaivali-nadu. 

No. 113 (Page No 70)

(A. R. No. 110 of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north wall of the Venkatesa-perumal temple.

Rajaraja-Krikalacholadeva : (Ruler of Kongu) 

This fragmentary inscription of which the date portion is lost, records the gift of 15 kalanju of gold by a person (name lost) for a perpetual lamp evidently for a temple (name lost) and the undertaking given by three Sivabrahmanas named Chamundan Chndrasekhara of Kasyapa-gotra, Dakshinamurtti-bhattan and a third whose name is lost, who received the gold, for burning the lamp.

Parakesarivarman Tribh

No. 131 (Page No 80)

(A. R. No.124-A of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

This badly damaged inscription describes the king (name lost) as parakesarivarman Tribhu  . . . . . . and seems to record a gift for offerings. The other details are lost. 

No. 132 (Page No 80)

(A. R. No. 124-B of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

This very much damaged inscription describes the king (name lost) as named after the king, for the temple of Emberuman Kariyapiran at [Kumaranga] bhimach-chaturvedimangalam.

Rajakesarivarman Tribh

No. 111 (Page No 69)

(A. R. No. 108 of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north wall of the Venkatesa-perumal temple.

Rajakesarivarman: Year 37 

This fragmentary inscription in characters of about the 12th century, seems to have recorded a grant of gold and lands to god Aludaiyar….at Kolumam inKaraivali-nadu by the Sabha of a chaturvedimangalam (name lost), and mentions Adhiradaraja-vaykkal.

S.I.I., Vol. XXVI-18

Tribh Konerimaikondan

No. 174 (Page No 114)

(A. R. No. 163 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

South wall of the Agnisvara shrine in the same temple.

Tribh Konerinmaikondan : Year 29, 98th day.

This inscription records a gift of land as iraiyili, made by the king, in Tiruvalanadurai alias Vikramacholach-chaturvvedimangalam to those who recited the Mahabharata in the village. A certain villavadaraivan figures as signatory.


[1] The second 1st year has not been given in the A. R. S.I. E., 1909.

[2] Read Vadaparisaraka-nadu.

[3] The year has been read as 22 in A. R. S. I. E., 1909.

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