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Friday, November 10, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

vijayanagara

Vira Savana-udaiyar

No. 180

(A. R. No. 169 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Rock at Kovilturai in the same village.

Mahamandalesvara Vira-Savana-Udaiyar : Siddharthi, Dhanus-ba. 5 : Tuesday, Magha=1379 A. D. November 29,

f.d.n. 10. The cyclic year falls in Saka 1301.

This inscription is damaged in some places.

It records a settlement arrived at amongst themselves, relating to the enjoyment permanently of certain lands already in the possession of the Mahajanas belonging to Agaramputtur alias Srimadhavach-chaturvvedimangalam which was separated from Tenmur Ottaikkumindan in Karaivali-nadu.

Harihara II

No. 363

(A. R. No. 342 of 1909)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District

East wall of the same mandapa.

Bukkaraya, son of Harihararaya II Kali 4488 [Prab]hava Arpasi 25,

(Thursday)=1387 A.D. October 24. 

It records a grant of 500 kuli of land in Kuvam alias Tiyagasamudranallu and Tribuvanadevivilagam, both situated in the Kanchipura-marachchiyar (Kanchipura-maharajyam) by Obaladevamaharasan described as Pillaiyar.  The 500 kuli comprised of lands given away by ten different persons at the rate of 50 kuli each. 

No. 375

(A. R. No. 354 of 1909)

Olakkur, Tindivanam Taluk, South Arcot District in the same place.

Ariyanan-Udaiyar ( Harihara  II) : Vibhava, Panguni, 10 th = 1388-89 A.D.

This inscription records the following order made by the uravar and the tanattar of Ulakkaiyur alias Rajamahendra-naluur to the  Kaikkolar  of the street around the temple of the god Tiruvagattisvara-mudaiya nayinar. It states that the Kaikkolar who had previously deserted the street might reoccupy the street again and continue their profession of weaving. While levying tax on them, a lease amount of 4 panam towards tarikkadamai, vasalpanam, sodi, sula-vari, val-vari, talai-arikkam, natta-vari, pala-vari, pudu-vari, pala-kanikkai  and other taxes and one panam towards tax on cotton threads, (both) totaling to 5 panam,  on every loom should alone be received for each year from the year Sukkira.

 

Bukka II

 

No. 59

(A. R. No. of 1909)

Tirukkalukkunram, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the north wall of the kitchen in the Bhaktavatsalesvara temple, left of entrance.

Virapratapa-Bokkaraya : Saka. 1328,=1406 A.D. 

The details of date given, viz.S. 1328, Vijaya, Tula su. 15, Wednesday, Asvati correspond to 1406 A.D.  October 27.  The nakshatra ended on the previous day at 40. 

It records the royal gift of the village Jananathanallur alias Sirudaiyar situated in Ayiravelipparru in Amur-kottam as kudininga-devadana and as tax-free sarvamanya, far Bokkarayan-sandhi (after the king), in and for the repairs to the temple of Tirukkalukkunramudaiya-nayinar of Tirukalukkunram a teniyur in Kalattir-kkottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam. 

N0. 60

(A .R. No. 58 of 1909)

Tirukkalukkunram, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the north wall of the Kitchen in the Bhaktavatsalesvara temple, left of entrance.

Pratapa-Bokkarya : Saka 1328=1406 A.D. 

This inscription is written below No. 59 above.  The details of date given here are the same as found in No. 59 above and their equivalent is, therefore, 1406 A.D., October 27. The nakshatra ended on the previous  day at 40. 

It seems to be in the nature of confirmation of the grant of the village Jananathapuram alias Sirudaiyur in Ayiravellipparu  to the temple of Tirumalaiyaludaiya to the temple of Tirumalaiyaludaiya nayinar by the king as recorded in No. 59 above by the people (nattar) of Ayiravellipparru in Amur-kottam in Jayangonda sola-mandalam.

Vira Rayana-udaiyar

No. 727 (Page No. 521)

(A. R. No. 676 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District Same wall.

Vira-Rayana-udaiyar, son of Bhupati-udaiyar: S. 1334, Nandana,

 Mithuna (Ani) ba. 9, Friday, Revati=1412 A.D., June 3. 

This inscription is damaged in some places. 

It records a gift of land, made by the king, in Tirunedungalam a certain stone-mason named Tambikkunallur, son of Sonnavannanseyyar, who had attended to the construction and repairs to the temple of the god of the place several times.  It also records a gift of house to the same mason.

Harihara III

 

No. 140

(A. R. No. 132 of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the south wall of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Harihararaya-udaiyar: Saka 1332=1411 A. D.

The inscription gives the details of date viz., Khara, Adi 10, which may correspond 1411 A. D., July 8 (Monday). The Saka year was 1333.

It records a royal danapatra (deed) to the Srivaishnavas and Porulala-dasa, the Sthanikan of the temple of Emberuman kariyapiran at Agaram Kumarangabhiman alias Paridarasahodarach-chaturvedi mangalam, communicated to them by the king’s agent Tiruvaliyalvan of Bhargava-gotra belonging to Perumarudur. The deed related to the grant of 20 ma  of land on the outskirts of Tiruvalandurai and some amount of pon in lieu of the irai and siddhayam in respect of this land as tiruvidaiyattam  to the god Kariyapiran. It is stated that of this land one-third portion was to be deducted as it was assigned to the god Kumarangabhimisvaram-udaiyar at Melaik-Kannadipputtar.

Vijaya-Bhupatiraya

No. 65

(A. R. No. 63 of 1909)

Tirukkalukkunram, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the north wall of the kitchen in the Bhaktavatsalesvara temple, right of entrance.

Viravijaya-Bhupatiraya 1406 A.D. 

This record gives the details of date viz., Vijaya, Aippasi 26, which correspond to 1406 A.D., October 25 (Monday). 

It records the royal gift of taxes like pottainulayam, sekku-ayam, eruttuckchammadam, attaichammadam, poychchammadam, etc., due to the Chettis, etc., of Tirukkalukkunram and Devamanadalam for the festival of procession held in the month of Tai in the temple of Tirukkalukkunramudaiyanayanar.  The executor of the gift was Nagisvaramudaiyan Villavarayan, the agent of the king. 

No. 66

(A. R. No. 64 of 1909)

Tirukkalukkunram, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the north wall of the kitchen in Bhaktavatsalesvara temple, right of entrance.

Bhupatiraya : 1330=1408 A.D.

This inscription records the gift of 32 cows and a bull for perpetual lamp to the temple of Tirukkalukkunramudaiya-nayinar by Tirukkalukkunramudaiyan of Nerkulam. 

No. 67

(A. R. No. 64 A of 1909)

Tirukkalukkunram, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the north wall of the kitchen in the Bhaktavatsalesvara temple, right of entrance.

Vijaya-Bhupatiraya Saka 1331=1409 A.D. 

This inscription is engraved in continuation of No. 66 above. 

It records the gift of 32 cows and a bull for a perpetual lamp to the temple of Tirukkalukkunramudaiya-nayinar by Alagiya-Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyar of Nerkulam.

No. 263

(A. R. No. 248 of 1909.)

Tiruppattur, Tiruppattur Taluk, North Arcot District

North wall of the central shrine in the Brahmesvara temple

Vira-Vijayabhupatiraya, son of Vira-Devaraya (I) : S. 1331, Virodhi, Vrischika (Aippasi)-su. 10., Uttirattadi=1409 A. D., October 18 (Friday). The nakshatra Uttirattadi comes on the next day.

This inscription is built in the middle. It records a gift, made by the king, of one half of the revenue except the trruvidaiyattam, from the four villages namely Pachchal, Panaikkarai, Kurumbarai and Virundandanputtur to the god Brahmisvaramudaiyar of Tirupperrur alias Sri-Madhava-chchaturvedimangalam in Eyiyil-nadu in Nikarilichola-mandalam.

Devaraya I

No. 266

(A. R. No. 251 of 1909.)

Tiruppattur, Tiruppattur Taluk, North Arcot District

North wall of the central shrine in the Varadaraja-perumal temple.

Virapratana-Devaraya-maharaya I: S. 131[8] for 1338, Durmukhi,

Pushya-ba. 13, Friday=1417 A. D., January 15.

This inscription records an order of the king exempting the manradis of a number of nadus like Tagada-nadu, Eyyil-nadu, and Puramalai-nadu and several parrus  like Kalingarai-parru, Varurp-parru, Mukkanurp-parru, Arppurp-parru, Paiyurp-parru, Kudivurp-parru, and Tensirmangalap-parru in Mulvayraiya from the payment of the tax called purakuli, for grazing their sheep, goats and cattle in the forests of the above-mentioned places, because, the manrads had been paying a certain tax called talaivirai  to the king. 

No. 418

(A. R. No. 397 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Aroct District

North wall of the same verandah.

Vira-Devaraya-Udaiyar: Saka 1329, Sarvajit, Mesha (Chittirai,) su-3,

 Wednesday, Rohini=1407 A. D., April 11, But the week-day was Monday. 

This inscription states that Sirringur was situated on the southern bank of the Pennai rivar and was a brahadeyam in Kurukkaik-kurram in Maladu in Irasarasa-valanadu. It records that the sabhai of Vinodanallur in the same nadu had bought some land from the Tirunamattukkani land of the temple of Tiruppulippagave-nayanar of Sirringur for digging an irrigation channel and while digging, a land to the extent of one and half a ma was found in excess. In lieu of this, the above mentioned sabhai gave away some fields from the nanjai land of their village to the tanattar of the temple. This gift is termed as tiruppani-parru (i.e. the land given for temple repairs).

Virupanna-udaiyar

No. 330

(A. R. No. 312 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Viruppana-udaiyar, son of Ariyana-udaiyar : Dundubhi, Singa (Avani),

su. 5, Svati, Wednesday=1442 A.D., August 11.

The week day was Saturday. 

This inscription records the gift of food and all other upadhis due to them from the temple, made by the manradis and the samaiyak-kanakkan of Irandayiravelipparru, as sarvamanya-iraiyili to two families, one headed by Alagan alias Narpattennayirakkon and the other headed by his younger brother Kannalan employed as tirununda-vilakku kudi in the temple of the deity Tiruvalaikkoyiludaiya-nayanar at Tirukkachchur in Sengunra-nadu in Kalatturkottam in Jayangondasola-manadalam.  These two families were enjoyed to look after the services of tirununda-vilakku in the temple, hereditarily.  The signatory was Vanduvarapati, who was the Samayakkanakkan. 

No. 331

(A. R. No. 313 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Vira Virupana-udaiyar: Raktakshi, Mina (Panguni) su. 6, Friday,

Anusham=1445 A.D. February 26, f.d.t. 66, f.d.n. 77. 

This inscription records a gift of the food and the upadhis due to them from the temple, as the gift of the nadu made by the manradis by Kamban, son of Kobatarayan and the other headed by Periyamudai, one headed by Kamban, son of Kobatarayan and the other headed by Periyamudali, son of Alappirandan-kon, who were employed to attend to the services connected with the nanda lamps and that connected with the taking out in procession the image of the deity of the temple in the same Tirukkachur mentioned in No. 330 above.  These families should sender these services hereditarily.  The same Vanduvarapati, the Samaiyakkanakkan who figures in No. 330 above, also figures here, as the signatory.

No. 716 (Page No. 508)

(A. R. No. 665 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District Same wall.

Viruppana-udaiyar, son of Ariyana-udaiyar : S. 1306, Raktakshi, Simha

(Avani) su. 2, Friday, hastam=1384 A. D., August 19, f.d.n. 09. 

This inscription is damaged in several places. 

It records a priti-dana parivarttanai (i. e., exchange) of lands given by a number of persons (names given) of Kiliyur-nadu in [. . . .] puram in Pandikulasani-valanadu in favour of a certain Saykkudaiyan Nachchinarkkiniyar-nayakar alias Nayanar . . . . Aludaitteva-nayanar belonging to the adimattiram of Senkamalapporpada-nayanar of the lineage of Meykandadeva-nayanar. It is stated that lands given in exchange were of the extent of 6-1/2 plus2ma (totaling to 132ma) and were located in various places such as Kallikudi, Adainjiyur, etc, and that the exchanged area was called Tadanapuram in the same nadu and it was given to the above-mentioned person to provide for the repairs, worship and festivals in the shrine of the god Nayanar (name lost) set up in the enclosure (tiruchchurri) of the temple of the god Tirunedungunram-udaiya-nayanar in Vadakavi-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu. It is stated that the gift was a tirunamattukkani. 

The names of the persons who gave this pritidana and who had affixed their signatures at the end are as follows: Sakkudaiyan Ponnambalachchokkar Nayan Pandiyadaraiyar, Sendappillai Kurukularayar, Nachchinarkkiniyar Suriyadevar, Punar Sendar, Tirunelveli-udaiyar Kurukularayar Tavapperumal, and Nayakar Tirumanikkamalai-udaiyar, Alagaiy Pillaiyar Villavarayar Kuttap-Perumal, etc., The accountant of the nadu Iriniyurudaiyan Ilaiyanarayanapperumal and the representative of the adimaittiram of Senkamalapporpadamalagiyar of the lineage of Poykandaganra Meykandadevar-nayinar, Saykkudaiyannayakan Aludaittevan also figure as signatories.

Virupakshadeva-maharaya II

No. 419

(A. R. No. 398 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Aroct District Same wall.

Virupakshadeva-Maharaya, [son of] Virapratapa Devarayamaraya Praudha Devaraya? : Saka

 1407=1485-86 A. D.

Damaged.

Mallikarjunaraya

No. 717 (Page No. 510)

(A. R. No. 666 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

North wall of the same shrine.

Mallikarjunaraya, son of Devaraya-Maharaya : C 15th century.

This inscription is unfinished and stops after mentioning the above-mentioned name of the ruler.

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