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Thursday, November 16, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

vijayanagara

Bujabalaraya-Immadi-Tammayadeva- Maharaya

No. 715 (Page No. 507)

(A. R. No. 664 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

North, west and south walls of the central shrine in the temple of Nedungalanathasvamin.

Virapratapa Bujabalaraya Immadi Tammayadeva-Maharaya.

Son of Sajuva Narasimha : S. 1422 Durmati, Mesha (Chittiral)

Ba, 11, Friday (Avittam). Ittegular=1501 A. D.

This inscription is damaged in some places.

It commences with a Sanskrit verse engraved in Grantha referring to the records as the order of Adichandesvara.

It records the founding of a village named Virama[ra*]sanallur after a certain Somaya Viramarasar who is described as Ayyan and as the “lord of the southern oceans”, and for his merit, probably by Svami Narasanayakkar, by converting Vadapurakkudi in Kiliyur-nadu. It also records that this village was gifted to the temple of the god Tirunedungalam-udaiya-tembiran of Dakshina-Kayilayam alias Nilalar Solaivanam in Vadakavi-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu to provide for the midnight worship, for the worship on the days when Makha asterism fell and for repairs to the temple. It is stated that this village was given to the Talaiyari Timmana[yakkar] of the place as saruvamanya stipulating that he should carry out the object of the gift.

No. 787 (Page No. 575)

(A. R. No. 736 of 1909)

Purattukoyil, Kulittalai Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District In the same place.

Bhujabalaraya : Saka 1414, Paridhavi, Arpasi 12=1492 A. D.,

October 11. (Thursday).

This inscription is damaged and is incomplete. 

It appears to record the endowment of a dancing girl and some other service people to the temple of [ . . . ]nar of Kaduvankudi-nadu and the assignment to them the sutantiram, made tax-free, from the temple and from the nadu.

It is stated that Kodumbainayaka-vlar Simanpillai Manra [ . . .] of Kodumbalur, the accountant of the nadu wrote the record as directed by the tanam (trust-board) and the nadu (the executive of the division).

Narasingaraya

No. 336

(A. R. No. 318 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

South and East walls of the Marundisvara temple.

Narasingaraya : Saka 1406 (mistake for 1411), Saumya,

Ishaba (Vaikasi) su. 15, Thursday =1489 A. D., May 14.

This inscription records the foundation of a new village called Marundukku-nadayapuram, on the hill at Tirukkachchur for the merit of the king and his foremost servant (mudappavadai) Nagamanayakkar. This was arranged by the latter’s agent Choda-Timmanayakkar, and the karanakkar  Silumarasar. It is stated that the house sites in the place were allotted to various categories of families on condition that from the month of Adi in the year quoted above, for six months, they could enjoy the sites as sarvamanya (tax-free) and from the next year onwards each of the Kaikkolar (weaver) and other families should pay ¼ panam as tax. It is stated that people of other religions should not occupy the place. It further states that the palla families are exempted from the payment of the tax called vasal-panam.

 

Immadi Narasingaraya

No. 794 (Page No. 582)

(A. R. No. 743 of 1909)

Purattukoyil, Kulittalai Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District Same wall.

Immadi Narasingaraya : Pingala=1497 A. D.

This inscription is badly damaged. 

 It appears to records a grant of village (name lost) by the uravar of Kilak-Kaduvankudi and Melaik-Kaduvankudi in [Mudu] sorkudi-nadu in Uratturk-kurram in Konadu alias Kadaladaiyadilangaikonsola-valanadu to the temple of Tirumuttisvaram-udaiya-nayanar of Kaduvankudipparru alias Purattur in the same nadu. It is stated that the village was given as tirunamattukkani. Kopalakkudi, Pudukkudi, Peruvettikkudi, and Aykkudi are mentioned in connection with the description of the boundaries of the gift-village.

Saluva-nayakkar (name lost)

No. 337

(A. R. No. 318-A of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

South and East walls of the marundisvara temple.

Dunmati, Margali

This inscription is also fragmentary. It records a certain sarvamanaya (tax-free) gift to a temple (name lost) probably for the merit of Saluva-nayakkar (name not preserved).

Krishnaraya

No. 49

(A. R. No. 47-A of 1909)

Undavalli, Guntur Taluk, Guntur District

In the same place as above. Krishnaraya : No date.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 88 

No. 447

(A. R. No. 426 of 1909)

Siddhalimgamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District Same wall.

Krishnaraya-maharaya: Srimukha, Chittirai 1(2) =1513 A.D. April 7, (Thursday).

This inscription is built in at the bottom. 

It records a gift of 500 kuli and as iraiyili in [Tiruppulippagava] lur for a nanda lamp to the god Tiruppulippagavar, by a certain Mannari Tiruppulipperan, son of Devapperumal while Taranikkamanarasaiyan, was ruling over the Tiruvadi-raiyam.  It is stated that the land was probably left in charge of a certain Kali Kalappalan.                       

No. 600 (Page No. 415)

(A. R. No.569 of 1939)

Durgi, Palnad Taluk, Guntur District

On a slab set up near a platform in the temple.
Krishnaryadeva Maharaya : Saka 1440 (Bahudhanya)

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 67. 

No. 714 (Page No. 506)

(A. R. No. 663 of 1909)

Manachchanallur, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

A slab set up in a grove of trees.

Krishnadeva-maharaya: S. 1433, Srimukha, Tula (Aippasi) su. 12,

Friday, Revati. Irregular=1512 A. D., October 22, f.d.n. 23.

But it was Saka 1434 and the cyclic was Angirasa.

This inscription is written in Tamil and Grantha characters.

 It records a gift of the village Uppur, made by the king, to the temple of Sri-Ranganathan, evidently, of Srirangam, for planting a grove by the Srivayishnaval (Srivaishnavas) and for conducting festivals.

Achyutadeva

No. 572 (Page No. 397)

(A. R. No. 544 of 1909.)

Vemalurpadu, Palnad Taluk, Guntur, District

On a pillar lying near the Siva temple.

Virapratapa-Achyutadeva_maharaya : 1530 A. D.

Published in S. I. I., Vol. XVI, No. 93.

Sadasivadeva

No. 615 (Page No. 419)

(A R. No. 584 of 1909)

Macherla, Palnad Taluk, Guntur District

On a slab set up in the courtyard of the Virabhadresvara temple in the same village.

Virapratapa-Sadasivarayadeva-Maharaya : Saka 1476 (Ananda)

Published in S. I. I., Vol. Xvi, No. 191.

Srirangadeva-maharaya

No. 270

(A. R. No. 255 of 1909.)

Kunnattur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

Slab set up near the Perumal-koyil tank.

Virapratapa Srirangadeva Maharaya : Saka. 1501, Bahudhanya,

 Makara (Tai), Mahodaya=1576 A. D., January 26. The week-day was Monday.

The inscription is damaged at the end. It states that the king was ruling from Vidyanagara, and records grant of the village Kunrattur on the holy occasion of mahodaya, to the god Talasayanapperumal of Tirukkadalmallai (i.e., modern Mamallapuram), for worship, offerings, festival and for rearing gardens, and for all other services, including the Sahasranam-archana.  The gift-village is stated to be situated in Perumbukka-sirmai in Tirukkalukkunrapparru, in Mugandur-nadu in Amurk-kottam in Padaividu-raiya in Gangai-kondasola-mandala.  The gift was made for the merit Venkatapatideva-maharaja, the brother of the king, by the former’s agent Goppa[na] Dalavay-Tirumalai-nayakkar. 

No. 750(Page No. 539)

(A. R. No. 699 of 1909)

Turaiyur, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District Same wall.

Tribh Konerinmaikodan (Rajaraja III): Year 22=1237-38 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of land, by the king as tax-free devadana, in Turaiyur in Ira[ja]ra[ja]-valanadu to the temple of the god Ulaguyyavandacholisvaram-udaiyar built at the place by Sembiyan Viratarayan of Vellur. It is stated that the land belonged to the same donor. A number of officials figure as signatories.

Venkata II

No. 346

(A. R. No. 327 of 1909)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Venkatapatiraya of Anaigondi: Bahudhanya, Tai 3=1578 A.D., December 31 (Wednesday) 

It records a gift of 100 kuli of land in Tiribhuvanamadevi-vilagam in Kuvam, as guru-

Papattu (home to the guru) to Salai Appar of Elumatti by a certain Naranappanayakar.  The gift is stated to be for the merit of the uravar.

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