The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions

Chalukyas

Kalachuris

Yadavas

Hoysalas

Kadambas

Sindas

Vijayanagara Kings

Muslim Rulers

Marathas

The East India Company

Miscellaneous Inscriptions

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

BOMBAY-KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

RAYAMURARI SOVIDEVA

Rayamurari Sovideva | Sankama | Bijjala Ahavamalla 

No.111

(B.K. No. 103 of 1929-30)

MUTTAGI, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab on the proper left side of the Mallikarjuna temple

Rayamurari Sovideva, 1165 A.D.

This is dated the cyclic year Parthiva, Ashadha, ba. 9, Wednesday, Dakshnayana-Sankranti.  The date is irregular.  In Parthiva corresponding to 1165 A.D., the given tithi fell on July 4, Sunday.  But the said Sankranti occurred on June 26.

The epigraph described the king as having secured the kingdom by the prowess of his arms and praises the Three Hundred learned Mahajanas of the agrahara of  Muttage which was included in the province of Taddavadi Thousand.  It records the gift of land and a garden to the god Dakshinamukha-Chennakesava by Chaundisetti, Nachisetti and Madisetti, the sons of Kaihisetti of the Vaetakula, who is said to have erected a temple in honour of the deity at Muttage.  Several other gifts to the god consisting of income from Bannigedere, tax on houses-sites, etc., were made by the local officials and citizens.  The management of the benefactions was entrusted into the hands of the Mahajanas.  The descriptive portion of the record contains a few Sanskrit verses.

No.112

(B.K. No. 80 of 1929-30)

BAGAVADI, BAGAVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a small slab standing near the well at the Saranga-matha

Rayamurari Sovideva, 1169 A.D.

This is dated the 3rd regnal year of the king, Virodhi, Pushya su. 5, Thursday, Uttarayana-sankramana, corresponding to 1169 A.D., December 25.

It records a gift of certain donations and contributions in king to the temple of Mallikarjuna at the agrahara of the Bagevadi by the Five Hundred Kottalis.

No.113

(B.K. No. 81 of 1929-30)

BAGEVADI, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab standing near the Taluk Office

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1170 A.D.

This is dated 3rd regnal year of the king, Virodhi, Phalguna su. 11, Sunday, corresponding to 1170 A.D., February 28.  The week day, however, was Satuday.

It records a gift of land for worship and offerings in and repairs to the temples of Somanatha and Chennakesava, constructed at Bagavadi by Rajadhyksha Revanayya-nayaka, the Senabova of the palace of the chief queen Sovaladevi, by the Five Hundred Mahajanas of the lace.  Bagavadi is described as the crest jewel amongthe agraharas and its Mahajanas are praised for their erudition.  The donor who is referred to as the ‘favourite son’ of the Mahajanas appears to have belonged to Bagavadi.

No.114

(B.K. No. 203 of 1926-27)

NIDGUNDI, RON TALUK, DHARWARDISTRICT

On a stone set up inside the Basavanna temple

[Rayamurari Sovidha], 1170 A.D.

This is dated the 4th regnal year of an unspecified king, Vikrita, Sravana-punnami, Wednesday.  On palaeographical grounds, the record may be assigned to the 12th century when, in the said cyclic year corresponding to 1170 A.D., the details of the date correspond to July 29.  The date falls in the reign of Rayamurari-Soviddeva whose 4th regnal year was Vikrita.

It records a gift of money for purchasing corn for offerings, etc., in favour of the god Kesava by Senabova Goyvanna, son of Bammadevanayaka, the Urodeya of Kudur, who had the deity consecrated.  The gift was entrusted into the hands of the Four Hundred.

No.115

(B.K. No. 101 of 1929-30)

MUTTAGI, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab standing in the village chavadi.

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1170 A.D.

This is dated the 4th regnal year of the king, Vikriti, Pushya-paurnima, Thursday, Uttarayana-sankranti, corresponding to 1170 A.D., December 24, Thursday, f.d.t. 11.  The Samkranti, however, did not occur on that day.

It states that at the request made by Chaudisetti and Mahapradhana, Senadhipati, Hiriya-dadanayaka Kesavadevayya, the king restored the gift of the village Maniyuru in Hebbalu Twelve to the god Dakshinamukha Chennakesava of Muttage.  The record gives the genealogy of the king who is stated to have been ruling from Modeganur.  The above Kesava-dandanayaka who was first in the service of Sovideva’s brother Mailugi, is stated to have deserted him on account of the ambitions tactics of the latter and helped the former is securing the kingdom.

No.116

(B.K. No. 102 of 1929-30)

MUTTAGI, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab standing in the village chavadi.

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1171 A.D.

This is dated the 5th regnal year, Khara, Sravana-paurnima, Sunday, lunar eclipse, corresponding to 1171 A.D., July 18.

It records the renewal of the gift of manneya-vana of the village Maniyuru to the god Dakshinamukha Chennakesava of Muttage by Mahamandalesvara Indarasa, Ahumallarasa and other members of the Silahara family.

No.117

(B.K. No. 208 of 1926-27)

NIDGUNDI, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a stone set up in front of the Narayanadeva temple.

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1171 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1094, the 5th regnal year of the king, Khara, Pushya ba. 13, Monday, Uttaryana-sankranti, corresponding to 1171 A.D., December 28.  The weekday, however, was Sunday.  The Saka year cited was current. 

It gives a short account of the Sinda rulers and records the renewal of the grant of the village Kallavanahalli to the god Traipuusha of the agrahara Nidugundi by the Sinda queen Sriyadevi and her two sons Mahamandalsvara kumara Bijjana and Kumara Vikramarasa for the prosperity of their family.  A copper plate charter is also stated to have been issued in this connection.

No.118

(B.K. No. 40 of 1927-28)

HARLAPUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of the Kotrappana matha

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1171 A.D.

This is dated the 5th regnal year of the king, further details being lost.  The approximate date would be 1171 A.D.

It seems to record to death of a hero in a fight and the setting up of the memorial stone in his name.  It mentions Lokkigundi.  The record is damaged and mutilated. 

No.119

(B.K. No. 30 of 1926-27)

LAKKUNDI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar to the right of the entrance into the Jain basti

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1173 A.D.

This is dated the 6th regnal year of the king, Nandana, Pushya-paurname, Monday,lunar eclipse, Uttarayana-samkramana, corresponding to 1173 A.D., January 1.  The Uttarayana-samkramana, however, did not occur on that day,  but on the 25th of December, 1172 A.D.

The inscription describes the One Thousand Mahajanas of  Mahagrahara Lokkigundu, an endowment of the illustrious Rama, who are stated to have been protecting the religious works in conjuntion with all the residents of the place.

It registers a gift of money made by Gunanidhi Kesava for the worship of the deity in the Basadi (Jain temple) of Balleya Jemmayya.  A similar gift was made to the same deity by Anikara Nagisetti.

No.120

(B.K. No. 56 of 1926-27)

HARTI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar in the temple of Isvara

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1173 A.D.

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the king, vijaya, Karttika-punname, Monday, corresponding to 1173 A.D. October 22.

It records the gift of the pannaya tax on the god’s garden for offering to the god Yigoydesvara, by the Twelve Gavundas of Harati, Aruvattokkalu, the Three Hundred of Ugura, and the Thousand in conjunction with Balesvara and Heggade Chaudamayyanayaka of Kadiluru, after washing the feet of Jataveda-pandita, the acharya of the temple

No.121

(B.K. No. 119 of 1926-27)

KANVI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On the wall, left of entrance, of the temple of Isvara

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1173 A.D.

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the king, Vijaya, Karttika-punnami, Monday, corresponding to 1173 A.D., October 22.

It records the gift of Pannaya for offerings to the god Mulasthana, by the Aruvatokkalu, the Gandhi of Kaniyahalli, the Three Hundred of Ugura, the Thousand, Chaudamanayaka and others after washing the feet of Amritarasi, the acharya of the temple.

In continuation of the above from line 16 is engraved another epigraph which refers to the 7th regnal year of Mahamandalesvara, Bhujabalabhima, Vira-Bijjana and cites the identical details of the above date.  It thus corresponds to 1173 A.D., October 22.  This Vira-Bijana must evidently be his namesake sinda chief, son of Chavunda.  It registers the gift of Biravanya of the god’s garden for offerings to the god Mulasthana into the hands of the above acharya  by Kesava and Baladevanayaka at the instance of Madhava-dandanayaka .  Another gift for a perpetual lamp to the deity was made by Dasimarasa, the Mahaprabhu of Soratur.

No.122

(B.K. No. 206 of 1928-29)

ANNIGERI, NAVALGUND TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of the temple of Pavadi Basappa

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1173 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1095, Nandana, Pushya su. 5, Monday, Uttarayana-samkranti.  The date is irregular.  The Saka year cited coincided with the cyclic year Vijaya.  In this year the details of the date sava Samkranti correspond to 1173 A.D., December 10, Monday, f.d.t. 35.  The Uttarayana-samkranti occurred fifteen days later.

It registers a gift of land for ablution, offerings, etc., to the deity, for feeding the ascetics, imparting education and for conducting music, dance and other services in the temple fo the god Nagesvara at Annigere, constructed by Nagagavunda of the place.  The gift was made under instructions from the king in the presence of Dhannugidandanayaka, the governor of Belavalanadu, and other officers, the Trivarga-samaya, the one Thousand and Pura-pattana.  An account of the Kalachuri rulers and of the family of Dhannugi as well as of Nagagavunda is given in some detail.  Annigere is referred to as the rajadhani of the four ages.

No.123

(B.K. No. 31 of 1929-30)

JANGMURAL, MUDDEBIHAL TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a stone standing in a field

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1173 A.D.

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the king, Vijaya, Uttarayana-sankranti, corresponding to 1173 A.D., December 25.

It records a gift of land for offering to and oil for burning a lamp in front of the god Mahalinga of Jakanahalli by Maadevanayaka.

No.124

(B.K. No. 146 of 1926-27)

BELHOD, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of t he temple of Isvara

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1174 A.D.

This is dated the 8th regnal year of the king, Jaya, Chaitra su. 13, Monday, corresponding to 1174 A.D., March 18.

It registers a gift of land and oil-mill to he god Adiyadeva of Belupadi, for worship and offerings.  The earlier portion of the inscription which is much damaged contains praise of the king and his officer Dhannugi-dandanayaka.  This register a gift to the god Mulasthana to by the Settis  and other members of the trading corporation of Five Hundred on the same date.  It mentions a Mahasena-pandita.

No.125

(B.K. No. 41 of 1926-27)

LAKKUNDI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a beam of the Chandramaulisvara temple

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1174 A.D.

This is dated the 8th regnal year of the king, Jaya, Margasira-amavasya, Sunday, solar eclipse, corresponding 1174 A.D, November 26.  The weekday, however, was Tuesday.

It commences with the prasasti of the one Thousand learned Mahajanas of Lokkigundi, which was a Mahagrahara said to have been endowed by the illustrious Rama and registers the gift of an annual income of six panas made by Bacharasa, brother of Gunanidhi Kesavadeva, to the god Asitara Kesavaditya, for burning a perpetual amp.

Another gift to the same deity by Mendeya Kereyanayaka is also recorded.

No.126

(B.K. No. 13 of 1929-30)

GOTKHANDI, MUDDEBIHAL TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a stone set up near the Hanuman temple

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1174 A.D.

This is dated saka 1096, Jaya, Pushya su. 13, Sunday, corresponding to 1174 A.D. , December 8.

It records a gift of land and house-site for maintaining a charitable picotta at the well of the god Gangesyana by Nagadevanayaka, son of Mahadevanayaka, the Prabhu of Gottakhandike in Hagarittage Three Hundred with the approval of Mahapradhana,  Bammadeva-dandanayaka who bore the epithets Lalakhandeya-nayaka and Anugasahanadhipati.

No.127

(B.K. No. 220 of 1926-27)

ABBIGERI, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a stone set up in front of the village chavadi

Rayamurari Sovidha, [1174 A.D.]

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the king, Karttika-punnami, Monday, lunar eclipse, the name of the cyclic year being lost.  The 7th regnal year of the king corresponds to 1174 A.D., in which year a lunar eclipse occurred in the month of Margasira, on November 10, the weekday being Sunday.  If the cyclic year, however was Manmatha, then in them month of Karttika of that year there occurred a lunar eclipse, the details corresponding to 1175 A.D. , October 10, Friday.

It seems to register a gift of land to the god Kappesvara.  It refers to a feudatory of the Sinda family and  mentions Bammarasa at the end.  The inscription is badly damaged.

No.128

(B.K. No. 150 of 1926-27)

CHIKKAHANDIGOL, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab lying in an enclosure called Polisinavara-hittalu.

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1174 A.D.

This is dated the 8th regnal year of the king, Jaya, Pushya, Monday, Uttarayana-sankramana.  The Sankramana occurred on Wednesday, December 25 of 1174 A.D.

It describes Handigola and seems to record a gift of land and other gifts to a Jaina temple. The record was composed by Hittina-Senabova who calls himself Anupmakavi Kalidasa.  Ghatanktika-jinasthana and Kamaladevacharya are mentioned.  It was engraved by Barmoja.  The record is very much damaged.

No.129

(B.K. No. 11 of 1930-31)

INGALESWAR, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab built into north wall of the mandapa in the Somanatha temple

Rayamurari Sovidha, 1176 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1099, Durmukhi, Pushya su. 10, Thursday, Uttarayana-sankramana, corresponding to 1176 A.D., December 15.

It records the royal gift of the village Yasagabalu in Sogilu Twelve in Tarddavadi Thousand, to the god Somantha of Ingalesvara at the request of Sovideva-danda-nayaka, son of Ammanayya-dandanayaka.  It also registers the gift, to the same god, by purchase, of the village Kodaganur in Hebbalu Twelve, by Hergade Hirla Sovarasa of Vaji-kula, who is said to have had the temple constructed at Ingalesvara whose Five Hundred Mahajanas are praised for their vitues.  It is said to have been an agrahara created by the epic king Janamejaya and styled the Kasi of Karnata.  Several other gifts by different donors are also enumerated.  The gifts were entrusted into the hands of Jnanarasi-pandita, the acharya of the temple of Svayambhu-dedaresvara of Svayambhu-Keda resvara of Vijayapura and belonged to the order of Simha-parise.  The record was composed by Horiya Nilayya of Kasyapa-gotra and engraved on stone by Revojason of Hodala Ramoja.

No.130

(B.K. No. 209 of 1928-29)

ANNIGERI, NAVALGUND TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab built into the platform of the Asvattha tree near the temple of Purada Virappa

Rayamurari Sovidha

The inscription contains the description of Bijjalla who is given the epithet Bhujabalachakravarti and Soma-bhuminatha who might be Rayamuari Sovideva.  It mentions Harideva-chamupa.  As the epigraph is badly damaged, the date and other details are lost.  Only the tithi and the weekday of the date can be made out.

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