The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions

Chalukyas

Kalachuris

Yadavas

Hoysalas

Kadambas

Sindas

Vijayanagara Kings

Muslim Rulers

Marathas

The East India Company

Miscellaneous Inscriptions

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

BOMBAY-KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

THE CHALUKYAS

Jagadekamalla | Somesvara I | Somesvara II | Vikramaditya VI | Somesvara III | Taila III | Somesvara IV

No.34

(B.K. No.177 of 1928-29)

TEGGI, BADAMI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in the temple of Maruti

Jagadekamalla II, 1147 A.D.

This is dated the 10th regnal year of the king, Prabhava, Ashadha su.  Amavasya Monday.  The date corresponds to 1147 A.D., June 29, the weekday being Sunday.  The expression su. is obviously a scribal error.

It registers a gift of land made by Kati-gavunda of Adandagi in Hunugunda Thirty to the god Kalideva of the place.  The gift was entrusted into the hands of Ganganavve.

No.35

(B.K. No. 100 of  1929-30)

MUTTAGI, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab standing in the village chavadi

Jagadekamalla II.  1147 A.D.

This is dated the 10th regnal year of the king Prabhava, Karttika su.  12, Monday Except for the weekday which was Thursday on the said tithi, the other details correspond to 1147 A.D. November 6.

It registers a sarvanamasya grant of the village Maniyur in Hebbalu Twelve, made by the king at the request of Sovisetti and Pattasahari Hiriya-dandanayaka Brahmadevayya to the temple of Dakshinamukha Chennakesava of  the agrahara Muttage Thirty in Tarddavadi Thousand.  The temple was built by kaihisetti, the grandfather of Sovisetti.  The epigraph describes the genealogy of the Chalukya family and states that Sovisetti always carried on trade in jewels with the Chalukya king and his officer Brahma-dandahipa.

After this record there is an inscription of the Kalachuri ruler Raya-Murar, Sovideva, engraved on the same stone.  This is followed by another epigraph of the reign of Jagadekamalla II citing identical details of the above date.  It commences with a description of the Selara (i.e. Silahara) feudatory family and registers a gift of the manneya-vana of the said village of Maniyar to the same deity by Pakarasa, Gonarasa and other members of the Se ara family in the presence of the king.

No.36

(B.K. No. 109 of 1926-27)

HOSUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

Jagadekamalla II, 1148 A.D.

This is dated the 10th renewal of the gift of betelnut garden for the worship of the god Mulasthana and for repairs, etc.  made by Hollagavunda of Hoavur for the beatitude of his deceased father Nakigavunda and senior uncle Boppagavunda.  Hollagavunda belonged to the Sinda family and Kunnula race.  The gift was received by the teacher Gangesvara-pandita of the Pasupata sect in the presence of the Seven Hundred.  The record gives the genealogy of Hollagavunda and described the valour and meritorious deeds of his ancestors.   It also refers to Sakalaprakasa as administering the heggeri of Mulugunda and also Hosavur.  Other gifts such as income derived from cess on betel leaves, etc., are also mentioned.

In the concluding portion which refers to the administration of Mahamandalesvara chamundarasa bearing the epithet Tandamandaika [sundala] panchanana, is recorded the gift of income from Pannaya to the god by his subordinate Pergade Kalidevanayaka, the adhikari of Bhandarda Basavarmayya-nayaka.

No.37

(B.K. No. 106 of 1929-30)

MUTTAGI, BAGEWADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab near the Rudraganti Ramalinga temple

Jagadekamalla II, 1148 A.D.

This is dated the 11th regnal year of the king,  Vibhava, ashadha su. 7, Friday, Dakshinayana-samkranti commenced at 92.

It registers a gift land, after purchase from the Urodeya Sankaradeva and his two sons, by Sankarayya, son of Tikeya Shanangi, for worship and repairds in the temple of Tikesvara and the matha attached to it and for feeding and clothing the ascetics and pupils therein. The gift was entrusted to the teacher Yogisvara.

No.38

(B.K. No. 47 of 1929-30)

NALLATWAD, MUDDEBIHAL TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab in the house of Nadagauda

Jagadekamalla II, 1148 A.D.

The epigraph is damaged.  The extant portion of the date contains the details, Vibhava, Karttika su.  2.  As the cyclic year Vibhava fell during the reign period of the king, the above details correspond to 1148 A.D., Ovtober 16, Saturday (not verifiable).

It registers a series of gifts made to the god Kalideva by the temple establishment and others for the worship, offerings, etc.

No.39

(B.K. No. 247 of 1927-28)

SIRUR, BAGALKOT TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On two pieces of a slab in the mandapa of the Ramalingasvami temple

Jagadekamalla II, 1148 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1071, Vihava, Pushya su 9, Sunday, Uttarayana-samkranti.  The date is not regular.  The Sake year cited was current and in the said cyclic year the Samkranti occurred on Pushya su 13, Saturday, corresponding to 1148 A.D., December 25.

It records a gift of land by Mahaprabhuvini Lakmadevi.  The earlier portion of the epigraph contains poetic description of several themes including this lady, her family and her husband Devarasa.  In the course of this lengthy description are mentioned the twelve Gavundas, Marasinga, Rebbaladevi’s son Sovanayya, and his wife Lingadevi, Akkadevi and her husband Chaudeya-nayaka, and Adiyanna the Kulakarai of Srivura.  As the epigraph is badly damaged many a link and detail in the description is lost.

No.40

(B.K. No. 83 of 1926-27)

MULGAND, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab built into the south wall of the Nagaresvara temple

Jagadekamalla II

It states that when Mahapradhana, Senadhipati, Dandanayaka Kesimayya was governing Halasige Twelve-thousand, Hanumgal Five-hundred and Two Six-hundreds, Mahasamanta Bopparasa of the Sinda race and Kunnula family who was administering Mulugunda Twelve, made a gift of land for the worship and offerings to the god Bhimesvara of the rajadhani Mulgunda and for the feeding of the ascetics.  The gift was entrusted to Isanasakti-pandita.  It further records a gift of gold made to the same deity by Sunkavergade, Dandanayaka Medimayya who was in charge of Mulugunda Twelve and other areas.  Bira Malisetti who had the temple of the deity renovated, is also stated to have made a gift.

No.41

(B.K. No. 185 of 1926-27)

NAREGAL, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On stone set up in front of the village chavadi.

Jagadekamalla II

This contains the description of the chiefs of the Sinda family of Erambarage as in other inscriptions of the place (of. South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. XI, Part II, No.155).  It seems to register a gift to a Jaina deity.  Kelavadi and Narayamgal are mentioned.  The epigraph is badly worn out and the details are lost.

No.42

(B.K. No. 188 of 1926-27)

NAREGAL, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab inside the temple of Tripurantaka

Jagadekamalla II

The date of this inscription as read with the help of impressions secured by Fleet in 1875, is Saka 872, Sadharana, Karttika-amavasya, Thursday, solar eclipse.  This date is too early for the reign of Jagadekamalla II. It appears, therefore, that the grant made on an earlier occasion was registered during the time fof Jagadekamlla II whose reign is referred to in the present inscription.  Another inscription from this place bearing identical date is published in the South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. XI, Part II, No.119.

The epigraph registers a gift of land made by Tippanayya-nayaka to the god Tippanesvara at Narayamgal, while Mahamandalesvara Permmadideva of the Sinda family was ruling over Kisukadu Seventy, [Kelavadi] Three-hundred, Bagadage Seventy and Narayamgal Twelve from his capital at Erambarage.  The gift was entrusted to Trilochana-pandita.  The inscription which is much damaged now was well preserved about half a century ago. Cf. J.B.B.R.A.S., Vol. XI, pp. 239 ff.

No.43

(B.K. No. 23 of 1926-27)

RAJPUR, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab lying against the front wall of the temple of Hanuman

Jagadekamalla II

This inscription which is indifferently engraved, refers itself to the reign of Jagadekamalla and is dated Saka 45869, Srimukha, Vaisakha-paurnima, Monday, Uttarayana-samkramana.  This date is obviously wrong.  The cyclic year Srimukha occurred in 1153-54 A.D. by which time Jagadekamalla’s reign had ended.  The other details of the date also do not agree.

The record describes the excellence of Acha-nripa and introduces his subordinate Joga-gavuda of Rajur, situated in Kisukadu Seventy.  It registers a gift of land to the god Gavaresvara, also called Jogesvara, by Joga-gavuda and Aruvattokkalu.  Chandrabhushanadeva, the acharya of the god Kalideva, received the gift.  Several other gifts made to the same deity are also mentioned.  In South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. XI, Pt. I, No.69, this inscription has been ascribed to Jagadekamalla I.

No.44

(B.K. No. 56 of 1928-29)

KANDAGAL, HUNGUND TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a stone leaning against a wall of the Virabhadra temple.

Jagadekamalla, circa 12th century

This is dated the Chalukya-Jagadekamalla year 1, Vaisakha-punnami.  The details cannot be verified.  There is no definite evidence to determine the identity of the reigning king Jagadekamalla.

It registers a gift of land to the god Manikesvara by Mahamandalesvara Permaadi, Heggade Acheyanna, the Sarvadhikari of Gomadevarasa, Kesiraja and the Prabhu OF Kandagala.  The gift was entrusted into the hands of Parvatarasi, the Sthanika of the temple.  The epigraph is much damaged.

No.45

(B.K. No. 20 and  21 of 1929-30)

HANDARGAL, MUDDEBIHAL TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab standing in the ruined Sangamesvara temple

Jagadekamalla II

The epigraph describes the king’s subordinate Kumara Hemmadi of the Yadava lineage who is praised for his great valour and is said to have won in 108 battles.  A trustworthy subordinate of this mandalika Hemmadi was Tantrapala Tondarasa.  Tondarasa had a borther named Bammarasa whose wife was Bagiyabbe.  The inscription registers a gift of land to Trikutalaya probably by Tondarasa.

The supplement at the end which seems to belong to a slightly later date registers a gift of garden and oil to the god Svaymbhu Tondesvara.  It mentions Chikka-Bommayya, son of Tantrapala Tondarasa and refers to Somayya as having conquered Tondayya and established the kingdom of the Sevunas (i.e. the Yadavas).  Acharya  Sarvesvarapandita, disciple of Aneyadeva, received this gift.  This supplement commencing with line 52 is treated as a separate record in the Annual Report for the year.

No.46

(B.K. No. 115 and  21 of 1929-30)

SALAVADIGI, BAGEVADI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a broken slab standing near the entrance to the Masjid

Jagadekamalla II

It states that Samanta Horeyama, the Talara of Manyakheda and a subordinate of the Rashtrakuta king Subhatunga-Vallabha Akalavarsha Krishnaraja, had constructed at Salavadige, the temple of Horeyamesvara and that subsequently the temple was completely renovated by Kasmirabrati Murujavi Muni who also built in it two shrines for the god Siddhesvara and Pavinasa.  It registers a grant of land made by Achikabbe, daughter of Muliga Makamayyam, to Dandanayaka Barmmayya, the Maneverggade of the king Jagadekamalla, as Paramesvaradatti for the temple.  Other gifts by the four Urodeyas of Vaji-vamsa and Three-hundred Saligas of the village are also recorded.

In the Rashtrakuta dynasty, three kings bearing the name Krishna are associated with the title Akalavarsha, the first two of whom also bore the epithet Subhatunga As Krishna I would be too early, Krishna II appears to have been referred to in the early of the epigraph.

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