INSCRIPTIONS IN KANNADA
IX - Part
(A. R. No. 38
ON A SLAB SET UP IN FRONT OF THE KALLESVARA TEMPLE
AT KOGALI, HADAGALLI TALUK, BELLARY DISTRICT.
The record is damaged and dated the 4th
year of the Hoysala king Vira-Narasimhadeva, Svabhanu, Sravana,
su. 1, Surya-grahana. There
seems to be some mistake about the date.
The details cited work out correctly for A.D. 1163 July 4, there
having been a solar eclipse on the previous day, viz., July 3
Wednesday. This date fell
in the reign of Narasimha I but it was not his fourth year.
The next Subhanu i.e., A.D. 1223 was the 4th
year of Narasimha II but the details given are not correct for that
year. Some land together
with some taxes are stated to have been granted for the service of the
god Somanathadeva while Somana-Dandanayaka was the Mahapradhana.
Some land was given also to Somajiyacharya, the head
of the temple. Mention is
made of the Brahman
generals Hariharadeva and Sivakirtideva and their
genealogy is given. Like
the Mummuridandas, the 96, 000 and the Setti-Guttas are
described here as Udagra[vira]-vibhavodbhasigal, ie., shining
with immense warlike spirit. The
charity was placed in the charge of the Setti-Guttas, the 96,
000, the Mummuridandas and all the inhabitants.
(A. R. No. 83
ON TWO FRAGMENTS OF A SLAB LYING NEAR THE
HONNATIKAMMA TEMPLE AT PARIGI, HINDUPUR TALUK, ANATAPUR DISTRICT.
The records is dated Saka 1100,
Vilambi, Pausha, [pan]chami, Brihaspativara.
Vilambi neither su 5 nor ba. 5 pf Pausha was a Thursday.
If panchami is a mistake for dasami the date would correspond to
either 19th December A.D. 1178 or 4th
January 1179. The
inscription belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala
(II), ruling at Dorasamudra with his queen [San]taledevi.
It records the gift of a bell to the temple of Bhimesvara at Gurunjikolabayalu
near the tank of Haruve in Haruhe-nadu and the grant
of 800 kambas of land for the service of the god and for the
upkeep of a lamp. It is
(A.R. No. 90
ON THE SIXTH SLAB SET UP ON THE SOUTHSIDE OF THE
KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT BAGALI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, BELLARY DISTRICT.
This is dated Saka 1116,
Pramathi, Kartika, su. Paurnami, Somavara, Soma-grahana corresponding to A.D. 1193,
November 10, Wednesday on which day there was a lunar eclipse; the
week-day given in the record is an error.
It refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala
(II). The king is said
to have made a gift of a large tract of land when he was in the nelevidu
of Balguli, for the service of the god Svayambhu-Kalideva of
the place, after washing the feet of the five hundred Mahajanas.
The king’s genealogy is given.
(A.R. No. 217
ON A BEAM IN THE MALLIKARJUNASVAMI TEMPLE AT
KURUVATTI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.
This is dated Saka 1117, Ananda, Chaitra, su. 1,
Sukravara, corresponding to A.D. 1194 March 25, Friday, in
the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II).
It records that while the king was in the neelevidu of
Balguli, he made a gift of (the whole tract of land) called
Mukkurabbe in Benneyur twelve to Lokabharana-Munindra for
repairs, offerings and etc. to
the temple of Ahavamallesvara. Chandarasa
of Benneyur twelve is mentioned.
(A.R. No. 472
ON A SLAB SET UP NEAR THE EAST WALL OF THE
VIRABHADRA TEMPLE AT HOLAL, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.
The record is dated Saka 1116, Rakshasa, Sravana,
su. 13, Adivara, corresponding to A.D. 1194, July 31, Sunday; f.d.t.
.78. It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II)
and registers the gift of land by the Mahajanas to Chaudeya-Nayaka,
son of Ranarangabhairava Basaveya-Nayaka, in
recognition of the service (chorayutha).
(A.R. No. 68
ON A SLAB LYING ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE ENTRANCE
TO THE CENTRAL SHRINE OF THE BENAKAPPA TEMPLE AT ORUVAY, BELLARY TALUK,
This is dated Vikramakala, Ananda, Phalguna, su.
15. Adivara, corresponding probably to A.D. 1195 February 26
Sunday, when a certain Echisetti is said to have built a
temple of Vinayaka and Immadi-Rachamalladeva, son of Irungoladeva
and grandson of Rachamalladeva of the Sinda family, is
said to have granted some land and some amount of toll-revenue for the
service of the god.
(A.R. No. 221
ON THE WALL TO THE RIGHT OF THE SOUTHERN ENTRANCE
INTO THE MALLIKARJUNA TEMPLE AT KURUVATTI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME
This is dated the 7th year of the
reign of Hoysala Vira-Ballaladeva, the cyclic year Pingala,
Jyeshtha, su. Punnami, Somavara, Soma-grahana.
In A.D. 1197 = Pingala which was counted as the 7th
year of Ballala II, Jyeshtha su. 15 fell on Sunday 1st June; it was
neither Monday nor a day of lunar eclipse.
The 7th year of none of the other three Ballalas
corresponds to Pingala. The
king’s Mahapradhana Uttarakka-Heggade, Mahadeva-Dannayaka of
Arasiyakere and the Heggade Jannayya are stated to
have made a grant of certain cesses (named) raised in Kuruvatti, for
the service of the god Ahavamallesvara and handed it over to Lokabharanagurudeva.
(A.R. No. 207
ON A PILLAR IN THE FRONT MANDAPA OF THE PAMPAPATI
TEMPLE AT BENNEHALLI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.
The date of the record is Pingala = A.D.
1197-98, amavase, Somavara, Vitipata.
It is not verifiable. It
refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala.
Uttaraka-Heggade and Janayya-Heggade are said to have
made a grant of multigadere, taxes on artisans, looms and
oil-mills, together with the kirukula cess, for offerings to the
god Virupaksha and for feeding Brahmans.
The gift was made in the presence of the Prabhus and Gavundas
of Kogali-nadu. Uttaraka-Heggade
figuring here is also mentioned in No. 323 which appears to be a record
of Ballala II. The
present inscription also may, therefore, belong to his reign.
(A.R. No. 220
ON THE WALL TO THE RIGHT OF THE SOUTHERS ENTRANCE
INTO THE MALLIKARJUNA TEMPLE AT THE SAME VILLAGE.
This is dated the 15th year of the
Hoysala king Vira-ballala, cyclic year Krodhana, Jyeshtha, su.
Paurnami, Adivara, Soma-grahana. In
A.D. 1205 (Krodhana), which is sometimes cited as the 15th
year of Ballala II, Jyeshtha Paurnami fell on Friday (not Sunday), 9th
June; nor was there a lunar eclipse on that day.
Though there was a Krodhana in the reign of Ballala III, it was
not his 15th year. The
Bhandari Sovarasa, who was the Mahapradhana of Padumaladevi,
the chief queen of the Hoysala king, is stated to have made a grant
of some land for the service of god Ahavamallesvara of Hiriya-Kuruvatti.
(A.R. No. 739
ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE MANDAPA OF THE KUMARASVAMI
TEMPLE ON THE KUMARASVAMI HILL NEAR SANDUR, SANDUR STATE.
The record is dated Saks 1127,
Krodhana, Phalguna, ba. Amavasye, Vaddavara, Surya-grahana, corresponding to A.D.
1206, March 11, Saturday, when there was a solar eclipse. It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala
(II). Under his orders,
his chief minister and commander of the army, Mahadeva-Dandanayaka, restored
the grant of the village Keryepalli, which Krishnaraja of
the Rashtrakuta family
had made formerly for daily offerings to the god Shanmukha, and placed
it in the charge of Vishnukara-Brahmachari.
There is a eulogy in verse of the Yadava race in the
beginning of the record.
(A.R. No. 55-D
ON A SLAB SET UP UNDER A MARGOSA TREE AT KUDATINI,
BELLARY TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.
This is dated the cyclic year Prabhava, Ashadha,
ba. 15, Brihavara, corresponding to A.D. 1207 July 26, Thursday in
the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballal (II).
Unfortunately the record is damaged. All that can be gathered is that, under the presidency of Vishnukara-Brahmachari,
a learned ascetic, the
five Vargas the Elkoti-Mahadevas, the numberless ganas and
the Mummuridandas assembled together and resolved that breach of
conduct and offences should be referred to the local tapodhana ie., Vishnukara-Brahmachari..
(A.R. No. 261
ON A HERO-STONE SET UP IN THE COURT-YARD OF THE
RAMALINGASVAMI TEMPLE AT CHIGATERI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.
The record is damaged and dated Saka 1132 Sukla,
Jyeshtha, su. 5, [Adivara]=A.D. 1209 May 10 Sunday. It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala
(II) ans states that Pommayya, the chief of Chanduru died
in a battle (?)
(A.R. No. 123
ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE SURYANARAYANASVAMI TEMPLE
AT MAGALA, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.
The inscription is dated Saka 1131, Sukla,
Sravana, su. 15, Somavara, Soma-grahana, Karkataka-sankrmana, Vyatipata,
corresponding to A.D. 1209 July 18 Saturday when there was a
lunar eclipse; the week-day cited in the record is an error.
The record refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana
Ballala (II), who was ruling over Gangavadi ninetysix-thousand,
Nonambavadi thirtytwo-thousand Banavase twelve-thousand, Huligere,
three-hundred, the two Beluvalas, and Masavadi up to Herdore.
When he was camping at Hallavura surnamed Vijayasamudra,
Marmarasa, son of the Brahman Kalimayya, who was one of the
200Brahman svamis of Mangola, built a trkiuta temple
for the gods Siva, Vishnu and Surya; and Singayya, who was the Bhandari
and the 200 Mahajanas of Mangola made grants of land
(boundaries specified) for the service of the gods. The arasu title borne by the Brahman Marma is
noteworthy. The warlike
spirit of the 200 Brahmans is described as that of Indra in war. The genealogies of the king, of Marmarasa and of Singamayya
are given. It also records
other gifts made to the same temple.
(A.R. No. 495
ON A SLAB SET UP IN FRONT OF THE BHIMESVARA AND
DEMESVARA TEMPLE AT HIREHADAGALLI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.
This is dated Saka 1133, Prjapati, Magha, su. 3,
Adityavara corresponding to A.D. 1212 January 8 Sunday, in
the reign of the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana-Vira-Ballala (II), who
was ruling over Banavasi twelve-thousand, Nolambavadi thirtytwo-thousand,
Huligere three-hundred, the two Beluvolas and Masavadi right
up to Heddore, from his nelevidu Hallavura surnamed
senior queen Padumaladevi was ruling over Hosahadangile.
It records the gift of some plots of land made at the
instance of the 120 Mahajanas of the place for the two tanks, viz.,
Hiriyakere and Tumbinakere by the Brahman general, Gangimayya-Nayaka
genealogy of the Dandanayaka is given and the Brahman Mahajanas
of Hosahadangile are described as ripunayaka-santrasigalu.
The record has poetical merits but is unfortunately damaged.
(A.R. No. 90-A
ON THE SIXTH SLAB SET UP ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE
KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT BAGALI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.
This is dated Angirasa, Margasira., ba. 8,
Somavara, corresponding to A.D. 1212 December 17, Monday.
The Mahamandalesvara Virajagadala Bammidevarasa, son
of Hariharadeva and grandson of Nachideva of Kotturu, is
said to have mae a gift of large tract of land for the service of the
god Kalidevasvami. The gift was made in the presence of his teacher Somayajya-Hiriyanna
(A.R. No. 269
ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE KUMARASVAMI TEMPLE AT
MUTTIGI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.
This is dated Saka 1136, Bhava, Vaisakha, su. 1,
Somavara. In Bhava,
Vaisakha su. 1 corresponded to A.D. 1214 April 12 Saturday (not
Monday). In the previous
year, however, it began on Monday – 22nd April 1213 at
.44. The record belongs to the reign of the Hoysala
king Vira-Ballaladeva (II). It
registers a gift of land for the maintenance of a water-shed at Muttage,
the chief place of Muttage thirty, a sub-division of Kogali
five-hundred, by the Brahman Hariyanna or Harihara, son of Vishnu-nayaka,
the Urodeya of Ammele and the Heggade of
Rangayya, after receiving it from Boppaya-Bammaya, the Prabhu of