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Monday, February 26, 2007


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS


 

MISCELLANEOUS INSCRIPTIONS IN KANNADA 

VOLUME IX - Part - I 

HOYSALAS

No. 317.

(A. R. No. 38 of 1904.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN FRONT OF THE KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT KOGALI, HADAGALLI TALUK, BELLARY DISTRICT.

The record is damaged and dated the 4th year of the Hoysala king Vira-Narasimhadeva, Svabhanu, Sravana, su. 1, Surya-grahana.  There seems to be some mistake about the date.  The details cited work out correctly for A.D. 1163 July 4,  there having been a solar eclipse on the previous day, viz., July 3 Wednesday.  This date fell in the reign of Narasimha I but it was not his fourth year.  The next Subhanu i.e., A.D. 1223 was the 4th year of Narasimha II but the details given are not correct for that year.  Some land together with some taxes are stated to have been granted for the service of the god Somanathadeva while Somana-Dandanayaka was the Mahapradhana.  Some land was given also to Somajiyacharya, the head of the temple.  Mention is made of  the Brahman generals Hariharadeva and Sivakirtideva and their genealogy is given.  Like the Mummuridandas, the 96, 000 and the Setti-Guttas are described here as Udagra[vira]-vibhavodbhasigal, ie., shining with immense warlike spirit.  The charity was placed in the charge of the Setti-Guttas, the 96, 000, the Mummuridandas and all the inhabitants.

                                              No. 318.

(A. R. No. 83 of 1912.)

ON TWO FRAGMENTS OF A SLAB LYING NEAR THE HONNATIKAMMA TEMPLE AT PARIGI, HINDUPUR TALUK, ANATAPUR DISTRICT.

The records is dated Saka 1100, Vilambi, Pausha, [pan]chami, Brihaspativara.  In Vilambi neither su 5 nor ba. 5 pf Pausha was a Thursday.  If panchami is a mistake for dasami the date would correspond to either 19th December A.D. 1178 or 4th January 1179.  The inscription belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II), ruling at Dorasamudra with his queen [San]taledevi.  It records the gift of a bell to the temple of Bhimesvara at Gurunjikolabayalu near the tank of Haruve in Haruhe-nadu and the grant of 800 kambas of land for the service of the god and for the upkeep of a lamp.  It is damaged.   

No. 319.

(A.R. No. 90 of 1904.)

ON THE SIXTH SLAB SET UP ON THE SOUTHSIDE OF THE KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT BAGALI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, BELLARY DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1116, Pramathi, Kartika, su. Paurnami, Somavara, Soma-grahana corresponding to A.D. 1193, November 10, Wednesday on which day there was a lunar eclipse; the week-day given in the record is an error.  It refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II).  The king is said to have made a gift of a large tract of land when he was in the nelevidu of Balguli, for the service of the god Svayambhu-Kalideva of the place, after washing the feet of the five hundred Mahajanas.  The king’s genealogy is given.

No. 320.

(A.R. No. 217 of 1918.)

ON A BEAM IN THE MALLIKARJUNASVAMI TEMPLE AT KURUVATTI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1117, Ananda, Chaitra, su. 1, Sukravara, corresponding to A.D. 1194 March 25, Friday, in the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II).  It records that while the king was in the neelevidu of Balguli, he made a gift of (the whole tract of land) called Mukkurabbe in Benneyur twelve to Lokabharana-Munindra for repairs, offerings and etc.  to the temple of Ahavamallesvara.  Chandarasa of Benneyur twelve is mentioned.

No. 321.

(A.R. No. 472 of 1914.)

ON A SLAB SET UP NEAR THE EAST WALL OF THE VIRABHADRA TEMPLE AT HOLAL, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

The record is dated Saka 1116, Rakshasa, Sravana, su. 13, Adivara, corresponding to A.D. 1194, July 31, Sunday; f.d.t. .78. It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II) and registers the gift of land by the Mahajanas to Chaudeya-Nayaka, son of Ranarangabhairava Basaveya-Nayaka, in recognition of the service (chorayutha).

No. 322.

(A.R. No. 68 of 1904.)

ON A SLAB LYING ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE ENTRANCE TO THE CENTRAL SHRINE OF THE BENAKAPPA TEMPLE AT ORUVAY, BELLARY TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated Vikramakala, Ananda, Phalguna, su. 15. Adivara, corresponding probably to A.D. 1195 February 26 Sunday, when a certain Echisetti is said to have built a temple of Vinayaka and Immadi-Rachamalladeva, son of Irungoladeva and grandson of Rachamalladeva of the Sinda family, is said to have granted some land and some amount of toll-revenue for the service of the god.

No. 323.

(A.R. No. 221 of 1918.)

ON THE WALL TO THE RIGHT OF THE SOUTHERN ENTRANCE INTO THE MALLIKARJUNA TEMPLE AT KURUVATTI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated the 7th year of the reign of Hoysala Vira-Ballaladeva, the cyclic year Pingala, Jyeshtha, su. Punnami, Somavara, Soma-grahana.  In A.D. 1197 = Pingala which was counted as the 7th year of Ballala II, Jyeshtha su. 15 fell on Sunday 1st June; it was neither Monday nor a day of lunar eclipse.  The 7th year of none of the other three Ballalas corresponds to Pingala.  The king’s Mahapradhana Uttarakka-Heggade, Mahadeva-Dannayaka of Arasiyakere and the Heggade Jannayya are stated to have made a grant of certain cesses (named) raised in Kuruvatti, for the service of the god Ahavamallesvara and handed it over to Lokabharanagurudeva.  

No. 324.

(A.R. No. 207 of 1918.)

ON A PILLAR IN THE FRONT MANDAPA OF THE PAMPAPATI TEMPLE AT BENNEHALLI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.

The date of the record is Pingala = A.D. 1197-98, amavase, Somavara, Vitipata.  It is not verifiable.  It refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala.  Uttaraka-Heggade and Janayya-Heggade are said to have made a grant of multigadere, taxes on artisans, looms and oil-mills, together with the kirukula cess, for offerings to the god Virupaksha and for feeding Brahmans.  The gift was made in the presence of the Prabhus and Gavundas of Kogali-nadu.  Uttaraka-Heggade figuring here is also mentioned in No. 323 which appears to be a record of Ballala II.  The present inscription also may, therefore, belong to his reign.

No. 325.

(A.R. No. 220 of 1918.)

ON THE WALL TO THE RIGHT OF THE SOUTHERS ENTRANCE INTO THE MALLIKARJUNA TEMPLE AT THE SAME VILLAGE.

This is dated the 15th year of the Hoysala king Vira-ballala, cyclic year Krodhana, Jyeshtha, su. Paurnami, Adivara, Soma-grahana.  In A.D. 1205 (Krodhana), which is sometimes cited as the 15th year of Ballala II, Jyeshtha Paurnami fell on Friday (not Sunday), 9th June; nor was there a lunar eclipse on that day.  Though there was a Krodhana in the reign of Ballala III, it was not his 15th year.  The Bhandari Sovarasa, who was the Mahapradhana of Padumaladevi, the chief queen of the Hoysala king, is stated to have made a grant of some land for the service of god Ahavamallesvara of Hiriya-Kuruvatti.  

No. 326.

(A.R. No. 739 of 1922.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE MANDAPA OF THE KUMARASVAMI TEMPLE ON THE KUMARASVAMI HILL NEAR SANDUR, SANDUR STATE.

The record is dated Saks 1127, Krodhana, Phalguna, ba. Amavasye, Vaddavara, Surya-grahana, corresponding to A.D. 1206, March 11, Saturday, when there was a solar eclipse.  It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II).  Under his orders, his chief minister and commander of the army, Mahadeva-Dandanayaka, restored the grant of the village Keryepalli, which Krishnaraja of the  Rashtrakuta family had made formerly for daily offerings to the god Shanmukha, and placed it in the charge of Vishnukara-Brahmachari.  There is a eulogy in verse of the Yadava race in the beginning of the record.

No. 327.

(A.R. No. 55-D of 1904.)

ON A SLAB SET UP UNDER A MARGOSA TREE AT KUDATINI, BELLARY TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated the cyclic year Prabhava, Ashadha, ba. 15, Brihavara, corresponding to A.D. 1207 July 26, Thursday in the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballal (II).  Unfortunately the record is damaged.  All that can be gathered is that, under the presidency of Vishnukara-Brahmachari,  a learned ascetic, the five Vargas the Elkoti-Mahadevas, the numberless ganas and the Mummuridandas assembled together and resolved that breach of conduct and offences should be referred to the local tapodhana ie.,  Vishnukara-Brahmachari..

No. 328.

(A.R. No. 261 of 1918.)

ON A HERO-STONE SET UP IN THE COURT-YARD OF THE RAMALINGASVAMI TEMPLE AT CHIGATERI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

The record is damaged and dated Saka 1132 Sukla, Jyeshtha, su. 5, [Adivara]=A.D. 1209 May 10 Sunday.  It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II) ans states that Pommayya, the chief of Chanduru died in a battle (?)

No. 329.

(A.R. No. 123 of 1913.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE SURYANARAYANASVAMI TEMPLE AT MAGALA, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

The inscription is dated Saka 1131, Sukla, Sravana, su. 15, Somavara, Soma-grahana, Karkataka-sankrmana, Vyatipata, corresponding to A.D. 1209 July 18 Saturday when there was a lunar eclipse; the week-day cited in the record is an error.  The record refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana Ballala (II), who was ruling over Gangavadi ninetysix-thousand, Nonambavadi thirtytwo-thousand Banavase twelve-thousand, Huligere, three-hundred, the two Beluvalas, and Masavadi up to Herdore.  When he was camping at Hallavura surnamed Vijayasamudra, Marmarasa, son of the Brahman Kalimayya, who was one of the 200Brahman svamis of Mangola, built a trkiuta temple for the gods Siva, Vishnu and Surya; and Singayya, who was the Bhandari and the 200 Mahajanas of Mangola made grants of land (boundaries specified) for the service of the gods.  The arasu title borne by the Brahman Marma is noteworthy.  The warlike spirit of the 200 Brahmans is described as that of Indra in war.  The genealogies of the king, of Marmarasa and of Singamayya are given.  It also records other gifts made to the same temple.

No. 330.

(A.R. No. 495 of 1914.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN FRONT OF THE BHIMESVARA AND DEMESVARA TEMPLE AT HIREHADAGALLI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1133, Prjapati, Magha, su. 3, Adityavara corresponding to A.D. 1212 January 8 Sunday, in the reign of the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana-Vira-Ballala (II), who was ruling over Banavasi twelve-thousand, Nolambavadi thirtytwo-thousand, Huligere three-hundred, the two Beluvolas and Masavadi right up to Heddore, from his nelevidu Hallavura surnamed Vijayasamudra.  His senior queen Padumaladevi was ruling over Hosahadangile.  It records the gift of some plots of land made at the instance of the 120 Mahajanas of the place for the two tanks, viz., Hiriyakere and Tumbinakere by the Brahman general, Gangimayya-Nayaka Davanna-Dandanayaka.  The genealogy of the Dandanayaka is given and the Brahman Mahajanas of Hosahadangile are described as ripunayaka-santrasigalu.  The record has poetical merits but is unfortunately damaged.

No. 331.

(A.R. No. 90-A of 1904.)

ON THE SIXTH SLAB SET UP ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT BAGALI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated Angirasa, Margasira., ba. 8, Somavara, corresponding to A.D. 1212 December 17, Monday.  The Mahamandalesvara Virajagadala Bammidevarasa, son of Hariharadeva and grandson of Nachideva of Kotturu, is said to have mae a gift of large tract of land for the service of the god Kalidevasvami. The gift was made in the presence of his teacher Somayajya-Hiriyanna of Arasiyabidu.

No. 332.

(A.R. No. 269 of 1918.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE KUMARASVAMI TEMPLE AT MUTTIGI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1136, Bhava, Vaisakha, su. 1, Somavara.  In Bhava, Vaisakha su. 1 corresponded to A.D. 1214 April 12 Saturday (not Monday).  In the previous year, however, it began on Monday – 22nd April 1213 at   .44. The record belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballaladeva (II).  It registers a gift of land for the maintenance of a water-shed at Muttage, the chief place of Muttage thirty, a sub-division of Kogali five-hundred, by the Brahman Hariyanna or Harihara, son of Vishnu-nayaka, the Urodeya of Ammele and the Heggade of Rangayya, after receiving it from Boppaya-Bammaya, the Prabhu of the village.

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