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Thursday, October 27, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

BOMBAY-KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

THE HOYSALAS

Vira Ballala II

No.207

(B. K. No. 113 of 1926-27)

HOSUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On the wall, right of entrance, of the Trikutesvara temple

Vira-Ballaja, 1192 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1114, Paridhavi, Karttika-punnami, Monday, corresponding to 1192 A.D., October 22.  The weekday, however, was Thursday.

It records a gift of income derived from taxes, to Mahabala-Gavunda and the Seven Hundred by Vachchharasa, Malaparasa, Madayya, (son) of Bicharasa, the Hejjunka officer of eradarunuru and others.  The gift was made as a compensation for the destruction caused to the town of Hosavuru, when the king had camped there.

 

No.208

(B. K. No. 8 of 1926-27)

GADAG, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab built into the prakara  wall of the Trikutesvara temple

Vira-Ballala II, 1192 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1114, Paridhavi, Marggasira-paurnami, Saturday, lunar eclipse, corresponding to 1192 A.D., November 21, Saturday.  The eclipse, however, occurred on Friday.

It records the gift of the village Hombalalu, in Belvola Three Hundred, to the God Trikutesvara, by the king camping at Lokkigundi, after washing the feet of Acharya Siddhanti-Chandrabhushana-pandita, also called Satyavakya.  The earlier portion of the record gives the genealogy of the Hoysalas, after narrating the legendary account of their origin.

Published in Epigraphia Indica, Vol. VI, pp.89 ff.

No.209

(B. K. No. 36 of 1926-27)

LAKKUNDI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On the doorway leading to the well called Siddhara-bhavi

Vira-Ballaja II, 1195 A.D.

The record is dated ther 3rd regnal year of the king, Ananda, Chaitra-amavasya, solar eclipse, Sunday.  In the cyclic year Ananda falling in the reign of Vira-Ballala, no solar eclipse occurred.  A solar eclipse occurred on Chaitra-amavasya of the next year, i.e. Rakshasa.  Thus assuming Ananda to be a mistake for Rakshasa, the given date corresponds to 1195 A.D. April 12.  The weekday, however, was Wednesday.

It records a gift of twelve gayanas to be collected annually from the contact amount (keni) for maintaining a charitable pigotta at Nagarabavi by Kesava, son of Vishnubhatta and Adakeyara Kesavadeva with the permission of the One-Thousand.

No.210

(B. K. No. 57 of 1927-28)

MEVUNDI, MUNDARGI TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of Venkatesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1196 A.D.

This is dated the 5th regnal year of the king, Nala, Vaisakha su. 3, Uttarayana sankranti, corresponding to 1196 A.D., April 3, when the weekday was Wednesday.  The reference to Sankranti, is evidently an error.

It registers a gift of land to the god Billesvara of Dehutageri by the king and the Nakharas, Mummuridandas, Mahajanas and others of the nine towns. Furthers gifts to the deity are mentioned.

No.211

(B. K. No. 58 of 1927-28)

MEVUNDI, MUNDARGI TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of Venkatesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1196 A.D.

This is dated the 5th regnal year of the king and Nala, the other details being lost.  This may be equated to 1196 A.D.

After describing the Five Hundred Svamis of Ayyavale, it registers certain social regulations formulated by them and the Mahajanas. It then records a gift of income from levies to the god Billesvara of Dehutageri by Billa Three-hundred headed by Hallaketabova.

No.212

(B.K. No. 189 of 1926-27)

NAREGAL, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a hero-stone leaning against the wall of the Tripurantaka temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1197 A.D.

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the king, Pingala, Margasira su.  14, Tuesday corresponding to 1197 A.D., November 25.

It refers to the gavuda of Narayangallu and seems to record the death of the warrior Kali-Bammaya.

No.213

(B.K. No. 187 of 1928-29)

ANNIGERI, NAVALGUND TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar to the left o the southern entrance (outer side) the Amritesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1197 A.D.

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the king, Pingala, Margassira-punnami, Monday, sankramana, corresponding to 1197 A.D., November 26, the Sankraman being Dhanus. The weekday, however, was Wednesday.

It records a gift of land to the god Svayambhu-Amritesvara of the rajadhanipattana Annigere, by Singayya-dannayaka, son-in-law of Kumara Lakshmidhara-dandanatha.

No.214

(B.K. No. 6 of 1926-27)

GADAG, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab built into the prakara wall of the Trikutesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1199 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1121. Siddharthi, Prathamashandha su. 8, Thursday, corresponding to 1199 A.D., June 3.

It registers the renewal of a gift of land made to the god Svayambhu-Trikutesvara for worship and offerings, after washing the feet of Siddhanti-Chandrabhushana-pandita by Mahamandalesvara Rayadevarasa who was governing this territory from Hallavurakuppa.  Rayadevarasa who is described as Vira-pradhana of the king wa theson of bammideva who belonged to the family of Kencha, the chief of Belvola Three hundred.  The gift was made on the bank of the Tungabhadra while the donor was engaged in pious deeds.

No.215

(B.K. No. 153 of 1926-27)

BENTUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On two faces of a pillar in the temple of Sambhulinga

Vira-Ballala, II, 1199-1200 A.D.

The record contains three dates. The first is dated the 9th regnal year of the king, Siddharthi, Ashadha ba. 14, Friday.  There was an Adhika-Ashadha month in the year; but as there is no specific mention of it, the reference may be to Nija-Ashadha in which case the details of the date correspond to 1199 A.D, July 9.  The weekday, however, was Thursday.  The second date is of the same year, Pushya su. 6, Sunday, Uttarayana-sankrmana, corresponding to 1199 A.D., December 26.  The last date is the cyclic year Raudri, Sravana-padiva, Thursday.  Obviously the cyclic year is the following one when the details correspond to 1200 A.D. July 13.

It records a series of gifts made to the god Svayambhudeva of Benaturu by several individuals.

No.216

(B.K. No. 193 of 1928-29)

ANNIGERI, NAVALGUND TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in the prakara of Amritesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1202 A.D.

This is dated the 12th rgnal year of the king, Dundubhi, Jyeshtha su.8, Thursday, corresponding to 1202 A.D., May 30.

It records a gift of land, after purchase, to the god Svayambhu Amritesvara of rajadhani-pattana Annigere, for worship on the eighth and fourteenth tithi in the month of Magha, by Basavayya-dandanayaka, the governor of Belvala Three-hundred, who is described as one of the four dandanayakas of the king, the other three being amrita, Kalla and Masanayya.  The gift is said to have been made at the command of the king whose descent in the lunar line together with the subsequent account of the Hoysala family is narrated in detail.

No.217

(B.K. No. 191 of 1928-29)

ANNIGERI, NAVALGUND TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar in the mandapa of the Amritesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1205 A.D.

This is dated the 15th regnal year of the king, Krodhana, ashadha su.13, Monday, Sankramana-pradosha.  The said tithi corresponds to 1205 A.D., June 30, which was Thursday.  The Sankramana, i.e. Dakshinayana-sankramana occurred on June 27, Monday.

It records a gift of money for offerings at the time of pradosha on the fourth, seventh and thirteenth tithes to the god Svayambhu-amritesvara of the rajadhani-pattana Annigere, by Hakisettiya-Devayya.  The money was deposited with the One Thousand Mahajanas of the palace, who were to utilise its interest only for the said purpose.  It contains praise of the donor and his daughter.  The record is damaged.

No.218

(B.K. No. 155 of 1926-27)

BENTUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar in the temple of Sambhulinga

Vira-Ballala, II, 1205 A.D.

This is dated the 15th regnal year of the king, Krodhana Pushya su. 8, Monday, corresponding to 1205 A.D., December 19, Monday, f.d.t. 67

It records a gift of money by Somayya out of the interest from which were to be made offerings to the god Svayambhu Kalidevaon every Monday.  The epigraph is engraved in two sections one below the other with an intervening space wherein is incised a record of Singhana (No.161 above).

No.219

(B.K. No. 116 of 1926-27)

HOSUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar in the Trikutesvara temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1207 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1129, Prabhava, Ashadha su. 11, Sunday, Karkataka-sankramana.  There was an Adhika-Ashadha month in that year; but as there is not specific mention of it, the month may be taken to be Nija-Ashadha.  The said tithi thus corresponds to 1207 A.D., July 7, the weekday being Saturday.  The Karkataka-Sankramana did not occur on this day.

It records a gift of land to the God Morakesvaradeva by Mahapradhana, Sarvadhikari Chikka-Narasingayya, the second son of the king, who was governing Mulugunda Twelve.  The gift land was secured by the donor from the Seven Hundred Mahajanas of Hosavuru, headed by Mahabala-gavunda.

The inscription is published in Epigraphia Indica, Vol.XXXII, pp.171.

No.220

(B.K. No. 87 of 1926-27)

MULGUND, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of the Pete Basappa temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1207 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1128, Prabhava, Pushya su 8, Monday, Uttarayana-sankramana.  The date is irregular.  The said tithi corresponds to 1207 A.D., December 23, which was Friday and not Monday.  The Sankraman occurred two days earlier, December 26.

It records the gift of land and money to the god Telligesvara by Arjunasetti, the Mummuridandas and others, after washing the feet of the Acharya of the temple, Bhaskaracharya, disciple of Kedaradeva, when Chavundayya is said to have been governing Mulugunda Twelve in Beluvala-nadu.

No.221

(B.K. No. 22 of 1926-27)

NAGAVI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar in the Kodi Basavanna temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1211 A.D.

This is dated the 21st regnal year of the king, Prajapati, Karttika-punnami, Monday, corresponding to 1211 A.D., October 23.  The weekday, however, was Sunday.  The reference to Sankramana in the date appears to be conventional.

It records a gift of land to the God mahabalesvara of Nagavi for worship and offerings by dharmarasi-pandita, after washing the feet of Somesvaradeva the Acharya of the temple.  The land was purchased by the donor for this purpose.

No.222

(B.K. No. 52 of 1926-27)

LAKKUNDI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab built into a platform of Visvanatha temple

Vira-Ballala, II, 1212 A.D.

This is dated the 22nd regnal year of the king, Angirasa, Vaisakha su. 13, Sunday, corresponding to 1212 A.D., April 15.

It records a gift of gold to the god Madhusudana by a Setti in the presence of the One-Thousand Mahajanas of Lokkigundi.  Other details are not known, as the record is damaged.

No.223

(B.K. No. 142 of 1926-27)

BALAGANUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in front of the chavadi

Vira-Ballala, II.

The partially preserved details of the date in this damaged record are Saka 1 . . . . Margasira-punnami.

It records a grant of land and house-site by Bellala Naga-gavunda, for a feeding house (satra) at Balaganuru.  The gift was entrusted to the asoetic Charndrabhushana-yati, whose virtues are extolled at length.

No.224

(B.K. No. 195 of 1928-29)

ANNIGERI, NAVALGUND TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in the prakara of  Amritesvara temple

Vira-Ballala

The inscription belongs to the reign of Vira-Ballala II.  It described the subordinate chief Mandalika Bachana who was governing the tract from the rajadhani-pattana Annigere.  The purpose of the record seems to be to register a gift to the god Amritesvara.  The epigraph being badly damaged and worn out, most of the details are lost.

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