The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions






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Annual Reports 1935-1944

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Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

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Early Gupta Inscriptions

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Archaeological-Survey of India




No. 352

(A. R. No. 352 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukottai State, Kudumiyamalai.

Sikhanathasvami Temple --- On The North Wall Of The Akhilandesvari Shrine.

Tribh. Virapandyadeva --- 13th Year.

This is damaged. The details of the date are given as Mesha, su. Sunday, Hasta probably corresponding to A.D. 1266, April 18. The tithi should be su.13. The epigraph states that as the temple at Tirunalakkunram (Kudumiyamalai) in Ko-nadu had gone out of repairs and there was no money for its renovation, the Nattar of Kana – nadu and those connected with the temple administration sold a land called the Iluppaikkudi-vayal at Ammangainallur, which was a tirunamattukkani of the temple, to a certain devaradiyal of the temple by name Nachchiyar daughter of Durggaiyandal for 73300 kasu. Kana-nadu is said to be situated in Kunrusal-nadu a division of Ko-nadu also called Kadaladaiyadilangalkondasola-valanadu. 

No. 353

(A .R. No. 353 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudimiyamalai.

Sikhanathasvami Temple --- On The Same Wall.

Tribh. Virapandyadeva --- 13th Year. 

This is connected with No. 352 above, and registers the endorsement (kilpunaititu) of the sale of the land and acknowledgement of the receipt of the amount from the purchaser Nachchiyar by the nattar of Konadu and the temple authorities of Tirunalakkunram.


No. 365

(A. R. No. 365 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudumiyamalai.

Sikhanathasvami Temple --- On The Same Wall.

Tribh.Vira Pandyadeva  --- 7th Year.

This is an unfinished epigraph, evidently intended to register a sale of land fed by three wells at Karandur (village) belonging to Arasugandadevan Arasagalanjappirandan alias Ayilaiyarayan of Pulvayal (?) in Vayalaga-nadu a division of Konadu also called Kadaladaiyadilangaikonda-sola-valanadu, to the temple at Tirunalakkunram in Kunrusul-nadu. 

No. 372

(A. R. No. 372 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudumiyamalai

Melaikkoyil Rock-Cut Temple --- On The Second Gopura.

Right At Entrance.

Tribh. Virapandyadeva --- 2nd Year.

This is an interesting document. It states that the temple treasury of Tirunalakkunram Udaiya-nayanar had been burgled by priests who stole away the jewels and cash therefrom. The theft was found out and a meeting was called of all the (representative) inhabitants of the nadu, nagaram and gramam of the region, who held an enquiry into the offair. One of the priests by name Kunran Serundivanapperuman confessed to have taken 60 pon and shared it with a stonemason. He also implicated the others in the theft but they denied all knowledge of the matter. They were thereupon taken to a court at Mattukurichchi (?)  preside  over by a samanta  and ordered to prove their  innocence before the assembled people by holding a red-hot iron in their hands. The ordeal went against them as their hands were burnt and they had to confess their guilt. The culprits were all pronounced as Siva drohis and they were deprived of their holdings at I luppaikkudi, which were now transferred to the temple as Tirunamattukkani  with the cultivating right thereon (koyil ulavu murruttu). Such lands as had been sold by them to others were got back on payment of their cost by the temple and those held on mortgage were recovered without any compensation. Other private lands in the village were to continue their payment of the achchuvari and other taxes into the temple as usual.

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