The Indian Analyst

South Indian Inscriptions






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Annual Reports 1935-1944

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Early Gupta Inscriptions

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Archaeological-Survey of India




No. 356

(A .R. No. 356 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudumiyamalai.

Sikhanathasvami Temple --- On The Same Wall.

Jat. Vira-Pandyadeva --- 11th Year (A.D. 1263-64).

This begins with introduction Tirumagal valar –mulai etc. It is left incomplete. It registers a royal order issued at the request of (Minister) Kalingarayar while the king was encamped at Karaiyur in Konadu, making a gift of the village Melmananallur together with all its dues and taxes like kadamai, karpura-vilai etc, to the temple of Tirunalakkunram – udaiya – Nayanan to meet the expenses of worship and other requirements of goddess Tirukkamakkotta-Nachchiyar who had been consecrated, it is said, by Nachchiyar the daughter of Durggaiyandal, evidently the same person mentioned in Nos. 352 and 353 above. 

No. 360

(A .R. No. 360 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudumiyamalai.

Sikhanathasvami Temple --- On The South Wall Of The Second Prakara.

Jat. Virapandyadeva --- 15th Year (A. D 1267-68).

The king is given the attribute “who took ilam, Kongu and Chola mandalam and after conquering the powerful king was pleased to perform the anointment of heroes and victors at Perumbarrapuliyur”. The inscription registers a sale, as tirunamattukkani to the temple at Tirunalakkunrum, of three veli of puravu (tax-paying?) land at Visalur by the Urar of that place, at the instance of two officers of the king (Rajagomurruvar) Vanadharayar and Gangeyar and on the intercession of the Irandukarai-nattar, for 64,000 kasu. The circum stances of the sale are given, from which it would seem that the Urar had been at default for a long period in the payment of the kadamai-kilirai and had also to account for 50,000 kasu which had evidently been deposited with them out of the amount intended for the renovation of the temple. This is probably the sale-proceeds of the transaction recorded in No. 352. A supplementary sale deed is added to this record figuring the Nattar as an agency and party for the execution of the sale.


No. 361

(A. R. No. 361 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudumiyamalai.

Sikhanathasvami Temple --- On The Same Wall.

Jat. Vira Pandyadeva --- 15th Year.

The king gets the same attributes as in No. 360 above. The inscription is damaged. It records an agreement given by the nattar and the sthanattar of the temple of Tirunalakkunramudaiya – Nayanar, to a certain individual (name lost) of Visalur, who had donated three ma of land to the temple, to the effect that they would supply 2 kalam Of rice and other requirements of the Tiruppavadai-amudu to the god on each of the four special festival days in the year, when the deity was taken in procession to the temple garden. Incidental mention is made of the conversion of a devadana land at Visalur into a tirunamattukkani of the temple by the Nattar and Urar, on which occasion this gift is said to have been made by the donor.

No. 375

(A. R. No. 375 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Kudumiyamalai.

Melaikkoyil Rock-Cut Temple --- On The Side Of The Second Gopura, Left Of Entrance.

This seems to record the acknowledgement (taravu-muri) of some help rendered by a certain Kudumiyar Udaiyapperumal of Sikaranallur in Tenkonadu to the Urar of Pulvayal and four other villages (Pulvayal Anjunilai) in return for which he got the accountancy of the 5 villages.

No. 393

(A. R. No. 393 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Tirumayyam.

Satyagirinatha-Perumal Temple – On The North Wall Of The Mandapa.

Jat. Tribh. Vira-Pandyadeva (Ii) – 4[5] Th Year

The details of the date are given as Dhanus, ba. 8, Wednesday, Hasta, which would correspond to A.D. 1340, December 13. This is Jat. Vira-pandya II who ascended the throne in A.D. 1296.

This registers the sale of padikaval right inclusive of the income from some specified lands in the village, by the Sabha of Tirumeyyam, in Kana-nadu alias Virudaraya-bhayankara-valanadu, to Muvan  Kadappillai, a member of the Valaiyar (community) of Melaikkurundanpirai of the Padaipparru  (military area?) in the same nadu for a price of 200 panam called the Valitir-andar-guligai. The specification of the income from the lands are not clear being lost in the damaged portion of the record. 

No. 435

(A. R. No. 435 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Srivaikuntham, Murappanadu.

Vedanarayana Perumal Temple – On The Same Wall.

Jatavarman Vira-Pandyadeva – 14th Year.

The king claims to have taken Ilam, Kongu, and Sola-nadu and performed the anointment of heroes at Perumbarrappuliyur. The details of the date are given as Karkataka, su. 1, Sunday, pushya which would be equivalent to 1266 A.D., July 4. This registers a deed given by the Mahasabha of Posalavira Somideva-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Murappunadu, to god Sri Narasimha-Paramasvami enshrined in the matha of Ekandanda-Paramahamsa in the village, confirming the title of the deity to the ownership of some lands in the village, with their contours and extent specified. This included two plots one of which had been sold in the 11th year of the king for the formation of a flower garden and the other granted in the same year as madappuram by a certain Srikrishna Bhattan of Iraivanaraiyur (Elavanasur in the South Arcot District), and also a third which was granted tax-free by order of the king in his 13th year of reign. 


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