The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

The Pallavas of Kanchi

The Chalukyas of Badami

Rashtrakutas

Western Chalukyas

Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI

More Inscriptions  

Tamil & Sanskrit Inscription

Tamil Inscriptions 

Misc.Ins from Tamil

Kannada Inscriptions

Telugu Inscriptions

Pallava Inscriptions

Chola Inscriptions

Pandya Inscriptions

Bombay Karnataka Inscriptions

Ins.of Vijayanagara Dynasty

Inscriptions  during 1903-04

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

BOMBAY-KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XI - Part I

WESTERN CHALUKYAS

Jagadekamalla Jayasimha II | Ahavamalla Taila II | Irivabodanga Satyasraya  Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya V |Trailokyamalla Somesvara I |Bhuvanaikamalla Somesvara II


No. 57

(B.K. No. 140 of 1928-29)

Banasankari, Badamai Taluk, Bijapur District

On a pillar in the shrine of Siva to the Proer eLeft of the Shrine of the Goddess Banasankari

The inscription refers itself to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (1).  It seems to commemorate the death, probably in a fight, of Senabova Nagavarmmayya, a trusted servant of Bhimadeva who was a scion of the Rashtrakuta family and a few others.   Bhimadeva is described as a bee at the lotus-feet of Ahavamalladeva (i.e., Taila II).  the scent-epephant of (his) mava (father-in-law or maternal uncle), ‘the lion of (his) bhava (brother-in-law) and a Hanuma (i.e., Hanuman) of Simha (i.e., Jayasimha II) and a Sauparna (ie., Garunda) in valour.  He is evidently identical with Bhimarasa or Bhimaraja who was governing the Banavase, Santalige and kisukadu districts under Taila (II) and Irivabedanga Satyasraya (Dyn. Kan. Dists. pp. 430 and 433).

The record is dated Saka 941, Siddharthin, * * su. 5, Sunday.  In Siddharthin, su. 5 and Sunday combined on three occasions which correspond to (1) A.D. 1019, April 12, (2) A.D. 1019, September 6 and (3) A.D. 1020, January 3.

 No. 58

(B.K. No. 44 of 1927-28)

Nagarahalli, Mundargi Petha, Dharwar District

Round The Pedestal Of The Linga Surrounded By Five Images Of Bulls In The Temple Of Panchalinga

The inscription which belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (I) mentions the Mahasamanta Dasarasa entitled ‘Sigana Garuda’ i.e., the eagle of Singa (i.e., Jayasinha II,) as governing Maseyavadi One Hundred and Forty.  It registers a gift of land made by the king and Nagama-Gavunda of Dharmesvara constructed by Tribhuvana-Narayana Dharma-Setti. Since Dasarasa is called a son (magam) of Jagadekamalladeva he may be taken to be a favourite servant of the king, not hitherto known from inscriptions.

The record is dated Saka 944, Dundubhi, Chaitra, su. 5, Sunday which is equivalent to A.D. 1022, March 10, Saturday.  Sunday is probably a mistake for Saturday.

No. 59

(B.K. No. 176 of 1926-27)

Ron, Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up To The Left Of The Entrance Into The Temple Of Kalamaesvara

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva(I) and is dated in Saka 944, Dundubhi (=A.D. 1022).  It registers a gift of lands made by Machimayya to the temple of Mulasthanadeva constructed by his younger brother Sankimayya at rona.  Sankimayya’s father was Aytavarmma born in the family of Brahma (i.e., a Brahmana) and a resident of the maha-agrahara Rona.

No. 60

(B.K. No. 272 of 1927-28)

Banasankari, Badami Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Pillar Lying In The Temple Of Banasankari.

The inscription refers itself to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (1) and purports to be the memorial pillar set up in front of the goddess Banadadevi by Sahasa-Bhima Manevergade Ketimayya on Sunday, Vaisakha, ba. 8 of the cyclic year Raktakshin falling in Saka 946 (=Sunday, 3rd May, A.D. 1024).  Ketimayya is stated to be a servant of Mahasamanta Dasarasa who must be identical with the chief Dasarasa mentioned in No. 58 above.

No. 61

(B.K. No. 60 of 1928-29)

Marol, Hungund Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Set Up Inside The Temple Of Ramalinga.

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (1) and registers a gift of land made to a basadi at Maravolal (the modern Marol) by the Nolamba chief Ghateyankakara who was governing the Nolambavadi and Karividi-Thirty divisions.  Maruvolal was under the administration of Mahadevi, a daughter of Sattiga (i.e., Irivabedanga Satyasraya).  The Jaina teachers Anatanvirya-Munia who was versed in all the sastras, Gunakirti-Siddanta-Bhattaraka and his desciple Devakirti-Pandita are also mentioned.  The record is engraved indistinctly in a cursive script.

We know from the Alur inscription of Vikramaditya V Saka 933); Ep. Ind. Vol. XVI, pp. 27 ff.)  that Irvia-Nolambadhiraja Ghateyanakakara had married a daughter of Irvabedanga.  She was probably the Mahadevi of the present inscription.  Iriva-Nolambadhiraja Ghateyankakara is apparently identical with Ghateyanakakara of the present record.

The record is dated Saka 946, Raktakshin, Uttarayana-sankramana, the English equivalent of which would be A.D. 1024, December 24, Thursday.

No. 62

(B.K. No. 80 of 1928-29)

Heggur, Bilgi Petha, Bijapur District

On A Multilated Stone Set Up Near The Temple Of Isvara

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (I) and registers a gift of 24 mattar of land made by Mahasamanta Aytavarmarasa of the Ranamurkha family to the temple of Re[bba]lesvara at Pergguruva (the modern Heggur).  Of these, eighteen mattar were meant for expenses of education and six for the benefit of the deity.

The record is dated Saka 94[6], Raktakshin, Pushya, su. 7, Thursday, Uttarayana-sankranti which corresponds to A.D. 1024, December 24, Thursday (su. 7 being evidently a mistake for ba. 7)

No. 63

(B.K. No. 160 of 1926-27)

Asundi, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up In Front Of The Isvara Temple

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jagadekamall (I) and registers a gift of land at Kariyala made by Mahasahandhipati Sauchaya-Nayaka who was adminsitering Eleya-Pasundi in the Belvola Three Hundred district, to the temple of Bhogesvara, after washing the feet of Devasingi-Pandita, a pupil of Maleyala-Pandita of the temple of Nakaresvara at Annigere.  The record is dated Saka 948, Prabhava, Paushya, su. 13. Sunday, Uttarayana-sankranti.  Prabhava corresponded to Saka 949 and in this year Uttarayana-sankranti fell on Paushya, su. 13, which was a Saturday.  The probable English equivalent of the date would be A.D. 1026, December 24.

No. 64

(B.K. No. 100 of 1926-27)

Mulgund, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab In A Field Called Benkiyavara-Hola About Two Miles To The North-East Of The Village

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jayasimhadeva (II) and introduces his subordinate Vavanarasa as the governor of the Purigere Three Hundred and Belvola Three Hundred provinces.  It states that Bhavasivadeva was the spiritual head of several temples including Jagadekamallesvara constructed by Kundaraja at Muchchundi in Banavasi-nadu and Sobhanesvara built by Sobhanarasa at Mulugunda and that his choses pupil Nagasvamin made a gift of gold, land and house-site for certain charities before he started on his pilgrimage to fulfil certain vratas at Gaya, Varanasi (Benares) etc.  Kundaraja mentioned above is evidently the son of (?) Irivabedanga Satyasraya (Ep. Ind. Vol. XV. P. 330) and Sobhanarasa is identical with the homonymous governor of the two Six-Hundreds under Taila Ii in A.D. 982 (Ep. Ind. Vol. IV p. 206 f).  The record is dated Saka 950, Vibhava, Sravana, ba. 8, Wednesday, which corresponds to A.D. 1028, July 17, Wednesday.  The month was Adhikasravana.

No. 65

(B.K. No. 110 of 1926-27)

Hosur, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Built Into The Roof Of The Siva Temple

The inscription belongs to the reing of Jagadekamalladeva I.  His subordinate Dandanayaka Vavanarasa, the eldest son of Kesavarsa, was governing the Two Six-Hundred districts and his younger brother the Mahasamntadhipati Sripadarasa, was ruling over Mulungunda-Twelve.  The object of the inscription is to record the grant of an areca-nut garden and house-sites made by Aycha-Gavunda of Posavur to the basadi constructed by him in memory of his wife Kamchikabbe while Posavur was being administered by Sindarasa at the command of Revakabbarasi, the wife of Vavanarasa.  Sindarasa was the so of Koralgunda who belonged to the Sinda race and Kannula (Kunnala?) family.  The stone was set up by Polega, son of Eraka or Yaraga, who was the eldest son of Aycha-Gavunda who belonged to the Moraka family.  (On Koralgunda see No. 47 above)

The record is dated Saka 950, Vibhava, Paushya, suddha-trayodasi, Sunday, Uttarayana-sankranti. The date is irregular.  In Vibhava, the Uttarayana-sankranti occurred on Tuesday, Pushya, su. 5, (=Dec. 24, A.D. 1028).  But in the following year, Pushya, su. 13 and Sunday coincided but the sankranti occurred on the following Wednesday (=Dec. 24, A.D. 1029).

No. 66

(B.K. No. 8 of 1929-30)

Bidarkundi, Muddebihal Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Stone Standing Near The Isvara Temple

The record belongs to the reing of Jagadekamalladeva I and bears the date Saka 954, Angirasa, Uttarayana-sankranti.  It registers a gift of land and an oil-mill made conjointly by the Mahasamanta Nagavarmarasa, called also ‘Yadava-Narayana’, Vavanayya-Nayaka, the Urodeya of Bidi[kku]nde, [Ka]varaja and Rechimayya, to the temple of Siva and the matha constructed by Isaramayya, son of Devapayya. Bidikkund is identical with the modern Bidarkundi where ithe inscription is found

The date of the record corresponds to A.D. 1032, December 24, Sunday.

No. 67

(B.K. No. 6 of 1929-30)

Bavur, Muddebihal Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Stone Set Up Near The Brahmalinga Temple

This damaged inscription of Jagadekamalladeva I registers a gift of land made to the matha etc., attached to the temple of Mulasthana at Kantipattana.  A certain Mahasamanta Mailarasa who was governing Pagalatti, is mentioned with a string of titles.  The record is dated Saka 954, Angirasa, sankranti, Sunday.  In Angirasa, both the Dakshinayana and the Uttarayana sankrantis fell on a Sunday.  The intended date is probably the more popular Uttaryana-sankranti which corresponds to A.D. 1032, December 24, Sunday.  The Dakshniyana-sankranti fell on Sunday, June 25, of the same year.

Kantipattana was evidently the ancient sanskritised name of bavur to which the epigraph belongs.

No. 68

(B.K. No. 69 of 1929-30)

Tammadhaddi, Muddebihal Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab In The Village Chavadi

The inscription which is engraved in characters of he 12th century A.D. purports to be a record of Jayasimhadeva who bore the titles Vikramasimha and Trailokyamalla and who was ruling the kingdom from his capital at Hottalakere.  It registers the grant of land made to the temples of Balesvaradeva and Mulasthanadeva at Tambedhade (modern Tamadhaddi) by Balikabbe-gaudi, the wife of Pasayita Durgimayya who was the Heggade of the Mahamandalesvara Kondiruva Gomarasa of Nalvatumbada (i.e., Nalatwad)

The date of the record is Pushya, amavasya, Uttarayana-sankranti, Sunday.  If the king of this record is taken to be Jayasimha II, the details would correspond to Sunday, 23rd December, A.D. 1033.; f.d.t. .55. ‘Trailokyamalla’ and “Vikramasimha’ would appear to be new birudas of the king.  Jayasimha III, a son of Somesvara I had biruda ‘Trailokyamalla,’ but he never ascended the throne.

No. 69

(B.K. No. 23 of 1927-28)

Rajur, Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Stone Leaning Against The Front Wall Of The Temple Of Hanuman

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva I who was ruling from his capital at kalyanapura.  It records that, while Prabhu Joga was administering Rajuru included in Kisukadu Seventy, the image of the god Jogesvara ws installed at Rajuru on Monday, Vaisakha, su, punname of the year Srimukha falling in Saka 45869 (!) and that several gifts of land and money were made to the temples of Jogesvara, Gavaresvara and Somanatha.  The Saka year is given wrongly.  Otherwise the details would regularly correspond to Monday, 16th April, A.D. 1033 (Saka 955).  The characters are too late to be assigend to the time of Jagadekamall I.  But in Jagadekamall II’s reign there was no cyclic year Sirmukha.  The record is probably a copy.  It is worded very indifferently.

No. 70

(B.K. No. 261 of 1927-28)

Bhairanmatti, Bagalkot Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Lying In The Maruti Temple

The inscription which is written in characters of about the 11th century A.D. is divided into two parts.  The first part tells us that in the time of the Western Chalukya king Taila II in Saka 911 ( mistake for 912) Vikrita, there was Sinda prince named Pullikala who had a son named Mahasamanta Nagatiyarasa.  It registers a grnt of land which had been made by nagatiyarasa to a priest named Paratraya Simharasi-Bhatta.  It is added that Nagatiyarasa’s grandson Sevyarasa was a vassal of Bhuvanaikamalladeva (Somesvara II).  The second part registers a grant which Nagatiyarasa had made to a priest named Tejorasi-pandita in the time of Jayasimha II when the latter was reigning at Kollipake in Saka 955, Srimukha (=A.D. 1033-34). 

No. 71

(B.K. No. 260 of 1927-28)

Hallur, Bagalkot Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab In The Basavesvara Temple

This mutilated inscription refers itself to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (Jayasmha II) who was ruling the kingdom from his capital at Kollipake and registers a grant made by his subordinate Mahasamanta Nagatiyarasa            to Tejorasi-Pandta in Saka 965, Srimukha (=A.D. 1033-34).  The chief and the donee are evidently identical with those of the above inscription which appears to be a later copy.

No. 72

(B.K. No. 13 of 1926-27)

Gadag, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Built Into The Inner Wall Of The Encolusre To The Right Of The Well In The Viranarayana Temple

The inscription belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalla Jayasinghadeva II and registers the gift of land made Damodara-Setti, after purchasing it from maddimayya-nayaka, the Urodeya of Lokkigundi, to the temples of Traipurushadeva and Baraha-Narayanadeva (Twelve Narayanas).  The father of Damodara, Perggade Dhoyipayya,  is stated to have constructed these temples and set up the garudastambha therein.  The inscription contans two dates, viz., Saka 959, Isvara, Ashadha, su. 5, Sunday and Asvayuj, amavasya, solar eclipse, vyatipata, which respectively corresponded to A.D. 1037, June 20, (Which was Monday and not Sunday), and A.D. 1037, October 11, Tuesday.

No. 73

(B.K. No. 141 of 1928-29)

Belur, Badami Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Set Up In Front Of The Belurappa Temple

This inscription is badly damaged and worn out.  It refers itself to the reign of he Western Chalukya king Jagadekamall Jayasimha II (A.D. 1016-1042) and seems to register a gift of land.  The record bears two dates of which the first is completely lost.  The second is Saka 962, Vikrama, Pushya, ba. 1, Monday, Uttarayana-sankranti.  The English equivalent of this by the tithi and the week-day would be A.D. 1040, December 22, Monday, but the sankranti occurred on the following day.

No. 74

(B.K. No. 91 of 1928-29)

Mantur, Bilgi Petha, Bijapur District

On A Stone Set Up In Front Of The Temple Of Ramalinga

The record belongs to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva (I) who was ruling the kingdom from his capital at Hottalakere.  It mentions his subordinate the mahasamanta Ereyamma or Erega who bears all the hereditary titles of he Ratta family.  He is stated to have made a gift of certain incomes accruing from fines etc., to the Mahajanas of Daivada Manturu and the Urodeya Madhusudanayya for digging a tank called Rattasamudra in that place.  Erega bears alias the birudas Ratta-Narayana and Ratta-Marttanda.

The records dated Saka 962, Vikrama, Margasira, su. 5, Sunday.  In Vikrama, Margasira, su. 5 was not Sunday but Tuesday.  But in the following year Vishu, Margasira, su. 5 was Sunday A.D. 1041, November 1 which perhaps in the date intended.

No. 75

(B.K. No. 87 of 1927-28)

Sirur, Mundargi Petha, Dharwar District

On The Stone Door Frame Of The Torangalla Brahmadeva Temple

The inscription refers itself to the reign of Jagadekamalladeva I and mentions Jagademalla Irmadi Nolamba-Pallava-Permanadi as governing the five villages in Masivadi One Hundrd and Forty and records the remission of certain taxes made by the six gavundas (whose names are given) in respect of Kumchavaduga Dasayya for having constructed the siri-vagilu (gate of fortune, i.e., the main gate) at Siriviura.  Dasa is stated to be an ornament of the Sinda-kula and is called Padevala Dasa.

Irmadi Nolamba figures in another inscription of Sirur as adminstering the same territory in Saka 963 (Ep. Ind. Vol. XV, pp. 335ff).  It may be presumed that this chief for whom dated Saka 963 and Saka 964 (date of the presnt record) are known is identical with jagadekamalla Nolamba [alias] Irmadi Nolamba who was the elder brother of Trailokyamalla Nanni-Nolamba-Pallava-Permanadi figuring in the Morigere record of Saka 967 (No. 443 of 1914).

The inscription is dated Saka 964, Chitrabhanu, Kartika, su. 2, Monday, which corresponds to A.D. 1042, October 18, Monday.

No. 76

(B.K. No. 2 of 1926-27)

Gadag, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Broken Slab Built Into The Prakara Of The Trikutesvara Temple

This inscription which is considerably damaged and mutilated refers to one Madhava and his son (?) Kesa[va?]-Jiya (also probably called Kesavaraja).  The latter appears to have fought successful battles in the Konkana country and on the banks of the Godavari and won the admiration of Taila (Nirumadi-Taila II)  and also pleased Vikramaditya (probably Vikramaditya V) by his conquest of the Kosala country. Among his sons by Lalambika or Lalambika, were Bhayiga, who pleased the same king by his conquests and madhavaraja who won the admiration of Singa-nripati (probably Jayasimha II) by leading the cavalry forces (in the wars) against the Chola.

No. 77

(B.K. No. 37 of 1929-30)

Kuntoji, Mudderihal Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Near The Well In The Isvara Temple

This is an inscription of Jagadekamalladea who had his capital at [Pottalakere]. Neither the date nor the contents of the record are available as the stone is broken off in the middle.  On palaeographical grounds, the record may be assigned to Jagadekamalla Jayasimha II.

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