The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

Cholas

Pallava

Pandya

Rashtrakuta

Sambuvaraya

  Vijayanagara

  Miscellaneous 

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1905-1906

KULOTTUNGA III

 
No. 37 (Page No. 30)
(A.R.No.37.of 1906)

Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur

Amritaghatesvara Temple –On The Same Wall.

Tribh. Virarajendra-Chola- (III) 9th Year, (A.D.1186-7)

The king is given the epithet ‘who was pleased to take Madurai’. This records yet another gift of the same kind by the reclamation of 700 kuli of land each at the devadana villge Erukkattuchcheri by two persons, one by name Sattiva- nanayakan alias Danavinoda- Pallavaraiyan of Mulangudi in Nallarur –nadu a division of Virudarajabhayankara-valanadu and the other called Barantanginan alias Kalikadindasola –pallavaraiyan of Magadaiyur. Below this inscription is an unfinished single line record of the [2] 6th year of tribh. Rajarajadeva stopping with the mention of the devakanmis of the Kala-kaladevar temple.

 No. 38 (Page No. 3)
(A. R.No.38.of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur
Amritaghatesvara Temple –On The Same Wall.
Tribh. Virarajendra-Chola- (III) 9th Year, (A.D.1186-7)

The king claims to have taken Madurai. This records yet another gift of two perpetual lamps by the reclamation of 1400 kuli of land in the same village by one Arayan Tiruvanantisan alias Keralarayan of perunallur in Kilvengai-nadu a division of Rajaraj-valanadu.

 No. 40 (Page No. 32)
(A. R.No.40. of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur
Amritaghatesvara Temple –On The Same Wall.
Tribh. Virarajendra-Chola-III- 17th Year, (A.D.1194-5)  

The king claims to have taken Madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya. The inscription states that after the demise of Bharadvaji Kalavinoda. Panditan of Tiruvalanjuli who, along with his brother had the right of worship in the temples of Tiruvarattanam –Udaiyar and Tirumayanam –Udaiyar at Tirukkada. Vur, a resident of the village by name Kunikkumpiran saiva-vidyadhara-Barhma-maharaja and his father saivachintamani Brahmamaharajar claimed to have been appointed priests In their place by order of the king which was also got engraved on stone in these two temples and were accordingly performing worship.

This reached the ears of Svamidevar (evidently the king’s preceptor) who found out their unworthiness and false pretensions and hence dismissed them from service and reappointed the previous and rightful incumbents of the posts, viz. Bharadvaji Brahmamaharajan Kuttappiran Kalavindodapanditan and Devapperuman saiva-surya-Brahmamaharajan and others for the conduct of worship in the two temples. He also restored to them the right and perquisites attached to their posts as they were in practice up to the 16th year of the king they were given in addition the Right of worship of the other deities also set up in the temple like Kalakaladevar, Kuttadumdevar, Kulottunga –Cholisvaramudaiyar and Vikrama –Cholisvaramudaiyar, on the representation of Vikramasola-Brahmamaharajan that this appointment may receive royal assent and be engraved on stone, the king now issued his orders to the temple trough his officers Rajanarayana-Muvendavelan and six others confirming the above arrangements.

No. 42 (Page No. 39)
(A. R. No. 42 of 1906)
Tanjvur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur
Amritaghatesvara Temple –On The Same Wall
Par. Kulottunga-Chola III – 16th Year (A.D. 1193-4)

The inscription begins with introduction Puyal vappa etc. The king is given the attribute “who took Maduraj and was pleased to take the crowned head of the pandya (evidently Vira-Pandya)”. The details of the date are given as Mesha, su. [8], Thursday, Pushya (A.D. 1194, March 31).  This registers the remission of taxes on a veli of temple land (Kasukolla-iraiyili) by the mahasabha of Tirukkada-vur, for the expenses of worship and offerings to god Rajaraja-isvaramudaiyar consecrated in the shrine to the west side of the Kalakaladevar temple, by Araiyan rajarajadevar alias Vanadharayar for the welfare of the king. This image of the deity is evidently different from the one mentioned in No. 41 above.

No. 43 (Page No. 41)
(A. R. No. 43 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur
Amritaghatesvara Temple-On The Same Wall
Par. Kulottunga-Chola III – 16th Year (A.D. 1193-4)

The details of the date are given as Mesha, su 8, Thursday, Pushya, corresponding to A.D. 1194, March 31.This records the same transaction mentioned in No. 42 above, which is here addressed to the concerned officers nilavariyan and nilakkanakkan evidently for the Purpose of entry in their tax registers.

 No. 57 (Page No. 52)
(A. R. No. 57 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The Same Wall
Tribhuvanaviradeva (Kulottunga III)-35th Year (A.D.1212-13) 

The king is introduced with his panegyric “who took Madurai, Illam and karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya and performed the anointment of heroes and victors”. The inscription is damaged. It registers a tax-free gift of land at Erukkalandittai village in Akkur by Vachchiyan Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan pinnai-ennadan a devotee from Perumbarrappuliyur a taniyur in Rajaaadhiraja-valanadu, to provide for the daily supply of a specified number of lotuses to the temple during the several months in the year. The land seems to have been allotted by the temple to three elders of Kuvalaiyur, a hamlet of Tirukkadavur with necessary stipulations.

 No. 60  (Page No. 57)
(A. R. No. of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The Same Wall.
Tribhuvanavira (Kulottunga III)-33rd Year (A.D. 1210-11)

The inscription begins with the mention of the king’s conquest of Madurai and Ilam and Karuvur and his anointment as hero and victor. It records a gift of one ma of land at Tirumayanavilagam after reclamation by a Sivabrahmana of the temple by name Attiraiyar Nambi Alavandi alias Porkoyil-Bhattan to provide for the requirements of worship to the goddess Vadamulai-Nachchiyar on a special festival day in the year. The land was left in charge of one Serrudaiyan Perumal on Vadakkadamai (perpetual lease) and he was to measure out 5 kalam of paddy for the purpose mentioned.

 No. 61 (Page No. 59)
(A. R. No. 61 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The West Wall Of The Same Manadapa
Kulottunga (III)- 8th Year (A.D. 1185-6)

The king is given the attribute “who was pleased to take Madurai”. This records a gift of 600 kuli or 6 ma of land at the devadana village Tirumayanavilagam after reclamation by Tillainayaka-Perumal of Kiliyur-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple with daily supply of an ulakku of ghee.

 No. 62 (Page No. 59)
(A. R. No. 62 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The Same Wall
Kulottunga III – 9th Year (A.D. 1186-7)

The king has the attribute “who was pleased to take Madurai”. This records a similar gift of 7 ma of land in the same place for a perpetual lamp in the temple, by one Arayan Tiruvanantan Keralaraman of Kilvengai-nadu in rajaraja-valanadu.

 No. 63 (Page No. 60)
(A. R. No. 63 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The Same Wall
Kulottunga III-9th Year (A.D. (1186-87) 

The king is given the attribute “who was pleased to take Madurai. This also records a similar gift of 6 ma of land after reclamation by payment of money by Vannan Manrulladuvan alias Sembiyan Pallavaraiyan of Puduvur in Arvalak-kurram, a division of Rajendrasola-valanadu, for burning a lamp in the temple. 

No. 64 (Page No. 60)
(A. R. NO. 64 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The Same Wall Of The First Prakara
Tribh. Kulottungs-Chola III – 17th Year (A.D. 1194-95) 

The king is given the attribute “who was pleased to take Madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya”. The record begins with his title Konerinmaikondan this is almost a copy of the inscription No. 40 above found in the Amritaghatesvara temple as the contents pertain to this temple also.

No. 65 (Page No. 61)
(A. R. No. 65 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirumayanam
Brahmapurisvara Temple-On The Same Wall Of The Same Prakara
Kulottunga III-13th Year (A.D. 1190-91) 

The king is mentioned with his usual attributes. This records the appointment of one Naruputtudaiyan … Gunachcharan in place of a certain Chandesurap-Pichchan (deceased) as nandavanakkudi to look after the flower garden, which had been endowed to the temple by a devotee by name Vachchiyan Jatavedan alias truchchirrambalam-udaiyan of Rajadhiraja-valanadu on the northern bank of the river (Kaveri).

No. 69 (Page No. 67)
(A. R. No. 69 of 1906)
South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Jambai
Jambunatha Temple-On The Same Wall
Tribh. Kulottunga-Chola-38th Year. 

This records a tax-free gift of 1000 kuli of land at Mamandur on the southern bank of the river for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple by a certain Alavandan rajaraja-Sisupalan of Perayil. 

No. 73 (Page No. 70)
(A. R. No. 73 of 1906)
South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Jambai
Jambunatha Temple-On The Same Wall
Tribh. Kulottunga-Chola-38th Year 

This records a gift of 1000 kuli in the villages Nallur Maruttuvanpadi free of all takes, for offerings to the goddess Tirukkamakkotta-Nachchiyar in the temple of Tantonri-Aludaiyar at Virarajendrasolapuram, by Solaganga-Pallavaraiyan raja [raja*] Sisupalan of Perayil (the donor mentioned in No. 69 above). The village Maruttuvanpadi is said to have been a devadana (?), which had been granted to the temple by one Vanavichchadira-Velan. 

No. 102 (Page No. 92)
(A. R. No. 102 Of  1906)
South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Jambai
Jambunatha Temple-On The Wall Of The Same Shrine
Tribh. Kulottunga-Chola (III)-14th Year (A.D. 1191-2). 

This records the endowment of a wetland as devadana to the temple of Tirukkapalisvaram-Udaiyar at Sanbai alias Virarajendrapuram on the northern bank of the Pennai in Vanagoppadi a division of Rajarajavalanadu by SediyarayanAkarasuran alias Rajagambhirach-Chediyarayan the Malayaman chief of Kiliyur. Rajagambhira was a title of Rajaraja II (M.E.R. 1927, Part II, para 25) 

No. 157 (Page No. 128)
(A. R. No. 157 of 1906)
South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Elvanasur
Gramardhanatha Temple-On The Same Wall
Raj. (?) Kulottunga-Chola (III) – 5th Year (A.D. 1182-83) 

The inscription begins with the introduction puyalvayttu valamperuga etc., this registers the gift of certain taxes like killari, antarayam, tariyirai, tattarpattam etc., due from the Setttis, Vaniyar and wage earners to the chief Arasanarayanan elisaimogan alias Jananatha-Kachchiyarayan of Kudalur, to the temple of Urbagan-kondaruliya-Nayanar at Iraiyanaraiyur to meet the expenses of the unguents required for the daily anointment of the deity and of the tiruvisul-sattugai (?) once every year. 

No. 277  (Page No. 219)
(A. R. No. 277 of 1906)
North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.
Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.
Tribhuvanaviradeva (Kulottunga III) – 34th Year (A.D. 1211-12)

This records the royal order issued at the request of Sedirayan, granting 96 veli of land tax-free at Vadiyur for the requirements of worship of god Uttama-Cholisvaram-udaiyar consecrated by the chief in the temple of Tirumarperudaiyar. The signatories to this order are 8 officers of the king including the Tirumandiravolai (Secretary) Rajanarayana-Muvendavelan and Nilagangaraiyan. 

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