The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Table of Contents

Introduction

STONES

1 to 25

26 to 50

51 to 75

76 to 100

101 to 125

126 to 150

151 to 175

176 to 200

201 to 225

226 to 250

251 to 275

276 to 300

301 to 325

326 to 352

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 151.

(A.R. No. 232 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjore

 District. On the north wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This records an agreement given by the perunguri-sabhai (Big Assembly) of Simhavishnu-Chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mudichchol[la*]-nadu, in consideration of a lump sum of 200 kalanju of gold expressed in terms of 3000 kalam of paddy, received by them from the donor, to exempt from all taxes the village Kundamangalam endowed to the temple of Bhumisundara-Vinnagar-Paramasvami, by Kannandai Arivanan Bhumisundaran alias Sundarasola-Muvendavelan of Valaippandal in Valaippandal-nadu in Palkunrak-kottam, a subdivision of Tondai-nadu, who is also said to have built the temple. The donor’s surname suggests that the record may be one of Sundara-Chola.

No. 152.

(A.R. No. 49 of 1923.)

Pullalur, Conjeeveram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On stones built (irregularly) into the walls of the Kamakshi-Amma shrine, Kailasanatha temple.

This records the decision of the assembly of Paramesvara-chaturvedimangalam in Eyir-kottam I consultation with the Piran-adhi[kari] (officer), to enforce the obligation of the unangarpidi land (?) on the Sivabrahmanas of the temple of Sri Tandaladeva as the latter failed to burn the (stipulated) perpetual lamp (with the income there from), and to supervise the maintenance of the lamp in the temple themselves in future, through the perumakkal doing the variyam for the year and the uralvan.

No. 153.

(A.R. No. 364 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

This records the gift of a lamp-stand and an endowment of 12 kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the shrine of Mahadeva on the southern side of the temple of Avanikandarppa (gandharva) Isvaragriham, by Nakkan Akkaranangaiyar the daughter of Devanar ‘of this Tali’ and wife of prince (Pillai) Seramanar. In No. 385 of 1924 from the same place, dated in the 27th year of Rajaraja I, his queen Panchavan mahadevi is referred to as the daughter of Devanar of Avanikandarppapuram. The identity of ‘Pillai Seramanar’ is not known. He was possibly a feudatory of chief holding an important position under the Chola king. Friendly relationship is known to have prevailed between the Cheras and the Cholas since the time of Aditya I (S.I.I. Vol. III, No. 89).

No. 154.

(A.R. No. 383 of 1924.)

On the south wall of the Cholesvara shrine, same temple.

Another gift of 12 kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the shrine of Mahadeva on the northern gate of same temple and a lamp-stand by Nakkan Akkara-Nangaiyar (See No. 153 above).

No. 155.

(A.R. No. 362 of 1925.)

Palankoyil, Polur Taluk, North Arcot District.

On a pillar in front of the Mukha-mandapa, Phalagrahisvara temple.

The inscription is badly damaged. The portion to the right of this which is the same script records a gift of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Palangolur by Chamunde . . . . . . . . . son of Papaiyan, an officer under Nulambar Virasola. Both this Papaiyan and Virasola figure in No. 361 of 1925 from the same place, dated in the 29th year of an unspecified king. The latter was possibly a local chieftain who was subordinate to Rajaraja I and was also known as Vira-Chola.

No. 156.

(A.R. No. 187 of 1926.)

Tiruchchirrambalam, Pattukottai Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar in the Ardha-Mandapa, Puratanavanesvara temple.

This records an endowment of land made by Pudi Uttaman of Velvur for offerings in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruchchirremam, a devadana – brahmadeya village in Rajaraja-nadu. It was made tax-free by the urar of Kulakkudi in Punrir-kurram for a lump-sum of 12 ½ kalanju received by them from the donor. The name of the nadu suggests a late date for the inscription. Sirremam of Jnanasambandar is evidently this village and not Sittamur in the Tirutturaipundi taluk as taken by some hitherto (M.E.R. 1926, II. 9).

No. 157.

(A.R. No. 122 of 1934.)

Tirupporur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east, north and west walls of the Devayanai-Amman Shrine, Subrahmanya temple.

The stones containing this inscription are misplaced and some are lost. It seems to register an undertaking given by the mahasabha of the village Kayar alias Kamalanarayana-chaturvedimangalam in Kumuli-nadu, a subdivision of Amur-kottam in Jayankondasola-mandalam, to see to the proper maintenance of offerings, worship and lamps in the temple of Subrahmanyadeva at Tirupporiyur in the same nadu, with the endowments made by some private individuals of the place. The name Jayankonda-solamandalam came to be applied to the country evidently after Rajarja I. Since the alphabet of the inscription is also very late, the record may be assigned to the reign of Rajakesarivarman Kulottunga-Chola I (M.E.R. 1934, II – 15).

No. 158.

(A.R. No. 588 of 1904.)

Srinivasanallur, Musir Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the Korangunathan temple.

The inscription registers a sale of garden-land at Isanaikkudi to thetemple of Tirukkurakkutturraip-Perumanadigal by Panachchan Duvedi Narayanan Kali of Mayindiramangalam (Mahendramangalam), a brahmadeya village. One of the boundaries mentioned is a land said to belong to the Chaturvedibhatta-ttana(sthana)-peru.makkal.

No. 159.

(A.R. No. 599 of 1904.)

On the south wall of the Pattabhiramasvamin shrine,

Visvanathasvamin temple in the same village.

The inscription is much damaged. It seems to record a gift of land by the sabha to provide for (unguents and) sandal-paste for (the image of) Durga-Bhatariyar of the Mulasthana.

No. 160.

(A.R. No. 320 of 1910.)

Tirumeyjnanam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Jnanaparamesvara temple.

This records a tax-free gift of land for offerings (to the deity) during the midnight service (in the temple) by the assembly (perumakkal) of Palaya Sembiyan Mahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya on the southern bank (of the Kaveri). The mention of the village which is named after the mother of king Uttama-Chola makes the record assignable to the next king after him, viz., Rajaraja I.

No. 161.

(A.R. No. 251 of 1913.)

Oragadam, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a rock to the south of the Vadamallisvara temple.

This inscription is much damaged. It mentions the village Pallavamalla-chaturve[dimangalam], so named evidently after the Pallava king Nandivarman II.

No. 162.

(A.R. No. 101 of 1914.)

Tiruverumbur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Pipilikesvara temple.

This inscription records an agreement made by the perunguri-sabhai of Srikantha-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya on the southern bank (of the Kaveri) remitting, in consideration of the receipt of a lump amount, the payment of taxes on four and a half veli and half ma of land endowed by Vengai Ilaiya-rudrakumara-Kramavittan of the village, for feeding three Sivayogis and two Brahmanas in the feeding house on the hill of god Tiruverumbiyur-Alvar. The characters of the epigraph make it assignable to a period later than Parantaka (I)’s reign. The probability is that it might belong to Gandaraditya (See No. 138 above). The details of date given in the inscription, viz., 6th year, Makara, Tuesday, Ardra, also agree for A.D. 955, January 9, Tuesday ; the Nakshatra ended at ’06.

No. 163.

(A.R. No. 102 of 1914.)

On the west wall of the same shrine.

This inscription is left incomplete. It registers the sale by the perunguri-sabhai of Srikantha-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya on the southern bank, of the right of using the water in their tank for irrigating a land endowed to the temple of Tiruverumbiyur-alvar after purchasing the same from the sabha of Peruvengur, by Venbai . . . . . . . Vedivelar ‘who built the srivimana’ of the God (See No. 51 above), Land for digging a channel to carry the water to the land by means of a sluice from this tank is also stated to have been sold to the donor by the sabha. This probably a record of the reign of Rajaraja I.

No. 164.

(A.R. No. 104 of 1914.)

On the north wall of the same shrine.

This inscription registers a sale of land, after purchasing bits of it themselves from several residents of the village, by the assembly of Peruvengur, a brahmadeya in Vila-nadu to Velan Viranarayanan alias Sembiyan Vedivelan of Sirudavur in Kiliyur-nadu ‘who had built the srivimana of god Tiruverumbiyur-Alvar,’ for being endowed by him to that temple. They are stated to have received from him in addition to the cost of land, a lump-amount as iraikaval-dravyam towards the payment of all taxes on the gift-land. Among the boundaries of the land is mentioned a hamlet forming part of Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam, a village named after prince Uttamasili, son of Parantaka I. The details of the date agree for A.D. 991, January 15, Thursday, and thus the inscription may be assigned to Rajaraja I.

No. 165.

(A.R. No. 105 of 1914.)

On the same wall.

This records the sale for 45 kalanju of gold, of the right of collecting the makkuruni tax in paddy (lit, a kuruni of paddy on every ma of land) from the cultivators of their village by the assembly (perunguri-sabhai) of Srikantha-chaturvedimangalam to Sembiyan Vedivelar mentioned above (in No. 164) for the periodical repair of the local tank with the income thus derived. The sabha is said to have met in the Brahmasthana for the purpose of this transaction. Evidently an inscription of Rajaraja I.

No. 166.

(A.R. No. 112 of 1914.)

On the west wall of the same shrine.

This registers the sale of a piece of land by the urar (assembly) of Tiruverumbiyur in Kavira-nadu to Velan Viranarayanan alias Sembiyan Vedivelan of Si[ru]davvur in Kiliyur-nadu, who is stated to have ‘built the srivimana of the God.’ This land was to be endowed as jivita for the maintenance of a watchman to the temple who was to be appointed from among the urar. The inscription may belong like Nos. 163-5 above, to Rajaraja I.

No. 167.

(A.R. No. 127 of 1919.)

Olagapuram, Tindivanam Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the ruined Siva temple.

The inscription is partly built in. It records a sale of land by the nagarattar (merchant guild) of Ulagamadevipuram in Oyma-nadu to Gangan Ambalavan Gandaradi[tta]sola-Vilupparaiyan of Kuvalalam (Kolar) in Gangarusayira province, who endowed it for a flower-garden for the temple. This donor is evidently identical with Ambalavan Gandaradittanar who is referred to in No. 54 above of the 3rd year of Rajakesarivarman, as belonging to the Perundaram of the king and as having constructed the temple. Like No. 54 this may also be assigned to Rajaraja I. Among the boundaries of the land is mentioned a ridge or pathway called Kalikantaka-peruvarambu.

No. 168.

(A.R. No. 255 of 1921.)

Takkolam, Arkonam Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Jalanathesvara temple.

This records an investment of 80 kalanju of gold by the standard weight known as Dharmakattalai-kal by the temple at Tiruural-puram in Purisai-nadu of Manaiyir-kottam with the sabha of Aparajita-chaturvedimangalam, who agreed to have this deposit with them in perpetuity and to pay 10 kalanju as interest thereon in the month of Chittirai every year and a penal interest of 1/8 pon for every day of default to be recovered from them by the temple in the Dharmasana. Tondai-nadu in which Takkolam is situated is know to have come under the Chola rule only after the 21st year of Aditya I. Hence this may be assigned to Gandaraditya.

No. 169.

(A.R. No. 234 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papansam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This is a bilingual record in Sanskrit and Tamil, of which the first portion is in Grantha. It records a gift of six ma of land for burning two perpetual lamps in the temple of Tiruchchelur-Madeva at Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya on the southern bank, by Sendan Nakkan of Kurramangalam, a resident of the quarter of the village known as Naratongachcheri evidently after the surname of a king. This might possibly be a record be a record of Sundara-Chola’s reign.

No. 170.

(A.R. No. 103 of 1926.)

Kuttalam, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the east and north walls of the central shrine, Uktavedesvara temple.

This is an inscription of Rajaraja I (see 10th piece) consisting of many disconnected fragments. We can however make out that this records an order of Semiyan-Mahadeviyar, the mother of Uttama-Chola, specifying in great detail the various expenses of worship and offerings in the temple (of Sonnavararivar) stated to have been built by her, for which due provision was made by her by endowment of lands. The order apportioning these lands for the specified requirements was given effect to by three officers Saramudaiyan Arattan Ikkadudevan of the Muttaparivaram (senior establishment ?). Appur-Udaiyan Achchan Pattalakan in the Ilaiyavagai (Junior staff ?) and Achchan Kampan alias Tirukkarralippichchan of Tirumananjeri. The items of service included the recitation of Tiruppadiyam Talavakara-Samaveda, Taittiriya-Veda and Chandoga Samaveda before the deity, for which twenty-five Brahmans were appointed. Mention is also made of worship to a deity called Amarabhujangadeva in the temple.

No. 171.

(A.R. No. 226 of 1926.)

Kilapaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vatamulesvara temple.

This records an endowment of land after purchase for providing for rice offering during the three services daily in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Sirupaluvur, a brahmadeya in Kunrak-kurram by the wife (name not given) of Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Maravanar. This has been assigned to Rajaraja I (M.E.R. 1926, II, 17).

No. 172.

(A.R. No. 324 of 1927.)

Tiruppurambiyam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Sakshisvara temple.

This records a gift of 2 ma of land left in charge of the devakarmis for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Paramasvami at Tiruppurambiyam, a devadana ‘separated from the division Andattu-kurram’, by Savandi Kumaran Madevan of Idaiyarrukkudi (residing at) at Vanavanmadevi-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Innambar-nadu. The name of the brahmadeya village suggests its origin to Vanavanmahadevi, a queen of Uttama-Choa (M.E.R. 1926, II, 21) or to the queen of Sundara-Chola, the mother of Rajaraja I (ibid. II, 16).

No. 173.

(A.R. No. 51 of 1928.)

Tiruppugalur, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Agnipurisvara temple.

This is clearly an inscription of Rajaraja I, who was otherwise known as Rajarajakesarivarman. The name has been read as ‘Rajakesarivarman’ in the M.E.R. This records an agreement given by the temple authorities of Tiruppugalur a devadana-brahmadeya in Panaiyur-nadu to burn three twilight lamps in the temple towards the interest on the money received by them from Kadan Vaikundan, the headman of Tirupperur in Purankarambai-nadu.

No. 173 A.

(A.R. No. 51 of 1934.)

Ten-Mahadevamangalam, Polur Taluk, North Arcot District.

On a slab set up near Kalleripparai (rock) close to the Cheyyar river.

This is an inscription of Parantaka II Sundara-Chola who was known as ‘Rajakesarivarman who took Madura’.  It is dated in the 7th year of his reign and records the endowment of a land called Pakkadi-seruvu by one Puttaraiyadi for the upkeep of a tank dug at Madevamangalam in Puttudappadi (a subdivision) of Palkunra-kottam by Sokaran Annavan Pakkadi

No. 174.

(A.R. No. 306 of 1904.)

Tirugokarnam, Pudukkottai State

On the east face of the 2nd pillar in front of the rock-cut central shrine, Gokarnesvara temple.

The inscription is built in at the end. It mentions God Sri Gokaranattu-Madeva in Tiruvelppur, a devadana in Kavira-nadu.

No. 175.

(A.R. No. 467 of 1904.)

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaipundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the Tyagaraja shrine, Vedaranyesvara temple.

This records a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumaraikkadu by Akalankan Malaiyaradittan, a chief (?) of Maladu.

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