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Thursday, November 08, 2007


AIADMK | Democracy | Elections

Jayalalitha | Politics | Secularism | Tamil Nadu


       Dravida Munetra Kazhagam


The DMK emerged in the fifties as a party and a movement that thrived on strong caste, regional, and even secessionist sentiments.  It was the heir to two strands of the pre-independence period movements in Tamil Nadu the non-Brahmin movement, which had led to the formation of the pro-British Justice party in 1920, and the strongly reformist anti-caste, anti-religion Self-Respect Movement led by E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker, popularly known as Periyar (Great Sage).  In 1944, Naicker and C.N. Annadurai established Dravida Kazhagam (Federation) or DK which split in 1949 when Annadurai founded the Dravida Munnetra (Progressive) Kazhagam (DMK). But, significantly, in contrast to the Justice party and Naicker, Annadurai had taken up a strongly anti-imperialist, pro-nationalist position before 1947.


Annadurai was a brilliant writer, a skillful orator and an excellent organizer. Along with M. Karunanidhi and M.G. Ramachandran (MGR) and other film personalities - actors, directors and writers - Annadurai used dramas, films, journals, pamphlets and other mass media to reach out to the people and over time succeeded in building up a mass base, especially among the youth with a rural background, and a vibrant political organization.

After Annadurai's death in February 1969, M. Karunanidhi became the chief minister. In 1972, the DMK split, with MGR forming the All-India Anna DMK (AIADMK). The two-party system now emerged in Tamil Nadu, but operated between the two Drayida parties, with both parties alternating in power in the state since then.

The DMK is part of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government at Center, which is led by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.



Events in Pakistan have overshadowed recent developments in Sri Lanka and its impact in Tamil Nadu. (The Other Crisis, Times of India, Editorial, The Times of India, Nov 08, 2007)

THEY were everywhere in the house, whole armies of ants, marching over the floor or on the wall. I (Two Sides Of Genocide, Tribune, Vikramdeep Johal, Nov 08, 2007)

I have a confession. My uncle is a cyborg, and my aunt is a Frankenstein’s monster, patched together from different body parts. (Man And Superman, Tribune, Johann Hari, Nov 08, 2007)

TOO much thinking does not produce clarity but only confusion. Our contemplative Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, seems to be thinking so much and so hard about the Indo-U.S. nuclear deal that he and his government have become the epitome of . . . . (American Pressure, Frontline, Venkitesh Ramakrishnan, Nov 08, 2007)

Coalition governments have been celebrated as giving adequate representation to regional interests at the Centre, which is necessary in a diverse and multicultural country such as India. But recent remarks by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh highlight . . . (Coalition Blues, Times of India, Editorial, The Times of India, Nov 07, 2007)

Reacting sharply to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi's remark that he condoled the death of LTTE leader S P Tamilselvan in his capacity as a Tamil, AIADMK Supremo Jayalalitha on Tuesday said she too had Tamil spirit and that . . . . (Tamil Blood Runs In My Veins: Jaya , Deccan Herald, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 07, 2007)

The opposition AIADMK in Tamil Nadu today said that it would move the Supreme Court, seeking the dismissal of the DMK government, as Chief Minister M.Karunanidhi allegedly supported the banned Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). (Aiadmk To Move Sc For Tn Govt Dismissal , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 07, 2007)

Tamil Nadu enacts a law granting separate reservation for Muslims and Christians in the Backward Classes quota. (Reservation For Minorities, Frontline, S. Viswanathan, Nov 07, 2007)

PRESIDENT Vladimir Putin, when he travelled to Teheran last month, became the first Russian leader after Josef Stalin to visit Iran. (Friend In Need, Frontline, Vladimir Radyuhin , Nov 07, 2007)

IN October, Karnataka was mired in political shenanigans and uncertainties. With the transfer of power from the Janata Dal (Secular) to its coalition partner, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), not taking off, hell broke loose as the political . . . . ("The Ideology Is Only In Speeches": , Frontline, Ravi Sharma , Nov 07, 2007)

Dr. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi — Portrait of a Multi-Faceted Legend of Dravidians: His Life and Times: K.S.R. Publications, No. 5, 3rd Avenue, Indira Nagar, Chennai-600020. Rs. 350. Management Guru Professor Laloo’s Rail: Sunil Jogi . . . (New Arrivals, Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

The Bharatiya Janata Party on Monday criticised Tamil Nadu Chief Minister and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam leader M. Karunanidhi for “showering praises” on the slain Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam leader Thamilchelvan. (Dangerous Tribute: Bjp, Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi's writing elegy to slain LTTE leader Tamilselvan has kicked up a major controversy with the Congress disapproving it without criticising the DMK chief and the BJP questioning how a Chief Minister could beat . . . . (Karuna Under More Fire For His Elegy To Slain Ltte Leader , Pioneer, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Congress on Monday disapproved of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi's mourning the death of LTTE leader Thamilselvan, reminding him that it was a banned outfit in India which was behind the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. (Cong Disapproves Karunanidhi Mourning Ltte Leader, New Indian Express, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

As the President summoned the Winter session of Parliament for November 15 on Monday, the Opposition BJP gave notices for a discussion on the Indo-US nuclear deal under rules 184 and 193. While rule 184 warrants voting, rule 193 entails just a discussion. (Bjp Gives Notice For Vote, Debate On N-Deal In Winter Session, Indian Express, Pradeep Kaushal, Nov 06, 2007)

A dirge penned by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M Karunanidhi as a tribute to LTTE’s political wing leader S P Tamilselvan, who was killed in a Sri Lankan air raid at a militant hideout has raised many questions. (Mourning Tamilselvan: Crying Foul Over A Dirge , Deccan Herald, S Murari, Nov 06, 2007)

The Left may have pushed the Congress to the wall over the Indo-US nuclear deal but it has been more than accommodating with other UPA constituents. (Ally Dmk Does What Upa Couldn’T: Gets Kerala To Ok Highway Toll, Indian Express, ANUBHUTI VISHNOI, Nov 06, 2007)

Embarrassed by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Karunanidhi’s poem mourning the death of LTTE leader Thamilselvan, the Congress on Monday sought to distance itself from the DMK chief’s action saying that the Congress does not “subscribe” to his views. (Cong Distances Itself From Karunanidhi’S Elegy On Ltte Leader, Indian Express, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

The Sensex story blinds the nation; distracts it from more serious economic issues. (Stock Market: Disconnected From National Savings, Business Line, A N Sudarsan Rao , Nov 06, 2007)

The Congress on Monday sought to downplay UPA ally and DMK chief M Karunanidhi’s poem in praise the slain LTTE leader SP Tamilselvan describing its contents as his “personal views”. (Cong Criticises Karuna’S Mourning Of Slain Ltte Leader, The Economic Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)


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