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Thursday, November 08, 2007



   

In the ancient times, democracy in the republic form had existed in India.  This is evident from the writings of Rufus and Diodorus Siculus in their histories of Alexander, that mention a group of Indian people called the Sabarcae or Sambastai among whom "the form of government was democratic and not regal." The origins of modern India's democratic political system lie in the historical processes of interaction between a stable society and venerable culture and forces of change created both within India and brought to bear on it from beyond its borders in the circumstances of British rule.

Today with a population of over 1 billion, India is the largest democracy in the world.  Legislative elections were held in India in four phases between April 20 and May 10, 2004.  Over 670 million people were eligible to vote, electing 543 members of the 14th Lok Sabha (the House of the People, the lower house of the Indian legislature).  The Election Commission of India, an autonomous constitutional body, is responsible for deciding the dates and conducting elections according to constitutional provisions.  The Election Commission employed more than a million electronic voting machines for the 2004 elections.

 

 

 

News Analysis                    More 

• Budget Quota for Minorities

• Budgetary Quota Plan

• GoM Stops Pvt Sector Quota Proposal

SC Asks Maulayam IT Returns

Minister Wants Quota in Private Sector

Wings 

• Legislature

• Judiciary

 Executive

 Media

Political Parties

 All India Anna DMK

 Bharatiya Janata Party

 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

 Congress

 CPI(M)

 Samajwadi Party

 Shiv Sena

 Telugu Desam

 Trinamool Congress

 Others

Elections

• Schedule 2004 

Election Commission

• Statistics 

Electoral Regulations

Independent Offices

 Central Vigilance Commission

 Central Bureau of Investigation

 Comptroller-Auditor General

 National Human Rights Commission

Advocacy Groups

 Lok Satta

 Centre for Advocacy Studies

Gandhi

 Official site

 On Panchayat Raj

 

 

Former Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto threatened today to lead a mass protest heading to the capital unless President Pervez Musharraf quits as army chief, holds elections and restores the constitution. (Benazir Ultimatum To Pervez, Telegraph, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

US President George W Bush bluntly asked Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf to hold elections in January as planned and quit as army chief as patience in Washington wore thin. (Bush To Mush: Hold Elections Soon, Times of India, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Former Prime Minister and PPP chairperson Benazir Bhutto today warned General Musharraf that she would launch a "long march" from Lahore to Islamabad next week if he failed to rescind the emergency, restore the Constitution and announced election schedule (Benazir Plans ‘Long March’, Tribune, Afzal Khan, Nov 08, 2007)

Participating in his first meeting of the Congress Working Committee (CWC), Rahul Gandhi made a strong plea for injecting greater flexibility in the guidelines for AICC membership. (Cong To Amend Its Constitution , Tribune, Anita Katyal, Nov 08, 2007)

Democracy and federalism should be the guiding principles for a new world order as power-sharing arrangements between different units of the government give a sense of belonging to various groups within the political system . . . . (Federalism Tool For Global Order: Pratibha , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Bhutto, who flew into the capital from the southern city of Karachi on Tuesday to consult other opposition leaders on steps to oppose the emergency, said a public meeting scheduled for November 9 in the nearby garrison city of. . . (Take To The Streets, Bhutto Tells Pak , Deccan Herald, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

The joy in the face of children was the hallmark of festivities surrounding Diwali in the past. (Those Diwalis , Deccan Herald, VASUDHA MURTHY, Nov 08, 2007)

While one may find the richest man in India, disparities in the country are so wide that it isnt difficult to find the poorest man either. (India In The Billionaire Club: An Increasing Divide , Deccan Herald, Editorial, The Deccan Herald, Nov 08, 2007)

The last, wan defence but one is that Pakistan is too vast for any minority to rule effectively (Proud But A Failing State , Deccan Herald, Peter Preston, Nov 08, 2007)

Nandigram is still burning but a consensus is eluding not only the Left Front but also the CPM on how to bring peace back. (Bullets In Turf War, Potshots In Party, Telegraph, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

The decision whether to send central forces to Nandigram rests with the Prime Minister’s Office. (Force File With Pmo, Telegraph, BHAVNA VIJ-AURORA, Nov 08, 2007)

I have a confession. My uncle is a cyborg, and my aunt is a Frankenstein’s monster, patched together from different body parts. (Man And Superman, Tribune, Johann Hari, Nov 08, 2007)

Russia’s parliament voted unanimously today to suspend a key arms treaty limiting conventional forces in Europe, saying the USA and NATO were using the pact to undermine Russia's defences. (Russian Duma Votes To Suspend Arms Treaty , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

The people of Bengal did not need the state’s home secretary to tell them that Nandigram had turned into a “war zone”. That the rule of law has ceased to exist in the area is public knowledge. (End Violence, Telegraph, Editorial, The Telegraph, Nov 08, 2007)

As the National Conference (NC) stepped up its village-to-village campaign in Bhaderwah, the hometown of Ghulam Nabi Azad, Congress leaders ultimately came out to counter rivals' propaganda by highlighting achievements of the son of the soil who . . . . (Cong Workers Campaign To Counter Oppn Propaganda , Tribune, Dinesh Manhotra, Nov 08, 2007)

For all their rebel mythology, artists are conservative, devotedly serving their own vision for decades. (Pure Genius, All Over Again , Deccan Herald, A N Sudarsan Rao , Nov 08, 2007)

Observing that the concept of federalism is rooted in self-rule, President Pratibha Patil on Wednesday said expectations from it are very high in view of various challenges and instruments needed to be evolved to deal with them. ('Federalism Concept Rooted In Self Rule' , Singapore Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Farmers angered over the compulsory seizure of land in eastern India clashed with supporters of communist state authorities for a third day Wednesday, leaving four more people dead, the government said. (4 Killed As Farmers, Communists Clash Over Land Takeover For , Singapore Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

The former Pakistan Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto, Wednesday urged the people to hold mass protests against the Emergency declared by President Pervez Musharraf, setting up a showdown with the military ruler. (Benazir Calls For Mass Protests, Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Farmers displeased with the compulsory seizure of their lands in eastern India clashed with supporters of state authorities for a third day Wednesday. Four more people killed. (4 Farmers Killed In Continuing Farmer-Authority Fights, Singapore Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

 

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