What Is India News Service
Thursday, November 08, 2007


Defense | Democracy | Kashmir

Indo-Pak Relations | Pakistan | Politics

Terrorism | Shimla Agreement

   NCP (J & K)

         National Conference Party (Jammu & Kashmir)


The National Conference, based in Jammu and Kashmir, is a regional party, which, despite its overwhelmingly Muslim following, refused to support the All-India Muslim League (Muslim League--see Glossary) during the independence movement; instead it allied itself with the Indian National Congress. The National Conference was closely identified with its leader, Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, a personal friend of Nehru, and, after Abdullah's death in 1982, with his son, Farooq Abdullah. Friendship, however, did not prevent Nehru from imprisoning Sheikh Abdullah when he became concerned that the "Lion of Kashmir" was disposed to demand independence for his state. Ultimately, Sheikh Abdullah struck a deal with Indira Gandhi, and in 1975 he became chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The National Conference remained Jammu and Kashmir's dominant party through the 1980s and maintained control over the state government for most of the period. In parliamentary elections, it won one of Kashmir's six parliamentary seats in 1967, none in 1971, two in 1977, and three in 1980, 1984, and 1989. However, popular support for the National Conference was badly eroded by allegations of electoral fraud in the 1987 state elections--which were won by the National Conference in alliance with the Congress (I)--and the widespread corruption of the subsequent state government under the leadership of Farooq Abdullah. There was little popular sympathy for Farooq Abdullah and the National Conference even after the government was dissolved and President's Rule declared in 1990. 

After more than two decades in power, the ruling National Conference (NC) was voted out by popular mandate in the 2002 Assembly elections in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.


 State Government

 Divisional Commissioner

 High Court

Constitution, Law

• Article 370

• Human Rights Protection Act


• Chronology of Events 

• Tashkent Declaration 1966 

• Lahore Summit 1999 

• UN Resolution on Kashmir 

Human Rights

 National Human Rights Commission

• Kashmir International Relief Fund 

• Kashmir Council for Human Rights 

Indian Muslim Relief Committee 


• Kashmir Virtual Library

• Kashmir Stamps

• Mirwaiz of Kashmir


• India Today on Kargil 


• Jammu and Kashmir Tourism 

• Government Arts Emporium 

• Waterways Development Authority 

English Papers

• Kashmir Herald 

• Kashmir Observer 

• Kashmir Times 

• Daily Excelsior

• List of English, Urdu papers  


• Association of British Kashmiris 

• J & K Shia Association 

• Kashmir University Alumni



Democracy and federalism should be the guiding principles for a new world order as power-sharing arrangements between different units of the government give a sense of belonging to various groups within the political system . . . . (Federalism Tool For Global Order: Pratibha , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

As the National Conference (NC) stepped up its village-to-village campaign in Bhaderwah, the hometown of Ghulam Nabi Azad, Congress leaders ultimately came out to counter rivals' propaganda by highlighting achievements of the son of the soil who . . . . (Cong Workers Campaign To Counter Oppn Propaganda , Tribune, Dinesh Manhotra, Nov 08, 2007)

Observing that the concept of federalism is rooted in self-rule, President Pratibha Patil on Wednesday said expectations from it are very high in view of various challenges and instruments needed to be evolved to deal with them. ('Federalism Concept Rooted In Self Rule' , Singapore Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Manmohan Singh's decision to make a public spectacle of the problems of running a coalition Government betrays his frustration. It brings him not sympathy but contempt, even from his well-wishers (Pm In High Dudgeon, Pioneer, Ajoy Bose, Nov 08, 2007)

The visiting president of Switzerland Ms Micheline Calmy-Rey, who concludes her four-day programme in India tomorrow, today held talks with Indian leaders on bilateral cooperation and other matters of mutual interest. (Indo-Swiss Bilateral Ties Take A Leap, Statesman, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

The two mainstream political parties, the National Conference (NC) and the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) have left little space for the All-Party Hurriyat Conference in the Kashmir valley. (Nc, Pdp Leave Little Space For Hurriyat , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 07, 2007)

Coalition governments have been celebrated as giving adequate representation to regional interests at the Centre, which is necessary in a diverse and multicultural country such as India. But recent remarks by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh highlight . . . (Coalition Blues, Times of India, Editorial, The Times of India, Nov 07, 2007)

A multi-party federal political system, which is accommodative to regional and sectional identities, helps in ensuring inclusiveness, renowned economist Lord Meghnad Desai said here today. (‘Multi-Party Polity Helps Inclusiveness’ , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 07, 2007)

When the securities scam ran riot during his stewardship of the finance ministry, Dr Manmohan Singh diagnosed the malaise as “systemic failure”. (Edits, Statesman, Editorial, Statesman, Nov 07, 2007)

Karnataka legislators from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Janata Dal-Secular (JD-S) met President Pratibha Patil here on Tuesday evening to press their combine's claim to form a new ministry. (K'taka Bjp, Jd(s) Legislators Meet Prez, New Indian Express, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 07, 2007)

Jammu and Kashmir is not a problem of Hindu-Muslim relations as many people believe. (Sixty Years Of Kashmir's Accession: The Less Known Realities , Deccan Herald, Balraj Puri, Nov 07, 2007)

Domestic spats between quarrelling Indian states are often more intractable than maintaining good relations with neighbouring countries, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said on Tuesday. (Domestic Spats More Intractable Than Ties With Neighbours: Singh , Dawn, Jawed Naqvi, Nov 07, 2007)

In a veiled reference to the Left parties pressure on the Indo-US nuclear deal, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh today said narrow political considerations could distort the national vision and sense of collective purpose. (Narrow Considerations Can Distort National Vision: Pm , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Can coalitions provide the unity of purpose that nation-states need, Manmohan Singh asked today. (Pm Lays Bare Coalition Cuffs , Telegraph, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Monday said that "narrow political considerations, based on regional or sectional loyalties and ideologies" should not be allowed to "distort the national vision". (Narrow Politics Can Distort National Vision: Pm , Deccan Herald, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Monday said narrow political considerations, based on regional or sectional loyalties and ideologies, could distort the national vision and sense of collective purpose. (‘Narrow Political Considerations Can Distort National Vision’, Hindu, VINAY KUMAR, Nov 06, 2007)

Mainstream and separatist political parties in Jammu and Kashmir have reacted to the imposition of emergency in Pakistan, while people keenly watch developments for its impact on Indo-Pakistan relations and resolution of the Kashmir issue. (Pak Emergency: Mixed Reaction In Valley , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee today warned that concentration of authority and power only in the hands of the federal unit would be anathema to the whole system. (‘Uneven Development Can Give Rise To Terrorism’ , Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Monday struck a somewhat discordant note at a conference on federalism when he lashed out at the regional political parties saying "narrow political considerations based on regional or sectional loyalties could distort nat (Pm Lashes Out At Regional Parties , Pioneer, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 06, 2007)

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said on Monday regional loyalties or ideologies sometimes could distort the national agenda and the sense of collective purpose. (Regionalism Can Hurt National Agenda: Pm, Hindustan Times, Aloke Tikku, Nov 06, 2007)


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