What Is India News Service
Thursday, November 08, 2007


Educational policy and progress have been reviewed in the light of the goal of national development and priorities set from time to time.  In its Resolution on the National Policy on Education in 1968, an emphasis on quality improvement and a planned, more equitable expansion of educational facilities and the need to focus on the education of girls was stressed.  

About a decade ago and a half later, the National Policy on Education (NPE-1986) was formulated which was further updated in 1992.  The NPE 1986 provides for a comprehensive policy framework for the development of education up to the end of the century and a Plan of Action (POA) 1992, assigning specific responsibilities for organizing, implementing and financing its proposals. 

There are about 888 thousands educational institutions in the country with an enrolment of about 179 millions.  Elementary Education System in India is the second largest in the World with 149.4 millions children of 6-14 years enrolled and 2.9 million teachers.  A uniform structure of school education, the 10+2 system has been adopted by all the States and Union Territories of India. 

Compulsory education has been enforced in four States and Union Territories at the primary stage of education while in eight States/Union Territories there is compulsory education covering the entire elementary stage of education.  A majority of States and Union Territories have introduced free education in Classes I-XII of their schools. 

The minimum age for admission to class I of the Primary School stage is generally 5+ or 6+ years.   In 22 States/UTs the minimum age for admission to Class I is 5+ years and in 7 States/UTs the minimum age for admission is 6+ years.  Mother tongue or regional language is the medium of instruction at the primary stage of education in most of the States/UTs.  Teaching of English is compulsory in all the States/UTs, except Bihar.  However, the classes in which teaching of English is compulsory differs from State to State.

To promote higher education, the Government of India and State governments have established several autonomous and government institutions.  Prominent among them are the world-renowned Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Regional Colleges of Engineering (RECs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, etc.  Several private colleges and institutions have also contributed in promoting education in India.

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THE government move to ensure that at least 33 per cent direct and indirect benefits of all schemes must reach women and girls is commendable. (Empowering Women, Tribune, Editorial, The Tribune, Nov 08, 2007)

That children of uneducated parents are likely to remain illiterate is a self-evident truth. (Missing Link, Telegraph, Editorial, The Telegraph, Nov 08, 2007)

The intersection of genetics and intelligence is an intellectual minefield. (Let's Unravel Intelligence, Times of India, Editorial, The Times of India, Nov 08, 2007)

Radcliffe even did training regimens like hill repeats - repeatedly running up hills to build strength and endurance. (Pregnancy And Long Distance Running , Deccan Herald, A N Sudarsan Rao , Nov 08, 2007)

Lately, saving Africa has become very fashionable. Hollywood celebrities are adopting African babies. (Time For The British To Pay Up In Kenya, Tribune, A N Sudarsan Rao , Nov 08, 2007)

Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh completed three successful years in office. (Sharing The Benefit Of The Boom , Frontline, LYLA BAVADAM, Nov 08, 2007)

Observing that the concept of federalism is rooted in self-rule, President Pratibha Patil on Wednesday said expectations from it are very high in view of various challenges and instruments needed to be evolved to deal with them. ('Federalism Concept Rooted In Self Rule' , Singapore Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

A policeman has been killed in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh while trying to save two bridegrooms from a mob protesting against dowry payments. (Policeman Killed In Dowry Brawl , British Broadcasting Corporation, A N Sudarsan Rao , Nov 08, 2007)

A minister in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh resigned over allegations of his involvement in the kidnapping of a female college student, colleagues say. (Politician 'Resigns Over Kidnap' , British Broadcasting Corporation, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Half a century ago D. D. Kosambi — whose birth centenary merits celebration at the national level — characterised the great uprising as ‘feudal’ and yet the final verdict on its significance was positive and it was perceived as a glorious struggle. (1857: What Does It Mean To Us?, Hindu, Sabyasachi Bhattacharya, Nov 08, 2007)

State Government has re-launched Namakku Naame Thittam in all the rural and urban areas this year. (Govt. Re-Launches Namakku Naame Scheme In Krishnagiri District , Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)

Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, under pressure from several quarters to remove the restraints on his country’s military and allow it to raid the bases of Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq, obtained far less than he hoped for when he met . . . (A Looming Threat, Hindu, Editorial, The Hindu, Nov 08, 2007)

Though banned by law, corporal punishment continues to be meted out to students in schools across the country, often with tragic consequences, by teachers who clearly do not care a toss about rules and regulations, not least because they know. . . (Violent Teachers, Pioneer, Editorial, The Pioneer, Nov 08, 2007)

In modern times, a society's progress is measured by its achievements in the fields of intellect and technology. (Islam Can't Be Anachronism, Pioneer, A N Sudarsan Rao , Nov 08, 2007)

The flavour of the times seems to be China and India. Comparisons between the two are commonplace. (Making Of A Strong India, Pioneer, Vinayshil Gautam, Nov 08, 2007)

THIS is the second year of the four-year fiscal correction path adopted by the Maharashtra State Legislature with the enactment of the Maharashtra Fiscal Responsibility and Budgetary Management Act, 2005 (MFRBM Act). (Out Of The Woods, Frontline, Oommen A. Ninan , Nov 08, 2007)

ONGOING political turmoil and deteriorating security have purportedly touched off the proclamation of emergency rule in Pakistan. (Other Voices - Pusto Press, Dawn, Editorial, Dawn, Nov 08, 2007)

THE selection for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize has indeed come as a surprise. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations body, and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr., the former Vice-President of the United States . . . . (Climate Of Peace, Frontline, R. Ramachandran, Nov 08, 2007)

A trio of biologists – Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans and Oliver Smithies – is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007. (Knockout Win, Frontline, R. Ramachandran, Nov 08, 2007)

SINCE 2006, the Maharashtra government has been implementing its own relief package as well as the Prime Minister’s Special Rehabilitation Package to arrest farmers’ suicides and the agrarian crisis in the Vidarbha region. (Relief For Vidarbha, Frontline, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)


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