India possesses a distinct identity, not only because of its geography, history and culture but also because of the great diversity of its
natural ecosystems. The panorama of Indian forests ranges from evergreen tropical rain forests in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Western Ghats, and the north-eastern states, to dry alpine scrub high in the Himalaya to the north.
Between the two extremes, the country has semi-evergreen rain forests, deciduous monsoon forests, thorn forests, subtropical pine forests in the lower montane zone and temperate montane forests.
The forests of India have been known to be one of the richest in terms of vegetation types and species diversity, and are classified into sixteen major forest types ranging from the Himalayan temperate forests to dry zone forests.
The total forest cover at current estimates is approx. 20% of the total geographic area. The forest diversity includes about 17,000 flowering plants with over 5000 endemic species, and over 81,00 faunal species.
Several of them are highly endangered.
near-shore coastal waters of India are extremely rich fishing grounds. The total commercial marine catch for India has
stabilized over the last ten years at between 1.4 and 1.6 million tons, with fishes from the clupeoid group (e.g. sardines Sardinella sp., Indian shad Hilsa sp. and whitebait Stolephorus sp.) accounting for approximately 30% of all landings.
India contains 172 species of animal considered globally threatened by IUCN, or 2.9% of the world's total number of threatened species.
These include 53 species of mammal, 69 birds, 23 reptiles and 3 amphibians. India contains globally important populations of some of Asia's
rarest animals, such as the Bengal Fox, Asiatic Cheetah, Marbled Cat, Asiatic Lion, Indian Elephant, Asiatic Wild Ass, Indian Rhinoceros, Markhor, Gaur, Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo etc.
THE government move to ensure that at least 33 per cent direct and indirect benefits of all schemes must reach women and girls is commendable. (Empowering Women, Tribune, Editorial, The Tribune, Nov 08, 2007)
IT was an amazing pointer by the former chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, Dr P.K. Iyenger. (Nuclear Ignorance, Tribune, O.P. Sabherwal, Nov 08, 2007)
The joy in the face of children was the hallmark of festivities surrounding Diwali in the past. (Those Diwalis , Deccan Herald, VASUDHA MURTHY, Nov 08, 2007)
It is often said that farmers are on the front lines dealing with global warming, their livelihoods being extraordinarily dependent on the weather. But tour operators and resort owners are not far behind.
(Climate Change And Tourism , Deccan Herald, Elisabeth Rosenthal, Nov 08, 2007)
The last, wan defence but one is that Pakistan is too vast for any minority to rule effectively (Proud But A Failing State , Deccan Herald, Peter Preston, Nov 08, 2007)
What began as a book on birds at the Indian International Centre (IIC) in New Delhi grew into “Garden Birds of Delhi, Agra and Jaipur”. (A Bird’S-Eye View, Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)
State Government has re-launched Namakku Naame Thittam in all the rural and urban areas this year.
(Govt. Re-Launches Namakku Naame Scheme In Krishnagiri District , Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)
THIS is the second year of the four-year fiscal correction path adopted by the Maharashtra State Legislature with the enactment of the Maharashtra Fiscal Responsibility and Budgetary Management Act, 2005 (MFRBM Act). (Out Of The Woods, Frontline, Oommen A. Ninan , Nov 08, 2007)
Indian companies are making a killing by controlling their carbon emissions and trading the credit points accrued in the process to global business giants who have an obligation under the Kyoto protocol to bring down their carbon emission targets . . . . (India Inc Makes Big Bucks From Carbon Trading , Pioneer, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)
REELING from serious setbacks on most foreign policy fronts, the Bush administration has undertaken a major effort to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Talk of the gambler’s last throw of the dice!
(A Futile Peace Initiative, Dawn, Tariq Fatemi, Nov 08, 2007)
THE selection for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize has indeed come as a surprise. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations body, and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr., the former Vice-President of the United States . . . . (Climate Of Peace, Frontline, R. Ramachandran, Nov 08, 2007)
This year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to the German scientist Gerhard Ertl for his work on surface chemistry. (Surface Of The Matter, Frontline, R. Ramachandran, Nov 08, 2007)
THOUGH no patch on the breakdown of the political power structure in the country, the power breakdowns that are once again affecting Karachi are not far behind in terms of their negative impact. (A Matter Of ‘Routine’, Dawn, Editorial, Dawn, Nov 08, 2007)
A REPORT by the Asian Development Bank on Pakistan’s socio-economic status belies the claims of progress that the government often makes in connection with health, education and other human development indicators. (No Trace Of Progress, Dawn, Editorial, Dawn, Nov 08, 2007)
Batman was in the spotlight again in Hong Kong as the movie's producers came under fire for asking tenants along a waterfront to keep their lights on all night for a week to better show off the city's glass and steel skyline. (Heat Over Batman, Pioneer, Editorial, Statesman, Nov 08, 2007)
A housekeeper, who was allegedly enslaved by multi-millionaire Indian American couple, gave graphic and chilling details of torture she suffered at the hands of her employers and showed the jury how she was made to scrub the floor three times a day and ho (Indonesian Accuses Nri Couple Of Abusing Her, Hindustan Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)
Floods in central Vietnam have left 73 people dead, officials said on Thursday, as authorities step up their preparations for the arrival of a tropical storm which is set to hit the country. (Death Toll In Vietnam Floods Reaches 73, Hindustan Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 08, 2007)
A second act is rare in world politics. History can point to a handful of leaders who managed to reacquire political power after losing it (Napoleon, Churchill, Deng Xiaoping, Alan Garcia). (The League Of Hipster Statesmen, Indian Express, Editorial, Indian Express, Nov 08, 2007)
The Tehelka sting operation underscores the urgency of simultaneously pursuing the prosecution of the culprits and fighting Hindutva politically in a spirited way. (Unfinished Agenda, Frontline, Praful Bidwai, Nov 08, 2007)
The Janadesh Yatra has given the movement for land rights fresh momentum and also captured the popular imagination. (March For Land, Frontline, Jayati Ghosh, Nov 08, 2007)
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