A recent paper by World Health Organization scientists say that 28 million lives can be saved by 2030 if newer HIV infections are curbed and access to life-prolonging anti-retroviral cocktails increased but warn that 117 million will die if these are not done. Published in the Public Library of Science's Medicine Journal, Dr Colin Mathers and Dejan Loncar say that "the future depends" on "what the international community does."
The importance of stopping new incidence of HIV infection is so crucial because most nations cannot afford to give away expensive cocktails to those infected. For this experts say that newer methods such as encouraging the use of condoms and a potential vaccine would really help.
The researchers analyzed information from more than 100 countries trying to correlate AIDS prevalence with current and UN projected mortality trends, income per capita, factors including education levels, and tobacco use. Specialists say that other studies are unlikely to vary significantly with this study.