The Supreme Court (SC) asked the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC) to halt approvals to genetically modified products till it can determine that these foods have been sufficiently tested and safe for human consumption.
Responding to a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) accusing the Government of approving genetically modified (GM) organisms without a mechanism to test their safety and thereby potentially creating a major health hazard, the SC agreed to restrain the Government till all field trials on genetically modified crops are complete. The SC also stopped all field trials pending results.
There is large opposition in the world to genetically modified food and many developed countries require special labeling alerting the consumer to the presence of such materials within a product. With the absence of even basic nutritional and manufacturing labeling standards in India , consumers will be forced to buy food products without adequate knowledge of its contents.
Many environmental and food safety activists have argued that GM organisms introduced without adequate environmental testing and precautions may have harmful effects on human and animal environments. GM organisms may modify molecular structure and destroy natural resistance to pests and create irreversible impact on farmers and their crop choices