India has set up 18 emergency response centers that will augment existing emergency preparedness capacities to deal with nuclear-related emergencies that could be triggered by terrorism, nuclear attacks, transportation, or accidents. Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Anil Kakodkar revealed that Bangalore, home to many science and research organizations, will host the 18th center housing well-trained scientific manpower, advanced radiation measuring and monitoring instruments, software, and other emergency material. These centers will provide advice and support civil administrators and first responders to a disaster so they can be effective in rescue and rehabilitation of those exposed to suspected radioactive material. The framework includes training of Radiation Safety Officers, paramilitary forces like CISF, BSF, CRPF and civil defense personnel.
In addition to these centers, the Government has also created systems to prevent smuggling of radioactive sources to India and prevent illegal trafficking of radioactive material. Specifically, aerial gamma spectrometer, teletector, and contamination monitors systems have been installed in aircraft which can search and detect isolated sources stored in remote buildings. Periodic aerial mapping of cities and sensitive sites are carried out and any variations are analyzed to understand and rectify cause