The EU-3, introduced a draft resolution in the UNSC calling on Iran to “suspend all enrichment-related activities, including research and development, to be verified by the IAEA, and suspend the construction of a reactor moderated by heavy water.” France, Britain, and Germany which make up the EU-3 is requesting the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to submit a report by August on the process of Iranian compliance with the steps required by the IAEA board. It also wants information on Iranian compliance with the provisions of an earlier UNSC resolution to be presented to the IAEA Board of Governors and the Security Council.
While the EU-3 circulated the draft and had informal consultations with UNSC members, it has not reached any agreement but wants the body to make a decision on the draft soon. The US and its European accuse Iran of violating the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
by enriching uranium and plutonium to make nuclear weapons. Teheran denies this
accusation and insists that its intentions are purely civilian and has
rights under the NPT to pursue such technologies.
circumstantial evidence to suggest that Iran is pursuing a nuclear weapons program
but there is no clear evidence that it is. However, after years of denial,
Pakistan has accepted that its disgraced nuclear scientist
A.Q. Khan had sold nuclear weapons technologies to Iran
and other nations but maintains that he
acted alone solely for profiteering.
It continues to block independent investigation of this claim and angered the US
enough to invite a
massive cut in financial aid.
Independent news reports in the US published leaked material of
US plans to invade Iran
and even conducted a joint exercise to simulate a
Rejecting all preconditions and threats,
and using increasingly
caustic war of words,
Iran has been threatening to attack Israel, coalition troops in Iraq, and
disrupt oil supplies
if it is attacked by the US and its allies. The US had pledged military,
diplomatic, and economic
support for Israel if it is attacked by Iran.
EU-3 initially revealed a deal to placate Iran
severely ridiculed for its content.
After backroom consultations, it submitted another
flattering and placating deal
to Iran in lieu of it abandoning its nuclear aspirations and the
standoff seemed to ease early June. However, with no response forthcoming from Iran, there is fear that Tehran is stalling and buying time to make more advances in nuclear enrichment technology