India Intelligence Report

   Population Issues in China, India



  • Chinese Students trying to sell concept of “girl is as good as a boy” message to rural Chinese

  • Chinas has large sex ration imbalance and is more than India but Indian urban and developed population kills more female children than rural and poor population

  • Indian population performance is not great because of lack of political will and inconsistencies in implementation.

Beijing Student Federation announced that over two hundred students from over 20 universities in Beijing have volunteered to work in rural areas to advocate the message “a girl is as good as a boy” and work for respect for and protection of women's legal rights. To help efforts to improve the rising sex ratio imbalance in China, these volunteers will also participate in a survey on the living conditions of girls.

As in many developing nations with a large agrarian base, rural parents prefer boys to girls and frequently use sex determination tests to abort girl children in the fetus. China’s one child policy has vastly contributed to the killing of millions of children in the fetus as the second child is thrown into vastly under equipped orphanages. Unlike India where sex determination tests are banned and poorly enforced, China does not even ban these tests. Indian and Canadian researchers have found that over 10 million babies have been aborted in India over the last 20 years . After 12 years of legislation, India convicted the first two doctors for committing female infanticide.

Researchers fear that the actual female infanticide and population numbers in China may be much higher than what the Government reports because of proclivity of parents to hide the news of a new birth to avoid losing them to dreaded orphanages. The Chinese Government declares that there are 119 boys to every 100 girls which is much higher than the global ratio of 101-107 boys for 100 girls. Because of the transparency of the data from the Government, most researchers dismiss the numbers declared by Beijing. Characteristic of communist regimes, Minister in Charge of the State Commission for Population and Family Planning Zhang Weiqing says that gender imbalance is not unique to China but promises to learn from other countries’ experience. For a start, he can start promoting more transparency in data collection, analysis, and presentation.

Despite democratic and transparency credentials, the Indian experience and performance in population control has not been stellar. Lack of political commitment, illiteracy, urban greed, infant mortality, and lack of awareness has resulted in unbridled population and lopsided growth. The Government’s Social Development Report says that 260 million people are below the poverty line and mostly in the Hindi cow belt. The most interesting and disturbing part of the Indian experience is that the sex ratio imbalance is higher in educated urban centers than illiterate tribal zones. Most developed states like Punjab has a sex ration of 125 boys for 100 girls while backward tribal Chhattisgarh had 102 boys for every 100 girls.

Till recently, India boasted that its condom distribution plan was a success as there was widespread usage. Recent studies show that there is widespread abuse of subsidized condoms in many parts of India and is being used for anything but protected sex. Contractors use condoms to bind asphalt, villagers as disposable portable water containers, schools use them for balloons, etc. This only shows that there is no awareness building, cost communication, sex education, and “Planned Parenthood” sort of programs.

During the emergency period of the Indian democracy, the Government machinery vastly abused large populations mostly in the illiterate Hindi cow belt. The country needs to put aside that phantom and work on a sustained message of sexual equality, planning parenthood, safe sex, sexual awareness, AIDS control, etc.

Related News Analysis



Female Infanticide


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