Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) Direct Anil Kakodkar will be signing in India as the 7th participant in the global Thermonuclear Experiment Reactor (ITER) project to contribute USD 565 million worth of indigenous material or 10% of ITER needs. The global effort’s ambitious aim is to make atomic fusion the next major source of energy.
Invited by the US to join the Global Nuclear Energy
Partnership, India has deputed Institute of Plasma Research (IPR) P.K. Kaw to lead a group of core scientists to determine technical and financial terms with ITER. IPR has successfully developed two small fusion reactors Aditya and SST-1 both of which are about 7 times smaller than the reactor proposed by ITER in terms of size and complexity.
India has initially planned to develop its own ITER-scale reactor by 2035-40 but believes that ITER participation will cut down that time by at least 20 years since learning time to pick up 90% of the technology will be shared. Kaw said that India will not make monetary contributions but will supply crucial components like cryostat, steel shield inside the reactor vessel, ion-cyclotron heating system, a diagnostic neutral beam, and cooling water and