India Intelligence Report

Government Finally Wakes Up to Naxal Reality


The Government finally woke up to the Naxal menace in India and said that their superior army style operations, coordination, trained cadres, and planned frontal attacks on large installations, and external links must be fought under a unified command. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh addressed the Chief Ministers of affected states and said that police action must be backed with attractive surrender and rehabilitation schemes fine-tuned by the Chief Ministers to suit local conditions for maximum impact. He also called for pre-emptive attacks on Naxal positions. 

He also called for joint and improved intelligence on the cadre strength, weapons, tactics, membership, locations, and links of various naxal groups in the 160 affected districts. He said that the “the Naxalite movement is generating some notion of empowerment” for some groups who feel marginalized. The Naxalite are furthering this myth by declaring areas as “liberated zones” where they are functioning as the Government. Singh said, “it is a matter of concern that civil administration and police are periodically absent in some of these areas.” But he cautioned them not to “brutalize the Indian State ” reminding them “we are dealing, after all, with our own people even though they may have strayed into the path of violence.”


This is the first time that the Government has openly admitted the Naxals to be a serious threat to Indian security and governance. So far, the Home Ministry has been molly-cuddling the issue often drinking the propaganda juice from Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister. The evocation of a national policy and direction is most crucial in this fight to instill the seriousness the situation demands. Foremost is an intelligent study of the areas to develop a database of individuals who are Naxals.

Firstly, the Government needs to account for the population, especially in the 18-45-age range, in affected areas to an exact location. Missing individuals must be traced, families questioned, and individually accounted. Secondly, when individuals are untraceably missing, their names need to be placed in a database that would be shared across states for tracking. Thirdly, information on missing individuals needs to be extracted from revenue, corporation, educational, hospital, and police records. Fourthly, as and when individuals surface in legal circumstances, their absence must be verified, validated, and taken off this list. Fifthly, all political, economic, administrative, educational, law enforcement, and community organizations need to be tapped to provide data on the missing individuals. Sixthly, the possible missing list at the end of the whole exercise would point to the membership in naxal groups. Seventhly, their names and information must be provided to various economic, social, political, administrative, and law enforcement bodies so they can be traced, verified, and tracked with a view to remove suspicions about their activities. Eighthly, by diligent policy of tracing and identification, the Government can narrow the list down to individuals who are to be treated as hardcore and be pursued by law.

Rehabilitation and surrender policies must not be in the same vein as the sham programs of Andhra Pradesh. There must be a clear distinction of a hardcore to a misguided and disenfranchised youth taken up by the promises of Naxal groups. While the misguided youth can be accommodated in society, it will be a travesty of justice to allow the hardcore terrorists to seek surrender and obliterate the number of murders, arson, and pillage that they have heaped on the Indian nation.