What Is India News Service
Wednesday, November 07, 2007


Orissa lies on the east coast of India.  It is surrounded by West Bengal on the north-east, Bihar on the north, Andhra Pradesh on the south-east, Madhya Pradesh on the west and Bay of Bengal on the east. The whole state lies in the tropical zone and is divided into four distinct tracts, viz. the northern plateau, the eastern ghats, the central tract and the coastal plains.  The state is drained by three great rivers, the Mahanadi the Brahmani and the Baitarani and some lesser rivers, all of which flow into the Bay of Bengal.


The biggest and the most famous lake in the Orissa is the Chilka lake.  Originally, it was part of the Bay of Bengal, but was subsequently closed up by sand dunes.  It is 64 km long and 16 to 20 km wide.  There are two beautiful islands in the lake namely Parikud and Malud.  Two other lakes call for mention, the Ansupa Lake (Cuttak District), about 5 km long and 1.6 km broad, and the Sara Lake, (Puri District) about 5 km long and 3 km wide.  Orissa has an equable climate, neither too hot nor too cold.  The average rainfall in the state is 150 cm.

Sixty-four per cent of the working population is dependent on agriculture.  Rice, pulses, oilseeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane (main cash crop), coconut and turmeric are important crops.  The state contributes one-tenth of the rice production in India.  Forests cover nearly 37% of the area of the state.

Central Sector Projects are Steel Plant at Rourkela, SAND Complex at Chhatrapur, Heavy Water Project at Talcher, Coach Repairing Workshop at Mancheswar, Aluminium Complex at Koraput, Captive Power plant at Angul, Aluminium Smelter at Angul and Fertilizer Plant at Paradeep.

Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa, is known as the cathedral city of India on account of its numerous temple.  A complete study of the “Kalinga Style” of architecture from its very inception to maturity spread over a period of about two thousand years is epitomized in the monuments of Bhubaneswar.  Places of interest are: Lingaraja Temple and Rajarani Temple, the Jain and Buddhist rock-cut caves of Khandagiri, Udayagiri and Dhauli together with Ashoka’srock edict. Puri and Konark are major tourist attractions.  Odissi, the dance form of Orissa, evolved in the shadow of the magnificent temples of the state.

Hirakud Dam, the fourth largest in the world, on Mahanadi is another attraction. Chilka, the largest brackish water inland lake in Asia, stretches over an area of 1100 sq.km.  The largest Lion Safari of India, and the only White Tiger Safari in the world, are located on the outskirts of Bhubaneswar.


Asked whether the question of stable government has figured in the report, Karnataka Governor Rameshwar Thakur remarked that various issues including the stability factor have found mention in it. "It is now for the President to decide.", he said. (Governor Doubts Stability Factor, Deccan Herald, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 07, 2007)

BJP-JD (S) combine presents 125 legislators before President I have consulted legal luminaries: Governor Delay is ‘mala fide’, says JD(S)-BJP memorandum (Thakur Submits Final Report, Hindu, P. Sunderarajan , Nov 07, 2007)

The reaction of 10 High Courts to the Judges (Inquiry) Bill envisaging the National Judicial Council (NJC) is quite interesting. (Special Article, Statesman, DEBAKI NANDAN MANDAL, Nov 06, 2007)

The Punjab government’s decision to implement police reforms in the state is welcome. (Reforming The Police, Tribune, Editorial, The Tribune, Nov 05, 2007)

After Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi challenged heir-apparent Rahul Gandhi to 'convince' Gujarat, the Congress threw an open challenge back at Modi -- "have a debate on any developmental issue". (Congress Dares Modi On 'Development Debate', Pioneer, Correspondent or Reporter, Nov 02, 2007)

The Maoist upsurge may not be confined to backward districts. Latest intelligence inputs with the Centre indicate that the Maoists are gearing to strengthen their bases in urban areas, especially in the National Capital Region . . . . (Maoists May Now Target Urban Areas: Ib, Pioneer, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 31, 2007)

Tens of thousands of poor farmers and tribespeople forced promises of land reform from the Indian Government yesterday after walking 320 kilometres to Delhi to protest against the marginalisation of the downtrodden in the country’s economic boom. (Spirit Of Mahatma Gandhi Helps March Of The Poor To Victory , Singapore Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 30, 2007)

Maoist attacks on civilian and Government targets in Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal have now become a routine affair. (Another Massacre, Pioneer, Editorial, The Pioneer, Oct 29, 2007)

A day after the latest massacre of innocent civilians by Naxalites, the Centre and the Jharkhand government have asked CRPF to go after the Left-wing extremists. (Crpf To Flush Out Red Terror In Jharkhand, Times of India, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 29, 2007)

Having given up on the nuclear deal and with elections in the not-to-distant future, the Congress (in particular the prime minister) has turned its attention to economic reform and governance, which should have been priorities at the beginning of . . . . (Carbon Blueprint, Indian Express, Editorial, Indian Express, Oct 29, 2007)

The Supreme Court's directive to all States and Union Territories to enact suitable legislation that will make the registration of all marriages, irrespective of the religion of the couples, compulsory, is a welcome move in the right direction. (Bonds Of Marriage, Pioneer, Editorial, The Pioneer, Oct 27, 2007)

Pushed back on the nuclear deal under pressure from his Left allies, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh today cleared the decks for freeing up 18 coal blocks that would have the potential to set up around 68,000 MW of coal-based power stations. (Energy On His Mind, Deal On Pause, Pm Frees Coal Blocks, Indian Express, Kandula Subramaniam, Oct 26, 2007)

The Supreme Court on Thursday directed all the states and union territories to make provisions in three months for compulsory registration of marriages, irrespective of his or her religious affiliations. (Register All Marriages: Sc , Deccan Herald, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 26, 2007)

CENTRAL Information Commissioner Wajahat Habibullah has rightly taken cognisance of the alleged misuse of funds meant for the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund by the Coal India Limited (CIL). (Breach Of Trust, Tribune, Editorial, The Tribune, Oct 26, 2007)

It took minutes for the top guns to swing into action when the Sensex fell by several hundred points. But no Minister came forward to calm the nation when India hit the 94th rank in the Global Hunger Index. (Indexing Inhumanity, Indian Style, Hindu, P. SAINATH, Oct 26, 2007)

It is now official. Marriages under all religions will be registered. (Register Marriages In All Religions: Sc , Pioneer, Abraham Thomas, Oct 26, 2007)

The Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) on Wednesday appealed to all secular parties to form a united front in Gujarat to defeat the BJP government headed by Narendra Modi. (Ncp Calls For United Front To Defeat Modi, Hindu, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 25, 2007)

Tourists visiting the Chilika Lake may soon miss the sight of the rare Irrawaddy dolphins that are in peril owing to the threat posed by unregulated operation of a large number of mechanised boats and ferries carrying tourists to the lake. (Boats Ply, Dolphins Die, Telegraph, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 25, 2007)

Ration shops are burning all over West Bengal. They are being attacked, looted and put on fire by groups of angry, disgruntled citizens, who seem to have decided that they have had enough. (Grain Of Truth, Telegraph, ABHIRUP SARKAR, Oct 25, 2007)

The Central Information Commission (CIC), the final appellate authority for the Right to Information (RTI) Act, has directed Prime Minister's Office (PMO) to take immediate action in the case of non-deposition of funds meant for . . . . (Cil Conduct Most Unbecoming, Take Action Against Violations: Cic To Pmo, Pioneer, Correspondent or Reporter, Oct 25, 2007)


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