Haryana - Introduction @ whatisindia.com

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Saturday, April 14, 2007


 

Haryana


 

Quick Information

State Area (Sq. Km.)

44,212

State Capital

Chandigarh

Major Language(s)

Hindi

Number of Districts

20

Population

21,144,564

Males

11,363,953

Females

9,780,611

Growth Rate 1991-2001

13.86 %

Density

477

Urban Population

29.00 %

Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)

861

Literacy Rate

67.9 %

Males

78.5 %

Females

55.7 %

Legislature

Legislative Assembly

Judicature

High Court, Chandigarh

Governor

Dr. A. R. Kidwal

Address

Haryana Raj Bhawan, Chandigarh

Office No.

0172-2740654

Residence No.

0172-2740643

Fax

                 =

email

                 =

Chief Minister

Sri Bhupinder Singh Hooda

Address

Room No. 45, 4th floor, Civil Sectt., Chandigarh, Haryana

Office No.

0172-2740396, 2749409

Residence No.

0172-2749395, 2740596

Fax

0172-2740774

email

cm@hry.nic.in

Chief Secretary

Shri Prem Prashant Chaudhary

Address

  -----------

Office No.

(0172) 2740118

Residence No.

(0172) 2740317

Fax

(0172) 2740317, 2740526

  

  

General Information

The modern State of Haryana came into being on November 1, 1966 as a result of the re-organization of the old Punjab State into two separate states.  It consisted of the Hindi-speaking areas of Punjab.  Second language status has been given to Punjabi (1996).

Location

Haryana is bounded by Uttar Pradesh and Delhi in the east, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in the north and Rajasthan in the south and the west.

History

Haryana has a legendary history going back to the Vedic Age.  Kurukshetra was the epic battle field between the Kauravas and the Pandavas in Mahabharata.  During medieval ages, many history battles were fought in the modern Haryana.  The region played a prominent role in the First War of Indian Independence.  Nearly 20 years after Independence, the State of Haryana, was formed on Novemeber 1, 1996 under the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966, from the Hindi-speaking parts of the State of Punjab comprising of the districts of Hissar, Mahendragarh, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Karnal; parts of Sangrur and Ambala districts; and part of Kharar tehsil.

 

Reference:
Manorama Year Book 2007

 

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