What Is India News Service
Thursday, November 08, 2007



The Simla Agreement signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan on 2nd July 1972 was much more than a peace treaty seeking to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. to bring about withdrawals of troops and an exchange of PoWs). It was a comprehensive blue print for good neighborly relations between India and Pakistan. 

News Analysis




• Document Text

 Jammu & Kashmir Government

Agra Meet Reports

 The Hindu




Under the Simla Agreement both countries undertook to abjure conflict and confrontation which had marred relations in the past, and to work towards the establishment of durable peace, friendship and cooperation. 

The Simla Agreement contains a set of guiding principles, mutually agreed to by India and Pakistan, which both sides would adhere to while managing relations with each other. These emphasize: respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty; non-interference in each other’s internal affairs; respect for each others unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and abjuring hostile propaganda. The following principles of the Agreement are, however, particularly noteworthy:

  • A mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all issues through direct bilateral approaches.

  • To build the foundations of a cooperative relationship with special focus on people to people contacts.

  • To uphold the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir, which is a most important CBMs between India and Pakistan, and a key to durable peace. 

India has faithfully observed the Simla Agreement in the conduct of its relations with Pakistan. 


Today the relationship between India and the state of Jammu and Kashmir completes sixty years. It was on this day, October 26, 1947, that the ruler of the state, Maharaja Hari Singh, signed the Instrument of Accession with the government of . . . . (Kashmir Integral To The India Story, Tribune, Editorial, The Tribune, Oct 26, 2007)

October 26 will mark the 60th anniversary of Jammu and Kashmir’s accession to India following the self-confessed invasion of the state by Pakistan and later its annexation of the Northern Areas. This is part of the UN record. (60 Years Of Accession, Tribune, B.G. Verghese, Oct 01, 2007)

* FO spokeswoman says deputy high commissioners served demarches * Aslam says more than 300 companies involved in N-proliferation * No reduction in troops in Tribal Areas (Pakistan Protests Uk-India Military Exercise In Ladakh , Daily Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Sep 25, 2007)

Though India is far from an island of calm itself, it has for long been surrounded by instability. (Political Instability Hampers, Tribune, Editorial, The Tribune, Sep 25, 2007)

Pakistan said on Monday that it summoned the Indian and British envoys to the Foreign Ministry and lodged a protest over Indo-British military exercise in the Ladakh mountains and their plan to hold similar exercises in Siachen. (Protests Over Military Exercise In Ladakh , Hindu, Nirupama Subramanian , Sep 25, 2007)

Pakistan on Monday censured the holding of joint India-UK military exercises in the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir and also termed the Indian-sponsored trekking expedition in the conflict zone of Siachen an “illegal” step. (India-Uk Military Exercise In Disputed Kashmir Criticised , Dawn, Qudssia Akhlaque, Sep 25, 2007)

India will go ahead with a trekking expedition to the disputed Siachen Glacier in Kashmir as scheduled despite strong opposition from Pakistan, a defence spokesman said on Tuesday. (India Says To Go Ahead With Disputed Glacier Trek , Frontier Post, Correspondent or Reporter, Sep 20, 2007)

When Mamnohan Singh threatened that he would resign if the 123 Agreement did not reach its logical conclusion, besides showing his stubborn attitude, it underlined the urgent need to limit the executive's treaty-making power (Cabinet Isn't Supreme, Pioneer, Editorial, The Pioneer, Sep 19, 2007)

The world's highest and coldest battlefield, the Siachen Glacier, will soon figure on the list of dream destinations of trekkers. (India Takes Glacier Tussle To New Heights, Asia Times, Sudha Ramachandran, Sep 19, 2007)

Pakistan Foreign Office Spokesperson Tasnim Aslam said the Siachen plan could also affect the Confidence Building Measures between the two countries. (Pak Protests India's Plans To Allow Tourists At Siachen , Deccan Herald, Correspondent or Reporter, Sep 18, 2007)

The Pakistan Foreign Office said it summoned Indian Deputy High Commissioner Manpreet Vohra here on Monday to lodge a protest against the Indian Army’s plans to take tourists for trekking to the Siachen glacier. (Pakistan Conveys Protest, Hindu, Nirupama Subramanian , Sep 18, 2007)

The Foreign Office on Monday summoned Indian Deputy High Commissioner Manpreet Vohra to protest against reports of an Indian plan to open the Siachen Glacier to tourists. (Fo Protests Indian Siachen Tourism , Daily Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Sep 18, 2007)

Pakistan summoned an Indian diplomat on Monday to protest against an Indian plan to open the disputed Siachen Glacier to tourists, saying the move could cast a shadow over their slow-moving peace process. (Pakistan Protests India Over Siachen F.P. Report, Frontier Post, editorial, Frontier Post, Sep 18, 2007)

The Army is in no mood to scuttle its plan to open Siachen glacier for adventure tourists even as Pakistan on Monday lodged a strong protest against the move saying civilians should stay away from the "disputed territory". (Pak Protests Against Indian Civilian Trek To Siachen, New Indian Express, GAUTAM DATT, Sep 18, 2007)

Once again peace-seekers, former diplomats, ex-generals, sundry editors and frequent Track II travellers from India and Pakistan were in a huddle in Singapore last week to find ways to abolish war from the subcontinent. (Walking The Peace Track, Tribune, Correspondent or Reporter, Sep 03, 2007)

Bilateral treaties that affect the country's economy must be ratified by both the Houses of the Parliament. (International Treaties: Parliament Ratification, A Must , Deccan Herald, PRAKASH NANDA, Aug 31, 2007)

The current controversy over the 123 agreement goes beyond the nature of our relationship with the United States. It has to do with how democracy’s contentious noise and disagreements can be used positively in pursuit of national diplomatic goals. (Democratic Pressure & International Diplomacy Statecraft , Hindu, Harish Khare , Aug 29, 2007)

A “people-to-people” survey conducted by CNN-IBN news television channel, the Indian Express and Pakistan’s Dawn newspapers says a majority of urban Indians and Pakistanis favour closer relations between India and Pakistan, but “many do not . . . . (Peoples’ Will And Indo-Pak Relations , Daily Times, Correspondent or Reporter, Aug 18, 2007)

FOR the greater part of its history, Kashmir has maintained an independent existence. (New Thinking On Kashmir, Dawn, Editorial, Dawn, Jun 25, 2007)

The group of Indians currently in Pakistan in search of their relatives - members of the armed forces missing in action since the 1971 war - are victims of the callousness of the authorities of both India and Pakistan, as are their loved ones. (Missing In Action, Pioneer, Editorial, The Pioneer, Jun 05, 2007)


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